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Keun Hong Kee 21 Articles
Prognostic Implications of the Expression of CXCL16 in Breast Carcinoma.
Dong Youl Choi, Ran Hong, Sung Churl Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Chae Hong Suh, Mija Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(1):15-20.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Of the many prognostic factors for breast cancer, the relationship between an infiltration of inflammatory cells and the prognosis is debatable. Of the chemokines affecting cancer's inflammatory reactions, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 16 (CXCL16) has attracted attention for its prognostic value in many cancers, including colorectal cancer and renal cell carcinoma. But the situation for breast carcinoma is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the prognostic factors and the CXCL16 expression in patients with breast carcinoma.
The patients (n=106) diagnosed with invasive ductal cancer of the breast were enrolled. We reviewed the clinicopathological factors of these patients, hematoxylin and eosin stains were prepared and estrogen receptor (ER), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2/neu) and CXCL16 immunostaining was performed.
The ER expression was significantly correlated with age and inflammation. A CXCL16 expression was noted in 81.1% of the cases. No association was evident between a CXCL16 expression and any other parameter, including the survival rate. Multivariate analysis did not implicate ER, HER2/neu or CXCL16 as an independent prognostic factor, but the tumor size was independent predictive factor for the patient outcome.
An inflammatory reaction mediated by CXCL16 is not associated with the prognosis of breast cancer or any clinicopathological factors.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The emerging role of CXC chemokines and their receptors in cancer
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    Future Medicinal Chemistry.2012; 4(7): 853.     CrossRef
Significance of the Expression of Cathepsins B, H, & L in Colonic Epithelial Neoplasms.
Jae Young Sim, Mi Ja Lee, Keun Hong Kee
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(5):408-412.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Cathepsin is associated with tumorigenesis, tumor invasion and metastasis through its ability to induce degradation of extracellular matrix components.
To investigate the correlation between cathepsin expression and tumor progression, invasion depth or nodal metastasis, immunohistochemical staining for cathepsins B, H and L were done on 20 hyperplastic polyps, 48 adenomas, and 67 adenocarcinomas of the colon. Evaluation of the expression of cathepsins B, H and L was based on the percentage of neoplastic cells that stained positive for any given cathepsin.
Cathepsin B expression was significantly higher in adenocarcinomas than adenomas (29.33 vs 5.48%), but was not associated with the degree of differentiation, depth of invasion and nodal status of the tumors. Expression of cathepsins H and L was absent or low in both adenomas and adenocarcinomas. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that cathepsin B is involved in progression of a subset of colonic adenomas, while cathepsins H and L are not.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of an Ileal Neobladder: A Case Report.
Ran Hong, Dong Youl Choi, Dae Eun Shin, Hyung Yoon Moon, Keun Hong Kee
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(5):467-470.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Bladder reconstruction using bowel segments, especially the ileum, has become a realistic option for urinary diversion. There is only one prior case of squamous cell carcinoma of the ileal neobladder that has been reported in the clinical literature. Here we report a patient with a spectrum of squamous cell lesions, including squamous cell carcinoma, sarcomatoid carcinoma, squamous papilloma and squamous metaplasia that developed in the ileal neobladder. A 46-year-old woman underwent a hysterectomy, cystectomy and ileocystoplasty for tuberculosis 25 years previously complained of urinary frequency and gross hematuria for one week. A pelvic CT revealed a 6.3 cm mass in the neobladder. The histopathological examination showed an 11x8 cm polypoid fragile mass with a microscopically well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, squamous papilloma and non-tumor squamous metaplasia.
The Differential Expressions of the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Regulator, Slug and the Cell Adhesion Molecule, E-cadherin in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma.
Ran Hong, Dong Yul Choi, Sung Chul Lim, Chae Hong Suh, Keun Hong Kee, Mi Ja Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2008;42(6):351-357.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Slug is a member of the Snail family of transcription factors, and it plays a crucial role in the regulation of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition by suppression of several epithelial proteins and adhesion molecules, including E-cadherin. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to examine the significance between the expression of Slug in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRA) specimens and the clinicopathological parameters of CRA, as determined by immunohistochemical analysis, and to determine the correlation between the Slug and E-cadherin expressions in non-neoplastic colorectal mucosa (n=45), primary CRA (n= 109) and metastatic CRA (n=17). A semiquantitative scoring system was applied based on the intensity and extent of the positive immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: The expressions of Slug and E-cadherin were associated with the depth of tumor invasion (pT) (p=0.019, p=0.001, respectively), and these expressions showed a significant inverse correlation (p<0.001) each other. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrated a positive role for Slug in the development of CRA, and Slug is a mediator of tumor invasion in CRA. In addition, an up-regulated Slug expression is significantly correlated with the loss of an E-cadherin expression, which suggests that Slug may play some role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by down-regulating the E-cadherin expression.
Expression of Osteopontin, ZO-1 and E-cadherin in Adenoma and Adenocarcinoma of the Colon.
Yu Kyung Jeong, Mi Ja Lee, Sung Chul Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeon, Chae Hong Suh
Korean J Pathol. 2005;39(4):242-250.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
: The expressions of osteopontin (OPN), zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and E-cadherin, known as cell adhesion-associated substances, were examined in adenoma and adenocarcinoma of the colon. The relationship of their expressions with clinicopathologic factors was examined to investigate the roles of these proteins in the development, invasion or metas- tasis of colon adenocarcinoma. Methods : The expressions of OPN, ZO-1, and E-cadherin were examined in 54 cases of adenoma and 67 cases of adenocarcinoma of the colon by immunohistochemical staining. Results : The expression of OPN in colon adenocarcinoma correlated with staging (p=0.012) and distant metastasis (p=0.021). The expression of ZO-1 was closely related with tumor cell differentiation (p<0.001), and the reduced expression of E-cadherin was associated with tumor cell differentiation (p=0.05) and lymph node metastasis (p<0.001). Co-expression of ZO-1 and E-cadherin was significantly associated with tumor cell differentiation, and the expressions of ZO-1 and E-cadherin were reduced or lost in all cases (5 cases) of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Conclusions : Our data suggest that OPN is involved in the process of invasion and metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma, and ZO-1- and E-cadherin-mediated cell adhesion may play an important role in the differentiation of colon adenocarcinoma.
Adenoid Basal Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix.
Youn Kyung Lee, Ho Jong Jeon, Keun Hong Kee
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(4):351-353.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of adenoid basal carcinoma of the uterine cervix unexpectedly found in a 68-year-old female. She was diagnosed with a high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) on a cervical smear and subsequent cervical punch biopsy. Total abdominal hysterectomy was performed, and there were no significant gross findings in the uterine cervix. Microscopically, the epithelial surface showed a HSIL with glandular extension. Below the neoplastic epithelial lesion were numerous small nests of uniform small cells, which extended to the parametrium. These tumor cells contained hyperchromatic nuclei, inconspicuous nucleoli, and scant cytoplasm. Peripheral palisading and gland-like or acinar structures in the nests were noted. The latter were positive for mucicarmine stain. Foci of squamous differentiation exhibiting occasional mitoses and large atypical cells were seen in the small nests. Stromal reaction was not obvious. Immunohistochemically, the HSIL lesion and adenoid basal carcinoma lesion were negative for human papillowa virus. The tumor cells forming nests were positive for carcinoembryonic antigen, S-100 protein, and high molecular weight cytokeratin, but were negative for -smooth muscle actin and chromogranin A.
Expression of c-erbB-2, c-myc, c-fos, bcl-2, p53, PCNA, and TGF-alpha in Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder.
Keun Hong Kee, Yoon Kyeong Oh
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(7):516-523.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Most of malignant tumors in the urinary bladder is transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) deriving from the urothelium. Clinical stage and histopathologic grading of the TCC of the urinary bladder is important in the determination of the patient's prognosis. To investigate the correlation between the prognostic factors and the expression of the various oncoproteins and growth factors in each grade of the TCC, immunohistochemical stains for c-erbB2, c-myc, c-fos, bcl-2, p53, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) were performed in the formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues of the TCC (Grade I; 15 cases, Grade II; 20 cases, Grade III; 15 cases) of the urinary bladder. The immunoexpression rate of c-erbB2 was immunoexpression 78.0% in the grade I, 85.0% in the grade II, and 95.0% in the grade III TCC. The immunoexpression rate of c-myc, c-fos and bcl-2 was below 5% in each grades of TCC. The p53 immunoexpression was identified in 11.5%, 24.3% and 30.6% of the grade I, II, and III TCC, respectively. The PCNA and TGF-alpha expression was 53.0% and 27.6% in the grade I, 77.3% and 32.7% in the grade II, and 78.2% and 37.3% in the grade III TCC, respectively. These results suggest that the expressions of c-myc, c-fos, bcl-2, and TGF-alpha are similar in each grade of the TCC and the positivity of c-erbB2, p53, and PCNA shows an increasing tendency for the higher grade TCC of the urinary bladder. Therefore, c-erbB2, p53, and PCNA are clinically useful predictors of the patient's prognosis.
Relationship between Vimentin Expression and Progression of Uterine Cervix Epithelial Neoplasms.
Sung Chul Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Hyun Jong Park
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(9):663-669.
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Vimentin is an intermediate filament protein normally expressed in mesenchymal cells, but the evidence of the aberrant expression of vimentin in epithelial cancer cells suggests that the vimentin expression might be related to local invasiveness and metastatic potential. There have been a few previous studies on the vimentin expression in human cervical carcinogenesis using in vivo and in vitro models. We examined the immunohistochemical vimentin expression in various squamous epithelial neoplasms of the uterine cervix, including the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia group (n=25), the microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma group (n=15), the invasive squamous cell carcinoma group (n=15) and the metastatic squamous cell carcinoma group (n=8). Vimentin positivity was significantly higher in the invasive than in the intraepithelial group, and in the cases with lymph node metastasis than in those without metastasis, suggesting a relationship between the vimentin expression and progression of the uterine cervical epithelial tumors.
Endothelial Cyst of the Adrenal Gland: Report of a case.
Sung Chul Lim, Mi Sook Lee, Yun Sin Kim, Keun Hong Kee, Yu Kyung Jeong, Mi Ja Lee, Soon Bong Chung
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(8):742-745.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adrenal cysts are rare lesion that usually present themselves as an incidental finding during surgery, or at the time of autopsy. The cysts are usually small, seldom exceeding 10cm in diameter, and are generally asymptomatic. However, they present a difficult problem in differentiation between benign and malignant lesions of the adrenal gland. In the differential diagnosis, other cystic lesions of the upper abdomen must also be considered, including hepatic, splenic, renal and pancreatic cysts. Herein we report a case of endothelial cyst of lymphangiomatous type of the adrenal gland which was detected in a 44-year-old male patient during a routine health examination by ultrasonography as a pancreatic pseudocyst. Gross examination revealed multiple separate but continuous cysts, measuring 10.6x8x7cm in dimension. Within the wall, compressed adrenal cortex was noted. Microscopically, fibrous wall containing hypertrophied smooth muscle lined by endothelial cells was also noted. We reviewed literatures of the adrenal cyst and report a case.
Ultrastructural In Situ Hybridization Method for Detection of Oncogenic Viruses.
Keun Hong Kee, Chul Hee Choi, Ho Jong Jeon
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(8):687-698.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In situ hybridization (ISH) is a standard method for localizing DNA or RNA sequences in tissue or cell preperation. The technique was developed at the electron-microscopic level, and enables the precise subcellular localization. A method was developed for detection of specific viral DNA. We have tested various methods and technique to detect specific viral DNA through ISH at the electron microscopic level. Postembedding method of ultrastructural ISH was developed and successfully applied for the detection of human papillomavirus type 16 in squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix and Epstein-Barr virus in EBV-infected leukemia cell line. The following results are made. The best results were obtained using 0.2% glutaraldehyde and 4% paraformaldehyde fixed tissue or cell block. The labelling was best observed on Unicryl resin and Lowicryl K4M resin sections. Epon sections showed no reactivity. Thin sections of Unicryl resin were more easier than Lowicryl K4M resin. Enzymatic predigestion with proteinase K, pepsin and trypsind gave good results. However, high concentration of these produce poor results due to excessive destruction of the cellular components. Alkali treatment with 0.5N sodium hydroxide produced successful results in denaturation of target DNA. The labelling density of gold particles was independent of incubation time or temperature in hybridization step. The viral DNA labelling was localized mainly within the nucleus, both within and at the edge of electron dense regions, and below the nuclear membrane. And the labelling was seen in the form of a dense, roughly spherical shape. In conclusion, the best results are obtained by the conditions that tissue fixed by 0.2% glutaraldehyde and 4% paraformaldehyde solution, embedded with Unicryl resin, protein denaturation by 0.1ul/ml proteinase K, DNA denaturation by 0.5N sodium hydroxide, and reaction with DNA probe.
Suprasellar Rathke Cleft Cyst: A case report.
Mi Sook Lee, Yu Kyeong Jeong, Mi Ja Lee, Keun Hong Kee
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(7):649-651.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of a large asymptomatic Rathke cleft cyst in a 14-year-old boy. This cyst was of considerable size, measuring 2x1.8x1.8 cm, but did not produce any symptoms and was confined to the suprasellar area. The cyst wall was lined by pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells. The lining epithelium of the Rathke cleft cyst was immnoreactive for cytokeratin, EMA and CEA.
Paragonimiasis Involving the Female Genital Tract and Cul De Sac: A case report.
Mi Sook Lee, Yun Sin Kim, Sung Chul Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeo, Chae Hong Suh
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(5):457-459.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Paragonimiasis caused by Paragonimus westermani is essentially a pulmonary disorder, but it is also known to cause ectopic parasitism at various sites in human host such as the brain, muscle, liver, spinal cord and spleen. Ectopic parasitism of the female genital tract, especially the ovary is relatively rare. We have experienced a case of a 62-year-old Korean woman with asymptomatic ectopic paragonimiasis in the salpinx , ovary, and cul de sac.
Effusion Cytology of Ki - 1 Positive Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report.
Mi Sook Lee, Mi Ja Lee, Yu Kyung Jeong, Sung Chul Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeon
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(2):163-168.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Ki-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a newly described high-grade lymphoma and is defined by histopathological and immunologic criteria. We experienced a case of systemically involving Ki-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma in a 44 year-old female which initially manifested as pleural effusion. Abdominopelvic CT scan showed the evidence of marked lymphadenopathy in retroperitoneal and both external and inguinal lymph nodes. On cytologic examination of pleural fluid tumor cells revealed pleomorphic large isolated cells with prominent nucleoli and abundant cytoplasms. The nuclei were large with irregular profiles including some deep invaginations. Also. occasional multilobed/multinucleated and binucleated nuclei were seen. Immunohistochemical examination was performed to differentiate from the undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and malignant histiocytosis. The neoplastic cells were positive for leukocyte common antigen. CD3 CD30(ki-1) but negative for cytokeratin. epithelial membrane antigen. and CD15. A histologic diagnosis of Ki-1 positive anaplastic lymphoma was made by biopsies of the inguinal lymph node, polypoid lesion of the stomach and cecum.
Cytology of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma with Varied Histologic Patterns Arising in Preexisting Goiter: Report of A Cese.
Mi Ja Lee, Mi Sook Lee, You Kyung Jeong, Sung Chul Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeon
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(2):187-192.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid(ACT0 is a rare subtype of thyroid neoplasm. This tumor represents approximately 5-10% of all thyroid malignancies and has poor prognosis. ACT often arises in a long-standing thyroid nodule and has been documented to be associated with a variety of more with a variety of more well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas. We experienced a case of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma who had had about a year history of thyroid goiter. The patients had been injected with sclerosing agents in treatment of preexisting goiter. The ACT in this case had varied cytologic and histologic appearances pleomorphic, giant cells, spindle and squamoid. Immunohistochemically, strong cytoplasmic positivity for cytokeratin was seen in all kinds of tumor cells. Ultrastructurally. the evidences of epithelial differentiation were seen such as intercellular junctions and tonofibrils.
The Ultrastructural Study of Intermediate Filaments in Epithelial and Mesenchymal Tumors.
Chae Hong Suh, Keun Hong Kee
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(4):328-338.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The immunohistochemical results are compared with ultrastructural features of neoplastic epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells to assess whether immunohistochemistry is useful in the differential diagnosis of epithelial tumors and mesenchymal tumors. Squamous cell carcinoma and transitional cell carcinoma exhibited positive reaction for keratin, but adenocarcinoma was weakly positive reaction for keratin. Ultrastructurally, heavy bundles of tonofilaments were more frequently encountered in squamous cell carcinoma. In adenocarcinomas, the intermediate filaments were arranged randomly as nonaggregated, short filaments spread throughout the cytoplasm. Fibroblastic and fibrohistiocytic tumors, schwannomas, and neurofibromas exhibited positive reaction for vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin. Vimentin consisted of large aggregates of gently curved filaments that often displace other cytoplasmic constituents was noted. Fibroblastic cells with features of smooth muscle differentiation were found in granulation tissue of healing wounds, hypertrophic scars, fibromatosis, fibroma, neurofibroma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Smooth muscle tumors showed abundant bundles of thin filaments with dense bodies, pinocytotic vesicles and dense attachment plaques along the cell membrane. Skeletal muscle tumors showed bundles of disorganized thick and thin filaments, remnants of sarcomeres and Z-bands. From the above result, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical studies on epithelial and mesenchymal tumors were useful in tumor diagnosis sand classification.
Liposarcoma of the Breast in Male: Report of a case.
Jong Boum Choi, Sung Churl Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeon, Chae Hong Suh
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(3):293-297.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Liposarcoma of the male breast is rare. In English literature, nearly 90 tumors of this type can be found, but the majority of citation is female without detail descriptions of gross or microscopic features. Recently, we experienced a case with pleomorphic liposarcoma of the breast. This 62-year-old male patient presented with tumorous mass of right breast for 3 months ago. He underwent radical mastectomy under the impression of breast cancer. Received specimen was a breast and attached nodular bulging mass. The serial section reveal a relatively defined nodular mass consists of yellowish and glistened bulging tumorous lesion, measuring 5x4.5x5cm. Microscopically, there were multiple pleomorphic giant cells composed of plump esoinophilic or microvesiculated cytoplasm and bizarre nuclei with prominent nucleoli. These cells were positive staining for oil-red O. Ultrastructurally, variable sized numerous fatty vacuoles in the cytoplasm were seen.
Histopathologic Study of the Endometrium in Primary infertility.
Sung Churl Lim, Jong Boum Choi, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Jeon, Chae Hong Suh
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(3):196-205.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was performed to fine out the possible causes of primary infertility in female and to provide some diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. A total of 104 cases of endometrium in primary infertility was obtained from the pathology files of Chosun University Hospital and Kwang-ju Christian Hospital during the period of 5 years and 10 months from January, 1984 to October, 1989. The endometrial biopsies were taken on the first of menstruation and classified according to Noyes, Hertig and Rock's criteria. Histologic findings which were compatible with their normal menstrual cycle (premenstrual of late secretory phase and bleeding phase) were noted in 52 cases (50%). Abnormal 52 cases (50%) revealed deficient secretory phase in 36 case (34.6%), proliferative phase in 5 cases (4.8%), irregular proliferation and chronic nonspecific endometritis in 4 cases (3.8%), respectively, endometrial hyperplasia in 3 cases (2.9%), tuberculous endometritis in 2 cases (1.9%), and asynchronous cycle in 1 case (1%). Among the case of dissociated delay was 21 cases (20.2%) and coordinated delay was 15 cases (14.4%). Therefore, deficient secretory phase with dissociate delay was most common abnormal endometrial finding in cases of female primary infertility. The peak age distribution of the female primary infertility in this study revealed 73 cases (63.8%) in patients between the age of 25 and 29. This finding indicated that there was no significant relationship between the age distributions and the endometrial histopathologic findings.
Lipid Cell Tumor of the Ovary: A case report.
Sung Churl Lim, Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Chun, Hae Sook Song, Chae Hong Suh
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(1):181-186.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Lipid cell tumors of the ovary are among the rarest of the functional ovarian neoplasms. Recently, authors experienced a case of lipid cell tumor of the left ovary in a 19 year old female, who presented with amenorrhea and hirsutism for 4 years. Grossly, the ovary was well encapsulated, and measured 6.5x6x4.5 cm. Cut surface show homogenous yellowish bulging neoplastic tissue and peritheral displaced normal ovarian tissue. Microscopically, neoplastic cells were composed of rounded and polyhedral cells, arranged in nests seperated by rich vascular networks. On the basis of the author's findings and the evidence available in the literature, we determined this case as ovarian lipid cell tumor.
Primary Malignant Lymphoma of True Histiocytic Origin of the Liver: Histiocytic Sarcoma, Kupffer Cell Sarcoma: A case report with immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
Ho Jong Chun, Keun Hong Kee, Chae Hong Suh, Sung Chul Lim, Hae Sook Song
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(1):165-180.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A 55 year old male complain right shoulder pain and right upper quadrant pain about three months. He was a heavy alcoholism. Highly selective angiography, CT scan and operation findings suggest primary malignant neoplasm of the liver. Right hepatic lobectomy and partial diaphragmectomy was done under impression of heaptocellular carcinoma. The specimen measured 15x11x9 cm and disclose relatively hard and nodular mass devoid of cirrhotic changes. Cut surface show unilobar large mass measuring 11x8x6 cm and bearing brightly yellow discoloration and multifocal hemorrhagic necrosis. Histological characteristics were diffuse proliferation of large neoplastic cells with ample cytoplasm, containing granular materials, erythrophagocytosis, neutrophagocytosis and hemosiderin pigments. Atypical and bizarre mitosis and multinucleated giant cells bearing abundant erythro and neutrophagocytosis were frequently seen. The large or vesicular nuclei were irregular, with occasional deep indentations and revealed sharply defined nuclear membrane, coarse chromatin and conspicious nucleoli. Ultrastructurally the cytoplasm of neoplasltic cells had lysosomal granule, phagolysosome, phagocytized material and residual bodies. Immunohistochemical stains for alpha 1-antitrypsin, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, vimentin and lysozyme showed positive reactions, but, alpha fetoprotein, cytokeratin, S-100 protein, factor VIII, complement 3 receptor and carcinoembryonic antigen were negative. Alpha-naphtyl acetate esterase activity in paraffin embedded tissue ribbon showed negative reaction. These findings show compatible with primary malignant lymphoma, true histiocytic type, (histiocytic sarcoma, Kupffer cell carcinoma) of the liver.
Malignant Teratoma in the Mediastinum Associated with Endodermal Sinus Tumor and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Keun Hong Kee, Ho Jong Chun, Chae Hong Suh, Hae Sook Song
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):82-87.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Anterior mediastinal teratoma was removed from the right hemithorax of a 15-year-old male patient presenting initially with right chest discomfort and hemoptysis. He was died following precipitous clinical deterioration, 2 months after open thoracotomy. The true malignant nature of this tumor, that there are endodermal sinus tumor and squamous cell carcinoma, was apparent on resection specimen. The former had metastasized to right supraclavicular lymph node. A similar case has not been reported previously on the review of the pertinent literature on malignant mediastinal teratoma.
Four Cases of Intrapulmonary Hamartoma: An ultrastructural study.
Ho Jong Chun, Keun Hong Kee, Chae Hong Suh, Jang Sihn Sohn, Chung Hee Chi
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):70-81.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Tumors of the lung and bronchi containing cartilage were known by a variety of names, chondroma, adenochondroma, chondromatous hamartoma and mixed tumor. This variation in nomenclatures explain the difference of illustration on the nature of these tumor. The concept pulmonary harmatomas are benign neoplasm and not developmental malformations, has gained wide acceptance in recent years. We have experienced four cases of intrapulmonary hamartoma which were all discovered during routine chest film check up for certificate of health and evaluation of other disease. One case is added further detailed histologic examination by electron microscopy. The age at time of the detection were 53 (male), 23 (male), 39 (female), and 56 (female) years old. The mean size is 4.3x3.7x3.4 cm. The locations were three left upper lobes and one right upper lobe. Lobectomy and wedge resecions were done. Cut surface showed promiment lobular structures, papillary configuration and multiple cleft like spaces. Predominant cellular components were cartilage but fat tissue in one of the four cases. Microscopic findings showed abundant hyaline cartilages bearing lobular configuration and overlying pseudostratified ciliated columnar and cuboidal epithelium. Fibromyxoid and undifferentiated cells were seen in myxoid and fatty tissue. Electron microscopic findings revealed stellate, undifferentiated mesenchymal cells bearing collagen formation, stellate smooth muscle and transition areas between undifferentiated mesenchymal cells and mature cartilage. Epithelial components were similar to terminal bronchiole and alveolar epithelium. These findings suggest the concept that intrapulmonary hamartoma represent a histologic specturm of benign mesenchymal neoplasms, which originate in peribronchial connective tissue.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine