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31 "Seoung Wan Chae"
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Original Articles
Prognostic significance of BLK expression in R-CHOP treated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
Soyeon Choi, Yoo Jin Lee, Yunsuk Choi, Misung Kim, Hyun-Jung Kim, Ji Eun Kim, Sukjoong Oh, Seoung Wan Chae, Hee Jeong Cha, Jae-Cheol Jo
J Pathol Transl Med. 2022;56(5):281-288.   Published online September 13, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2022.07.26
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of B-cell lymphocyte kinase (BLK) expression for survival outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with R-CHOP.
Methods
We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 89 patients from two tertiary referral hospitals. The expression of BLK, SYK, and CDK1 were evaluated in a semiquantitative method using an H-score, and the proportions of BCL2 and C-MYC were evaluated.
Results
A total of 89 patients received R-CHOP chemotherapy as a first-line chemotherapy. The expression rates of BLK in tumor cells was 39.2% (n = 34). BLK expression status was not significantly associated with clinical variables; however, BLK expression in tumor cells was significantly associated with the expression of both C-MYC and BCL2 (p = .003). With a median follow-up of 60.4 months, patients with BLK expression had significantly lower 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival rates (49.8% and 60.9%, respectively) than patients without BLK expression (77.3% and 86.7%, respectively). In multivariate analysis for PFS, BLK positivity was an independent poor prognostic factor (hazard ratio, 2.208; p = .040).
Conclusions
Here, we describe the clinicopathological features and survival outcome according to expression of BLK in DLBCL. Approximately 39% of DLBCL patients showed BLK positivity, which was associated as a predictive marker for poor prognosis in patients who received R-CHOP chemotherapy.
Proto-oncogene Pokemon in thyroid cancer: a potential promoter of tumorigenesis in papillary thyroid carcinoma
Kyungseek Chang, Sung-Im Do, Kyungeun Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, In-gu Do, Hyun Joo Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Jin Hee Sohn
J Pathol Transl Med. 2021;55(5):317-323.   Published online August 9, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2021.06.28
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Background
Pokemon is an oncogenic transcription regulator that plays a critical role in cellular differentiation. Although it has been found to be overexpressed in several types of cancer involving different organs, its role in thyroid gland has yet to be reported. The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of Pokemon in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) based on clinicopathological parameters.
Methods
Tissue microarray samples derived from patients with PTC or benign thyroid disease were used to evaluate Pokemon expression based on immunohistochemical analysis. Correlations of its expression with various clinicopathological parameters were then analyzed.
Results
Pokemon expression was observed in 22.0% of thyroid follicular cells from the normal group, 44.0% from the group with benign thyroid diseases, and 92.1% from the group with PTC (p < .001). The intensity of Pokemon expression was markedly higher in the PTC group. Pokemon expression level and PTC tumor size showed an inverse correlation. T1a tumors showed strong expression levels of Pokemon. However, larger tumors showed weak expression (p = .006).
Conclusions
Pokemon expression is associated with tumorigenesis of PTC, with expression showing an inverse correlation with PTC tumor size. This might be related to the negative regulation of aerobic glycolysis by Pokemon.

Citations

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  • Knockdown of FBI-1 Inhibits the Warburg Effect and Enhances the Sensitivity of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells to Molecular Targeted Agents via miR-3692/HIF-1α
    Juan Liu, Chao Yang, Xiao-Mei Huang, Pan-Pan Lv, Ya-Kun Yang, Jin-Na Zhao, Si-Yuan Zhao, Wan-Jun Sun
    Frontiers in Oncology.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Use of the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology in Korea: A Nationwide Multicenter Survey by the Korean Society of Endocrine Pathologists
Mimi Kim, Hyo Jin Park, Hye Sook Min, Hyeong Ju Kwon, Chan Kwon Jung, Seoung Wan Chae, Hyun Ju Yoo, Yoo Duk Choi, Mi Ja Lee, Jeong Ja Kwak, Dong Eun Song, Dong Hoon Kim, Hye Kyung Lee, Ji Yeon Kim, Sook Hee Hong, Jang Sihn Sohn, Hyun Seung Lee, So Yeon Park, Soon Won Hong, Mi Kyung Shin
J Pathol Transl Med. 2017;51(4):410-417.   Published online June 14, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2017.04.05
  • 7,694 View
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  • 18 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background
The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC) has standardized the reporting of thyroid cytology specimens. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the nationwide usage of TBSRTC and assess the malignancy rates in each category of TBSRTC in Korea.
Methods
Questionnaire surveys were used for data collection on the fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid nodules at 74 institutes in 2012. The incidences and follow-up malignancy rates of each category diagnosed from January to December, 2011, in each institute were also collected and analyzed.
Results
Sixty out of 74 institutes answering the surveys reported the results of thyroid FNA in accordance with TBSRTC. The average malignancy rates for resected cases in 15 institutes were as follows: nondiagnostic, 45.6%; benign, 16.5%; atypical of undetermined significance, 68.8%; suspicious for follicular neoplasm (SFN), 30.2%; suspicious for malignancy, 97.5%; malignancy, 99.7%.
Conclusions
More than 80% of Korean institutes were using TBSRTC as of 2012. All malignancy rates other than the SFN and malignancy categories were higher than those reported by other countries. Therefore, the guidelines for treating patients with thyroid nodules in Korea should be revisited based on the malignancy rates reported in this study.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Predictors of Malignancy in Thyroid Nodules Classified as Bethesda Category III
    Xiaoli Liu, Jingjing Wang, Wei Du, Liyuan Dai, Qigen Fang
    Frontiers in Endocrinology.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Risk stratification of indeterminate thyroid nodules by novel multigene testing: a study of Asians with a high risk of malignancy
    Chunfang Hu, Weiwei Jing, Qing Chang, Zhihui Zhang, Zhenrong Liu, Jian Cao, Linlin Zhao, Yue Sun, Cong Wang, Huan Zhao, Ting Xiao, Huiqin Guo
    Molecular Oncology.2022; 16(8): 1680.     CrossRef
  • CD56 Expression in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Is Highly Dependent on the Histologic Subtype: A Potential Diagnostic Pitfall
    Uiju Cho, Yourha Kim, Sora Jeon, Chan Kwon Jung
    Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology.2022; 30(5): 389.     CrossRef
  • Malignancy rates in thyroid nodules: a long-term cohort study of 17,592 patients
    M Grussendorf, I Ruschenburg, G Brabant
    European Thyroid Journal.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Subclassification of the Bethesda Category III (AUS/FLUS): A study of thyroid FNA cytology based on ThinPrep slides from the National Cancer Center in China
    Huan Zhao, HuiQin Guo, LinLin Zhao, Jian Cao, Yue Sun, Cong Wang, ZhiHui Zhang
    Cancer Cytopathology.2021; 129(8): 642.     CrossRef
  • Effect of the Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm With Papillary-Like Nuclear Features (NIFTP) Nomenclature Revision on Indian Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Practice
    Chanchal Rana, Pooja Ramakant, Divya Goel, Akanksha Singh, KulRanjan Singh, Suresh Babu, Anand Mishra
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology.2021; 156(2): 320.     CrossRef
  • Comprehensive DNA Methylation Profiling Identifies Novel Diagnostic Biomarkers for Thyroid Cancer
    Jong-Lyul Park, Sora Jeon, Eun-Hye Seo, Dong Hyuck Bae, Young Mun Jeong, Yourha Kim, Ja Seong Bae, Seon-Kyu Kim, Chan Kwon Jung, Yong Sung Kim
    Thyroid.2020; 30(2): 192.     CrossRef
  • Differences in surgical resection rate and risk of malignancy in thyroid cytopathology practice between Western and Asian countries: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Huy Gia Vuong, Hanh Thi Tuyet Ngo, Andrey Bychkov, Chan Kwon Jung, Trang Huyen Vu, Kim Bach Lu, Kennichi Kakudo, Tetsuo Kondo
    Cancer Cytopathology.2020; 128(4): 238.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid cancer among patients with thyroid nodules in Yemen: a three-year retrospective study in a tertiary center and a specialty clinic
    Butheinah A. Al-Sharafi, Jamila A. AlSanabani, Ibraheem M. Alboany, Amani M. Shamsher
    Thyroid Research.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Is Bethesda classification sufficient to predict thyroid cancer in endemic regions?
    Gamze ÇITLAK, Bahar CANBAY TORUN
    Journal of Surgery and Medicine.2020; 4(9): 794.     CrossRef
  • Preoperative diagnostic categories of fine needle aspiration cytology for histologically proven thyroid follicular adenoma and carcinoma, and Hurthle cell adenoma and carcinoma: Analysis of cause of under- or misdiagnoses
    Hee Young Na, Jae Hoon Moon, June Young Choi, Hyeong Won Yu, Woo-Jin Jeong, Yeo Koon Kim, Ji-Young Choe, So Yeon Park, Paula Soares
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(11): e0241597.     CrossRef
  • Nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma: Comparison of Core needle biopsy and thyroidectomy specimens
    Jae Yeon Seok, Jungsuk An, Hyun Yee Cho, Younghye Kim, Seung Yeon Ha
    Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.2018; 32: 35.     CrossRef
  • Clinical utility of EZH1 mutations in the diagnosis of follicular-patterned thyroid tumors
    Chan Kwon Jung, Yourha Kim, Sora Jeon, Kwanhoon Jo, Sohee Lee, Ja Seong Bae
    Human Pathology.2018; 81: 9.     CrossRef
  • The History of Korean Thyroid Pathology
    Soon Won Hong, Chan Kwon Jung
    International Journal of Thyroidology.2018; 11(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid FNA cytology in Asian practice-Active surveillance for indeterminate thyroid nodules reduces overtreatment of thyroid carcinomas
    K. Kakudo, M. Higuchi, M. Hirokawa, S. Satoh, C. K. Jung, A. Bychkov
    Cytopathology.2017; 28(6): 455.     CrossRef
  • Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Cytology Practice in Korea
    Yoon Jin Cha, Ju Yeon Pyo, SoonWon Hong, Jae Yeon Seok, Kyung-Ju Kim, Jee-Young Han, Jeong Mo Bae, Hyeong Ju Kwon, Yeejeong Kim, Kyueng-Whan Min, Soonae Oak, Sunhee Chang
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2017; 51(6): 521.     CrossRef
  • Current Practices of Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration in Asia: A Missing Voice
    Andrey Bychkov, Kennichi Kakudo, SoonWon Hong
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2017; 51(6): 517.     CrossRef
  • Current Status of Thyroid Fine-Needle Aspiration Practice in Thailand
    Somboon Keelawat, Samreung Rangdaeng, Supinda Koonmee, Tikamporn Jitpasutham, Andrey Bychkov
    Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine.2017; 51(6): 565.     CrossRef
Brief Case Report
Traumatic Bowel Perforation and Inguinal Hernia Masking a Mesenteric Calcifying Fibrous Tumor
Dong Hyun Kim, Kyueng-Whan Min, Dong-Hoon Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Jin Hee Sohn, Jung-Soo Pyo, Sung-Im Do, Kyungeun Kim, Hyun Joo Lee
J Pathol Transl Med. 2015;49(3):267-269.   Published online May 15, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2015.03.20
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  • Calcifying Fibrous Tumor
    Angeliki Chorti, Theodossis S. Papavramidis, Antonios Michalopoulos
    Medicine.2016; 95(20): e3690.     CrossRef
Case Report
Extranodal Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma with Rapid Growth in Parapharynx: A Case Report
Jung-Soo Pyo, Guhyun Kang, Sung-Im Do, Seoung Wan Chae, Kyungeun Kim, Sang Hyuk Lee, Yoon-La Choi, Joon Hyuk Choi, Jin Hee Sohn, Dong-Hoon Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2012;46(3):306-310.   Published online June 22, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2012.46.3.306
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  • 39 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is a rare malignancy arising from the antigen-presenting cells in the lymph node and extranodal tissue. We describe a 31-year-old male patient who presented with a swelling of the left parapharynx. The radiologic findings showed a 4.7×4.5×1.9 cm-sized, ill-defined mass in the left parapharyngeal space. A fine-needle aspiration cytology was performed and it showed scattered, irregular, cohesive clusters of tumor cells with a spindle-to-ovoid shape with irregular contours in a background of lymphocytes. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of spindle cell neoplasm was made. The surgically resected tumor was composed of elongated, ovoid or polygonal cells showing positive immunohistochemistry for CD21, CD23, and CD35. Postoperatively, the residual tumor was observed to undergo a rapidly growth. There is an overlap in the cytologic and histologic findings between FDCS of the parapharynx and other tumors. Pathologists should therefore be aware of its characteristics not only to provide an accurate diagnosis but also to recommend the appropriate clinical management.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cytomorphology of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: a report of 7 cases with an emphasis on the diagnostic challenges
    Cody Weimholt, Jalal B. Jalaly, Cedric Bailey
    Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Follicular dendritic cells
    Seham A. Abd El‐Aleem, Entesar Ali Saber, Neven M. Aziz, Hani El‐Sherif, Asmaa M. Abdelraof, Laiche Djouhri
    Journal of Cellular Physiology.2022; 237(4): 2019.     CrossRef
  • Extranodal Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma of the Head and Neck Region: A Clinicopathological Study of 7 Cases
    Nasir Ud Din, Zubair Ahmad, Shabina Rahim, Karen Fritchie, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Arsalan Ahmed
    International Journal of Surgical Pathology.2022; : 106689692211333.     CrossRef
  • Clinicopathological characteristics of extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A report of two cases
    Xing Zhao, Dayong Sun, Gang Zhang
    Oncology Letters.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Cytological diagnosis of follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A case report and review of literature
    A. Dutta, P. Arun, P. Roy, I. Arun
    Cytopathology.2018; 29(5): 461.     CrossRef
  • Follicular dendritic cells and related sarcoma
    Fabio Facchetti, Luisa Lorenzi
    Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology.2016; 33(5): 262.     CrossRef
  • Extranodal follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A clinicopathological report of four cases and a literature review
    RUI-FEN WANG, WEI HAN, LEI QI, LI-HUI SHAN, ZHENG-CAI WANG, LI-FENG WANG
    Oncology Letters.2015; 9(1): 391.     CrossRef
  • Follicular Dendritic Cell Sarcoma of Parapharyngeal Space: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
    Turki Al-Hussain, Muhammad Saleem, Suresh Babu Velagapudi, Mohammad Anas Dababo
    Head and Neck Pathology.2015; 9(1): 135.     CrossRef
  • Clinical and pathological features of head and neck follicular dendritic cell sarcoma
    Ji Li, Min-Li Zhou, Shui-Hong Zhou
    Hematology.2015; 20(10): 571.     CrossRef
Original Article
Comparison of Liquid-based (SurePath(TM)) and Conventional Preparations in Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration.
Seoung Wan Chae, Sun Hee Kim, Hee Dae Park, Woon Sun Park, Young Hye Cho, Sung Hee Kang, Dong Hoon Kim, Jin Hee Sohn
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(6):651-656.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.6.651
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in cytologic findings between conventional preparation (CP) and SurePath(TM) liquid-based preparation (LBP) in thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA).
METHODS
We analyzed cytological features on a total of 182 thyroid FNAs (83 CP and 99 LBP) that were histologically confirmed as nodular hyperplasia (NH) or papillary carcinoma (PAC).
RESULTS
LBP was superior in cellular preservation and cellularity than CP. Interestingly, in LBP, cellularity of NH was similarly high compared to that of PAC. The three-dimensional pattern was more prominent in LBP than in CP. The presence of follicle structures was more frequently found in LBP than in CP in the PAC group. Dispersed single cells in the background were more prominent in LBP than in CP. In the PAC group, contrast of the nuclear membrane was more distinctive in CP than in LBP.
CONCLUSIONS
In thyroid FNA, LBP is better for cellular preservation, cellularity, background and nuclear detail than CP. However, some features in LBP such as high cellularity in NH, prominent dispersed single cells, and frequent follicle patterns were unfamiliar findings in CP. Hence, we should be aware of these cytomorphologic features in LBP to make a proper diagnosis.

Citations

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  • Comparison of EASYPREP®and SurePath®in thyroid fine-needle aspiration
    Yosep Chong, Ki Hyun Baek, Jee Young Kim, Tae-Jung Kim, Eun Jung Lee, Chang Suk Kang
    Diagnostic Cytopathology.2016; 44(4): 283.     CrossRef
Case Report
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Kuttner Tumor of the Submandibular Gland: A Case Report.
Dong Hoon Kim, Jin Hee Sohn, Seoung Wan Chae, Min Kyung Kim, Kyungbun Lee, Seong Hee Kang, Young Hye Cho, Sang Hyuk Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(2):195-198.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.2.195
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Kuttner tumor is a relatively uncommon benign tumor-like lesion of the salivary gland that clinically mimics neoplasm because of its presentation as a hard mass. It is also known as chronic sclerosing sialadenitis or cirrhosis of the submandibular gland. We present here the aspiration cytological findings of a case of Kuttner tumor in a 58-year old woman. The aspiration specimen of this lesion showed numerous lymphoid cells that were similar to lymph node aspirates, with several scattered benign ductal cells and eosinophilic fibrous tissue. The lymphoid cells were composed of mature bland lymphocytes and follicular center cells. Any acinar cells were not identified. The excised mass was ill-demarcated, hard and fibrotic, and it histologically exhibited an intense lymphocytic infiltration with irregular lymphoid follicle formation, dense periductal and stromal sclerosis, and loss of acini. No evidence of neoplasm or sialolithiasis was discovered, and this led to the diagnosis of Kuttner tumor.
Original Articles
Correlation Analysis Between Cervicovaginal Cytologic and Histopathologic Diagnoses in Cervical Squamous Cell Neoplasm.
Kyoung Bun Lee, Woon Sun Park, Jin Hee Sohn, Min Kyung Kim, Dong Hoon Kim, Hee Sung Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Sung Hee Kang, Young Hye Cho, Hee Dae Pak, Sun Hee Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(2):157-163.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.2.157
  • 2,923 View
  • 23 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The aim of this study was to confirm the usefulness of cervicovaginal smears in the screening of squamous cell neoplasms of the uterine cervix by comparative analysis between the cytologic diagnosis of cervicovaginal smears and the histologic diagnosis of tissue specimens.
METHODS
We selected 743 patients who had both cervicovaginal smears and histologic evaluations of the uterine cervix by colposcopic biopsy, conization, or hysterectomy at the Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center between January 2005 and December 2007.
RESULTS
The accuracy rate of cervicovaginal smears and histologic diagnoses was 93.0% (691/743) and showed a high correspondence (kappa value, 0.770, p-value, 0.000). The false-negative and false-positive rates were 0.5% (6/484) and 17.8% (46/259), respectively. The sampling and interpretation errors were identified in four and two cases of six false-negative cases and 29 and 17 cases of 46 false-positive cases, respectively. In screening high grade squamous cell neoplasms, there were no false-negative cases and only one false-positive case which resulted from sampling error. The false-negative rate of cervicovaginal smears and the false-positive rate in high-grade squamous cell neoplsams were very low.
CONCLUSIONS
The cervicovaginal smear is a powerful tool for screening of cervical squamous cell neoplasms.

Citations

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  • Overall accuracy of cervical cytology and clinicopathological significance of LSIL cells in ASC-H cytology
    S. H. Kim, J. M. Lee, H. G. Yun, U. S. Park, S. U. Hwang, J.-S. Pyo, J. H. Sohn
    Cytopathology.2017; 28(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Validation of Anyplex II HPV HR Detection Test for Cervical Cancer Screening in Korea
    Sunkyung Jung, Byungdoo Lee, Kap No Lee, Yonggoo Kim, Eun-Jee Oh
    Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine.2016; 140(3): 276.     CrossRef
  • Incidental Finding of Abnormal Cervical Pathology in Hysterectomy Specimens after Normal Preoperative Papanicolaou Smears in Thammasat University Hospital
    Pong-Anan Chundarat, Komsun Suwannarurk, Kornkarn Bhamarapravatana, Junya Pattaraarchachai, Yuthadej Thaweekul, Karicha Mairaing, Yenrudee Poomtavorn
    Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention.2014; 15(14): 5811.     CrossRef
The Relationship between Prognostic Factors and the Expression Pattern of Fascin and E-cadherin in Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Sung Hee Kang, Seoung Wan Chae, Kyoung Bun Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Min Kyoung Kim, Jin Hee Sohn
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(2):139-144.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2009.43.2.139
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Fascin is associated with motility in various transformed cells. Overexpression of fascin is known to aid in the progression of some cancers and is associated with a poor prognosis. E-cadherin is a major protein of epithelial cells and its expression is involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The aim of this study was to determine the expression pattern for fascin and E-cadherin and how it is related to the prognostic factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
METHODS
The expression of fascin and E-cadherin was evaluated in 208 RCCs including 175 clear cell, 20 papillary, and 9 chromophobe types using tissue array analysis.
RESULTS
The expression of fascin increased as the tumor stage (p=0.00) and Fuhrman grade (p=0.00) increased. A high positive rate of expression for fascin was observed in cases with sarcomatoid changes (p=0.27). E-cadherin expression was seen in the distal tubules and collecting ducts of normal kidneys with a membranous pattern. The positive rate of expression for E-cadherin increased as the Fuhrman grade increased (1, 0%; 2, 23.2%; 3, 34.9%; and 4, 53.8%, p=0.00). An inverse correlation in RCCs was observed in the expression of fascin and E-cadherin (p=0.026, r=-0.158).
CONCLUSIONS
In patients with RCC, the increased expression of fascin and E-cadherin was positively correlated to poor prognostic factors such as a higher Fuhrman nuclear grade and advanced pTNM stage.
Cytologic Features of Folliculars Adenoma and Follicular Carcinoma of the Thyroid: A Study on the Likelihood of Cytologic Diagnosis by Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology.
Hee Dae Park, Woon Sun Park, Sun Hee Kim, Seock Hyun Choi, Young Hye Cho, Sung Hee Kang, Kyung Bun Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Jin Hee Shon
Korean J Cytopathol. 2008;19(2):152-159.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3338/kjc.2008.19.2.152
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) cannot differentiate follicular adenoma from follicular carcinoma since this distinction can only be based on the presence of capsular or vascular invasion, and this cannot be detected on a cytologic smear. The goal of this study was to define the diagnostic cytologic findings of follicular neoplasm and the possibility of diagnosing follicular neoplasm by performing FNAC. The cases of histologically diagnosed follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma on the thyroidectomy specimens were retrieved. Among them, the cases with preoperative FNAC that was done within 3 months of the operation were finally selected. Then we reviewed the FNAC and histologic slides of 19 cases: 9 follicular adenomas and 10 follicular carcinomas. Our results suggest that for cases of follicular neoplasm, the aspirates show high or abundant cellularity, frequent follicle formation and occasional cellular atypism of the follicular cells. However, the atypism is more pronounced and more frequently noticed in the cases of follicular carcinoma, which reveals more higher anisocytosis (7/10, 70%), nuclear pleomorphism (9/10, 90%), coarse clumping of chromatin (8/10, 80%) and cellular overlapping (8/10, 80%).
Case Report
Retroperitoneal Synovial Sarcoma: A case report.
Seoung Wan Chae, Jung Weon Shim, Hye Kyung Ahn, Min Chul Lee, Young Euy Park
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(4):540-542.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Synovial sarcoma most commonly affects the extremities, especially the lower thigh and knee region. However, a smaller number develops in a central or axial distribution, an area which encompasses the trunk, orofacial, cervical and parapharyngeal regions. The retroperitoneum is an extremely unusual site and has never been recorded in the literature as primary a site for synovial sarcoma. We investigated a case of retroperitoneal synovial sarcoma in a 40-year-old woman. The specimen consisted of fragmented large bulky multinodular masses separated by slit-like spaces. The tumor was 130 gm in weight. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of nests of plump ovoid to polygonal shaped cells and bundles of spindle shaped cells, which had vesicular nuclei and a small amount of cytoplasm. In some areas, there were cleft like spaces and pseudoglandular structures lined by flat or cuboidal cells. Myxoid change, collagen deposition, foci of calcification and osseous metaplasia were also present. Immunohistochemically, the polygonal cells and some of the spindle cells reacted positively for keratin. The spindle cells, especially in the perivascular area were positive for vimentin. S-100 protein and GFAP were negative in both type of cells.
Original Articles
Expression of p27Kip1 Protein in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma.
Hyang Im Lee, Duck Hwan Kim, Eun Sook Nam, Hye Rim Park, Seoung Wan Chae, Chul Jae Park, Jeong Rye Kim, Hyung Sik Shin
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(2):132-137.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
p27Kip1 has been recognized as a negative regulator of cell cycle. Reduced level of p27 expression is associated with development and aggressiveness of several human tumors. To investigate the role of p27Kip1 on progression of colorectal adenocarcinoma, we studied 40 cases of human colorectal adenocarcinomas for expression of p27Kip1 protein using an immunohistochemical method, and compared these results with known prognostic parameters of colorectal adenocarcinoma. Among 40 cases of colorectal adenocarcinomas, p27Kip1 expression was detected in the nuclei of tumor cells in 14 cases (35%). The expression rate of p27Kip1 protein was significantly lower in the cases with lymph node metastasis (25.8%) than in those without lymph node metastasis (66.6%) (p<0.05). But it did not correlate with other parameters such as tumor size, histologic grade, vascular invasion, and Ki-67 labeling index. The results suggest that reduced expression of p27Kip1 protein plays a role in biologically aggressive behavior of colorectal adenocarcinoma.
Juvenile Hyaline Fibromatosis in an Adult.
Young A Kim, Seoung Wan Chae, Chong Jai Kim, Je G Chi
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(3):239-242.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis is a rare disorder probably inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. It is characterized by multiple slowly growing subcutaneous nodules, hypertrophy of gingiva, flexion contracture, and radiolucent bone destruction. The histological features of the tumor-like lesions are characterized by the deposition of amorphous hyaline material in which spindle shaped cells are embedded. We report a case of juvenile hyaline fibromatosis in a 26 year-old-woman. She had multiple subcutaneous nodules in scalp, ear, forearms, right knee, and back. Surgical excision of the tumors in the scalp and ear was done. The largest one measured 13 9 6 cm, and had homogeneous, grayish yellow cut surface with calcification. Light microscopic examination showed abundant eosinophilic hyaline material with extensive calcification and metaplastic bone formation. Spindle cells were rarely observed at the periphery of the tumor. Hyaline matrix was PAS positive, diastase resistant, and alcian blue negative. Scattered spindle cells were positive for vimentin but negative for S-100 protein and smooth muscle actin. There were many reports regarding early lesions of juvenile hyaline fibromatosis; however in this patient, tumor existed for more than 20 years and the histology was somewhat different from the early lesions reported in the literature.
Caspase 3 and Ki-67 Immunoreactivity and Its Correlation with Frequency of Apoptosis in Gastric Adenomas and Carcinomas.
Jin Hee Sohn, Seoung Wan Chae, Kyung Chan Choi, Hyung Sik Shin
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(4):286-290.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Apoptosis, also known as programmed cell death, is under genetic control and is mediated by apoptosis-specific genes, certain oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Caspase 3, a group of cystein proteases, is involved in the induction of apoptosis and has been considered to be correlated with apoptosis. Therefore, we tried to define whether caspase 3 is expressed in gastric adenoma and carcinoma, and correlated with apoptosis.
METHODS
The apoptotic index and caspase 3 and Ki-67 immunoreactivity were observed in 25 gastric adenomas, 31 early gastric carcinomas (EGC) and 64 advanced gastric carcinomas (AGC) by in situ labelling and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The mean number of apoptotic bodies and caspase 3 immunoreactivity were significantly increased from adenoma through EGC to AGC. Ki-67 immunoreactivity was more increased in AGC than in adenoma and EGC. And the number of apoptotic bodies were positively correlated with caspase 3 and Ki-67 immunoreactivity, and caspase 3 immunoreactivity was negatively correlated with Ki-67 immunoreactivity even though they were statistically insignificant.
CONCLUSIONS
Our results suggest that caspase 3 activation is important for inducing apoptosis, and both caspase 3 and apoptosis are increased along the tumor progression.
Case Report
Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis of Adult Ileum: A Case Report.
Seoung Wan Chae, Hye Kyung Ahn, Jin Hee Sohn
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(2):119-121.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis is an uncommon condition characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts within the gastrointestinal wall. This lesion occurs in association with a large variety of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal conditions. Herein, we describe a case of pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis of the small intestine that developed in a 31-year-old man with a history of duodenal ulcer and pyloric stenosis. Emergency exploro-laparotomy was done due to a suspicion of ulcer perforation. Primary closure for duodenal ulcer perforation and segmental resection of ileum were done. Resected ileum showed diffuse sponge-like changes in the wall. Microscopically, variable-sized cystic lesions, lined by flat or multinucleated giant cells, were noted throughout the intestinal wall.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine