Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
Search
Joung Ok Kim 3 Articles
Inactivation of TPEF Gene by Aberrant Methylation in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
Woon Bok Chung, Soon Young Kim, So Young Chun, Ku Seong Kang, Hae Ahm Lee, Joung Ok Kim, Ji Young Park, Yoon Kyung Sohn, Jung Wan Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2008;42(1):9-15.
  • 1,536 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Abnormalities of genomic methylation patterns have been shown to play a role in the development of carcinoma, and the silencing of tumor suppressor genes is related to local de novo methylation.
METHODS
Using methylation specific arbitrarily primed-Polymerase Chain Reaction (Ms AP-PCR), we identified a 322 bp sequence that contained a 5' un-translated and exon1 regions of the TPEF gene. To evaluate the inactivation of the TPEF gene through hypermethylation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we investigated the correlation between methylation patterns and TPEF expression in tumor tissues of human HCC and cell lines via a Combined Bisulfite Restriction Assay (CoBRA) and RT-PCR.
RESULTS
A dense methylation pattern of the TPEF was detected in most cell lines, as well as in 10 of the 14 (71.4%) HCC tissues. In addition, loss of heterozygosity (LOH) from the TPEF gene was observed in 5 of the 14 (36%) HCC tissues. Furthermore, RT-PCR analysis revealed TPEF expression in 5 of 8 (62.5%) cell lines. Finally, treatment with a demethylating agent, 5-Aza- 2'-deoxycitidine (5-AzaC), increased the expression of TPEF mRNA.
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that inactivation of the TPEF gene through hypermethylation may be a mechanism by which tumorigenesis occurs in HCC.
Effects of Selective Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitor NS-398 Pretreatment on the Rat Spinal Cord after Contusion Injury.
Hyeon Dae Cheong, Joo Kyung Sung, In Suk Ham, Ku Seong Kang, Joung Ok Kim, Jung Wan Kim, Tae In Park, Yoon Kyung Sohn
Korean J Pathol. 2006;40(4):255-262.
  • 1,320 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Secondary spinal cord injury (SCI) that follows an initial mechanical insult can exacerbate the overall damage, limit the restorative processes and eventually lead to an in- creased neurological deficit. We hypothesized that selective inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) may decrease the delayed cell death, and so this will contribute to decreased level of the secondary injury.
METHODS
The dorsal surface of the cord at the T9 level was subjected to weight drop impact using a 10 g rod. To block COX-2 activation, a selective COX-2 inhibitor (NS-398) was administered (5 mg/kg, i.p.) 15 min prior to SCI. The COX-1, COX-2, Caspase-3 and PGE2 expressions were measured by real time quantitative RT-PCR and fluorescence immunostaining.
RESULTS
Many activated caspase-3 positive cells were observed at 6 h and they increased until 72 h after SCI. The expression of COX-2 peaked at 6 h after SCI, while the COX-1 expression was unaffected. The principal cells that showed a COX-2 expression were the neurons and microglia. Pretreatment with NS-398 caused a significant decrease in the expression of prostaglandin E2 and activated caspase-3 positive cells after SCI.
CONCLUSION
These data suggest that COX-2 is one of the main factors related with the pathologic deficits from secondary SCI.
Effects of Genistein and Daidzein on the Growth of Human Colon Cancer HCT-116 Cells.
Jong Heon Shin, Ku Seong Kang, Joung Ok Kim, Ghil Suk Yoon, Tae Gyun Kwon, Jung Wan Kim, Yoon Kyung Sohn
Korean J Pathol. 2006;40(1):46-51.
  • 1,557 View
  • 80 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Genistein and daidzein are two major soybean isoflavones. They have received increasing attention because of their possible roles for cancer prevention. However, their mechanisms of action and molecular targets on the human colon cancer cells are not fully understood.
METHODS
Human colon cancer HCT-116 cells were treated with genistein and daidzein to investigate their effects on the cell growth and this was analyzed with MTT assay. TUNEL assay and Hoechst33342 stain were carried out to identify apotosis.
RESULTS
Daidzein was able to inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis of the HCT-116 cells, but genistein didn't affect the cell growth. The ER antagonist ICI182780 didn't attenuate the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of daidzein: this means the effect of daidzein on the HCT-116 cells may not be dependent on the ER pathway. The other soybean isoflavone, genistein, attenuated the effects of daidzein on the HCT-116 cells and its mechanism should be elucidated.
CONCLUSIONS
These data suggest that daidzein may act as a preventive agent on human colon cancer, and its mechanism of action doesn't involve the ER-dependent pathway.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine