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Sung Im Do 4 Articles
The Global Histone Modification Patterns of Osteosarcoma.
Sung Im Do, Sung Jig Lim, Youn Wha Kim, Liliana G Olvi, Eduardo Santini-Araujo, Yong Koo Park
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(2):146-150.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2011.45.2.146
  • 2,249 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Epigenetic alteration may affect a patient's prognosis by altering the development and progression of the tumor. Some recent reports have identified a correlation between histone modification and patient outcome. However, no studies have been conducted on global histone modification in osteosarcomas.
METHODS
We investigated histone modification in 54 cases of osteosarcoma by performing immunohistochemical staining. The immunohistochemical expression of four histone modification markers, acetylated H4 lysine 12 (H4K12Ac), acetylated H3 lysine 18, trimethylated H3 lysine 27, and dimethylated H3 lysine 4 were evaluated.
RESULTS
High H4K12Ac expression was correlated with patient age (p=0.011). However, the other histone modification markers showed no correlation with any of the clinicopathological data such as survival, tumor grade, tumor site, metastasis, age, or gender.
CONCLUSIONS
Our study showed that all four histone modification markers are expressed in osteosarcoma (median expression rate, 40 to 60%). However, we did not find a correlation with the clinicopathological factors except for age. Further study to evaluate the reason for the association between H4K12Ac and patient age is needed.
Expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 and Embryonic Lethal Abnormal Vision-Like Protein HuR in Gallbladder Carcinoma.
Sung Im Do, Gou Young Kim, Sung Jig Lim, Youn Wha Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(1):42-47.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.1.42
  • 2,670 View
  • 17 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an enzyme that promotes proliferation of tumor cells. HuR is a member of the family of embryonic lethal abnormal vision-like proteins. Recent studies show that cytoplasmic HuR stabilizes the mRNA of COX-2 and regulates the expression of COX-2. Moreover, cytoplasmic HuR expression is associated with a poorer prognosis for patients with some cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression patterns of and the relationship between COX-2 and HuR in gallbladder carcinoma.
METHODS
We analyzed COX-2 and HuR expression by immunohistochemical staining of 108 gallbladder carcinomas.
RESULTS
COX-2 expression and nuclear and cytoplasmic HuR expression were seen in, respectively, 61 (56.5%), 77 (71.3%), and 4 (3.7%) cases. COX-2 and nuclear HuR were simultaneously expressed in 44 of the 108 samples without any quantitative association between the levels of each. COX-2 expression correlated with tumor stage, differentiation (based on histology), lymph node metastasis, perineural invasion, and survival. Nuclear and cytological expression of HuR did not correlate with any clinical parameters.
CONCLUSIONS
COX-2 expression but not HuR may play an important role in the prognosis of patients with gallbladder carcinoma.

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  • Prognostic molecular markers in resected extrahepatic biliary tract cancers; a systematic review and meta-analysis of immunohistochemically detected biomarkers
    Robert P Jones, Nicholas TE Bird, Richard A Smith, Daniel H Palmer, Steven W Fenwick, Graeme J Poston, Hassan Z Malik
    Biomarkers in Medicine.2015; 9(8): 763.     CrossRef
Correlation Between Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression and HuR Cytoplasmic Translocation of Breast Cancer.
Sung Im Do, In Gu Do, Gou Young Kim, Sun Lee, Youn Wha Kim, Yong Koo Park, Juhie Lee, Sung Jig Lim
Korean J Pathol. 2008;42(2):75-80.
  • 1,433 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Embryonic lethal abnormal vision (ELAV)-like protein HuR is known to stabilize mRNA through binding AU-rich elements in the 3'-untranslated region. Recent studies show that HuR expression is associated with the expression of several genes including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). HuR exists predominantly in the nucleus, but cytoplasmic translocation of HuR is thought to be more important for its activity. COX-2 is a well-known enzyme that promotes tumor growth.
METHODS
To evaluate the correlation of HuR and COX-2 expression, we analyzed expression of HuR and COX-2 in 91 cases of breast cancer using immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS
Nuclear and cytoplasmic expression of HuR was seen in 76 (83.5%) and 19 (20.9%) of 91 cases respectively. COX-2 immunoreactivity was seen in 54 (59.4%) cases. Cytoplasmic HuR expression showed significant correlation with COX-2 expression (p=0.001). Nuclear HuR showed no correlation with COX-2 expression or other clinicopathological parameters. COX-2 expression is significantly associated with tumor grade (p=0.028). COX-2 (p=0.092) and cytoplasmic (p=0.569) and nuclear HuR (p=0.247) expression showed no correlation with survival.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that cytoplasmic HuR expression is associated with COX-2 expression in breast cancer and cytoplasmic location of HuR might contribute to the stabilization of COX-2 mRNA.
Diagnostic Value of Urine Cytology in 236 cases; a Comparison of Liquid-Based Preparation and Conventional Cytospin Method.
Sun Lee, Jung Hee Park, Sung Im Do, Youn Wha Kim, Juhie Lee, Sung Gu Chang, Yong Koo Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2007;18(2):119-125.
  • 1,882 View
  • 42 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Urine cytology is an important screening tool for urinary tract neoplasms. Liquid-based preparation methods, such as ThinPrep(R), have been introduced for non-gynecological samples. We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of liquid-based preparations in urine cytology by comparing the results of the conventional Cytospin preparation method for the same samples. A total of 236 cases subject to urine cytology were enrolled in this study from January 2005 to December 2005. All cases were subjected to cystoscopy and if a malignancy was suspected, a biopsy was performed. Urine cytology slides were made using the ThinPrep(R) preparation method and the conventional Cytospin and/or direct smear method from the individual samples. The results of urine cytology were compared with the final cystoscopic or histological diagnoses. We analyzed the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of both cytology preparation methods. A total of 236 slides made using the liquid based method were satisfactory for slide quality, whereas 5 slides (2.1%) prepared by conventional methods were unsatisfactory because of air-drying, a thick smear, or a bloody or inflammatory background. The ThinPrep(R) method showed 53.1% sensitivity, 92.6% specificity, a 92.6% positive predictive value, a 94.1% negative predictive value and 85.6% accuracy, while the conventional method showed 51% sensitivity, 98.4% specificity, a 92.6% positive predictive value, a 98.4% negative predictive value and 88.6% accuracy. Although the diagnostic values were equivalent between the use of the two methods, the quality of the cytology slides and the time consumed during the microscopic examination for a diagnosis were superior for the ThinPrep(R) method than for the conventional method. In conclusion, our limited studies have shown that the use of the liquid based preparation method is beneficial to improve the quality of slides and reduce the duration for a microscopic examination, but did not show better sensitivity, accuracy and predictive values.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine