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Bang Hur 23 Articles
Primary Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Tumor (PEComa) of the Liver: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Ji Hyun Ahn, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45:S93-S97.
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  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a mesenchymal tumor consisting of distinctive perivascular epithelioid cells, and is commonly detected in the uterus. The liver is an uncommon site for primary PEComa. In this study, we report a case of primary hepatic PEComa in a 36-year-old woman. Upon gross examination, the tumor was a well-defined, brownish solid mass, measuring 6.5x5.2x4.5 cm. Microscopically, the tumor consisted largely of epithelioid cells and some spindle cells with a clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm and a rich network of delicate capillaries in the stroma. With the exception of their relatively large size and microscopically sinusoidal infiltrative growth pattern, all other histopathologic features of the tumor were consistent with their being benign. The tumor cells were positive for human melanoma black-45 and smooth muscle actin, and negative for cytokeratin-cocktail and c-kit.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Unresectable hepatic PEComa: a rare malignancy treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) followed by complete resection
    Simon Kirste, Gian Kayser, Anne Zipfel, Anca-Ligia Grosu, Thomas Brunner
    Radiation Oncology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa): a case report with a review of literatures
    Hyun Jin Son, Dong Wook Kang, Joo Heon Kim, Hyun Young Han, Min Koo Lee
    Clinical and Molecular Hepatology.2017; 23(1): 80.     CrossRef
  • Malignant hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) – Case report and a brief review
    Banerjee Abhirup, Kundalia Kaushal, Mehta Sanket, Nagarajan Ganesh
    Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute.2015; 27(4): 239.     CrossRef
  • Hepatic falciform ligament clear cell myomelanocytic tumor: A case report and a comprehensive review of the literature on perivascular epithelioid cell tumors
    Zu-Sen Wang, Lin Xu, Lin Ma, Meng-Qi Song, Li-Qun Wu, Xuan Zhou
    BMC Cancer.2015;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Improving recognition of hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor: Case report and literature review
    Toshiya Maebayashi
    World Journal of Gastroenterology.2015; 21(17): 5432.     CrossRef
  • Primary perivascular epithelioid cell tumor of the liver: new case report and literature review
    Hassania Ameurtesse, Laïla Chbani, Amal Bennani, Imane Toughrai, Nouhad Beggui, Imane Kamaoui, Hinde Elfatemi, Taoufik Harmouch, Afaf Amarti
    Diagnostic Pathology.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa): dynamic CT, MRI, ultrasonography, and pathologic features—analysis of 7 cases and review of the literature
    Yan Tan, En-hua Xiao
    Abdominal Radiology.2012; 37(5): 781.     CrossRef
The Relationship between PTEN Tumor Suppressor Gene and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Mediated Angiogenesis in Breast Cancer.
Jean Kyung Park, Min Jung Jung, Bong Kwon Chun, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2004;38(2):100-105.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PTEN is a novel tumor suppressor gene located at chromosome 10q23.3. Loss of PTEN function has been implicated in the progression of several types of cancer. Angiogenesis is a critical factor in tumor growth and metastasis. We investigated PTEN expression in invasive breast cancers and described its role in the regulation of angiogenesis related to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).
Forty-five, surgically resected, formalin-fixed and paraffin embedded breast cancer tissue samples were analyzed for PTEN and VEGF expressions by immunohistochemistry and for microvessel density (MVD) by CD34 immunostaining.
Loss of PTEN expression was found in 35.6% (16/45) of the breast cancer tissues, all of which showed positive VEGF expression. Among 29 cases with normal PTEN expression, 15 (51.7%) were VEGF positive. MVD was significantly higher in tumors with a loss of PTEN expression than in those with normal PTEN expression.
A loss of PTEN expression might increase the VEGF-related angiogenesis in breast cancer. There was no correlation between PTEN expression and clinicopathologic parameters. Detection of the loss of PTEN expression may serve as a useful biologic marker for progression in invasive breast cancer.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Malignant Myoepithelioma of the Salivary Gland: A Case Report.
Jae Hwa Lee, Jean Kyung Park, Bang Hur
Korean J Cytopathol. 2002;13(1):28-32.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant myoepithelioma (myoepithelial carcinoma), is a very rare malignant epithelial neoplasm accounting for less than 1% of all salivary gland tumors and has an intermediate malignant potential. We report a case of malignant myoepithelioma arising in the left parotid gland in a 54-year-old man, which was difficult to differentiate from pleomorphic adenoma and other malignant salivary gland neoplasms. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the parotid gland showed cellular smear, composed of overlapped sheets and clusters or individually scattered tumor cells without any acinic or ductal structures. The tumor cells were rather uniform, with distinct cell borders and moderate amount of cytoplasm. The eccentrically located nuclei were oval to round and pleomorphic and showed prominent nucleoli. A few clear cells were noted in the cellular aggregates. Metachromatic matrix was seen between individual tumor cells in a lacelike fashion, resembling pleomorphic adenoma. According to the immunohistochemical staining, we recognized that the component cells are myoepithelial in nature, showing reactivity for the S-100 protein, vimentin, and actin.
Microvessel Density and Expressions of bcl-2, p53, and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in Endometrial Carcinoma.
Soon Young Kim, Hae Jin Jeong, Myeng Sun Park, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(5):401-407.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Recent studies have shown that oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes are involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. The inverse role of bcl-2 and p53 in endometrial carcinomas has been debated. Moreover, their roles in angiogenesis as well as the interrelationship between prognostic clinico-pathological factors and angiogenesis have not been elucidated in endometrial carcinomas.
The expression rates of bcl-2, p53 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in thirty-eight cases of surgically removed endometrial carcinomas were investigated using an avidin-biotin complex method of immunohistochemistry. CD34 immunostain for microvessel density (MVD) was also performed.
The expression rate of bcl-2 was higher in the endometrioid type carcinoma (43.8%) than in the non-endometriod type carcinoma (16.7%). There was a significantly increased bcl-2 expression in grade I compared to grades II and III (P<0.05). The p53 expression rate was significantly higher in the non-endometriod type carcinoma than in the endometrioid type carcinoma (P<0.05).The VEGF expression rate was higher in the non-endometriod type carcinoma (83.3%) than in the endometrioid carcinoma (28.1%). Differences of MVD according to stages, histological types, grades and bcl-2, p53 and VEGF expressions were not noted.
The expression rate of bcl-2 increases in the low grade endometrial carcinoma more than in the high grade one, so it may be suggested that bcl-2 expression could be used for an ancillary prognosticator. However, p53 and VEGF expressions and microvessel density may not have any prognostic value.
Expression of c-fos, p53, Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Hippocampus Following Transient Forebrain Ischemia in Mongolian Gerbil.
Jae Hwa Lee, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(1):60-70.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Recent studies have shown that delayed neuronal death is closely associated with early gene (c-fos or c-jun)-related apoptosis in addition to hypoxia-induced energy deficiency in the hippocampus.
To elucidate the role of c-fos, p53, TGF-1 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and their interactions, cellular expression with immunohistochemistry was examined during the time period of 10-minute hypoxia with variable reperfusion intervals in the mongolian gerbil hippocampus.
Hippocampal CA1 shows progressive and delayed neuronal damage beginning from the 24-hour reperfusion, while CA2-3 reveals non-progressive, eosinophilic inclusion body within the neuron throughout the time period. CA1 neurons show short-term expressions of c-fos prior to significant cellular damage. However, CA2-3 neurons show persistent expressions by 3-day reperfusion. In both CA1 and CA2-3, p53 is expressed for the short-term period of the early time points. However, its intensity and duration are much less in CA2-3 than in CA1. While TGF-1 is transiently expressed at 24-hour reperfusion in CA1, its expression in CA2-3 is persistent in late time points. Early expression of GFAP is observed in the pyramidal layer of CA1 prior to neuronal damage and progressively increased in the late time points.
These results suggest that c-fos and TGF-1 may play a role in neuronal viability in the early- and late time points. Astrocytes may also be responsible for the active protective mechanism to neuronal death, as well as reactive gliosis. The hypoxia-induced neuronal damage is, in part, a p53-dependent process in the CA1 neurons.
Expressions of MAGE-3, PCNA, p21, and p53 Proteins in the Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cell Line (PNUH-12) Analysed by Bivariate Flow Cytometry.
Hee Kyung Chang, Deok Jun Kim, Hwan Jung Roh, Bang Hur, Kang Dae Lee, Spagnoli Spagnoli
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(11):901-908.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
MAGE (melanoma antigen gene) is a tumor specific shared antigen, presented by HLA class I molecules, which is recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. MAGE proteins are expressed in malignant tumor cells, in contrast to no expression in normal or benign tissues except for testis and placenta. MAGE might be a potential target for immunotherapy of malignant tumors. However, its biological aspects associated with cell cycle are not yet described. The flow cytometry is a useful tool for objective and quantitative analyses of heterogenous tumor cell population. To understand the status of MAGE related to cell cycle and its relationship with p53 as the G1 checkpoint regulator, p21, and PCNA as a proliferative index, we investigated expression of MAGE-3 protein, mutant p53, p21, and PCNA by flow cytometry and immunohistochemical stain. In addition, double stains for MAGE-3/p53, p53/PCNA, and p53/p21 were analysed with bivariate flow cytometry. DNA histograms using MAGE-3/PI (DNA) and p53/PI (DNA) were also analysed. The cell line (PNUH- 12) used for this study originated from a hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, which has point mutation (exon 7, C-->G) of p53. The expression rate of MAGE-3 was 83%, PCNA 85%, and p53 81%. No expression for p21 was identified. MAGE-3 was expressed in cytoplasm, while both PCNA and p53 were expressed in nuclei of tumor cells. With bivariate analyses, coexpression rates of MAGE-3/p53 and p53/PCNA were 0.96 and 0.97, respectively. Both MAGE-3 and p53 showed constantly high level throughout the cell cycle. These results suggest that expression of MAGE-3 and mutant p53 is not dependent on the cell cycle. p21 seems to be inactivated.
Hyalinized Hemangioma of the Liver: A case report.
Young Ok Kim, Dong Hoon Sin, Chung Han Lee, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(2):160-163.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of 50-year-old man with hyalinized hemangioma of the liver. This tumor was detected incidentally during surgical operation for gall stone and was preoperatively diagnosed as intrahepatic stone. A 2.5 2 cm sized gray to white hard mass was found in the left lobe of the liver. Histologically, the tumor was composed of dense collagenous tissue with marked hyalinization, calcification, and ossification admixed with scattered sclerotic vessels. Abundunt elastic fibers were noted in the hyalinized tissue. Totally hyalinized hemangioma is very uncommon and could be erroneously diagnosed as a malignant tumor by preoperative radiologic examination.
Balloon Cell Malignant Melanoma: A case report.
Ji Young Seo, Soon Young Kim, Jeong Hee Kang, Young Ok Kim, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(7):537-539.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Balloon cell malignant melanoma (BCMM) is a rare histologic variant of malignant melanoma, which is composed either predominantly or entirely of large clear or foamy cells. The incidence of balloon cell malignant melanoma is about 0.15% of all cutaneous malignant melanomas. Recently, we experienced a case of cutaneous balloon cell malignant melanoma in the right lower abdomen with right inguinal and both axillary lymph node metastasis in a 56-year-old man. The cutaneous lesion was 4.5 3.5 cm in size, a well-demarcated black nodular mass, involving abdominal skin and subcutaneous tissue. The tumor was histologically composed of two types of tumor cells: predominant clear cell and focal, pigmented spindle cell. The nodal lesion was composed entirely of clear cells. Both clear and spindle cells showed positive reaction for S-100 protein and HMB-45 on immunohistochemistry.
The Effect of Aminoguanidine and Insulin on the Development of Insulitis and the Expression of Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase in Multiple Low Dose Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Mice.
Hee Kyung Chang, Ji Young Suh, Young Sik Choi, Soon Young Kim, Chang Hyun Yoo, Bang Hur, Yo Han Park
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(6):415-421.
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In this study the effect of insulin and aminoguanidine on the expression of iNOS and the development of insulitis in the multiple low dose streptozotocin (SZ) induced diabetic (LDSD) mice was evaluated. Eighty mice (Charles-River CD-1 mice) were divided into four groups. Group I received SZ for five days. Group II received SZ for five days and was followed by insulin treatment. Group III received SZ for five days and was followed by aminoguanidine treatment. Group IV was normal control group. The blood glucose level and body weight were measured weekly. On the 35th day, pancreat ic sections were observed to evaluate the frequency and the severity of insulitis in addition to the immunohistochemical expression of iNOS in the pancreatic islets. Blood glucose levels of group IV were significantly lower than other experimental groups on the 21st, 28th, and 35th day. The difference in blood glucose levels was not statistically significant. Incidence of the insulitis was lower in group II than in groups I and III. The severity of insulitis correlated with the increase in blood glucose level only in group II. The expression of iNOS was more pronounced in group I than in groups II and III. Aminoguanidine did not inhibit development of the insulitis but decreased expression of iNOS in the pancreatic islets. Therefore it is speculated that iNOS production is one of the factors and other pathogenetic mechanisms might be involved in the development of insulitis.
Expression of CDK 4, Connexin 32, and PCNA in N-diethylnitrosamine-Induced Lesions of Rat Liver.
Bang Hur, Hung Jun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(5):309-318.
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Cellular altered foci (CAF), hyperplastic nodules (HN) including regenerating and adenomatous nodules, and hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) were induced in Sprague-Dawley rat liver by prolonged administration of N-diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 200 ppm). Immunohistochemical expression of connexin 32 (Cx 32), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK 4), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was assessed for the evaluation of preneoplastic potential of CAF. Regardless the duration of DEN administration, basophilic cell foci were the most frequently observed lesion in both CAF and cellular expanding hyperplastic nodules. Eosinophilic cell foci, however, were concomitantly increased with adenomatous nodules in later experimental groups. Cx 32 showed perimembranous spot-like expression. Its number was 7.25 2.10 per cell in normal hepatocytes. CAF and adenomatous nodules showed markedly decreased Cx 32 spots. Moreover, its reduction was more prominent in HCC. PCNA-labelled hepatocytes were scattered in the most CAF, showing no significant difference between each CAF. PCNA labelling index (LI) in adenomatous nodule and HCC was markedly increased. CDK 4 was localized in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus of hepatocytes. Eosinophilic cell foci revealed more nuclear expression of CDK 4 than other types of CAF, of which expression incidence was comparable to that of adenomatous nodule. Nuclear CDK 4 expression in HN and HCC was increased, although significant difference between regenerating nodule and adenomatous nodule was not seen. In conclusion, the incidence of CDK 4 was concomitantly increased with PCNA LI, however, reciprocally decreased with Cx 32 in accordance with the advance of DEN-induced HCC in rat. Phenotypically altered foci manifested as CAF are early valuable preneoplastic marker lesion for evaluation. In addition, basophilic cell foci can be considered a discernible marker of cellular expansion within nodules. However, eosinophilic cell foci might be an indeterminate marker for the advance of DEN-induced HCC in rat.
Epithelioid Leiomyosarcoma of Retroperitoneum: A case report.
Myeng Sun Park, Ji Young Seo, Hae Jin Jeong, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(2):141-144.
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Epithelioid smooth muscle tumor is relatively rare and potentially malignant, especially in retroperitoneum. Distinct criteria for malignancy still have not been clarified in this epithelioid variant arising in retroperitoneum. We report a deceptively benign-appearing epithelioid leiomyosarcoma in a 50-year-old female. She was admitted with abdominal discomfort and dysuria. Abdominal CT showed a well-demarcated, 10 10 cm sized, solid mass in retroperitoneum. Concomitant metastatic lesions were noted in right lung field. Surgical excision of retroperitoneal mass and right lung lobectomy were performed. The retroperitoneal mass showed yellowish-tan, well-delineated and lobulated appearance. Histologically, this tumor was composed of predominantly epithelioid, round to oval cells with distinct clear cytoplasm and slightly atypical nuclei. Mitosis was rare (0~1/50 HPF). Lung lesions were morphologically similar to that of retroperitoneum.
Carcinoid Tumor Arising in a Horseshoe Kidney: A case report.
Yoo Jin Kim, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(12):1129-1137.
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Primary carcinoid tumor of the kidney is extremely rare ; only 29 previous reports have been described in the world literature, 3 cases of which were known to arise in horseshoe kidneys. Because of the scarcity of primary renal carcinoid tumor, its clinicopathologic features and prognosis are not well characterized, and its histogenesis is unknown. We present a case of primary carcinoid tumor arising in the horseshoe kidney of a 43-year-old man. The lesion is morphologically identical to those of gastrointestinal or respiratory tracts. In addition, this tumor contains clusters of intestinal epithelium with goblet cells and mature bony trabeculae. The cytoplasm of the tumor cells are immunoreactive for keratin, NSE, and synaptophysin, but are negative with Grimelius and Fontana-Masson stains. Membrane-bound cytoplasmic neurosecretory granules are observed by electron microscopic examination. This is the first case of primary renal carcinoid tumor arising in a horseshoe kidney documented in Korea. We describe the gross features, light and electron microscopic, and immunohistochemical findings of renal carcinoid and review the literature, with speculations on the possible histogenesis of this unusual neoplasm.
Clinical Pathology, Catholic University Medical CollegeSynovial Sarcoma Manifested as a Subcutaneous Nodule of Lip: A case report.
Jae Hwa Lee, Young Ok Kim, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(9):868-871.
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Synovial sarcoma is one of the most common malignant soft tissue tumors in paraarticular regions. However, it is very rare to occur without any apparent relationship to synovial or articular structures. We report a case of synovial sarcoma manifested as a subcutaneous nodule in the upper lip. A 12-year-old boy complained of a palpable tender mass in the upper lip for several months. Under the impression of a benign soft tissue neoplasm, surgical excision was done. The mass, 1.5 cm in maximum diameter, was easily separated from surrounding tissues. Microscopically, this tumor showed a characteristic biphasic pattern of synovial sarcoma. On immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies, the tumor cells showed evidence of epithelial differentiation. There was no evidence of joint-related, primary lesions or metastatic foci. This report describes a case of synovial sarcoma arising in very unusual location and size for histologically typical synovial sarcoma.
Expression of ICAM-1 on Short-Term Cultured Human Keratinocytes: Modulation by IFN-gamma, UVB and retinoic acid.
Bang Hur, Duck Ha Kim, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(6):746-755.
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Intercellular adhesion molecule I(ICAM-1; CD 54), a 90 kD glycoprotein, counter-receptor for lymphocyte function-associated antigen-I(LFA-1) on T-cells, is critically important to a wide variety of adhesion-dependent leukocyte functions, including antigen presentation and target cell lysis. Induction of ICAM-1 on the keratinocytes(KCs) is an important regulator in initiation, maintenance, and resolution of cutaneous inflammation, which is modulated with cytokines produced by activated T-lymphocytes. This study was designed to further our understanding on modulation effects of ultraviolet B(UVB), gamma interferon(IFN-;v), and retinoic acid(all trans) upon expression of ICAM-1 on cultured human KCs, with emphasis on their correlation. Cell surface expression of ICAM-1 in cultured human KCs was analyzed with the use of indirect immunofluorescence and fluorescence activating cell sorting(FACS) by flow cytometry. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Expression of ICAM-1 was significantly induced with IFN-,-(20 U/ml)(p<0.005). 2) UVB irradiation of 30mJ/cm2 significantly suppressed ICAM-1 expression of KCs 24 hours after irradiation(p<0.05). However, at 72 hours after irradiation, ICAM-1 expression of KCs was considerably increased in comparison to that of initial phase (24 hours after irradiation). 3) High concentrations(10(-5)M) of retinoic acid reduced UVB-induced expression of ICAM-1 in late phase(72 hours after irradiation), although retinoic acid showed induction effect of ICAM- I expression of KCs. In summary, these results indicate that ICAM- I may contribute to the biphasic effect of UVB on delayed hypersensitivity in vivo. Also, retinoic acid, a vitamin A derivative, may have a cutaneous photoprotective effect through a regulation of UVB-induced ICAM-1 expression on the KCs.
Immunohistochemical Investigation on Expression of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen, Transforming Growth Factor-alpha, and Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(4):478-491.
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In an attempt to evaluate the expression of hepatitis B surface antigen(HBs Ag), transforming growth factor-ct(TGF-alpha), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA) in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC), an immunohistochemical investigation(ABC method) was performed using 31 surgically resected HCCS. The authors examined the expression rate and patterns, histopathologic correlation, and inter-relationships among these expressions. The results were summarized as follows. 1) Among 25 seropositive HCCS, 15 cases showed tissue expression of HBs Ag(60.0%), being expressed as a predominantly cytoplasmic pattern. Its expression rate in low grade HCC was significantly high(76.9%), in contrast to a low rate in high grade HCC(41.7%)(P<0.05). Adjacent nonenoplatic tissue showed a higher expression rate(82.6%). 2) TGF-alpha was expressed in 23 of 31 cases of HCC(74.3%). The intensity and extent of its expression did not correlate tyros with histopathologic features. Bile duct epithelium, juxtaposed and/or entrapped liver cells, and cirrhotic nodules were variably expressed, of which intense peripheral reaction within the nodules was frequently noted. 3) PCNA was expressed throughout the neoplastic tissue of HCC. Its index was significantly high(34.4 13.6), being compared to low index index(3.5 2. 1) in the nonneoplastic tissue(P<0.005). High grade tumors revealed a higher index than the low grade tumors(P<0.05). Conclusively, this data confirms that PCNA index offers useful information about cell proliferation associated with histologic degrees of malignancy of HCC, albeit TGF-alpha is also involved in cellular proliferation of both liver cell and bile duct epithelium. Changes in incidence and cellular localization of HBs Ag expression between the neoplastic and nonneoplastic tissues suggest that an integrated viral genome could be functionally altered during hepatocarcinogenesis. A significant inter-relationship among these expressions was not observed.
Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of Liver: A case report.
Yoo Jin Kim, Jae Hwa Lee, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(3):378-384.
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Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of liver is a very rare tumor of vascular origin, the most peculiar feature of which is that it is composed of endothelial cells closely resembling epithelial cells. We present a primary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of liver in a 40-year-old male. This tumor was composed of an ill-defined yellowish white, 7 x 4cm sized, firm, solid mass and small satellite nodules in the right lobe of liver. Microscopically, two types of tumor cells-dendritic and epithelioid-were identified. The neoplastic cells infiltrated into sinusoids and intrahepatic veins. The background of tumor showed marked sclerotic change and focal proliferation of bile ductules. Confirmation of the endothelial origin of these cells was provided by positive immunoperoxidase staining for factor VIII-related antigen, and by electron mi-croscopic demonstration of Weibel-Palade body. This is the first case of epithelioid heman- gioendothelioma of liver documented in Korea. We report this case in view of its scarcity and distinctive morphologic features that allow differentiation from sclerosing carcinoma and angiosarcoma.
Microcystic Meningioma: A case report.
Gyeong Sin Lee, Il Seon Lee, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(2):185-190.
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Microcystic meningioma, a distinct morphological variant of meningiomas, is histologically characterized by a vacuolated appearance with multiple cystic spaces lined by vacuolated or stellate-shaped tumor cells. We report a case of microcystic meningioma occuring in right frontoparietal area of 42-year-old woman, with emphasis on differential diagnosis, along with a review of literatures. Immunohistochemically, most of the tumor cells demonstrated positive immunoreactivity for both epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin. Electron microscopy showed that the extracellular space was extensive, where eletron-lucent material was occasionally seen. The tumor cells had long cytoplasmic processes showing complex interdigitation and a large number of desmosomes.
Cystic Lymphangioma of the Stomach: A case report.
Soon Ae Ok, Sook Guem Jeong, Bang Hur, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(6):670-672.
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Cystic lymphangiomas of the stomach are extremely rare. These usually present as asymptomatic, polypoid lesion consisting of cystically dilated lymphatic vessels, which are submucosal in location. We report a case of cystic lymphangioma of the stomach. The patient is a 55 year-old woman who has complained of dull pain on epigastrium for 10 years. The mass measures 6x5 cm in cross diameter and is mainly located in the subserosal layer along lesser curvature. Microscopically, the tumor reveals a large number of dilated lymphatic cysts containing serous fluid, lined by a layer of flattened endothelial cells. Ultrastructurally, lining endothelial cells show thin discontinuous basal lamina, in contrast to normal lymphatics.
Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney: A case report.
Soon Ae Oak, Bang Hur, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(1):81-84.
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Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney(CCSK) is a rare malignant childhood tumor which is distinguished from Wilms tumor by its pathologic features, clinical presentation and frequent occurrence of metastasis to bone. We report a case of CCSK from a 2 year-old girl in the right kidney, followed by metastasis to thoracic vertebrae and left temporal lobe. Histogenesis of this tumor is controversial, although some studies suggest primitive mesenchymal origin. This case was studied with the aids of immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy in an effort to verify the histogenesis of the tumor. Vimentin was reactive in tumor cell, but cytokeratin, GFAP, S-100 protein and desmin were not stained, which confirmed the previous reports by others. Ultrastructural observation of the tumor cells showed neither features of epithelial cell nor differentiated mesenchymal cells.
Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma of Fetal Type: Report of a case.
Soon Bong Chung, Il Seon Lee, Hee Kyung Chang, Bang Hur, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(2):186-190.
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Adenocarcionma of fetal type is in lung is a newly recognized malignant tumor sharing morphologic features with the epithelial component of the pulmonary blastoma devoid of sarcomatous component. We present a case of adenocarcinoma of fetal type in a 28-year-old female, consisting of numerous branching tubules or glands and morula-like epithelial complexes. Histologically, the tubules and glands were composed of glycogne-rich nonciliated epithelial cells showing in part argyrophilia. Some of tubular and morula-like epithelial cells revealed immunoreactivity for neuron-specific enolase. We report this case with a review of literatures with special references on the histogenisis. This report is the pathologically confirmed second case of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma of fetal type in Korea, following the report of Cho and Lee, 1990.
Uterine Tumor Resembling Ovarian Sex-Cord Tumor: A case report.
Il Seon Lee, Soon Bong Chung, Bang Hur, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(2):180-185.
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The authors report a case of uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex-cord tumor in a 31-year-old woman with emphasis on immunohistochemistry. Histologically this case showed identical features to a well-recognized endometial stromal tumor except for focal epithelial-like differentiation that resembled sex-cord tumors of the ovary. The sex-cord like differentiation of tumor cells were manifested by trabeculae, plexiform cords, and gland-like pattern. We diagnosed this case, according to the features described by Clement and Scully(1976), as uterine tumor resembling ovarian sex-cord tumor, group I. Although the histogenesis of this tumor is unclarified, most authors believe that this tumor may be originated from multipotent mesenchymal cells of the uterus. On immunohistochemical stains, Desmin was uniformly reactive in epithelial-like cells and in focal areas of endometrial stromal sarcoma-like component. Vimentin was partly reactive in all tumor components, however EMA was non-reactive.
Inflammatory Pseudotumor of the Lung: Three cases report.
Hye Soog Kim, Bang Hur, Hee Kyung Chang, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(3):317-323.
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The inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung is a non-neoplastic pulmonary mass lesion, composed of a variey of inflammatory cells including plasma cells, histiocytes(often xanthomatous), mast cells, lymphocytes, and spindle shaped mesenchymal cells. Although the pathogenetic etiology of this lesion is not estabilished, it has been claimed that it is associated with local inflammatory reaction. From 1984 to 1986, we experienced three cases of pathologically confirmed inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung. All three cases revealed similar gross and microscopic features, with only minor differences in components on microscopic level. All specimens were products of lobectomy. They showed a relatively well defined, yellowish white and solid mass, measuring about 5.0 cm in diameter. Histologically, the lesions, which were well demarcated from the uninvolved region, were characterized by dense infiltration of plasma cells and xanthomatous histiocytes admixed with lymphocytes, spindle shaped mesenchymal cells and polymorphonuclear leukocytes. At periphery, bronchi and bronchioles were entrapped by these cells. In focal areas, spindle shaped mesenchymal cells were aggregated, resulting in formation of thick bundles in which plasma cells were infiltrated. In case 1 and 2, myxoid change of stromal tissue was noted. Also noted were foci of osteoid metaplasia of the stromal layer in case 1. The authors report three cases of inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung, with comparative observation of each case, associated with literature review, with emphasis on the pathogenesis of this rather infrequent lesion. And some reviews were made on differential diagnosis between inflammatory pseudotumor and non-neoplastic or neoplastic lung mass including so called sclerosing hemangioma.
Malignant Histiocytic Lymphoma Associated with Celiac Disease: A Case Report.
Bang Hur, Hae Sook Kim, Sung Sook Kim, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1986;20(2):195-198.
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The celiac disease is an immunologic disorder, related to dietary gluten and morphologically characterized by a striking loss of villi in the small intestine and, with it, a marked reduction in the absorptive surface area. The authors experienced a rare case of pathologically confirmed malinant histiocytic lymphoma of jejunum, associated with celiac disease which was histologically manifested with ulcerative jejunitis in a 25-year-old Korean female who had suffered from projectile vomiting for 2 months. We report this case with literature review emphasis on the pathogenesis of malignant neoplasm in celiac disease and pathogenetic relationship between ulcerative jejunitis and celiac disease. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of malignant histiocytic lymphoma complicating celiac disease with ulcerative jejunitis, in Korea.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine