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Sang Ho Kim 29 Articles
Copy Number Alterations of BCAS1 in Squamous Cell Carcinomas.
Yu Im Kim, Ahwon Lee, Jennifer Kim, Bum Hee Lee, Sung Hak Lee, Suk Woo Nam, Sug Hyung Lee, Won Sang Park, Nam Jin Yoo, Jung Young Lee, Sang Ho Kim, Su Young Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(3):271-275.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Breast carcinoma amplified sequence 1 (BCAS1), located in 20q13, is amplified and overexpressed in breast cancers. Even though BCAS1 is expected to be an oncogene candidate, its contribution to tumorigenesis and copy number status in other malignancies is not reported. To elucidate the role of BCAS1 in squamous cell carcinomas, we investigated the copy number status and expression level of BCAS1 in several squamous cell carcinoma cell lines, normal keratinocytes and primary tumors.
We quantitated BCAS1 gene by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Expression level of BCAS1 was measured by real-time reverse transcription-PCR and immunoblot.
Seven (88%) of 8 squamous cell carcinoma cell lines showed copy number gain of BCAS1 with various degrees. BCAS1 gene in primary tumors (73%) also showed copy number gain. However, expression level did not show a linear correlation with copy number changes.
We identified copy number gain of BCAS1 in squamous cell carcinomas. Due to lack of linear correlation between copy numbers of BCAS1 and its expression level, we could not confirm that the overexpression of BCAS1 is a common finding in squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. However, this study shows that the copy number gain of BCAS1 is a common finding in squamous cell carcinomas.


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  • Electrochemical Approaches for Preparation of Tailor-Made Amino Acids
    Nana Wang, Jingcheng Xu, Haibo Mei, Hiroki Moriwaki, Kunisuke Izawa, Vadim A. Soloshonok, Jianlin Han
    Chinese Journal of Organic Chemistry.2021; 41(8): 3034.     CrossRef
Distribution of Dendritic Cells and Regulatory T-Cells in Cutaneous Lymphomas.
Changyoung Yoo, Young Seon Hong, Baik Kee Cho, Sang Ho Kim, Sang In Shim, Chang Suk Kang
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(6):581-588.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in immune reactions. This study was designed to identify the distribution patterns of DCs and regulatory T-cells (Tregs) in cutaneous lymphomas.
Immunohistochemistry was used to determine langerin expression on Langerhans cells, CD11b on inflammatory DCs, CD209 and CD11c on dermal DCs, CD303 on plasmacytic DCs, and Foxp3 on Tregs in 81 cases of cutaneous lymphomas.
Various DCs and Tregs were identified in most cutaneous lymphomas. Plasmacytic DCs, inflammatory DCs and Tregs were identified mainly in tumor areas, whereas dermal DCs were distributed both in the tumor and stromal areas. Among DCs, dermal DCs were most prominently identified in the cutaneous lymphomas not only in the tumor area but also in the stroma. The intense stromal infiltration of dermal DCs was consistent finding in T-cell lymphomas. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), not otherwise specified also showed intense stromal infiltration of dermal DCs, but stromal infiltration in DLBCL, leg type was relatively scant.
The results suggest that all types of DCs and Tregs are involved in cutaneous lymphoma tumor immunity. Among them dermal DCs may play a dominant role.
Absence of TaqI Polymorphism in Exons of Complement Component C9 Gene in Koreans.
Seoyoung Han, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(3):185-188.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Molecular and genetic studies of the complement component C9 have never been reported in Korea.
We have checked the TaqI polymorphism of the C9 gene in 52 randomly selected adult Koreans. Southern blot analysis was carried out to detect the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the C9 gene. The fragments of human C9 cDNA were hybridized with the TaqI digested genomic DNA.
The functional levels of complements in all subjects were measured at 84.4+/-3.8% by hemolytic assay, which indicates that the subjects have functionally normal complement systems. Fifty-four percent of the individuals were found to have the C9 genes that contain the constant fragments only. It seems that the undetected TaqI site may be located in the intron of the C9 gene. The silent mutation of C->T transversion was found in exon 1 of the C9 gene through polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism, but no mutation was found in exon 4 of the C9 gene.
We could not find TaqI polymorphism in exons of the C9 gene in 52 Koreans.
The Effect of Tumor Removal and Administration of OK432 on the Splenic Natural Killer Cell Activity in the Subcutaneous Tumor Bearing Rats.
Kyu Yun Jang, Hyun Sang Yoon, Myoung Jae Kang, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(2):105-112.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the effect of tumor removal and administration of OK432 on the splenic natural killer (NK) cell activity in the subcutaneous tumor bearing rats, NK cell activity assay using a 4-hour 51Cr release assay and flow cytometric analysis for NK cell population were performed. The results were as follows: 1. Splenic NK cell activity and population in the subcutaneous tumor bearing rats decreased along with the growth of the tumor. 2. The rats with subcutaneous tumor removal showed decrease of splenic NK cell activity, but splenic NK cell population was not decreased. 3. In the rats with subcutaneous tumor removal and OK432 administration, splenic NK cell activity was significantly increased 1 week after administration of OK432 and then gradually returned to normal, whereas increase of NK cell population was not significant. In the present study, splenic NK cell activity was significantly decreased despite removal of subcutaneous tumor. But with the administration of OK432, splenic NK cell activity returned to normal. Considering the role of NK cells on the first line of defense against the metastatic implantation of circulating tumor emboli, we suggest that perioperative administration of immunopotentiator such as OK432 may improve the patient's outcome after surgery of human neoplasm.
Identification of Differentially Expressed Genes from Serum Deprived p388D1 Cells.
Su Young Kim, Sang Ho Kim, Sug Hyung Lee, Nam Jin Yoo, Jung Young Lee, Choo Soung Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(7):488-493.
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This experiment is designed to find differentially expressed genes in p388D1 cells that are specific for the serum deprived state. Serum starvation induces cells to enter the quiscent state in the cell cycle and is used to arrest cell growth or synchronize the cell cycle. Differential display and ribonuclease protection assay were used to identify quantitative change in gene expression. Nineteen genes that showed a differential expression in the differential display were cloned and 7 clones were verified by a ribonuclease protection assay. Among the 7 clones clone-16 showed same expression pattern in comparison with the differential display. Deduced amino acid sequences of clone-16 had N-glycosylation motif and seems to be a secretory protein. Getting a full sequence of clone-16 is critical for the characterization of it.
Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of the Liver.
So Yeong Oh, Myoung Ja Chung, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(1):59-62.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary sarcomas of the liver are rare. A case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the liver is reported. A 55-year-old male was admitted with epigastric pain. An abdominal computed tomographic scan disclosed a 10cm, low-density area in the left lobe of the liver. Histological examination of the resected tumor showed bundles of spindle cells arranged in a storiform pattern. In some areas, many bizarre giant cells were scattered. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for alpha 1-antitrypsin and alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, and weakly positive for vimentin. The tumor cells did not express cytokeratin, desmin or alpha fetoprotein.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Extraskeletal Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma.
Myoung Ja Chung, So Yeong Oh, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1997;8(2):194-198.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Extraskeletal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a relatively rare tumor and its cytologic findings have rarely been reported. We experienced a case of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma of soft tissue of the right lateral neck diagnosed by fine needle aspiration biopsy in a 59 year-old man. Cytologic findings showed two cell components. One was an undifferentiated, small cell component with moderate amount of cytoplasm and spindle nuclei. The second population was a chondroid component. These cytologic findings were diagnostic to mesenchymal chondrosarcoma.
Expression of p53 Protein in Gastric Adenoma and Carcinom.
So Yeong Oh, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Youl Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):886-892.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In the present study, immunohistochemical detection of p53 oncoprotein was performed to determine whether the grade of differentiation and the histologic type of gastric adenocarcinoma, and the degree of atypia accompanied with adenoma can be related to p53 mutation. Paraffin sections of 22 gastric adenomas and 56 gastric adenocarcinomas were examined for the overexpression of p53 oncoprotein with the avidin-biotin peroxidase complex staining procedure. The obtained results were as follows; 1. All the 22 cases of adenomas and 16 cases of well differentated adenocarcinomas showed uniformly negative staining. 2.Seven of 18 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas(39%), and five of 30 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas(17%) exhibited p53 protein expression. 3. Three of 29 cases of diffuse type (10%) and 9 of 19 cases of intestinal type(47%) exhibited p53 protein expression. These results suggest that p53 mutation is important in carcinogenesis of the intestinal type of gastric adenocarcinoma, and there is no correlation between the differentiation of gastric adenocarcinoma and the degree of p53 oncoprotein overexpression.
Detection of HBV DNA in Needle Biopsied Paraffin Embedded Liver Tissues of Chronic Hepatitis B Patients by PCR: Comparison with Serological and Immunohistochemical Studies.
Hye Soo Lee, Kahng Yeul Oh, Joo Heon Kim, Yoon Jeong Kim, Sam Im Choi, Dong Geun Lee, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(6):495-504.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In this study, the prevalence of Hepatitis B virus(HBV) DNA in the needle biopsied paraffin embedded liver tissues of chronic hepatitis B patients by rapid nested PCR was examined. DNA was extracted by NaOH with boiling, and amplified by rapid air thermocycler with glass capillary tubes and nested PCR with two primer sets specific for the surface and the core genes of HBV. The PCR results were compared to that of serum HBeAg, serum HBV DNA by dot blot hybridization with a radioactive DNA probe, and tissue immunohistochemical (HBsAg/ HBcAg) studies. Among 44 patients with chronic hepatitis with serum HBsAg positivity, HBV DNA could be detected by PCR in 43 liver tissues (98%). This results were comparable to the positive rates of 94%(31/33) for serum HBV DNA, 80%(35/44) for serum HBeAg, and 59%(26/44) and 75%(33/44) for tissue HBsAg and HBcAg, respectively. The accordance rate between tissue PCR and serum DNA probe testing was 91%. The results indicate that HBV DNA detection by rapid nested PCR of paraffin embedded liver tissues by needle biopsy is a more sensitive method to detect the HBV DNA carrier than the serum HBeAg or tissue HBsAg/HBcAg status, and is well correlated with the result of serum HBV DNA probe testing. Therefore this method is a practical indicator for the diagnosis and replication status in retrospective analysis.
Lymphocytic Hypophysitis Presenting with Diabetes Insipidus in a Man: Report of a case.
Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Hyung Il Kim, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(6):528-532.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphocytic hypophysitis is an autoimmune disorder of the pituitary gland which usually occurs in a woman in the postpartum period. Diabetes insipidus is not a major clinical feature of this disorder. We report a case of a 22-year-old man with lymphocytic hypophysitis which presented with diabetes insipidus and also involved his cavernous sinus. This represents the seventh reported and the youngest case of a man with lymphocytic hypophysitis. A comparative study of all six male patients is also presented. We suggest diabetes insipidus should be added to the spectrum of clinical manifestations of this disorder.
Primary Ovarian Leiomyosarcoma: A case report.
Won Sang Park, Seong Beom Lee, Jung Yong Lee, Sang Ho Kim, Choo Soung Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(6):548-550.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary leiomyosarcoma is a rare tumor of the ovary. We experienced a case of primary ovarian leiomyosarcoma in a 68 year old woman. Microscopically, the tumor was characterized by interlacing bundles of plump spindle cells that showed immunoreactivity for alpha-smooth muscle actin, pleomorphic multinucleated giant cells and an increased mitotic rate. Ultrastructural features included abundant smooth muscle type filaments and irregular bodies. Consequently, this case has led us to propose ultrastructural and immunohistochemical criteria for primary ovarian leiomyosarcoma.
Adrenal Pseudocyst as a Result of Longterm Intake of Steroid Hormone.
Woo Sung Moon, So Yeong Oh, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(4):355-357.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adrenal pseudocysts are uncommon lesions which usually occur as a result of hemorrhage within the adrenal tissue. Adrenal hemorrhage is usually associated with severe stress, sepsis, pregnancy, syphilis, leukemia, or anticoagulant therapy but during steroid therapy, it is very rare. We report a case of adrenal pseudocyst that resulted from hemorrhage into the adrenal gland and is probably related to the exogenous administration of steroids. The patient was a 57-year-old woman who was treated with oradexon for 20 years for the treatment of a maculopapular lesion on her thigh as well as for arthritis. She underwent a right adrenalectomy due to the adrenal cystic mass. The wall of the cystic mass was composed of a thick layer of hyalinized fibrous tissue with remnants of adrenal cortical tissue on the outer aspect. The inner surface had no lining cells and the wall of the cyst contained many calcified plaques with hemosiderin pigment.
Immunohistochemical and Ultrastructural Studies on the Histogenesis of Thyroid Undifferentiated Carcinoma.
Myoung Ja Jeong, Woo Sung Moon, Young Hye Lee, Myoung Jae Kang, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim, Dong Geun Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(6):756-765.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Histologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies were performed on 6 cases of undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma to study the histogenesis of the undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma, to determine the most useful markers for diagnosing these tumors and to investigate the nature of osteoclast-like giant cells rarely observed in these tumors. For the immuno-histochemical study, a panel of antibodies to epithelial (cocktailed keratin, low molecular weight keratin, CEA), mesenchymal(vimentin, desmin, actin, FVIIIRAg) endocrine(calcitonin, chromogranin), lymphocytic(LCA), histiocytic(alpha-l-ACT, alpha-1-AT, lysozyme, CD68), and Schwann cell(S-100 protein) markers were used. The following results were obtained; 1) Well differentiated carcinoma was associated with 2 cases of spindle cell type and 1 case of giant cell type of undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma and a transitional zone between the well differentiated and undifferentiated lesions was observed. 2) All of the examined cases expressed keratin, and 3 tumors expressed CEA. 3) All the mesenchymal markers, LCA, S-100 protein, calcitonin, and chromogranin were not expressed. Vimentin was coexpressed with keratin in 4 cases. 4) Osteoclast-like giant cells were observed in 1 case of spindle cell type. They expressed CD68 but not keratin. 5) Ultrastructural study revealed the desmosomes between the tumor cells and non-neoplastic, follicular, thyroid epithelial cells. The above results indicate that undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma originates from follicular epithelial cell, keratin is the most useful marker for diagnosis of this tumor, and the osteoclast-like giant cells are histiocytic in nature and reactive, rather than neoplastic.
HgCl2 Toxicity on Cultured Renal Tubular Cells of Rabbit.
Jung Young Lee, Seong Beom Lee, Suk Hyung Lee, Won Sang Park, Nam Jin Yoo, Sang Ho Kim, Choo Soung Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(5):615-623.
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To understand the mechanism of cell injury when exposed to HgCl2, monitoring of cytosolic ionized free Ca2+([Ca2+]i), viability test, measurement of the amount of ATP, and Ca-ATPase activity were evaluated in cultured rabbit renal tubular cells(RTC) exposed to HgCl2. The results were as follows: 1) HgCl2 was cytotoxic to rabbit RTC at all doses except 10 uM and the rate of killing displayed a dose- and time-dependent relationship. 2) The absence of extracellular Ca provided partial protection from irreversible injury induced by HgCl2. 3) The increasing pattem of [Ca2+]i varied according to the concentrations of HgCl2. At the low concentrations of HgCl2 (2.5-10 microM), the level of [Ca2+]i increased slowly over the flat 2-3 min and then achieved plateau-state. In contrast, at the high concentrations of HgCl2 (25-100 microM) the level of [Ca2+]i achieved peak within 1 min and then decreased to a plateau state under normal concentrations. 4) The level of ATP was decreased to 27.5% of that of normal control cells within 3 min by using a treatment of 100 microM HgCl2. 5) HgCl2 did not affect the Ca2+ ATPase activity by enzyme histochemical observation. These findings suggest that the elevation of [Ca2+]i in response to the HgCl2-induced injury is an important event in accelerating injury that ultimately leads to cell death. But other possibilities such as HgCl2 might have direct deleterious effects on the also should be considered.
Immunohistochemical Study on the Proliferative Activity of Human Thyroid Tumors.
Myoung Jae Kang, Young Jin Jeong, Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Ja Jeong, Joo Heon Kim, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):77-84.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
For the estimation of the proliferative activity, related to the biologic behaviour, malignant potential, and prognosis, of human thyroid tumors, PCNA(proliferating cell nuclear antigen) immunohistochemical staining was performed on paraffin-embedded sections of 9 normal thyroid tissues, 9 adenomatous goiters, 9 follicular adenomas, 4 Hurthle cell tumors, 12 papillary carcinomas, 4 follicular carcinomas, and 3 anaplastic carcinomas. The results were as follows: 1) The PCNA labeling indices in adenomatous goiter, follicular adenoma, and Hurthle cell tumor were 1.1, 1.5, and 2.4, respectively. They were significantly higher than the labeling index in normal thyroid. 2) The PCNA labeling indices in papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma were 3.5 and 4.4, respectively. They were significantly higher than the labeling indices in adenomatous goiter and follicular adenoma, but there was no significant difference between papillary and follicular carcinoma. 3) The PCNA labeling index in anaplastic carcinoma, 14.1, was significantly higher than those in benign and other malignant tumors. According to the results, the PCNA labeling index was well correlated with the malignant potential of a tumor. So the PCNA immunohistochemical staining is thought to be a useful method for the evaluation of the malignant potential and prognosis of a tumor.
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma in a 58-year-old Woman: A case report.
Joo Heon Kim, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):122-125.
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A case of left parietal pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma that occurred in a 58-year-old woman is reported clinicopathologically. Histopathologic diagnosis of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma was made because of the unique pleomorphic histologic features, positive glial fibrillary acidic protein in immunohistochemical staining. The flow cytometric analysis reveals DNA aneuploidy and relatively high S-phase fraction. The pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is considered as a special subgroup of glioma on the basis of superficial cortical location, GFAP expression, marked cellular atypia, xanthomatous cells, and relatively favorable prognosis.
Percutaneous Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Adrenal Cortical Carcinoma: A Case Report.
Myoung Ja Jeong, Ho Lee, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(1):58-61.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Fine needle aspiration(FNA) biopsy has become the procedure of choice for initial diagnosis of adrenal masses. However, there have been relatively few reports discussing the FNA cytologic features of adrenal cortical carcinoma. Recently, we experienced a case of FNA cytology of bilateral adrenal cortical carcinoma in a 61-year old man. The smear revealed loosely cohesive pleomorphic tumor cells with hemorrhagic and necrotic background. The tumor cells showed oval to spindle hyperchromatic nuclei and prominent nucleoli with frequent mitotic figures. The cytoplasm of tumor cells was relatively abundant and sometimes vacuolated. These cytologic findings were interpreted as an adrenal cortical carcinoma, undifferentiated pattern.
Acardiac Fetus with Encephalocele: A case report.
Seong Beom Lee, Won Sang Park, Ki Hwa Yang, Jong Chul Shin, Jung Yong Lee, Sang Ho Kim, Choo Soung Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(6):678-681.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The acardiac fetus is a rare type of fetal monster in which, as the name implies, the heart is completely absent. Acardius occurs only in a pair monozygotic twin, and shows various other defects in addition to the absence of the heart. Our autopsy case is acardiac anceps. He weighed 1,980 gm and the height was 33 cm. The brain is poorly developed, 60 gm in weight and similar to reversed snowman (3.5x2.8x2.8, 1.5x1.5x1.3 cm). Encephalocele, 6 cm in diameter, was communicated with the brain by a tract which contains nervous tissue and primitive choroid plexus. The upper extremities were absent, while the vertebrae and lower extremities were relatively well developed. The heart, lungs, stomach, liver, and spleen were absent, but the kidney, genital organs and urinary bladder were present. The intestine was seperated into two segments which were blindly ended, 32 cm and 15 cm in length, respectively.
Histological, Enzyme Histochemical, and Electron Microscopic studies of the Rat Kidney Following Administration of Folic Acid.
Myoung Jae Kang, Woo Sung Moon, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(5):449-459.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To investigate the morphologic evidence of acute renal failure by folate, histological, histochemical (PAS), enzyme histochemical (Na-K-ATPase, G6PD, and ALP), and ultrastructural studies were performed. The results are as follows: l) Oliguria was most severe 3 hours after folate and the urine volume was 24.8% that of the control group. 2) Histologically, dilatation of tubules, degeneration and focal necrosis of the cortical tubules, and PAS(+) droplets in the tubular lumen were noted. And also frequent mitoses, mild interstital connective tissue proliferation, and neutrophilic infiltrates were observed in the late stage. 3) On enzyme histochemical examination, the activities of Na-K-ATPase and ALP were decreased, but G6PD activity was increased in comparison with the control group. 4) The ultrastructural studies revealed cytoplasmic vacuoles, apical cytoplasmic blebbing, dense bodies, mildly swollen mitochondria, dilated endoplasmic reticulum, loss bf brush border of the proximal tubules, and loss of microvilli of the thin limb of Henle's loop. Later, marked attenuation or loss of infoldings of basal plasma membrane of the cortical tubules was recognized. According to above results, the cause of acute renal failure by late is thought to be the injuries of tubular epithelial cells including sodium pump secondary to tubular obstruction.
Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma of Urinary Bladder Diagnosed by Urine Cytology: A Case Report.
Joo Heon Kim, Ho Lee, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1994;5(1):71-73.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Rhabdomyosarcomas are found mainly in young patients, but rare in adults. A correlated cytological and histologic study of one case of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is presented. The cytologic appearance of the urine smear corresponded well with the histologic findings. Cytologically, two main cell types were distinguished; a predominant primitive, small round cell with scant cytoplasm and a large cell with abundant cytoplasm. The cytologic feature proving rhabdomyoblastic differenti-ation, such as cross-striation, was absent.
Eccrine spiradenoma: A report of two cases.
Woo Sung Moon, Dong Geun Lee, Myoung Ja Jeong, Myoung Jae Kang, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(4):402-406.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Eccrine spiradenomas are clinically characterized by a solitary, tender mass and they are situated on the upper parts of the body, predominantly on the ventral aspect. We herein report two cases of eccrine spiradenoma in 35-year-old man and 53-year-old woman, which located on upper extremity and inguinal region. The masses are round, well circumscribed and measuring 0.7x0.5x0.5 cm, 5x4.5x3 cm in size, respectively. Histopathologically, the tumor consists of masses of two types of cells, intensely staining cells and pale staining cells, usually arranged in chains, cords and pseudoglands. Immunostainings for low molecular cytokeratin, high molecular cytokeratin, carcinoembryonic antigen, and S-100 protein show positivity in neoplastic cells. Electron microscopically, the tumor was composed of three types of cells, i. e. 1) round or ovoid tumor cells in shape with scanty cytoplasm and poorly developed intracytoplasmic orgenelles, 2) spindle shaped dark cells interconnected by desmosomes, 3) large epithelial cells with abundant cytoplasm and cytoplasmic intermediate filaments which formed glandular structures. The large epithelial cells joint each other by desmosomal attachments and luminal cells featured small numbers of microvilli, but either secretory granules nor ductal type granules were noticed.
Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma of the Retroperitoneum: A case report.
Woo Sung Moon, Myoung Ja Jeong, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeoul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(3):296-298.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of dedifferentiated liposarcoma of retroperitoneum as a recurrent form in a 41 year old male. The patient received a extirpation for retroperitoneal mass and diagnosed as myxoid liosarcoma 4 years ago. The patient experienced 3 recurrences over a period of 4 years and diagnosed as myxoid liposarcoma in the second, third recurrence also. Histologically, the mass was composed of several clearly distinct elements : well differentiated liposarcoma, myxoid liposarcoma, myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma, poorly differntiated sarcoma, and fibrosarcoma. Immunohistochemically, S-100 protein was expressed in the area of spindle cell sarcoma, well differentiated liposarcoma, and malignant fibrous histiocytoma but alpha-1-antichymotrypsin was only expressed in the area of myxoid malignant fibrous histiocytoma.
Meningeal Melanocytoma Associated with Ota's Nevus: Report of a case.
Woo Sung Moon, Joo Heon Kim, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(6):605-609.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary meningeal melanocytoma of the central nervous system is extremely rare. We report a case of meningeal melanocytoma associated with Ota's nevus as a recurrent form in a 53-year old male. The meningeal melanocytoma was removed from right parietooccipital lobe 4 years ago and recurred in right parietal, occipital and left frontal lobes. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells were characterized by the presence of numerous melanosomes and premelanosomes in their cytoplasm. Moreover, the tumor was lacking in histologic and ultrastructural features of pigmented meningioma, melanotic schwannoma and prolonged clinical course was different from primary meningeal melanoma or metastatic malignant melanoma.
Sex Cord Tumor with Annular Tubules Associated with Turner's Syndrome: Report of a case.
Woo Sung Moon, Soo Hun Kim, Dong Geun Lee, Sang Ho Kim, Sung Nam Cho, So Ja Jin
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(5):517-523.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
An ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules(SCTAT) in an 18-year-old woman who had secondary amenorrhea but not Peutz-Jeghers syndrome was studied by light and electron microscopy. Her clinical features were consistent with those of Turner's syndrome, i.e, shortness of stature, webbing of the neck, scanty or absent axillary and pubic hairs, lower hair line with streak gonad. Chromosomal analysis revealed 45, X/46, XX karyotype. The patient has been well and disease free for a period of 2 years after surgical removal of tumor. Histologically, the tumor was composed of nests of cells arranged in simple and complex annular tubules with central acidophilic hyaline bodies. Ultrastructurally, the cells had deeply indented nuclei and the cells were joined by specialized intercellular junctions along their lateral adjacent borders. Central acidophilic hyaline body consisted of concentric lamellae of basal lamina, but Charcot-Boettcher filaments were not observed.
The Study of Cell Killing Mechanism by Membrane Attack Complexes of Complement in the Nucleated Cells.
Sang Ho Kim, Sung Hak Park, Myung Hoon Chun
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(3):253-269.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The mechanism of cytolysis by complement attack of nucleated cells(NC) is of special interest in comparison to that of red blood cells. It is known that NC death by membrane attack comples, C5b-9, is caused by many factors, i.e., efficiency of complex assembly, activation of intrinsic metabolic pathway by signal transduction, cytotoxic effect of the channel itself and natural repair ability. These factors suggest that colloid osmotic lysis, known in red blood cells, does not fully explain the complement-mediated cell death of NC. In this study, the authors investigated correlation between biochemical and morphological changes to prove "Ca2+-mediated metabolic death"8~13) representing a mechanism of NC death caused by C5b-9 attack. The L1210 cells, mouse leukemic cell line carrying small complement channel(TAC5b-91) were used in the experiments. The amounts of intracellular adenine nucleotides to extracellular Ca2+, ouabain, KC1 and dextran were analyzed by bioluminescence method using luminometer. Cell viability was checked by 0.4% trypan blue dye and LDH release. Morphological observation of TAC5b-91 was done by immunocytochemical staining and electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1) The release of ATP, ADP and AMP followed by cell death was rapid and progressive along the incubation time at 37 degrees C and it was accelerated in 1.5 mM of [Ca2+]0. 2) There was no evidence of ATP repairment in the TAC5b-91. 3) Extracellular KC1(150 mM), dextran(0.66 mM) and ATP supplement(0.2 microM) could not effectively inhibit ATP depletion and cell death. Ouabain(27 and 100 microM) enhanced cell death and could not completely prevent ATP loss. 4) Most of the mitochondria showed swelling, loss of cristae and Ca2+ deposit in matrix in the electron microscopic observation. Rapid, sustained and irreversible depletion of adenine nucleotides was due to Ca2+ deposit with destruction of mitochondria and also the leakage through transmembrane channels. Moreover this energy depletion was accelerated by high extracellular Ca2+ concentration. These results indicate that Ca2+-mediated, energy exhaustion is one of the mechanisms of the metabolic cell death by C5b-9 attack of NC.
Biologic Significance of Hepatocyte Hepatitis B Core Antigen Expression in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection.
Hye Kung Lee, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(3):287-291.
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To elucidate the biologic significause of hepatocyte B core antigen (HBcAg) expression and its relation to the natural course of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, we tried to correlate the patterns of HBcAg with the HBV replication state and with disease activity in 40 needle biopsies performed on hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers aged from 15 to 46 years. In 32 of 40 cases, HBcAg was present in the hepatocyte nucleus (nHBcAg), in the cytoplams (cHBcAg) or in both (mixed). Pure nHBcAg was seen only in minimal hepatitis, but a diffuse pattern of expression of cytoplasmic HBcAg and mixed cytoplasmic and nuclear expression of HBcAg were seen in active hepatitis. There was also a good correlation between liver HBcAg and serum HBeAg.
s in which HBcAg expression were observed were positive for serum HBeAg (81%) and the cases negative for HBcAg were all positive for serum anti-HBe.
An Experimental Study of Pathogenesis of Duodenal Ulceration Produced by Mepirizole.
Myung Jae Kang, Jae Ryong Jung, Hye Soo Lee, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(4):383-392.
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To investigate the pathogenesis of the duodenal ulceration produced by mepirizole (1-(4-methoxy-6-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)-3-methyl-5-methoxypyrazole) in rat, the effects of various concentraion and sorts of antiulcer drugs and truncal vagotomy on the mepirizole (200 mg/kg of body weight) induced duodenal ulcers were observed morphologically, and after mepirizole administration (200 mg/kg), amount and acidity of gastric jucie were measured sequently. The results were as follows: 1) In the control group of fasting for 24 hours after mepirizole administration only, duodenal ulcers were developed in all animals with 21.5+/-5.8 mm2 of ulcer index, perforation rate was 15%, and mortality rate was 0%. But lesions of the stomach were hemorrhagic and erosive with erosion index of 3.8+/-1.6 mm2. 2) The antiulcer drugs were significantly inhibited duodenal ulceration and gastric erosion produced by mepirizole although the inhibition effects were different. 3) After truncal vagotomy, duodenal ulcer and gastric erosion induced by mepirizole were also significantly inhibited. 4) On the gastric analysis, decrease of amount, increase of acidity, and decrease of concentration of gastric juice were observed after administration of mepirizole compared with nontreated normal group. Above findings suggest that the pathogenesis of the duodenal ulceration by mepirizole is the action of gastric acid on the duodenal mucosa with breakdown of defence mechanisms of the duodenum.
An Experimental Study of DMBA (9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-Benzanthracene) Induced Knee Joint Tumors in the Rats.
Myung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Sam Im Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(4):424-434.
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For the morphological analysis of DMBA (9,10-diemethyl-1,2-benzanthracene) induced tumor, thirty Sprague-Dawley rats were received 0.1 ml of a 2% paraffin solution of DMBA into the knee joint cavity, which was repeated three times at an interval of 4 weeks. The induced tumor masses were removed at the 12th week after the first injection. Histological and histochemical examinations (H & E, PAS, alcian blue, Van Gieson, prussian blue, reticulin, PTAH stain) and enzyme histochemical examinations (acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase) were performed. The results were as follows: 1) By the 12th week after the first injection of DMBA, the tumor incidence rate was 20 percent. 2) On histological and histochemical examination, most of the induced tumor disclosed the features of the fibrous histiocytoma originating from mesenchymal cells, and the remains sweat gland adenoma and adenocarcinoma originating from epithelial cells. 3) On enzyme histochemical examination, most of the mesenchymal cell-derived tumor cells showed positive reactions for acid phosphatase and alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase, which were similar characteristic features of enzyme stains as shown in the component cells of fibrous histiocytoma.
Immunohistochemical Study on the Tissue Localization of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG), Human Placental Lactogen (HPL), and Pregnancy Specific beta-1 Glycoprotein (SP-1).
Soon Lee, Sang Soo Park, Sam Im Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(4):402-412.
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An immunohistochemical study on the tissue localization of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), human placental lactogen (HPL), and human pregnancy specific bata-1 glycoprotein (SP-1) in the non-neoplastic (5 incomplete abortion, 5 ectopic pregnancy) and neoplastic (hydatidiform mole 3 cases, 5 ectopic pregnancy) and neoplastic (hydatidiform mole 3 cases, choriocarcinoma 2 cases) gestational status, and germ cell tumors of the ovary (dysgerminoma 2 cases, immature teratoma 1 case) and the testis (seminoma 2 cases, endodermal sinus tumor 1 case) by means of sensitive peroxidase-antiperoxidase method. The results were as follows. 1) Cytoplasmic HCG, HPL, and SP-1 were readily identified in syncytiotrophoblasts of chorionic villi of the incomplete abortion and ectopic pregnancy, as moderate to strong positive reactions. In the cytoplasm of the neoplastic syncytiotrophblasts of hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma, positive reactions were stronger than in non-neoplastic syncytiotrophblasts. but the cytotrophoblasts and villous stromal cells showed negative reactions to these hormones. 2) All of the tumor cells of dysgerminoma and immature teratoma of the ovary, and seminoma and endodermal sinus tumor of the testis showed negative reactions to HCG, HPL, and SP-1. According to these results, HCG, HPL, and SP-1 are specifically synthesized and secreted by normal or neoplastic syncytiotrophoblasts Malignant tumors originated from other cells or tissues than trophoblastic cells show elevated serum concentration of these hormones are only evident in the presence of syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells among the tumor cells.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine