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Sun Moo Kim 76 Articles
Primary Extramedullary Plasmacytoma of the Colon: A Case Report.
Ok Ran Shin, Gyeong Shin Park, Youn Soo Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(1):80-82.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a relatively rare tumor, occuring in a wide variety of organs and tissues, and is most frequently seen in the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma located in the gastrointestinal tract is rare, especially the in colon. We report a case of solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in the cecum of a 58-year-old man which simulated a carcinoma both endoscopically and radiologically. But histopathologic evaluation demonstrated a sheet-like proliferation of pure plasma cells with monoclonality for IgM and lamda chain which confirmed the diagnosis of plasmacytoma.
Hemimegalencephaly: A case report.
Youn Soo Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(3):243-247.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemimegalencephaly is an uncommon sporadic congenital malformation of the central nervous system characterized by enlargement of one cerebral hemisphere with cranial asymmetry, hemiparesis, epilepsy, and mental retardation. This report deals with a 12-month-old girl with intractable seizure and developmental delay, who revealed hemispheric asymmetry and enlarged right cerebral hemisphere. MRI scan revealed asymmetric enlargement of right cerebral hemisphere with lissencephaly and multifocal calcification. She underwent right frontal lobectomy and parietal cortical resection, but died of complication of surgery. Histological features included loss of cortical lamination, large atypical neurons, neuronal heterotopia, and astrocytosis with dystrophic calcification. The heterotopic neurons in the white matter were suggestive of aberrant neuronal migration.
Multiple Kaposi's Sarcoma in the Renal Transplant Patient: A case report .
Jae Kyung Koh, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(11):1097-1101.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The Kaposi's sarcoma, which was found in an immunosuppressed patient of renal transplantation, may have been developed by long term use of immunosuppressant agent after the renal transplantation. The case was a 29-year-old woman who was diagnosed as chronic renal failure in 1988, and since then, she had been on CAPD until May, 1997. After the renal transplantation in May 1997, the patient has been prescribed cyclosporin and prednisone as immunosuppressant agent. In June 1997, she showed clinical symptom of Kaposi's sarcoma with multiple papules and nodules in the skin and viscera, such as ureter, urinary bladder, stomach, duodenum and subcutaneous tissue of the chest. Multiple excisional biopsies were carried out in the skin, ureter, urinary bladder, stomach and duodenum. All of excisional biopses indicated nodular stages with extensive proliferation of spindle shaped, somewhat pleomorphic cells which have slit-like vascular spaces, proliferation of small vessels, and extravasation of erythrocytes. These lesions nearly diminished after sytemic chemotherpy, excision and discontinuity of immunosuppressive agents.
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Ovary: A case report .
Chan Kwon Jung, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(8):631-635.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) of the ovary are rare tumors with an exclusive or almost exclusive malignant neuroectodermal composition, and are generally regarded as a monodermal expression of an ovarian teratoma. The tumors are basically identical with the lesions of the same name occuring typically in the central nervous system of children. These tumors consist chiefly of undifferentiated small cells resembling neuroblasts. There are also mature, well- differentiated neuroectodermal cells, such as astrocytes and ependymal cells. We report a case of ovarian PNET with glial and neuroblastic differentiation and focal teratomatous foci of non-neural tissue in a 17-year-old female.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Small Cell Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland: A Case Report .
Chan Kwon Jung, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1999;10(2):163-167.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary small cell carcinoma of the salivary gland is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 1.8% of all primary major salivary gland malignancies. Because of its rarity, it is difficult to diagnose small cell carcinoma of the parotid gland by fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC). We experienced a case of primary small cell carcinoma of the parotid gland in a 72-year-old woman who presented with two palpable masses of the left infraauricular and ocular regions of two to three month's duration, respectively. Aspirate smears from the left infraauricular area were highly cellular on necrotic and lymphocytic background and showed individually dispersed cells or three-dimensional clusters of small cells. The tumor cells were round to oval with a very high nucleocytoplasmic ratio. Nuclei were about two times the size of lymphocytes and had uniformly dispersed but hyperchromatic to pyknotic chromatin. Nucleoli were occasionally visible but were generally inconspicuous. Numerous mitotic figures were detected. The clusters of these small tumor cells exhibited angular nuclear molding, irregular nuclear outlines, and occasionally rosette like arrangement. The tumor was confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry.
Warty Dyskeratoma with a Cutaneous Horn: Report of a case.
Ah Won Lee, Hyun Joo Choi, Youn Soo Lee, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(8):616-618.
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AbstractAbstract
The clinical and pathological features of warty dyskeratoma are presented. Warty dyskeratoma is a rarely encountered, solitary, benign cutaneous tumor occurring most often on the head and neck and to our knowledge, no cases associated with cutaneous horn have been published in western literature. We experienced a case of warty dyskeratoma with a cutaneous horn occurring in a 70-year-old male, who had a 1.3 cm-sized and slowly growing nodule on his neck. A brief review of the literature, was made especially in relation to the pathological findings and histogenesis of warty dyskeratoma.
Histopathology and Mainz Classification of Renal Cell Tumors: A Histogenetic Study and DNA Content Analysis.
Yeong Jin Choi, Tae Kon Hwang, Youn Soo Lee, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(7):511-520.
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AbstractAbstract
The Mainz classification for renal cell tumors was introduced in 1986 and it's utility has been reported in several histogenetic and genetic studies of renal cell tumors. We present a study of 127 cases of renal cell tumors with clinicopathologic correlation, DNA content analysis, and histogenesis studied by histochemical and immunohistochemical staining. The 127 renal cell tumors classified by the Mainz classification were 87 clear cell, 17 chromophilic, 13 chromophobe and 3 sarcomatoid renal cell carcinomas, 5 oncocytomas and 2 adenomas. These subtypes showed significant correlation not with age, sex, Robson's stage, DNA ploidy or tumor recurrence but with nuclear grade (p=0.001) and tumor size (p=0.001). Hall's colloidal iron (p=0.002) and carbonic anhydrase II (p=0.013) stains, representing the origin of distal nephron especially of collecting duct, were significantly correlated with specific subtypes of renal cell tumors, especially chromophobe cell renal carcinoma. This study demonstrates that the Mainz classification suggests several morphologically different subtypes and variants of renal cell tumors and that some of them may have originated from the distal nephron, particularly from the collecting duct.
Pigmented Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising from Pigmented Actinic Keratosis.
Hyun Joo Choi, Gyeong Sin Park, Seok Jin Kang, Yeong Jin Choi, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(1):76-79.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pigmented squamous cell carcinoma is a very rare malignant, pigmented, epidermal tumor. The rarity of pigmented squamous cell carcinomas may reflect in part their misdiagnosis as other pigmented neoplasms, particularly malignant melanoma. To our knowledge, only five cases have been reported in literature. We recently experienced a case of pigmented squamous cell carcinoma arising from pigmented actinic keratosis in a 77 years old female. Physical examination showed a 0.8 0.6 cm, smooth, dark brown pigmented patch with irregular but sharply defined borders located on the upper left chest. The biopsy specimen showed histologic findings of pigmented actinic keratosis with abundant melanin pigments, which became pigmented squamous cell carcinoma. Most of pigments in the squamous cell carcinoma were contained within the melanocytes along with the neoplastic squamous cells.
Loss of Heterozygosity Affecting the APC and p53 Tumor Suppressor Gene Loci in Colorectal Cancers and Its Prognostic Significance.
Eun Deok Chang, Won Sang Park, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(3):191-200.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Development of the human colorectal cancer is associated with several distinct genetic abnormalities involving both dominant-acting oncogenes (K-ras, c-src) and tumor suppressor genes (APC, DCC, p53) which undergo inactivation or loss. In colorectal tumors, the common molecular alteration is localized in the 17p13 and 5q21 loci encoding the p53 and the APC gene, respectively. The identification of these genes may help the understanding of the pathogenesis of colorectal neoplasia. In order to determine whether the frequency of the genetic alterations varies with sex, age, tumor size, or site, including pathologic parameters, such as degree of differentiation, tumor stage, mucin component, lymphoid reaction, tumor invasion pattern, vein and nerve invasion, lymph node metastasis, and other parameters, such as disease-free survival, distant metastasis and patient outcome, the authors analyzed the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the APC and the p53 genes in paraffin-embedded specimens of 48 colorectal cancers by use of the polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism. The results were as follows: the LOH affecting the APC was found in 15 out of 31 (48.4%) heterozygous patients, while the LOH of the p53 locus was observed in 11 out of 26 (42.3%) patients. Among 48 patients, the LOH at both the APC and the p53 loci was observed in five (10.4%) patient. No statistically significant associations were found between the LOH of the APC gene and the proposed parameters. The relationship between the LOH of the p53 and the histologic differentiation, lymphoid reaction was significant (P<0.05), but survival was not correlated. Statistically significant associations were found between overall survival of the colorectal cancer patients and distant metastasis, Astler-Coller stage, lymphoid reaction, invasion pattern, nerve invasion, vein invasion, lymph node metastasis, and disease free survival. The above results suggest that the LOH of the p53 genes could be involved in the progression of colorectal cancers. However, neither the LOH of the APC nor that of the p53 have significant association with survival of the colorectal cancer patients.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytologic Findings of Proliferating Trichilemmal Tumor.
Seok Jin Kang, Kyoung Mee Kim, Byung Ki Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1997;8(2):160-163.
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The cytologic finding of proliferating trichilemmal tumor is not well documented and have difficulties in the cytological analysis of the fine needle aspirates. This rare dermatopathologic entity may be encountered during aspiration biopsy of subcutaneous masses, and is, occasionally, confused with other neoplasm, particulary squamous carcinoma owing to its close cytological resemblance. We report a case of proliferating trichilemmal tumor in the left breast. The patient is a woman and had a lump in the breast for 20 years. Fine needle aspiration revealed a few small clusters of squamoid cells in the background of amorphous and calcified material. After excisional biopsy, the mass was confirmed as proliferating trichilemmal tumor. The main cytologic features discriminating squamous cell carcinoma were bland nature of epithelial cells, absence of atypical dyskeratotic cells, and rich amount of amorphous material.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Intracystic Papillary Carcinoma of the Breast.
Ah Won Lee, Yeong Jin Choi, Kyo Young Lee, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1997;8(2):179-184.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Intracystic papillary carcinoma(IPC) of the breast is a distinctive and very rare variant of intrductal carcinoma. The cytologic features of IPC have been rarely reported, and there are difficulties in distinguishing between benign and malignant papillary breast lesions. Herein we report a IPC of the breast in a 80 year-old female. Fine needle aspiration cytology revealed monotonous cuboidal epithelial cells in small clusters and individually scattered on bloody background. The tumor cells did not show overt cytologic atypia. With the histologic features of this case and review of the literature, the cytologic differential points are discussed.
Sarcomatoid Carcinoma with Heterologous Osteosarcomatous Component of the Prostate: A case report.
Eun Sun Jung, Young Jin Choi, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Gee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(12):1144-1149.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Sarcomatoid carcinoma of prostate has been rarely reported and occasionally difficult to distinguish from a true sarcoma or carcinosarcoma. A case of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the prostate, which has been occured in 61-year-old male patient is presented. The tumor consists of carcinomatous areas with epithelioid cells, sarcomatoid areas with spindle cells and foci of heterologous osteosarcoma component. The phenotypic nature of the tumor was confirmed immunohistochemically by positive reaction for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin and prostate specific acid phosphatase in both sarcomatous and carcinomatous components.
Arteriovenous Malformation of the Uterus: A case report.
Mi Seon Kwon, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):943-946.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Arteriovenous malformation of the uterus is rarely encountered. It is potentially lethal because of profuse, uncontrollable bleeding at the time of diagnostic dilatation and curettage. To our knowledge, only 38 cases of localized uterine arteriovenous malformation have been reported in English and Korean literature. Recently we experienced a case of uterine arteriovenous malformation in a 28-year-old multiparous woman. Under the clinical impression of uterine tumors or arteriovenous malformation, a total hysterectomy was done. Gross examination demonstrated a vascular nature of the mass in the posterior wall of the fundus. Microscopically, there was an ill-defined mass composed of numerous irregular, anastomosing large vessels with various diameters.
Desmoplastic Trichoepithelioma: A case report.
Jean A Kim, Young Sill Kim, Seok Jin Kang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(9):865-867.
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Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma is a solitary tumor of the hair follicle with female preponderance, most commonly located on the face. Clinically, the lesions appear annular and firm with a raised border and a depressed nonulcerated center, but the appearance is not so distinctive to hair follicle tumors that definite diagnosis is established by the histopathologic findings. We report a case of desmoplastic trichoepithelioma in a 67-year-old woman who had an asymptomatic, hard, annular lesion measuring 0.8 cm in diameter, with a raised border and a depressed center on the right cheek. Histopathologic findings showed narrow strands of basaloid cells, horny cysts, and desmoplastic stroma, with the features corresponding to the desmoplastic trichoepithelioma.
Leiomyoma of the Skin: clinicopathological study of 19 cases.
Seok Jin Kang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(6):515-522.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Nineteen cases of leiomyoma of the skin were examined clinicopathologically. This group included 12 cases of angioleiomyoma, 5 cases of solitary piloleiomyoma, and 2 cases of multiple piloleiomyomas. 1) All twelve angioleiomyomas occured as solitary lesion in the extremities. There was a preponderance in females with a ratio of 2:1. The ages of patients ranged from 24 to 80 years and only one was below the age of 30 years. Six tumors were either painful or tender. Nine tumors in subcutaneous fat were shelled out at surgery. All tumors did not exceed 4cm in diameter. Histologically they could be separated into ten cases of the solid type and two cases of venous type according to Morimoto's classification. Although actin or desmin was easily detected in all tumors, the diagnosis was better made using a combination of hematoxylin-eosin and Masson trichrome stains. 2) Five cases of solitary piloleiomyoma were slow-growing intradermal nodules. The ages of patients ranged from 10 to 77 years. All five cases were female. The lesions were located on the extremities, back and sholuder. Pain or tenderness was present in 3 cases among these tumors. Histologically, all tumors were characterized by subtle poorly circumscribed proliferation of benign smooth muscle in the dermis. 3) Two multiple piloleiomyomas from two female patients, aged 50 and 40 years, were situated on the shoulder and thigh, respectively. Pain was induced by change of temperature in the shoulder lesion. Histologically they were identical to the solitary piloleiomyoma.
Solitary Fibrofolliculoma: A case report.
Hun Kyung Lee, Lee So Maeng, Seok Jin Kang, Soo Il Chung, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(5):460-462.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The clinical and pathological features of solitary fibrofolliculoma are presented. Solitary fibrofolliculoma is very rarely encountered and to our knowledge, only 7 cases have been reported in the Western literature and no cases have been published in Korea. We experienced a case of solitary fibrofolliculoma occurring in a 56-year-old female, who had a 1.0 cm-sized and slowly growing nodule on her chin. A brief review of the literature, was made especially in relation to the pathological findings and histogenesis of solitary fibrofolliculoma.
Eccrine Spiradenoma: Pathologic Analysis of 9 Cases.
Seok Jin Kang, Lee So Maeng, Chang Suk Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(4):301-310.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The clinicopathology of nine cases of eccrine spiradenoma was examined. The ages of the patients ranged from 32 to 65 years, with an average age of 46 years. There were four males and five females. Eight tumors out of the nine presented on the ventral surface of the upper body. The tumors were solitary in seven cases and multiple in two cases(cases 8 and 9). Six tumors were either painful or tender to palpation. Histologically, two cases(cases 1 and 2) were adenomas with well developed tubular structures, while the remaining seven cases were epitheliomas with poor organization and prominent reticular pattern. All tumors were composed of two distinct cell types. Since four cases showed considerable edema with a lot of cystic change, it was difficult in some areas to differentiate these from other adnexal tumors or vascular tumors. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on paraffin-embedded sections of 5 eccrine spiradenomas. CEA and EMA were expressed in the cytoplasm of tumor cells in all cases. Cytokeratin was expressed in 4 out of 5 cases, and S-100 in 3 out of 5 cases. There has been no evidence of recurrence in 8 cases. In one case(case 9) the tumor recurred locally with carcinomatous transformation- characterized by the presence of solid areas of tumor which was composed of large cells with irregularly shaped nuclei and mitotic figures. There were foci of ductal differentiation, extensive areas of tumor necrosis and invasion into surrounding connective tissue. The carcinomatous portion revealed positive reaction for CEA, EMA, S-100 protein and cytokeratin.
Malignant Melanoma of the Anus: Report of a case.
Eun Sun Jung, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(3):276-278.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This report describes a primary malignant melanoma which developed in the anus, as documented by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. A 53-year-old woman had a 4 month history of a protruding mass in the anal canal. The mass was located in the squamo-columnar junction of the anal canal, measuring 5.0x4.5 cm. Its cut surface was dark brown and poorly circumscribed. The histologic appearance was characterized by epithelioid or spindle cells with prominant nucleoli and frequent atypical mitosis. Melanin pigments were strongly seen in Fontana-Masson stain. Immunoreactivity revealed that the cytoplasm of tumor cells was strongly positive with antibody directed against S-100 protein, vimentin and it was focally positive with neuron specific enolase.
Sebaceous Trichofolliculoma: A case report.
Jeana Kim, Seong Beom Lee, Seok Jin Kang, Soo Il Chung, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(6):794-796.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Sebaceous trichofolliculoma is a variant of trichofolliculoma which occurs in the sebaceous areas rich in follicles and is a relatively rare skin tumor. This tumor is a clinically and histologically easy tumor to recognize that is well differentiated. We examined a case of a consists of a 21-year-old female who had a pedunculated nodule on her scalp. Microscopically, the tumor was large, had a centrally located cavity lined by squamous epithelium and radially arranged sebaceous follicles connected to the cavity. No cytological atypia or recurrence after excision was found.
Tubular Apocrine Adenoma: A case report.
Seong Beom Lee, Jeana Kim, Seok Jin Kang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(6):797-799.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Tubular apocrine adenoma is a rare benign tumor occuring most often on the scalp. We examined a case of a 69-year-old female who had a well demarcated solid nodule on the scalp. Pathol Microscopically, the tumor was composed of lobules of tubular structures. The tumor lobules were surrounded by a stroma of dense fibrous connective tissue. The tubular structures were usually formed of two rows of epithelial cells. In some areas, the widely dilated tubular structures showed papillary projections into the cavities. Some epithelial cells showed liculoma on decapitation secretion into the cystic structure. Problems of differential diagnosis with other adnexal tumors are briefly discussed.
Well-Differentiated Thymic Carcinoma, Spindle Cell Type, Arising from Anterior Mediastinum: A case report.
Hun Kyung Lee, Yeong Jin Choi, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(6):800-803.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Well differentiated thymic carcinoma(WDTC) was recently separated from cortical thymoma. It is characterized by a predominance of epithelial cells with usually low mitotic rate, an epidermoid differentiation with slight to moderate cytologic atypia and lobular growth pattern. In recent reports, an uncommon spindle cell variant of WDTC, which is composed of spindle shaped epithelial cells, has been described. We investigated an unusual case of WDTC consisted of purely spindle shaped epithelial cells in a 66-year-old female. Radiologically, the well demarcated mass was located in the anterior mediastinum with focal invasion into the surrounding left upper lung. The tumor, 10 x 8 x 5 cm, was encapsulated with thin fibrous tissue and showed a pale yellow solid and lobulated cut surface. Microscopically, it consisted of solid sheets of purely spindle shaped epithelial cells with mild atypism, a low mitotic rate and focal epidennoid differentiation.
Primary Teratocarcinoma of the Pineal Gland: A case report.
Kyoung Mee Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Ki Wha Yang, Anhi Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(4):527-529.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Teratocarcinoma is a form of mixed germ cell tumor composed of a mixture of teratoma and embryonal carcinoma. It is rarely found in the brain, but when present it is most commonly found in the pineal region. We investigated a case of primary teratocarcinoma in the pineal region. The patient was a 10 year old boy who had suffered from a bitemporal headache for one month. Brain CT and MRI revealed a rather well defined ovoid heterogenous mass in the pineal gland region, measuring 4.3 x 3.8 x 3.0 cm in size. Microscopically the tumor contained areas of immature teratoma and embryonal carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining revealed positive reactions for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, carcinoembryonic antigen, and alpha-fetoprotein in the embryonal carcinoma component.
Kaposi's Sarcoma: A report of three cases.
Yeon Soo Lee, Yeong Jin Choi, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(3):385-390.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The classic type of Kaposi's sarcoma, or multifocal hemorrhagic sarcoma histologically characterized by proliferating fibroblastic and microvascular elements was described by Kaposi as a relatively rare neoplasm. During the past nine years, we experienced three cases of sporadic, classic Kaposi's sarcomas. They were presented as multiple papules, macules and nodules on the skin of the hands, lower logs and feet without systemic involvement. Histologically, Kaposi's sarcoma is divided into three stages, early patch, plaque and nodular stages. The nodular lesions(case 1, 2 and 3) showed extensive proliferatiion of spindle shaped, somewhat pleomorphic cells having dark prominent nuclei, proliferation of small vessels with solid aggregates of endothelial cells, and extravasation of erythrocytes. In early patch stage(case 3), widely dilated, anastomosing, thin-walled vascular spaces are noted in the upper half of the dermis. In plaque stage(case I and 3), there are proliferation of spindle shaped cells with extravasated erythrocytes and aggregates of blood vessels lined by prominent endothelial cells.
Crescentic Glomerulonephritis in a Patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A case report.
Ki Ouk Min, Yeong Jin Choi, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):116-118.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Crescentic glomerulonephritis in rheumatoid arthritis is described recently with increasing frequency. It can occur directly as a manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis or may be a reaction to drugs such as D-penicillamine and bucillamine. We report a case of crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 46-year-old woman with rheumatoid arthritis for 20 years who had been treated intermittently with herb medicine or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS). Light microscopic examination showed severe focal segmental and global necrotizing glomerulonephritis with crescent formation in 50% of the glomeruli. Immunofluorescent study revealed scanty amount of mesangial granular deposits of IgA, IgM, C3 and fibrinogen in a diffuse pattern.
Trichofolliculoma: A case report.
Su Kyeong Yeon, Ki Hwa Yang, Seok Jin Kang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(1):79-81.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The trichofolliculoma is a rare tumor of the hair follicle occuring most often on the head and neck. We have experienced a case of 24-year-old female who had a small, dome-shaped, tan brown firm nodule on the nose. Under the clinical impression of a granuloma, an excisional biopsy of the nodule was done. Microscopically the lesion was composed of a large central cystic hair follicle with many srhall but well differenciated secondary hair follicles branching from the wall. Well developed secondary hair follicles were often grouped and were surrounded by a prominent stroma.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Retroperitoneal Paraganglioma with an Unusual Pattern: A Case Report.
Jean A Kim, Young Shin Kim, Chang Suk Kang, An Hi Lee, Byung Kee Kim, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1994;5(1):74-78.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A case of retroperitoneal paraganglioma is presented with fine needle aspiration cytologic features.
Wilms' Tumor in an Adult: Report of a case.
Kyoung Me Kim, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Suk Kan, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(4):392-396.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Wilm's tumor, which is the most mommon renal tumor in childhood, has rarely been reported in adult. Diagnosis of Wilm's tumor in an adult is more apt to be accidental and is almost never suspected in the adult until discovered at operation or necropsy. Recently, we experienced a caseof Wilm's tumor in 20-year-old female patient with chief complaints of right flank pain and he maturia for two months. Renal angiogram revealed a huge renal mass replacing the upper portion of the right kidney. Nephrectomy was done under the impression of renal tumor. Grossly, the tumor was rather soft and relatively well circumscribed, measuring 13 x 8.3 cm in dimension with adhesion to renal capsule and perirenal adipose tissue. The cut surfaces revealed grayish brown in color with areas of multifocal necrosis and hemorrhage. Histologically, the tumor was composed of mainly ovoid or polygonal shaped undifferentiated blastemal cells with large areas of necrosis.
Five Korean Cases of Dysplastic Melanocytic Neves.
Kyoung Me Kim, Seok Jin Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim, Baik Kee Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(4):411-417.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The dysplastic nevus is a rare form of melanocytic nevus in Korean people. During the past 5 years the authors experienced 5 cases in the St. Mary's Hospital and Kang Nam St. Mary's Hospital. The criteria and the histologic findings of dysplastic nevi are debated in the western literature. Clinically, all cases were greater than 5 mm in size with ill defined irregular borders and irregularly distributed pigmentation. Histopathologically, all cases showed numerous discrete individual nests of melanocytes located in the dermoepidermal junction and the papillary dermis and were characterized by extension of dermoepidermal component of the nevus at the "shoulder" beyond the dermal component of the nevus. There was no cytologic atypia of nevus cells in all cases. Our cases lacked personal or family history of malignant melanoma. Therefore, we believe our cases are nonfamilial, sporadic and benign nevi with no prognostic significance. A brief review of the literature and a discussion on the term "dysplastic" and clinicopathologic correlation are made.
Extraskeletal Chondroma Arising from Tongue and Tonsils: Three cases report.
Ki Ouk Min, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Suk Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(4):421-423.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Three rare tumors of the oral cavity are presented. Lingual chondromas, approximately twenty to thirty cases appear to have been reported since the lesion was first described by Berry in 1892, which are usually seen on the lateral borders in the anterior two thirds of the tongue, while the ventral surface and the posterior third are rarely involved. Chondromas of the tonsil are of very rare occurrence, which are thought to arise as a result of metaplasia, rather than from embryonic rests, with chronic fibrosing inflammation being the inciting factor. Because of its rarity, the following cases of chondroma of the tongue and tonsil are being added to small list of such case reported in the literature.
Extraskeletal Osteosarcoma of the Sole: A case report.
Ki Ouk Min, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(3):279-282.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Compared with osteosarcoma of bone, primary osteosarcoma of the soft tissue is very rare. Extraskeletal osteosarcoma is also a highly malignant pleomorphic sarcoma composed of cells exhibiting primarily osteoblastic, and to a lesser extent, chondroblastic differentiation. A case of extraskeletal osteosarcoma in the right sole is presented in a 67 year old male. The patient had noticed a progressively enlarging soft tissue mass, during about 14 months. This sarcoma was located in the soft tissues without attachment to the skeleton, as determined by examination of the X-Ray findings. The mass of right plantar portion was simply excised and pathologically confirmed to be an extraskeletal osteosarcoma. The clinical and pathological features of this sarcoma are described, and brief review of the literature is made.
Microcystic Adnexal Carcinoma: Report of a case.
Eun Deok Chang, Young Hee Jee, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(3):290-292.
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Microcystic adenxal carcinoma is an unusual, locally aggressive neoplasm that has recently been recongized as a clincopathologic entity. Its histologic appearance includes both pilar and eccrine differentiation. Microscopically, the tumor consisted of small cysts and gland-like structures in superficial portion. In other area, basaloid cell nests and abortive hair follicles in the sclerotic stroma were seen. The cysts were filled with secretory eosinophilic material, which was positively stained with Periodic acid-Schiff and carcinoembryonic antigen. Immuno-peroxidase staining for carcinoembryonic antigen supported the dual differnetiation of this neoplasm. Despite the benign histologic appearance, there was deep and extensive infiltration of the subcutaneous tissue.
Primary Cutaneous Meningioma arising from the Scalp: A case report.
Sug Hyung Lee, Seok Jin Gang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(2):181-183.
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Primary cutaneous meningiomas are extremely rare tumors found in the cutis or subcutis, and generally have a benign course. The tend to be located on the scalp, face, neck. or paravertebral area. The primary cutaneous meningioma bears similarities to developmental defects and probably originates from arachnoid cell rests in the skin, although diverse groups of cutaneous meningiomas seem to arise from several different sources. A case of primary cutaneous meningioma occuring in the scalp of left parietal area of a 27-year-old female is presented. Clinically the lesion appeared as indolent, slow growing cutaneous mass and has no connection with underlying brain tissue, as determined by examination of the roentgenographs. The definite diagnosis was made after pathological examination. Microscopically the tumor is composed of sheets and nests of meningothelial cells. Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies reveal the typical findings of meningioma.
Strumal Carcinoid of the Ovary: Report of a case.
Su Kyeong Yeon, Kyo Yeong Lee, Chang Seog Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(2):187-190.
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Strumal carcinoma of the ovary is rare tumor of germ cell origin characterized by intimate mixture of thyroid tissue and carcinoid. We report a strumal carcinoid tumor associated with ipsilateral follicular cyst and contralateral mature cystic teratoma of the ovary in a 47-year-old woman. Histologically it was composed largely of trabeculae partly of insular carcinoid and focally of individual thyroid follicles. Many cells in the carcinoid areas and even some follicular areas contained abundant argyrophile granules, and they also, in the corresponding areas, demonstrated thyroglobulin. Electron microscopic findings revealed abundant neurosecretory granules and colloid material in the same cell. We agree that this tumor is derived from hybrid showing thyroid and neuroendocrine differenciation.
Orbital Pseudolymphoma: A case report.
Su Kyeong Yeon, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(2):191-194.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphoid tumors of the orbit are rare, and sometimes it is not possible either clinically or histologically to differentiate between lymphoid tumor and pseudolymphoma. Some authors assert that the degree of cytologic differentiation appears to be the single most important factor for determining the prognosis of patients with orbital lymphoid lesions. However, the cytomorphologic basis is not so helpful to diagnose and classify our case, which shows some discrepancy between pathological findings and clinical and radiological findings. At first we misdiagnosed our case as orbital malignant lymphoma on the basis of cytomorphology and immunohistochemical study. But no responce to local intensive radiotherapy and the follow up study of the patient suggest orbital pseudolymphoma.
Trichoadenoma: Report of a case.
Youn Soo Lee, Mi Kyung Lee, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(1):75-77.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The clinical and pathological features of trichoadenoma are presented. Trichoadenoma is very rare, and as far as we know, no report on the trichoadenoma has been published in korea literature. We experienced a case of trichoadenoma occured in a 29 year-old male, who had a 0.9x0.7x0.4cm sized and slowly growing mass in the right buttock. The histopathological findings and histogenesis of trichoadenoma were discussed and a brief review of the literature was made.
Sebaceous Epithelioma: A report of 2 cases.
Youn Soo Lee, Mi Kyoung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(1):58-63.
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Sebaceous epithelioma is a relatively rare tumor, mostly occuring in the face or scalp. The histogenesis and clinical and pathological features of sebaceous epithelioma have not been clearly defined, and a few other diagnostic terms have been used so far instead of sebaceous epithelioma. Two cases of sebacous epitheliomas were presented. No recurrence or metastasis was observed in our cases, so sebaceous epithelioma is considered to be a benign tumor. A brief review of the literature, concerned about the biological behavior, histogenesis and pathological findings of the sebaceous epithelioma, was made.
Fine needle aspiration cytology of presacral chordoma-a case report-.
Su Kyeong Yeon, Mi Kyung Jee, Chang Suk Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Sim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1993;4(2):133-139.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Fine needle aspiration cytology of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid with numerous multinucleated giant cells.
Kyung Mi Kim, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Suk Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1993;4(1):62-65.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Prostate: Two cases report.
Kyoung Mee Kim, Ki Hwa Yang, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(4):394-398.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The rhabdomyosarcoma of the prostate is very rarely encountered in the western literature, and only a few reports have been published in Korea. The authours recently experienced two cases of rhabdomyosarcomas of the prostate in 35-year-old and 51-year-old males who had suffered from gross hematuria and difficulty of urination. Microscopic studies showed embryonal type of rhabdomyosarcoma in two cases. The clinical and pathological features of the distinctive prostatic rhabdomyosarcoma are described, and a brief review of the literature is made.
Carcinosarcoma of the Esophagus: A report of case.
Sug Hyung Lee, Won Sang Park, Young Jin Choi, An Hee Lee, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(2):191-196.
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Carcinosarcoma of the esophagus is a rare neoplasm composed of both carcinoma and spindle sarcomatous area. Usually the carcinoma component is a squamous cell carcinoma but rarely adenocarcinoma or undifferentiated carcinoma is found. The histogenesis of the sarcomatous component is still unknown. A case of ulcerated polypoid lesion with a stalk in esophagus was reported. Microscopically it was composed of spindle shaped cells interminled with squamous cell carcinoma and small cell carcinoma nests. No distinct transition between spindle shaped cells and carcinoma are was observed. Immunoreactivity to cytokeratin was observed in both carcinomatous and spindle cell component, but electron microscopic examination failed to demonstrated desmosome or tonofilaments in spindle cells. Undifferentiated small cell nests were reactive to neuron specific enolase and contained membrane bounded secretory granule in electron microscopy.
Agenesis of the Dorsal Pancreas: An autopsy case.
Won Sang Park, Ki Hwa Yang, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(1):71-75.
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Agenesis of the dorsal pancreas is one of the rare congenital anomalies of the pancreas. Six cases of them have been reported. We have experienced an autopsy case of agenesis of the dorsal pancreas associated with fetal death in the uterus. Grossly, the body and tail of the pancreas and uncinate process were not found and those were partially replaced by adipose tissue. No abnormality was noted in the other organs. Microscopically, pancreatic tissue with autolytic change was identified only in the head portion of the pancreas.
Eccrine Poroma: A report of five cases.
Young Shin Kim, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(4):357-362.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The eccrine poroma was described first by Pinkus et al. in 1956 as a subgroup of benign solid hidradenoma with the histologic structure resembling acrosyringium. The histologic appearance of eccrine poroma greatly resembles that of seborrheic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma. But the clinical lesion is fairly unique and the tumor is most commonly found almost exclusively on the foot, in the skin of the plantar surface. During the past four years, the authors experienced five cases of eccrine poroma which were diagnosed by histopathological examination of the tumor mass. All the cases occurred in the sole and lateral sides of the foot as well. Clinical and pathological features were reviewed and a brief review of the literatures was done.
Cavernous Hemangioma of the kidney: Report of a case.
Won Sang Park, Young Dae Kim, Ki Hwa Yang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(4):363-366.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemangioma of the kidney is a relatively uncommon tumor, which is most commonly located in the tip of the papilla. This lesion is usually small and has been found incidentally at postmorten examination. About 200 cases of renal hemangioma have been reported since Virchow's original report in 1876. In renal hemangioma, cavernous hemangioma is the most common type. They can create diagnostic problem for the clinician and the radiologist. We experienced a case of renal cavernous hemangioma in the medulla of the upper pole. The patient was a twenty-seven-year-old male who had gross hematuria and right flank pain. A nephrectomy was performed. An ill-defined mass, 4.5x3.0x1.5 cm, was observed around the pelvis. Microscopically, the tumor mass was hemangioma of the cavernous type.
Sarcoidosis Involving the Spinal Dura.
Young Shin Kim, Ki Hwa Yang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(2):158-163.
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Neurosarcoidosis without systemic manifestation is vary unusual condition. Solitary lesion in the spinal dura is exceptional. The diagnosis of the neurosarcoidosis is very difficult, because the efficacy of Kveim test is low in neurosarcoidosis. The histologic examination is considered as confirmative diagnostic tool. The authors reported a case of neurosarcoidosis involving the dura of the cervical spine, in a fifty-nine year old female who had suffered from mid-back pain for six months and paraparesis for two weeks. There was a dumbbell shaped mass in the D4-5 dura. It showed tan gray color with rubbery consistency. With histological examination, it revealed diffuse non-caseating granuloma. Occasionally asteroid bodies were observed within the cytoplasm of the multinucleated giant cells. After operation, she was treated with steroid, and she has been well about nine month period.
Adenoid Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Vulva: Report of a case.
Chang Ok Kim, Ki Hwa Yang, Seok Jin Gang, Ahn Hee Lee, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(1):54-58.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
In 1947, Liver described adenoid squamous cell carcinoma under the title of "adenoacanthoma of sweat gland". This tumor is not rare, but reported cases in literatures were relatively few. The tumor were frequently found in the sun-exposed skin; such as face, ear, neck etc.. The cases involving non-sun-exposed area, such as oral and labial mucosa, nosopharynx and vulva etc., were also reported. Therefore, the relation between the pathogenesis of adenoid squamous cell carcinoma and sun damage has been still debated. Immunohistochemical studies have recently suggested that this tumor is squamous cell carcinoma undergoing acantholysis. The authors experienced a case of adenoid squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva in a seventy-one year old female patient. She had suffered from itching sensation on vulva for 10 years, and palpable mass on vulva for 1 month. On gross examination, a pale gray pigmentation and erosion, was noted at the right labia major, the minor extending left labia major and minor. On microscopic examination, nests of atypical epithelial cells extending into the cornium showed an adenoid architecture. These were composed of a peripheral layers of cuboidal cell in a lacy pattern. And the glandular spaces contained dyskeratotic acantholytic tumor cells in central portion. Therefore we diagnosed this case as adenoid squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva.
Meningioma, Hemangiopericytic Type, with Bone Metastasis: A report of a case.
Ki Hwa Yang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(1):59-67.
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Since Lebert stated, in 1851, that fibroblastic and sarcomatous tumors of the intracranial cavity had different survival times, many neuropathologists tried to set up histopathological grading system predicting the prognosis of the tumor of the nervous system. Especially, the histological assessment of the aggressiveness of meningiomas has not always been useful in conforming the biological characteristics of these tumors, and the definition of malignancy is still subject to controversy. However, metastases from meningioma to remote sites have always been considered rarities. The authors experienced a case of metastatic meningioma, hemangiopericytic type, with a history of recurrence. A forty years old male patient received a craniotomy to remove a mass in right parasagittal region, in June 1981. He had suffered from Jacksonian type of seizure started from left foot throuth leg, thigh, and arm to face. During operation, a well defined mass was noted in left parasagittal region with cleavage plane. The tumor was completely removed with cauterization of invasion site. In microscopic examination, the mass had typical findings of hemangiopericytic type of meningioma. In September 1987, he received a repeat operation to remove a recurred tumor mass in vertex, at age of forty-six. The removed tumor revealed same histologic features as those seen in primary tumor. In January 1990, at age of forty-nine, he noted pain and tenderness on the right iliac crest and the left iliac tuberosity, Plain pelvis AP x-ray ad Pelvis CT scan revealed osteolytic expansile mass lesions involving both iliac bones, the body of second sacral vertebra, and the right superior ramus of the pelvic bone. An open biopsy of the iliac bone was performed. The microscopic findings of the bone lesion were same as reccruent lesion of the brain.
Congenital Intracranial Teratoma with Extension into Oral Cavity: An autopsy case.
Young Sill Kim, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Suck Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1990;24(3):326-330.
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Intracranial teratomas which were first described by Maier in 1861 are uncommon. Those presenting at birth are very rare and in our knowledge no case has been reported in Korea. In November, 1988, we experience a case of congenital intracrainal teratoma which replaced almost all cerebral tissue, filled out the oral cavity, and was protruded from the mouth. A female fetus was artificially delivered by a 25-year-old primigravida at 22 weeks of gestation, because of marked hydramnios and fetal hydrocephalus which were detected by prenatal ultrasonography. Microscopically, tissues from all three germ layers, including a lot of neuroepithelim and primitive mesenchymal tissue, were shown. A brief review of the literature was done.
Proliferating Trichilemmal Tumor: Report of four cases.
Yeong Jin Choi, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Soo Il Chung
Korean J Pathol. 1990;24(2):176-182.
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Proliferating trichilemmal tumor is relatively rare, and is generally considered to be a benign tumor that can be histologically mistaken for well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. The proliferating trichilemmal tumor is thought to be a tumor with differentiation toward the hair structure because the characteristic trichilemmal keratinization in this tumor is analogous to that of the outer root sheath of anagen hair or the trichilemmal sac surrounding catagen hair. We report four cases of proliferating trichilemmal tumor removed by surgical excision.
Primary Meningioma of the Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses: A report of a case.
Chang Ok Kim, Mi Kyung Jee, Ki Hwa Yang, Chang Suck Kang, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(4):461-464.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary extracranial and extraspinal meningiomas are rare.
Case
s involving the orbit, skin, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity and parotid gland have been reported. The histogenesis of primary extracranial meningioma is still nucertain, but it has been thought that this tumor originates from arachnoid cell rests in displaced during embryonal development. The authors observed a case of primary meningioma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses occurring in a thirty-eight year old male patient in Feb. 1989. He suffered from bulging in the medio-superior portion of left orbit for 15 years, and left nasal obstruction and headache for 5 years, A head CT scan revealed numberous polypoid masses filling the left frontal sinus left ethmoidal sinus, left maxillary sinus and left nasal cavity. During the operation, a connection to the dura was not found. Microscopically, there were discrete lobules or netst of meningothelial cells, beneath the nasal mucosa. They showed an occasional whorling pattern and psammoma bodies. Therefore, this case was diagnosed as primary meningioma, meningotheliomatous type involving the left nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.
Spinal Enterogenous Cyst: A report of a case.
Ki Hwa Yang, Kyo Young Lee, Young Sup Park, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(4):490-493.
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Although varying types of cystic lesion, true to false, in the spinal cord have been described, spinal enterogenous cyst is a rare condition. It is considered as a result of congenital remnant of primitive foregut. The authors experienced a case of a spinal enterogenous cyst in the intradural space along the fouth, fifth and sixth cervical spine, occurred in a twenty-seven years old male patient. The cyst was composed of hyalinized fibrous wall with single layered lining epithelium, such as simple non-ciliated cuboidal epithelium or ciliated tall columnar epithelium with focal mucinous columnar epithelium.
Benign Teratomas of the Fallopian Tubes: A report of two cases.
Hee Na Kim, Mi Kyung Jee, Ki Hwa Yang, Seok Jin Gang, Eun Joo Seo, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(3):374-378.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Teratomas of the fallopian tubes are very rarely encountered in the western literature, and not a single case has been documented in Korea. The authors experienced two cases of tubal teratomas. Both patients developed a teratoma in an ampullary portion of the right fallopian tubes. One case occured as an incidental finding, and the other case was presented with a tubal mass. The gross and light microscopic features of these teratomas were described, and a brief review of the literature on the tubal teratomas is made.
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of Skin: A case report.
Eun Duk Chang, Young Hee Jee, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(3):378-381.
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AbstractAbstract
A primary skin adenoid cystic carcinoma first described by Boggio in 1975, is one of the rarest type of eccrine sweat gland carcinoma. Histologically, a tumor with typical morphologic features closely resembles adenoid cystic carcinoma was found in other tissues but in the skin must be distinguished from aggressive basal cell carcinoma. The natural history of this tumor is not yet fully determined but suggests a long indolent and progressive course. We report a case of a 77-year-old male with a small skin nodule in the abdomen.
Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma Arising from Orbital Soft Tissue: A case report.
Yu Mee Kang, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(2):273-277.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Orbital mesenchymal chondrosarcoma, first described by Luis et. al in 1971, is a very rare tumor of characteristic histologic features. A 21-year-woman was admitted with a 4-month histoiry of rapidly progressive proptosis and visual disturbance. Right orbital exenteration was performed under the clinical diagnosis of orbital calcifying tumor. Grossly, the tumor presented as a multibloblated, circumscribed mass that measures 5.5 cm in the greatest dimentsion. Cut sections resembled ordinary chonrosarcoma. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, interspersed nodules of well differentated cartilagenous tissue, areas of gradual transition from undifferentiated mesenchymal cells to cartilage, and hemangiopericytoma-like areas. A brief summary of the histopathological aspect of this tumor and a review of literature are presented.
Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Bronchus: A case report.
Eun Sun Park, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(1):136-140.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pleomorphic adenoma presenting as primary lesion of the bronchus is very rarely encountered, and in our knowledge only 6 cases have been reported in the literature of the western world, and no case report has been published in Korea. Currently, we experienced a case of bronchial pleomorphic adenoma occuring in a 38 years old woman. On X-ray examination, hazy density in the right upper lobe and emphysematous change in the right lower lobe were noted. A right pneumonectomy was done under bronchoscopic diagnosis of bronchial adeoma. The pathologic examination of the present case showed a polypoid endobronchial tumor, 1.4 x 1.1 cm (with extraluminal portion, 2.2 x 1.7 cm) in the right upper bronchus. The microscopic examination revealed a pleomorphic adenoma showing same morphology as those found in the salivary gland. This case, therefore, was believed to be a genuine example of bronchial pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland type. We compared this case with 6 cases in the literature.
Tumorlet of Lung Associated with Congenital Bronchogenic Cyst: Report of a case.
Yeong Jin Choi, Mi Kyung Jae, Seok Jin Kang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(1):141-144.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Tumorlet is a rare lesion of disputed origin that was first described by whitwell in 1955, and about one-third of the reported cases have been associated with underlying lung disease. Patient was a 60-year-old female who was admitted with a histroy of chest discomfort and dyspnea. Right lower lobe was partially resected under the clinical diagnosis of the bronchogenic cyst. Grossly, lung tissue around round cystic lesion appeared brown firm and somewhat fibrotic, and showed several scattered ill-defined whitish gray nodules. Microscopically, lung tissue around bronchogenic cyst was partially obliterated by dense fibrous scar tissue. Within this areas of fibrosis, and in the wall of alveolar ducts and respiratory bronchioles, innumerable microscopic tumorlets were found and argyrophilic granules were also demonstrated in scattered tumorlets with Grimelius stain.
Espihageal Atresia with Tracheoesophageal Fistula and Other Multiple Congenital Anomalies: An autopsy case.
Mee Soo Chang, Hye Ju An, Kyo Young Lee, Won Il Kim, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(1):145-148.
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We experienced an autopsy case of esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and other multiple congenital anomalies in a 4 days old male infant. Esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula was type C by Gross Classification. Combined anomalies were malrotation of left kidney, one left accessory renal artery form right renal artery and one left accessory renal vein from right renal vein, duodenal atresia and annular pancreas. Until now, the esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula and other multiple congenital anomalies (7 congenital anomalies) are not reported in the korean literature, except our case. Our autopsy case, it suggests that esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula has often close relation-ship with other multiple congenital anomalies.
Hibernoma: A case report.
Hee Na Kim, Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(3):353-355.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hibernoma is very rarely encountered and is expressed in the various names including "lipoma of brown fat", "fetal lipoma", and "lipoma of embryonic fat". In our knowledge, only about 50 cases have been reported in the literature of the Western world, and no case reports have been published in Korea. In May 1986, we experienced a case of hibernoma occuring in a 16 old years boy. On physical examination, a relatively well defined nodule was noted on the right scapular region. A total removal of the lesion was done under the clinical diagnosis of epidermal inclusion cyst. On gross examination, the specimen consists of three irregularly shaped portions of yellowish brown soft tissue, measuring up to 0.8 cm in greatest dimension. Microscopically, the tumor showed distinct lobular pattern separated by fibrovascular bands. The lobules were composed of multivacuolated or eosinophilic granular cells showing centrally located small unclei. A brief review of the literature was done.
Systemic Nocardiosis: An autopsy case.
Eun Sun Park, Kyo Young Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(2):131-137.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Nocardia species are aerobic, gram-positive, acid-fast, filamentous branching bacilli. Nocardia is a localized or disseminated infection which may involve all tisuses and is produced by members of the genus Nocardia, principally N. asteroides. Other species, notably N. brasiliensis and N. caviae have been implicated, but N. asteroides appears to be the overwhelming predominant pathogen. Nocardial infections are usually opportunistic in the compromised host, at least 15% of the infections occurred in patients without a definable predisposing condition. Recently, we experienced an autopsy case of systemic nocardiosis. The patients was fiffty-three days old female infant, who had suffered from productive cough, dyspnea and fever. The patient was treated under the impression of the miliary tuberculosis, but she died at 34th hosital day. The postmortem examination reveals multiple tan gray colored abscess involving both lungs, both kidneys, and thymus. Microscopically, lung, kidney and thymus reveal multiple abscess, which are composed of necrotic tissue debris admixed with infiltrates of neutrophils, and they are surrounded by fibrosis, ad acute and chronic inflammatory cells. By histologic, microbiologic and biochemical studies, N. asteroides is identified in the lesion of the lung, kidney, thymus, and bronchial washing specimen.
Gastric Duplication.
Hee Na Kim, Chang Seok Kang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(2):148-153.
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Gatric duplication is a rare congenital anomaly. Thus for about 90 cases of gastric duplication have been recorded in the literature. It is less frequent than small intestinal or eosphageal duplication, and accounts for only 3.8% of all gastrointestinal tract duplication. Most gastric duplications are seen during the first year of life. Palpable abdominal mass and gastric outlet obstruction in infancy are most common presentation. We experienced a case of non-communicating gastric duplication. A 12-year-old girl visited St. Mary's Hospital because of indigestion, intermittent vomiting, and left upper quandrant pain for about 40 days. She have had intemittent abdominal pain with concomitant increased level of amylase since 5 years old. Physical examination showed a hen's egg sized palpable mass on left upper quadrant of the abdomen. Upper GI series and barium enema revealed only indentation of duodenal C-loop, and sonogram and abdominal CT demonstrated isolated cystic mass along the greater curvature of gastric antrum. She had taken an operation under the impression of pancreatic pseudocyst. Operation revealed a cystic mass, located along the greater curvature. There was no pathologic change in the pancreas. Microscopic findings of the cyst wall revealed normal gastric mucosal lining and common muscle layer, shared with gastric antral muscle layer.
Intracranial Lipoma: A case report.
Young Dae Kim, An Hi Lee, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(2):204-207.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Lipoma involving brain and spinal cord is a rare tumor that most commonly located in the midsagittal region. This lesion is usually asymptomatic and has been reported incidentally at postmortem examination. Recently, the CT scan establishes the diagnosis of intracranial lipoma on the basis of typical X-ray absorption and location. The authors experienced a case of intracranial lipoma of occipital lobes. The patient was 7 months-old male who had protruding mass on the occipital region after birth. The mass revealed an uncapsulated lipoma with foca cartilage formation. We report this case with brief review of literatures.
Clear Cell Hidradenoma: A report of five cases.
Mi Kyung Jee, Seok Jin Gang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(2):180-189.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The clear hidradenoma, generally regarded as an eccrine sweat gland origin, is an uncommon tumor and occurs as a slowly growing, usually solitary nodule. The histologic patterns varies from one tumor to another and in different parts of the same tumor. The histologically variable patterns, therefore, are expressed in various names, including nodular hidradenoma, eccrine acrospiroma, squamous poroadenoma, and solid cystic hidradenoma. During the past 16 years the authors experienced 5 cases of clear cell hidradenoma which were diagnosed by the histopathological examination of the tumor mass removed by surgical excision. Clinical and pathological features were reviewed and the following results were obtained. 1) The mean age was 34 years with a range from 27 to 45 years. Three were male and two female. 2) The chiefr complaint was intradermal or subcutaneous nodules for a period of several years to 15 years. All cases occured as a solitary nodule without a distinct predilection for certain sites. A nodule which situated in the dermis and was accompanied by superficial ulceration was elevated above the skin surface in one case. 3) Grossly, the tumors were relatively well circumscribed and composed of multiloblated masses in 4 cases. They ranged in size between 1.5 and 3.5 cm. 4) Microscopically, all cases disclosed lobulated solid masses separated by varying amounts of collagenous connective tissue. There were often cystic spaces, which were lined by a single row of cuboidal cells in four cases and were bordered by tumor cells in remaining one case. These cysts contained a faintly eosinophilic homogeneous material. On solid portions of the tumor there were two types of cells (clear cell and polygonal cell), the proportions of which varied from tumor to tumor in three cases. The remaining two cases were predominantly composed of clear cells. Tubular lumina which were lined by cuboidal or columnar ductal cells were found in two cases. Areas of squamous differentiation and squamous eddies were seen in one case. Intracytolasmic PAS-positive materials were shown in all cases, but diastase-resistant PAS materials in two cases.
Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumor of the Fallopian Tube: Report of a Case.
Eun Deok Chang, Young Hee Jee, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):92-96.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the fallopian tube is an extremely rare neoplasm. To date, only 26 cases of primary malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the fallopian tube have been reported, and no report has been published in Korea. This is not surprising, since as a group these meoplasms are least likely to occur in the fallopian tube; the most common sites being the endometrium, vagina, cervix and ovary. We report a case of malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the fallopian tube ina 63-year-old woman with brief review of the literatures.
Mixed Germ Cell Tumor in Third Ventricle: A report of case.
Ki Hwa Yang, Sung Dae Jin, Eun Jung Lee, Kyo Young Lee, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):118-122.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary mixed germ cell tumor is a very rare tumor in the cranial cavity. It is composed of varying combination of germ cell neoplasms, such as germinoma, embryonal carcinoma, choriocarcinoma and teratoma. The authors experienced a case of mixed germ cell tumor developing in the floor of the third ventricle, in a twelve years old boy. He was admitted to the hospital, because of headache, eyeball pain, diplopia and vomiting. Brain CAT scan revealed a round tumor density in the floor of the third ventricle. Tumor marker study, preoperatively checked, revealed beta-HCG, 439.8 mIU/ml and alpha-fetoprotein, under 20 ng/ml. On operation, there was a dark brown firm mass up to 3.0 cm in the third ventricle, that invaded into the foramen Monro. With microscopic examination, this tumor is composed chiefly of germinoma, with embryonal carcinomatous region, choriocarcinomatous region and focal mature teratomatous region. The authors diagnosed this case as mixed germ cell tumor.
Primary Malignant Lymphoma of the Liver: Report of a case.
Soo Kyong Chung, Chang Suck Kang, Won Il Kim, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(4):285-290.
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Primary extranodal lymphoma of the liver is very rare, approximately thirty-one cases having been reported in the literature. We report one case of primary malignant lymphoma of the liver in a 26-year-old female, who was presented with palpable abdominal mass on the epigastrium for about 40 days. Laboratory findings revealed no specific abnormalities. Peripheral lymph nodes or spleen were not palpable. An abdominal ultrasonogram revealed a huge mass involving the entire left lobe of the liver. Left lateral segmentectomy of the liver was done. The resected lateral portion of left lobe of the liver showed a large solitary mass, 12 cm in the greatest dimension, with a yellowish gray fleshy solid cut surface. Though light microscopic feature was compatible with primary malignant lymphoma, diffuse large cell type, intermediate grade by the working formulation, undifferentiated carcinomas including hepatocellular carcinoma, plasmacytoma, and pleomorphic sarcomas could not be completely ruled out. Thus, marker studies and electron microscopic examination were performed. Immunoperoxidase stains for common leukocyte antigen was positive, and the Leder stain for myeloid granule was negative. Electron microscopic stuids revealed findings of neoplastic lymphoid cells, consistent with malignant lymphoma. Primary lymphoma of the liver has only rarely been reported, and its natural history is unclear. Many of the reported cases have been large cell lymphomas, as in this case.
Spindle and Epithelioid Cell Nevus: Report of four cases.
Hye Ju An, Kyo Young Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim, Jun Young Lee, Baik Kee Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(4):317-322.
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The spindle and epithelioid cell nevus, is known also as Spitz's nevus or benign juvenile melanoma. The histologic picture of the lesion often closely resembles that of a malignant melanoma, but spindle and epithelioid cell nevus hehaves benignly. Criteria for accurate histological diagnosis of this nevus now exist. However, a difficult lesion occasionally brings one to the worrisome situation even now. We experienced four cases (three children and one adult) of spindle and epithelioid cell neveus with nodular or macular skin lesions. In children (7/F, 9/F, 4/M), all of the lesion show a solitary pinkish red or light brown nodular firm masses, 0.7 cm to 1.0 cm in greatest dimension, which are located at the left posterior thigh, posterior neck and right anterior neck region, respectively. In adult (36/F), the lesion shows a light brown, erythematous macule, 0.8 cm in greatest diameter, in the skin of the back. Microscopically, both spindle and epithelioid cells are found in all the four cases, but epithelioid cells predominate in children and spindle cells predominate in adult.
Renal Cell Carcinoma Associated with Rhabdomyosarcomatous Component: Report of a case.
Mee Soo Chang, Mi Kyung Jee, Kyo Young Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):40-44.
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Renal cell carcinoma, intimately associated with a sarcomatous component, is a rare malignant renal tumor. There is disagreement whether these represent true sarcomas or are sarcomatoid metaplasia. Therefore, this sarcomatous component is at times still a troublesome problem for pathologists. In March, 1986, we experienced a case of renal cell carcinoma associated with rhabdomyosarcomatous component in 47 year-old woman who had a rapidly enlarged, palpable abdominal mass. Grossly, a spherical renal cell carcinoma, 17x14x10 cm, in upper and middle portions of the right kidney showed extension through the renal capsule into the perirenal fat. Area of myxoid change was evident in the reanl cell carcinoma, with extensive hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, in the myxoid area, there was malignant spindle cell proliferation in which many rhabdomyoblasts showing distinct cross striation could be demonstrated. This rhabdomyosarcomatous component intermixed with renal cell carcinoma of clear cell type could be also identified in the focal area.
Female Adnexal Tumor Probable Wolffian Origin: Report of a case.
Soo Kyong Chung, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):45-48.
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The clinical and pathological features of a distinctive female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) are presented. As fat as our knowledge is concerned, no report on the FATWO has been published in Korea. In April, 1986, we experienced a case of FATWO that arose within the leaf of the right broad ligament in a 68 years old female. Clinical data and histopathological findings of the case were discussed and a brief review of the literature on this entity was made.
Chondroid Syringoma: A report of two case.
Nam Jin Yoo, Ki Hwa Yang, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1986;20(3):369-373.
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AbstractAbstract
Chondroid syringoma is a rare primary skin tumor arising from eccrine sweat gland. In 1982, Nasse had found a primary skin tumor having similar morphology as in the mixed tumor of the salivary glands. In 1961, Hirsch and Helwig proposed more descriptive diagnostic term, "Choindroid syringma". The authors experienced two cases of chondroid syringma. The first case was a 47 year old male patient who had had a subcutaneous nodule in the right forehead for two months. It was a well circumscribed mass, that showed tan gray myxoid cut surface with firm consistency. Microscopically, it was a wel diagnosed as chondroid syringoma with tubular, branching lumina. The second case was a 51 year old female patient who had had a subcutaneous nodule in the left forehead for 3 months. It was well circumscribed, ad easily shelled out. It had a typical microscopic features of chondroid syringoma with small, tubular lumina.
Occult Hepatocellular Carcinoma Metastasized to Heart: A case report.
Nam Jin Yoo, Jung Yong Lee, Seok Jin Gang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1986;20(3):359-361.
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AbstractAbstract
We have experienced a case of occult hepatocellular carcinoma metastasized to the heart in a 41 year old female. The hepatocellular carcinoma invaded the hepatic vein, grew in a snakelike fashion up the inferior vena cava and reached the right atrium. Ultrastural examination in this case confirmed the hepatocellular origin of the tumor.
Acral Lentiginous Melanoma: A report of three cases.
Young Dae Kim, Seok Jin Gang, Mi Kyung Hur, Byong Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1986;20(2):243-249.
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AbstractAbstract
Acral lentiginous melanoma is a rare variant of malignant melanoma and is characterized by a lentiginous (radial) growth phase that evolves over months or years to a dermal (vertical) invasive stage. Clinical and pathological features were reviewed in 3 cases of acral lentiginous melanoma of the soles. The first case was a 59-year-old female. On gross examination, there was a black, nodular, round, and ulcerated mass, 1.5 x 1.5 cm, on the posterior portion of the left sole. This mass was accompanied by peripheral pigmented macules. Histologically, the macular lesion revealed the pattern of a lentiginous growth phase, with a diffuse hyperplasia of atypical melamocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. In the vertical growth component, atypical melanocytes (predominantly spindle cell) infiltrated the dermis, showing level 3 invasion. The second case was a 47-year-old male. On gross examination, there was a dark brown to black, nodular, hemorrhagic and ulcerated mass, 7x7 cm, on the middle portion of the right sole. This mass grew radially into neighboring tissue. Histologically, the radial growth component revealed atypical melanocytes which were distributed in the basal portion of epidermis. In the vertical growth component, atypical melanocytes (spindle, round, or polygonal cells) infiltrated the dermis, showing level 4 invasion. The third case was a 87-year-old female. There was a formation of satellite pigmented macules, up to 2x0.5 cm, on the right sole. The color of macules was usually not uniform but was likely to be scattered radially, being grayish brown, bluish black, or black. Histologically, the peripheral, macular, hyperpigmented lesion revaled the pattern of a lentiginous growth phase. In the vertical growth component, atypical melanocytes (predominently polygonal cells) infiltrated the dermis, showing level 13 invasion.
Periphera Neuroepithelioma: A report of 1 case.
An Hi Lee, Jung Young Lee, Sun Moo Kim, Luke S Chung
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(4):468-472.
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The peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising from peripheral nerve. This tumor is exceedingly rare and various authorities have estimated its incidence as less than 1% of all malignant tumors of peripheral nerve. As far as our knowledge is concerned, no report on the peripheral neuroepithelioma has been published in Korea. In June, 1985, we experienced a case of peripheral neuroepithelioma that arose in scalp in a 56 year old female. Clinical data and histopathological findings with light and electron microscope of the case were discussed and a brief review of the literature on this entity was made.
A Case of Human Infection with the Larva of Terranova Type A.
An Hi Lee, Sun Moo Kim, Kyu Yong Choi
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(4):463-467.
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Anisakiasis refers to the accidental infection of humans by a marine nematode as a result of eating a raw flsh which contains larval stages of the nematode sub-family Anisakidae. This patient developed acute epigastric pain three days after eating a raw flsh, Astroconcer myriaster. Gastrofiberscopy revealed Anisakis larva invading the stomach wall and the larva could be extracted using a biopsy forceps via gastrofiberscopy. The worm was identified as Terranova type A larva based on their morphologic features such as its length, width, intestinal cecum reaching to anterior one-third level of ventriculus and a mucron at posterior end.
Burkitt's Lymphoma Developed Acute Leukemia: A report of two cases.
Young Dae Kim, Kyoung Ja Han, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(2):207-213.
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Burkitt's lymphoma with a frankly leukemic picture is an extremely rare condition, and usually has a very acute course with a poor prognosis. The authors experienced two cases of Burkitt's lymphoma developed acute leukemia. The first case was 8 years-old boy who had rapidly growing large abdominal mass, which revealed typical Burkitt's lymphoma with characteristic "starrysky" pattern. The second case was 20 year old male who had not definite tumor mass. Their peripheral blood and bone marrow aspiration revealed acute leukemia with multiple vacuolated lymphoblast of Burkitt's type. We report these cases with brief review of literatures.
Metastatic Carcinoma of the Vermiform Appendix: A Report of A Case.
Ki Hwa Yang, Chang Suk Kang, Suck Jin Kang, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(2):250-254.
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Though the primary carcinoma of the vermiform appendix is rare, the secondary carcinoma of the vermiform appendix is extremely rare. About fourty cases have been reported through the world. The breast is most common primary site, and adenocarcinoma is most common form. The metastatic carcinoma of the vermiform appendix, from squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, were extremely rare. The authors experienced a case of metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the vermiform appendix, in thirty-two years old housewife. She was diagnosed with carcinoma of the uterine cervix on December, 1983, and treated with a radical hysterectomy on February, 1984, at Chicago, and with a radiation therapy. She had been suffered from palpable masses on left axilla and left neck region, and and coughing and chest pain. After an excision biopsy, on August, 1984, she showed intestinal obstruction sign including abdominal distension with abdominal pain. A right-sided hemicolectomy was performed on November, 1984. During gross examination, the wall of the distal portion of the vermiform appendix was moderatery thickened, and showed homogeneous light yellow cut surface. On microscopic examination, there were clusters of tumors that had negative stained preparations. On electron microscopic examination, the secretory granules were not found, and the characteristics of squamous cells, including intercellular spaces, desmosomes and tonofibrils, were noted.
Immature Teratoma of the Ovary with a Fetal Cerebellum: A report of 2 cases.
Seok Jin Gang, Ki Hwa Yang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(1):119-124.
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During the past 1 year the authors experienced 2 cases of fetal cerebellum in an immature teratomaof the ovary which were diagnosed by the histopathological examination of the tumor mass removed by the surgical operation. The first case was a 15-year-old female. At laparatomy an infant head sized mass at the site of the right ovary was removed. The ovary was replaced by a large, predominantly solid and focally cystic mass which weighed 810 gms. and measured 16x14x11 cm. The second case was a 10-year-old female. The right ovary was replaced by a large cystic and focally solid mass which weighed 730 gms. and measured 15x13x10 cm. The cystic portion of the tumor was made up to multiloculated cysts filled with serous fluid. Microscopically, the first case showed an abundant mature tissue from the three germ layers, but this was intermixed with small foci of neuroepithelial tubules present in groups. Well formed fetal cerebellar folia(18 folia) characterized by a definite external granular cell layer, molecular layer, Purkinje neurons and an internal granular cell layer was identified. The second case revealed a predominantly mature tissue. Mature elements from the three germ layers were present. There are small foci of immature neural tissue growing largely in the form of neuroepithelial tubules. Fetal cerebellum with well formed folia(13 folia) was also identified. A brief review of the literature and a discussion on the clinicopathological correlations were made.
Malignant Acanthosis Nigricans Associated with Stomach Adenocarcinoma.
Young Hee Jee, Eun Joo Seo, Mi Kyung Hur, Chin Hee Cho, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(1):88-91.
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Malignant acanthosis nigricans is very rare disease. The disease is related with internal malignancy, especially gastrointestinal tract malignancy. Reported occurrence rate of malignant acanthosis nigricans associated internal malignancies are 64% of stomach adenocarcinoma, 27% of other organs of abdomen (liver, gall bladder, small intestine, rectum, uterus, ovary), 9% of non-abdominal organs(breast, lung). We report a case of malignant acanthosis nigricans associated with stomach adenocarcinoma from 20-year-old female and discuss review of literature on a acanthosis nigricans briefly.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine