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Jae Hwa Lee 5 Articles
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Malignant Myoepithelioma of the Salivary Gland: A Case Report.
Jae Hwa Lee, Jean Kyung Park, Bang Hur
Korean J Cytopathol. 2002;13(1):28-32.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant myoepithelioma (myoepithelial carcinoma), is a very rare malignant epithelial neoplasm accounting for less than 1% of all salivary gland tumors and has an intermediate malignant potential. We report a case of malignant myoepithelioma arising in the left parotid gland in a 54-year-old man, which was difficult to differentiate from pleomorphic adenoma and other malignant salivary gland neoplasms. Fine needle aspiration cytology of the parotid gland showed cellular smear, composed of overlapped sheets and clusters or individually scattered tumor cells without any acinic or ductal structures. The tumor cells were rather uniform, with distinct cell borders and moderate amount of cytoplasm. The eccentrically located nuclei were oval to round and pleomorphic and showed prominent nucleoli. A few clear cells were noted in the cellular aggregates. Metachromatic matrix was seen between individual tumor cells in a lacelike fashion, resembling pleomorphic adenoma. According to the immunohistochemical staining, we recognized that the component cells are myoepithelial in nature, showing reactivity for the S-100 protein, vimentin, and actin.
Expression of c-fos, p53, Transforming Growth Factor-beta1 and Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in Hippocampus Following Transient Forebrain Ischemia in Mongolian Gerbil.
Jae Hwa Lee, Bang Hur
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(1):60-70.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Recent studies have shown that delayed neuronal death is closely associated with early gene (c-fos or c-jun)-related apoptosis in addition to hypoxia-induced energy deficiency in the hippocampus.
METHODS
To elucidate the role of c-fos, p53, TGF-1 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and their interactions, cellular expression with immunohistochemistry was examined during the time period of 10-minute hypoxia with variable reperfusion intervals in the mongolian gerbil hippocampus.
RESULTS
Hippocampal CA1 shows progressive and delayed neuronal damage beginning from the 24-hour reperfusion, while CA2-3 reveals non-progressive, eosinophilic inclusion body within the neuron throughout the time period. CA1 neurons show short-term expressions of c-fos prior to significant cellular damage. However, CA2-3 neurons show persistent expressions by 3-day reperfusion. In both CA1 and CA2-3, p53 is expressed for the short-term period of the early time points. However, its intensity and duration are much less in CA2-3 than in CA1. While TGF-1 is transiently expressed at 24-hour reperfusion in CA1, its expression in CA2-3 is persistent in late time points. Early expression of GFAP is observed in the pyramidal layer of CA1 prior to neuronal damage and progressively increased in the late time points.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that c-fos and TGF-1 may play a role in neuronal viability in the early- and late time points. Astrocytes may also be responsible for the active protective mechanism to neuronal death, as well as reactive gliosis. The hypoxia-induced neuronal damage is, in part, a p53-dependent process in the CA1 neurons.
Clinical Pathology, Catholic University Medical CollegeSynovial Sarcoma Manifested as a Subcutaneous Nodule of Lip: A case report.
Jae Hwa Lee, Young Ok Kim, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(9):868-871.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Synovial sarcoma is one of the most common malignant soft tissue tumors in paraarticular regions. However, it is very rare to occur without any apparent relationship to synovial or articular structures. We report a case of synovial sarcoma manifested as a subcutaneous nodule in the upper lip. A 12-year-old boy complained of a palpable tender mass in the upper lip for several months. Under the impression of a benign soft tissue neoplasm, surgical excision was done. The mass, 1.5 cm in maximum diameter, was easily separated from surrounding tissues. Microscopically, this tumor showed a characteristic biphasic pattern of synovial sarcoma. On immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies, the tumor cells showed evidence of epithelial differentiation. There was no evidence of joint-related, primary lesions or metastatic foci. This report describes a case of synovial sarcoma arising in very unusual location and size for histologically typical synovial sarcoma.
Expression of p53, c-myc, Transforming Growth Factor-alpha and -beta in Human Epithelial Ovarian Tumors.
Jae Hwa Lee, Young Ok Lee, Man Ha Huh
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(1):23-31.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The author examined expression of tumor-related antigens, such as p53 tumor supressor protein, c-myc, TGF-alpha, and TGF-beta proteins in 75 cases of surgically resected epithelial ovarian tumors. Peroxidase immunohistochemistry was used to determine the frequency of expression, the relationship among expression of these antigens and histopathological spectrums, and clinical stage, and their potential prognostic significance. The results are summarized as follows. A positive correlation was found between expression of p53(P=0.02), c-myc(P=0.03), and TGF-alpha(P=0.001) and histological degrees of malignancy(benign, borderline, or malignant) in epithelial ovarian tumors. A significant correlation was found between expression of p53 and histological degrees of malignancy in serous ovarian tumors(P=0.003) and mucinous tumors (P=0.049). A significant correlation was also found between expression of c-myc and the histological grade of serous carcinomas(P=0.02). A correlation between expression of these antigenic proteins and clinical stage of epithelial ovarian tumors was not demonstrated. Expression of p53 and c-myc was closely correlated with expression of TGF-alpha irrespective of the histological degrees of malignancy and type of epithelial ovarian tumors(0.4 < or = K < or = 0.7). The results of this study support the ideas that expression of c-myc and TGF-alpha might be a useful prognostic indicator in human ovarian carcinomas, and expression of p53 could be another indicator of prognosis, as the expression of p53 is characteristic in that the expression is mostly seen in invasive ovarian carcinomas.
Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma of Liver: A case report.
Yoo Jin Kim, Jae Hwa Lee, Bang Hur, Man Ha Hur
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(3):378-384.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of liver is a very rare tumor of vascular origin, the most peculiar feature of which is that it is composed of endothelial cells closely resembling epithelial cells. We present a primary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of liver in a 40-year-old male. This tumor was composed of an ill-defined yellowish white, 7 x 4cm sized, firm, solid mass and small satellite nodules in the right lobe of liver. Microscopically, two types of tumor cells-dendritic and epithelioid-were identified. The neoplastic cells infiltrated into sinusoids and intrahepatic veins. The background of tumor showed marked sclerotic change and focal proliferation of bile ductules. Confirmation of the endothelial origin of these cells was provided by positive immunoperoxidase staining for factor VIII-related antigen, and by electron mi-croscopic demonstration of Weibel-Palade body. This is the first case of epithelioid heman- gioendothelioma of liver documented in Korea. We report this case in view of its scarcity and distinctive morphologic features that allow differentiation from sclerosing carcinoma and angiosarcoma.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine