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Sang Shin Lee 4 Articles
Immunohistochemical Array for Clear Cell Type Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma.
Yeon Sook Kim, Sang Shin Lee, Ji Yong Song, Eun Cheol Kim, Suk Keun Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(3):284-294.
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  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The protein expression profile of clear cell type mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is not well known.
We examined a case of clear cell type MEC by immunohistochemical (IHC) array using 59 antibodies against oncoproteins, proliferation-related proteins, apoptosis-related proteins, growth factor-related proteins, angiogenesis-related proteins, and matrix proteins.
MEC tumor cells showed 40 to 60% more expression of BCL-2 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 than normal gingival tissue, and 20-40% more expression of BCL-2-associated agonist of cell death, deleted in malignant brain tumors 1, E-cadherin, eIF5A, hypoxia-inducible factor, vimentin, and Wnt-1. Expression of other proteins, including p53, epidermal growth factor receptor, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, survivin, carcinoembryonic antigen, beta-catenin, poly-ADP ribose-polymerase, etc. were relatively weak in MEC tumor cells.
The IHC array for our MEC contained strong oncogenic signals involving Wnt-1/adenomatous polyposis coli, tumor necrosis factor a/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3/BCL-2, and pAKT pathways, signals that could result in the prolonged survival of clear tumor cells.


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  • A review: Immunological markers for malignant salivary gland tumors
    P.C. Anila Namboodiripad
    Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research.2014; 4(2): 127.     CrossRef
    Ji-Sook Jung, Ho-Won Park, Ju-Hyun Lee, Hyun-Woo Seo, Suk-Keun Lee
Elafin Expression in Oral Lichen Planus.
Sang Shin Lee, Suk Keun Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2004;38(1):15-22.
  • 1,426 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Elafin is a potent anti-elastase in human saliva, and is supposed to play a role in preventing oral ulceration. The expression of elafin was observed in the oral lichen planus (OLP), one of the most common noninfectious oral mucosal diseases, which frequently manifests as extensive ulceration on the involved oral mucosa.
50 OLP, 10 oral leuko-plakia, 3 inflammatory oral ulcers, and 3 normal oral mucosa cases were fixed with 10% buffered formalin, and immunohistochemically stained with monoclonal elafin antibody. Representative specimens were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, and RNA in situ hybridization, with an elafin RNA probe, was performed.
With both the immunohistochemistry and RNA in situ hybridization the expression of elafin was more decreased in the OLP compared to the normal mucosa, while in the hyperplastic epithelium of the leukoplakia and inflammatory ulcers the expressions of elafin was more intense. In the thin epithelia of the reticular and atrophic OLPs the expressions of elafin were reduced compared to the normal mucosa, and became almost negative in the epithelium of the erosive OLP.
These data suggested that the extensive ulceration of the OLP was closely relevant to the reduced expression of elafin in the involved epithelium
Improved Technique of Digoxigenin Labeled RNA in situ Hybridization.
Suk Keun Lee, Yeon Sook Kim, In Sun Song, Sang Shin Lee, Young Jun Lee, Woo Ho Kim, Je Geun Chi
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(2):98-110.
  • 1,399 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A practical RNA in situ hybridization method using digoxigenin labeled RNA probes is described in order to evaluate the technical difficulties and problems in RNA in situ hybridization.
The paraffin sections, routinely processed in the Pathology Laboratory, were tested for the possibility of RNA in situ hybridization instead of the RNase free paraffin sections, fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde and prepared using RNase protection procedures.
Most of the paraffin sections, fixed in 10% neutral formalin solution in fresh condition, showed relatively good reaction of RNA in situ hybridization, although the necrotic tissue and autopsy specimens showed poor reaction of RNA in situ hybridization. A refixation procedure using a 4% paraformaldehyde solution was evaluated for optimal expression of mRNA in the paraffin sections.
The treatment of 4% paraformaldehyde before the treatment of proteinase K showed better in situ hybridization than did the treatment of 4% paraformaldehyde after the treatment of proteinase K. Also a new Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-based method of RNA probe production showed consistently good results.
Molecular Cloning of Novel Genes Related to the Craniofacial Development of Human Embryo.
Young Jun Lee, Tak Soo Go, Hyung Wook Han, Sang Shin Lee, Eun Cheol Kim, Yeon Sook Kim, Suk Keun Lee, Je G Chi
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(12):961-971.
  • 1,398 View
  • 12 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In order to obtain novel genes for craniofacial development of human, molecular cloning and sequencing were performed and followed by in situ hybridization in tissue sections. Subtracted cDNA library of craniofacial tissue from 8 weeks old human embryo was made by the subtraction with cDNA of RHEK cells. A total of 231 clones were obtained and their partial sequence data disclosed that 214 clones were nonredundant in Genebank search. We have done in situ hybridization screening on the craniofacial sections of a 10 weeks old human fetus, and found significant positive reaction in 30 clones. Depending on the cell type of similar developmental origin, the positive reactions could be divided into four groups: first group showed an intense positive reaction in neural tube, ganglion, and a part of peripheral nerve tissue, second group relatively diffuse positive reaction in neural tube, cartilage, epithelium, and muscle, third group localized positive reaction in nerve, and muscle, and fourth group positive reaction in almost all kinds of cells of craniofacial tissues. Although every clone showed different expression patterns in the craniofacial development, some of them showed intense mRNA expressions in the characteristic cell type. Because this study also aimed to test a screening methods to find out novel genes related to craniofacial development by the subtracted cDNA library and in situ hybridization, the intense positive reaction of a certain clone by in situ hybridization may indicate its role in the developmental processes. We presumed that 30 clones selected in this study are possibly important new genes for the development of human craniofacial structure.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine