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Ki Seok Jang 9 Articles
Parotid Gland Carcinosarcoma with Osteosarcoma as a Sarcomatous Component: A Case Report with Fine Needle Aspiration Cytologic Findings.
Se Min Jang, Young Jin Jun, Hulin Han, Ki Seok Jang, Seung Sam Paik
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(4):412-416.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Carcinosarcoma of the salivary glands is a rare malignant tumor showing both malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components. Herein, we present a carcinosarcoma of the parotid gland in a 67-year-old man consisting of osteosarcoma and adenocarcinoma components with fine needle aspiration cytological findings. The tumor was composed predominantly of osteosarcoma and small areas of adenocarcinomatous components and a hyalinized nodule reminiscent of pleomorphic adenoma. The tumor showed infiltrative growth features with perineural, lymphatic, and vascular invasion. Despite postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy, multiple metastatic lesions occurred in the both lungs 5 months after surgery. As salivary gland carcinosarcoma has been known to demonstrate highly aggressive behavior, an accurate pathological diagnosis is prerequisite for appropriate treatment.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Carcinosarcoma of the parotid gland with abdominal metastasis: a case report and review of literature
    Chang Gok Woo, Seung-Myoung Son
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology.2018;[Epub]     CrossRef
Cystic Lymphangioma of the Breast in an Adult Woman.
Kyueng Whan Min, Si Hyong Jang, Woong Na, Se Min Jang, Young Jin Jun, Ki Seok Jang, Seung Sam Paik
Korean J Pathol. 2008;42(4):244-246.
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  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cystic lymphangioma is also known as cystic hygroma, and this is a congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. Most lymphangiomas are present at birth and they are diagnosed by the age of 2. They are mostly located in the neck or axillary region. The breast as a site of origin is an extremely unusual location, and especially in adults. We report here on a case of cystic lymphangioma in a 36-year-old woman. Physical examination revealed a tender cystic mass in the upper outer quadrant of the right breast. Ultrasonography revealed an irregular hypoechoic mass lesion that was associated with irregular duct dilatation and several enlarged axillary lymph nodes. After the operation, the mass was revealed to be a cystic lymphangioma. Although it is very rare, cystic lymphangioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a breast mass in adults.
The Intestinal Type of Florid Cystitis Glandularis Mimics Bladder Tumor: A Case Report.
Young Soo Song, Ki Seok Jang, Si Hyong Jang, Kyueng Whan Min, Woong Na, Soon Young Song, Hong Sang Moon, Tchun Yong Lee, Seung Sam Paik
Korean J Pathol. 2007;41(2):116-118.
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  • 43 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cystitis glandularis is a benign metaplastic proliferative lesion of the urinary bladder which usually occurs in the setting of chronic irritation and infection or in some cases as a congenital process. Sometimes it presents as a tumor mass-like florid lesion, grossly mimicking malignancy. We report a case of 59-year-old man with multiple mass lesions around the trigone and the neck portion, which suggested the possibility of malignancy in clinical and radiological evaluations. Final diagnosis was confirmed by transurethral resection. The surface urothelial lining was intact. The submucosa showed von Brunn's nests, cystitis glandularis and cystitis cystica in the edematous lamina propria. There were numerous glands lined by tall columnar, mucin producing epithelium without atypia, conforming to the appearance of the intestinal variant of cystitis glandularis. The cystitis glandularis may mimic a neoplasm on gross evaluation. The intestinal variant of cystitis glandularis is particularly likely to be problematic when florid.
Kikuchi's Disease of the Mesenteric Lymph Nodes Presenting as Acute Appendicitis.
Kyueng Whan Min, Ki Seok Jang, Si Hyong Jang, Young Soo Song, Woong Na, Soon Young Song, Seung Sam Paik
Korean J Pathol. 2007;41(1):44-46.
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  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Kikuchi's disease is a benign self-limiting necrotizing lymphadenitis that occurs most commonly in young women, and is usually found in the cervical lymph nodes. When there is an unusual location of involved lymph nodes, the diagnosis can be difficult. We recently treated a patient with Kikuchi's disease who had ileocecal mesenteric lymph node involvement; the patient presented with symptoms of acute appendicitis in an 11-year old boy. Although mesenteric lymph node involvement of Kikuchi's disease is very rare, Kikuchi's disease should be added to the differential diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients with enlarged ileocecal mesenteric lymph nodes on radiological evaluation.
Sarcomatoid Carcinoma of the Distal Common Bile Duct: A Case Report.
Ki Seok Jang, Si Hyong Jang, Young Ha Oh, Ho Soon Choi, Kyeong Geun Lee, Dongho Choi, Seung Sam Paik
Korean J Pathol. 2005;39(5):360-363.
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  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the common bile duct (CBD) is an extremely rare malignant neoplasm, which is characterized by the presence of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. We report a case of sarcomatoid carcinoma arising in the distal CBD. The patient was a 68- year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain. The computed tomography and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a polypoid mass in the distal CBD. The resected specimen showed a polypoid mass with a narrow stalk in the distal CBD which was confined to the mucosa. The cut surface revealed a gray-whitish solid mass with focal hemorrhage and necrosis. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of carcinomatous and sarcomatous components without any heterologous elements. The sarcomatous area predominently consisted of pleomorphic spindle cells. The carcinomatous component was an adenocarcinoma. On immunohistochemistry, cytokeratin was coexpressed in the carcinomatous and sarcomatous components but vimentin was expressed exclusively in the sarcomatous component. The patient has been doing well for one year postoperatively.
Primary Leptomeningeal Glioblastomatosis Detected in Cerebrospinal Fluid Cytology: A Case Report.
Ki Seok Jang, Si Hyong Jang, Young Soo Song, Moon Hyang Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2005;16(2):110-114.
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  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary leptomeningeal glioblastomatosis is a rare and fatal tumor of the central nervous system, the condition is characterized by diffuse infiltration of the tumor in the meninges without evidence of primary tumor within the brain or spinal cord. We reported an unusual case of leptomengial glioblastomatosis, which was detected by the consecutive cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology with application of immunohistochemistry, in addition to its cytologic findings. A healthy 21 year old man, who was enlisted in the army, presented with a stuporous mental state and diffuse enhancement of meninges without evidence of primary mass lesion in the brain and spinal cord on magnetic resonance imaging(MRI). CSF cytology showed small loose clusters of tumor cells with single cells and lymphocytes. The tumor showed variable pleomorphism with coarse chromatin, irregular nuclear membranes and multi lobated nuclei. On immunohistochemical staining, the tumor cells were founded to be positive for GFAP. In conjunction with radiologic findings, brain biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of leptomenigeal glioblastomatosis. The use of immunohistochemistry is helpful in confirming CSF cytologic diagnosis in patients with primary leptomeningeal glioblastomatosis.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of a Thymic Carcinoid Tumor: A Case Report.
Young Ha Oh, Ki Seok Jang, Young Soo Song, Chul Burm Lee, Choong Ki Park, Moon Hyang Park, Yong Wook Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2005;16(1):41-46.
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  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Carcinoid tumors of the thymus are vanishingly rare, and the characteristic cytologic findings of this condition have never before been reported in Korea. Recently, we encountered a 58-year-old woman who had been suffering from general weakness and weight loss for several months. Radiological imaging revealed a large anterior mediastinal mass. A fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the mass showed predominantly scattered single cells, as well as some loose clusters of small cells with scanty cytoplasm. Some of these small cells exhibited plasmacytoid features, with moderately granular cytoplasm. We also discuss the cytological differential diagnosis between thymic carcinoid and other mediastinal tumors.
Macrocystic Form of Serous Cystadenoma of the Pancreas: Two Cases Report.
Ki Seok Jang, Hyo Jin Lee, Moon Hyang Park
Korean J Pathol. 2004;38(6):423-426.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The macrocystic form of serous cystadenoma of the pancreas is an uncommon benign neoplasm composed of few, relatively large cysts that are lined by uniform, glycogen-rich, cuboidal epithelial cells. We report here on two cases of pathologically proven macrocystic serous cystadenoma of the pancreas in a 45-year-old female patient and a 53-year-old female patient. Both these cysts were lined by low cuboidal epithelia without any evidence of mucin production. There was also no evidence of pancreatitis. These tumors were radiologically suspected as being mucinous cystic neoplasm or pseudocysts. Although the microscopic and immunohistochemical studies of the macrocystic variant are not different from the conventional serous microcystic cystadenoma, their unusual macroscopic features can lead to confusion for the clinicians and radiologists.
Composite Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma in Pleural Effusion Mimicking Metastatic Adenocarcinoma: Cytologic and Immunocytochemical Findings.
Ki Seok Jang, Hong Xiu Han, Moon Hyang Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2003;14(1):36-41.
  • 1,361 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor of borderline malignancy which is characterized by the presence of "epithelioid" or "histiocytoid" endothelial cells. Superficial and deep tumors have been recognized in the extremities, head, neck, chest, and mediastinum of adult patients. It may also occur as a primary tumor of liver, bone, and other visceral organs. Few effusion cytologic findings of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma have been reported. We report a case of composite epithelioid hemangioendothelioma with focal epithelioid angiosarcomatous areas of the iliac bone and adjacent soft tissue in a 38-year-old female, which, during its metastatic course, was presented as a pleural effusion. The effusion was cellular with epithelioid cells presenting both singly and in clusters. The tumor cells were round to ovoid showing cytoplasmic vacuolization, variability in cell size, and prominent nucleoli. The effusion smears and cell block sections revealed strong positive staining for CD31 and vimentin, weak positive for CD34 and Factor VIII-related antigen, and negative for cytokeratin, CEA, and calretinin. The cytologic findings in this case were similar to that of metastatic adenocarcinoma or malignant mesothelioma. Therefore, immunocytochemical staining in smear and cell block is a helpful tool to differentiate malignant "epithelioid" cells in effusion.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine