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Volume 30(10); October 1996
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Original Articles
Detection of Helicobacter pylori in Gastric and Duodenal Biopsy Specimens by Immunohistochemical Stain.
Jong Im Lee, Jung Ran Kim, Jung Ho Lee, Gyoung Yim Ha
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):873-885.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A large body of evidence indicates that Helicobacter pylori is involved in the pathogenesis of chronic gastritis and peptic ulcers. Several techniques are currently used for detecting H. pylori. Recently the immunohistochemical method was introduced for rapid detection of H. pylori. To compare the result of the immunohistochemical method with those obtained by microbiologic methods, we glean formalin fixed, paraffin embbeded gastric and duodenal biopsy specimens from 85 patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. We set fifty cases which H. pylori was cultivated and identified by Gram stain as Group I, and thirty-five cases without H. pylori in Gram stain and culture as Group II. The results were as follows. 1) The sensitivity and the specificity of immunohistochemical method were 94% and 80% compared with the microbiologic method. Positive and negative predictive value of the immunohistochemical method were respectively 87% and 90%. However, in seven cases of Group II, H. pylori were identified by immunohistichemical method. 2) Immunohistochemical staining exhibited bacteria that were present in the mucus layer, the surface of the gastric mucosa and metaplastic gastric epithelium in duodenum. With reference to the distribution and density of H. pylori in Group I and II, a significant correlation existed between microbiologic results and bacterial load of the biopsy specimen (p<0.01). 3) Chronic inflammation of gastric biopsies were seen in all 45 H. pylori-positive cases(100%) and 16 out of 19 H. pylori-negative cases(84%). The degree of chronic inflammation was more severe in positive cases than negative cases. Activity of inflammation was seen 98% of H. pylori-positive cases and 16% of H. pylori-negative cases. Intestinal metaplasia was seen 40% of H. pylori-positive cases and 58% of H. pylori-negative cases. Lymphoid follicles and aggregates were seen in 47%(27 cases) of H. pylori-positive cases. Among 47%, cases with lymphoid follicles were 9%(4 cases) and cases with lymphoid aggregates were 38%(17 cases). In H. pylori-negative cases, lymphoid follicles and aggregates were seen in 16%(3 cases). It is possible to obtain samples from most of the individuals who underwent the endoscopy in Korea. And this method is simple, rapid and sensitive. We conclude that the immunohistochemical method is another useful diagnostic tool for detection of Helicobacter pylori.
Expression of p53 Protein in Gastric Adenoma and Carcinom.
So Yeong Oh, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Youl Choi, Sang Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):886-892.
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In the present study, immunohistochemical detection of p53 oncoprotein was performed to determine whether the grade of differentiation and the histologic type of gastric adenocarcinoma, and the degree of atypia accompanied with adenoma can be related to p53 mutation. Paraffin sections of 22 gastric adenomas and 56 gastric adenocarcinomas were examined for the overexpression of p53 oncoprotein with the avidin-biotin peroxidase complex staining procedure. The obtained results were as follows; 1. All the 22 cases of adenomas and 16 cases of well differentated adenocarcinomas showed uniformly negative staining. 2.Seven of 18 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas(39%), and five of 30 cases of poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas(17%) exhibited p53 protein expression. 3. Three of 29 cases of diffuse type (10%) and 9 of 19 cases of intestinal type(47%) exhibited p53 protein expression. These results suggest that p53 mutation is important in carcinogenesis of the intestinal type of gastric adenocarcinoma, and there is no correlation between the differentiation of gastric adenocarcinoma and the degree of p53 oncoprotein overexpression.
Epstein-Barr Viral RNA(EBERs) Expression in Conventional Malignant Lymphoma and Polymorphic Reticulosis of Upper Aerodigestive Tract.
Do Youn Park, Kang Suek Suh, Sun Kyung Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):893-902.
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The author examined the immunophenotype and expression of Epstem-Barr virus RNA (EBERs) used in the situ hybridization technique in 20 cases of conventional malignant lymphoma and 28 cases of polymorphic reticulosis and malignant lymphoma with features of polymorphic reticulosis occured in the upper aerodigestive tract including the upper digestive tract(palatine tonsil), and upper respiratory tract(nasal cavity, paranasal sinus, nasopharynx). The results obtained were summarized as followings; 1. The favorable site of malignant lymphoma that occured in the upper aerodigestive tract was in the palatine tonsil(11 out of 20 cases, 55%), those of polymorphic reticulosis and malignant lymphoma with features of polymorphic reticulosis were nasal cavity and nasopharynx(19 out of 28 cases, 78%). 2. The immunophentype of malignant lymphoma that occured in the upper aerodigestive tract was mostly B-cell phenotype (15 out of 20 cases, 75%), and that of polymorphic reticulosis and malignant lymphoma with features of polymorphic reticulosis was predominantly T-cell phenotype(22 out of 28 cases, 79%). 3. The EBERs positivity of malignant lymphoma that occured in the upper aerodigestive tract was 25%(5 out of 20 cases), but that of polymorphic reticulosis and malignant lymphoma with features of polymorphic reticulosis was 57%(16 out of 28 cases). 4. The positive cases for EBERs revealed angiocentricity with necrosis(16 out of 21 cases, 76%), predominantly T-cell phenotype(19 out of 21 cases, 90%), and favorably involved the nasal cavity and nasopharynx(16 out of 21 cases, 76%). Based on the above results, it was concluded that polymorphic reticulosis and malignant lymphoma with features of polymorphic reticulosis that occurred in the upper respiratory tract was an EBV-positive angiocentric T-cell lymphoma favorably involving the nasal cavity and nasopharynx.
Comparison of Glomerular Size between Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis and Minimal Lesion in Children.
Jung Yeon Kim, Hyun Soon Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):903-911.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The pathogenetic mechanism of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is not known. Some authors suggest glomerular hypertrophy may precede the development of FSGS in patients with minimal lesion. It was recently reported that the size of nonsclerotic glomeruli in adults with FSGS is significantly larger than that of cases with minimal lesion. It is not clear whether glomerular hypertrophy observed in adults with FSGS is also seen in children with FSGS. Thus, we have analyzed 37 renal biopsies from children with FSGS by morphometry and the data were compared with 37 renal biopsies from age- and sex-matched patients with minimal lesion. The number of glomeruli submitted for morphometric analysis was 22.6+/-14.2 in cases with FSGS and 30.9+/-11.4 in cases with minimal lesion. Mean glomerular volume (MGV) in FSGS group was significantly larger than that of minimal lesion [(13.1+/-3.9) x10(5) microm3 vs. (10.1+/-1.9) x10(5) microm3, p<0.001]. The relative interstitial volume of renal cortex in patients with FSGS was significantly larger than that of minimal lesion [(0.106+/-0.051) microm3/microm3 vs. (0.029+/-0.012) microm3/microm3, p<0.0001]. In FSGS, the percentage of glomeruli with FSGS was significantly correlated with relative interstitial volume of renal cortex (r=0.79, p<0.0001). As is the case for adult FSGS, MGV of children with FSGS is significantly larger than that of minimal lesion. Thus, the presence of glomerular hypertrophy observed in biopsies with minimal lesion nephropathy seems to be an indication that the coexistent FSGS lesions are undetected due to sampling problems.
Endocervical Glandular Lesions in Invasive and Intraepithelial Squamous Neoplasms of the Uterine Cervix.
Hye Kyoung Yoon, Mi Sun Kang, Young Ju Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):912-919.
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The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix had shown an increasing tendency, and which is related to the increased use of oral contraceptives or prevalent in human papillomavirus infection. Endocervical glandular dysplasia or adenocarcinoma in situ are occasionally associated with squamous neoplasms of the uterine cervix. This study was aimed to evaluate the histologic features and the incidence of endocervical glandular lesions associated with squamous neoplasms, the presence of human papillomavirus infection-suggesting histologic findings in adjacent squamous neoplasms and the immmunohistochemical findings of endocervical glandular lesions for carcinoembryonic antigen. The materials used were 105 cases of microinvasive and invasive squamous cell carcinoma, and 83 cases of squamous intraepithelial lesions which are consisted of 142 radical or total hystrectomy products and 46 conization or loop excision products. The results are as follows; 1. Among 188 cases, six cases(3.2%) had shown foci of high grade glandular dyaplasia, and 19 cases(10.1%) revealed the areas of low grade glandular dysplasia. There was no adenocarcinoma in situ case. 2. In four of six high grade glandular dysplasia cases, microinvasive or invasive squamous cell carcinomas were associated. In low grade glandular dysplasias, sqaumous intraepithelial lesions were occcupying 68.4%. 3. HPV infection-suggesting histologic findings had accompanied all high grade glandular dysplasia cases and in 17 cases(89.5%) of 19 low grade glandular dysplasias. 4. In 2 of 5 high grade glandular dysplasias and in 1 of 19 low grade glandular dysplasias, the immunohistochemical reaction for carcinoembryonic antigen was similar to that of adenocarcinoma. In conclusion, the clinicopathologic importance of endocervical glandular lesions associated with squamous neoplasms of the uterine cervix should be kept in mind, and further study for the relationship between endocervical glandular lesions and human papillomavirus infection or hormonal influence will be continued.
Immunohistochemical Sdtudy of Cytokeratin and Epithelial Membrane Antigen Expression in Osteosarcoma.
Jong Yup Bae, Mee Yon Cho, Soon Hee Jung
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):920-927.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Immunohistochemical analysis of 24 paraffin-embedded osteosarcomas was studied to evaluate the expression of simple cytokeratin, basal cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen(EMA) according to the histologic subtypes and anatomical locations. Mean age of the patients was 18 years. Anatomical locations of the tumors were femur(8), tibia(10), humerus(4), lumbar spine(1), and zygomatic arch(1). Histologic subtypes included osteoblastic(14), fibroblastic(4), chondroblastic(4), epithelioid(1), and mixed osteoblastic and fibroblastic(1). All were positive in the immunohistochemical stain for vimentin. The expression of cytokeratin and/or EMA was found in 10 cases(41.7%) regardless of anatomical locations and histologic subtypes. Positive immunoreaction for EMA was demonstrated in osteoblastic(5), chondroblastic(2), epithelioid(1), and mixed osteoblastic and fibroblastic(1) types. Osteoblastic (2), chondroblastic(2), and epithelioid(1) types among them also showed immunoreactivity with anti-simple cytokeratin monoclonal antibody, NCL-5D3. The expression of basal cytokeratin (NCL-LL002) was found in two osteoblastic, one chondroblastic, one epithelioid, and one mixed osteoblastic and fibroblastic types. These findings indicate that cytokeratin and EMA immunoreactivity can not be regarded as an absolute specific marker of the epithelial origin of tumor and may also occur in osteosarcoma.
Hepatic Fascioliasis Mimicking Metastatic Tumor.
Jong Yup Bae, Chan Il Park
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):928-932.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A case of hepatic fascioliasis misdiagnosed as metastatic carcinoma was reported. The patient was a 22-year-old woman who had had rectal adenocarcinoma (Duke stage C2), and had been treated by Mile'operation 8 months ago. A computed tomogram(CT) demonstrated multiple low density nodules in the liver suggesting a metastatic tumor. A partial liver lobectomy was performed. The resected liver showed multiple necrotic nodules, which appeared to be abscesses containing eggs of the Fasciola species. Parasitic infection should be considered as one of the possible etiologies of hepatic nodules which mimic metastatic carcinoma either clinically or radiologically.
Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma of the Uterine Cervix: A case report.
Ghee Young Kwon, Yeon Lim Suh
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):933-938.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of alveolar soft part sarcoma(ASPS) of the uterine cervix in a 57-year-old female. She was presented with vaginal bleeding and underwent total hysterectomy. A 1.1cm-sized, polypoid mass was found at the uterine cervix. Microscopically, it had shown an alveolar arrangement of tumor cells and characteristic Periodic acid-Schiff-positive, diastase-resistant, intracytoplasmic granules. Distinct cytoplasmic crystals were found on the ultrastructural examination and tumor cells showed immunoreactivity for smooth muscle actin, myoglobin and neuron-specific enolase, while nonreactive for desmin, vimentin and S-100 protein. Myogenic origin can be suggested with these immunohistochemical results.
Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome with Unusual Sialoadenomegaly.
Hye Seung Han, Seung Sook Lee, Suk Keun Lee, Je G Chi
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):939-942.
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Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome is a rare clinical entity characterized by exomphalos, macroglossia, macrosomia, and renal hyperplasia/dysplasia. Although its entity is established, its etiology and obligatory features have not been settled. We report an autopsy case with the unusual involvement of the salivary gland. This infant was born to a 37-year-old mother as a normal full-term spontaneous delivery. At 11 days of age she developed with purulent eye discharge and weak sucking, and died suddenly. At autopsy the baby weighed 2,630 gm and the head circumference was 35 cm. She showed thick and prominent skin folds, bilateral aural fissures, macroglossia, hepatomegaly, cardiomegaly, dysmorphic kidneys, and nesidioblastosis. Both kidneys showed dysplastic tubules and hyperplastic cortical tissue enclosing the medulla. In this case there were characteristic findings in major and minor salivary glands with both acinar and ductal hyperplasia, and hypertrophy of mammary glands. Besides, she had generalized depletion of subcutaneous fat, immature buccal fat, patent ductus arteriosus, hyperlobation of the right lung, two accessory spleens, and hyperplasia of basophils and chromophobes in the pituitary gland. The lungs showed diffuse interstitial pneumonia and multiple fibrin thrombi. There were no adrenal cytomegaly, umbilical hernia and exophthalmos.
Case Reports
Arteriovenous Malformation of the Uterus: A case report.
Mi Seon Kwon, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):943-946.
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Arteriovenous malformation of the uterus is rarely encountered. It is potentially lethal because of profuse, uncontrollable bleeding at the time of diagnostic dilatation and curettage. To our knowledge, only 38 cases of localized uterine arteriovenous malformation have been reported in English and Korean literature. Recently we experienced a case of uterine arteriovenous malformation in a 28-year-old multiparous woman. Under the clinical impression of uterine tumors or arteriovenous malformation, a total hysterectomy was done. Gross examination demonstrated a vascular nature of the mass in the posterior wall of the fundus. Microscopically, there was an ill-defined mass composed of numerous irregular, anastomosing large vessels with various diameters.
Recurred Angiomyofibroblastoma of the Vulva: Report of a case.
Do Youn Park, Ji Yeon Kim, OK Hyeon Kim, Hwa Sun Lee, Mee Young Sol, Kang Suek Suh, Sun Kyung Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):947-950.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Angiomyofibroblastoma is a rare, benign mesenchymal tumor of the vulva. Since it was described in 1992 by Fletcher, 15 cases have been reported in literature. We recently experienced a recurred angiomyofibroblastoma of the vulva. A 45-year-old woman was presented initially in 1991 with a mass of labium major and local excision of tumor mass had been performed. A histologic diagnosis was made of angiomyxoma, but this diagnosis was revised to angiomyofibroblastoma by the authors. The recurred mass was well circumscribed, measuring 2.5x1.6x1.5cm in dimensions. Microscopically the tumor was characterized by high cellularity, numerous blood vessels(which lack prominent hyalinization), and plump stromal cells. Immunohistochemically, the stromal cells were reactive for vimentin and desmin, but not alpha-smooth muscle actin, or S-100 protein. We thought that this case was a recurred angiomyofibrblastoma of the vulva due to incomplete surgical excision.
Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Fallopian Tube: A case report.
Kye Weon Kwon, Jong Yup Bae, Hee Jung Ahn, Yoon Jung Ahn, Bok Soo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):951-953.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Teratomas of the fallopian tube are extremely rare, and only about 50 cases have reported in the world literature. Most cases of mature cystic tubal teratoma are asymptomatic and are discovered as an incidental finding on physical or radiologic examination, or at the time of laparatomy. We report a case of mature cystic teratoma of the right fallopian tube which was discovered during pelvic ultrasonogram for antenatal care in a 28 year old woman. Right salpingectomy was performed during cesarean section for cephalo-pelvic distortion at IUP 39 weeks. Gross examination of the right fallopian tube reveals a distended fallopian tube, measuring 8cm in length and 2cm in diameter. On section, it is filled with several small pedunculated nodules and cysts containing sebaceous materials. Microscopically the tumor was seen in continuity with the lining epithelium of mucosal folds. The majority of the tumor was composed of well differentiated mature elements of three germ layers with skin and skin appendages, mature brain tissue, bone, breast tissue, intestinal mucosa and bronchial epithelium.
Congenital Uterine Cyst: A case report.
Chang Ho Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(10):954-956.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
I experienced a case of a congenital intramural cyst of the uterine fundus. On examination by light and electron microscope it was composed of a single layer of thin atrophied lining epithelium without secretory activity and was found to be derived from the paramesonephric duct. This case is presented with a brief review of the literature.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine