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Eun Sun Jung 17 Articles
Detection Limit of Monoclonal B-Cells Using Multiplex PCR and Laser-Induced Fluorescence Capillary Electrophoresis.
Sung Hak Lee, Yeonsook Moon, Byunghoo Song, Hyung Nam Lee, Ahwon Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Yeong Jin Choi, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Suk Kang, Gyeongsin Park
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(6):582-588.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The identification of monoclonality has been widely used for making diagnoses of lymphoproliferative lesions. Awareness of the sensitivity and detection limit of the technique used would be important for the data to be convincing.
We investigated the minimum requirement of cells and sensitivity of gel electrophoresis (GE) and laser-induced fluorescence capillary electrophoresis (LFCE) for identifying IgH gene rearrangement using BIOMED-2 protocols. DNA extracted from Raji cells were diluted serially with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) DNA. DNA from mixtures of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and reactive lymph nodes were also serially diluted.
For Raji cells, the detection limit was 62 and 16 cell-equivalents for GE and LFCE, respectively. In the condition with PBMNCs mixture, 2.5% and 1.25% of clonal cells was the minimum requirement for GE and LFCE, respectively. In 23% of DLBCL cells in tissue section, the detection limit was 120 and 12 cell-equivalents for GE and LFCE, respectively. In 3.2% of DLBCL cells, that was 1,200 and 120 cell-equivalents for GE and LFCE, respectively.
These results show that LFCE method is more sensitive than GE and the sensitivity of clonality detection can be influenced by the amount of admixed normal lymphoid cells.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Molecular pathology diagnosis of diffuse large B cell lymphoma using BIOMED-2 clonal gene rearrangements
    Saeid Ghorbian
    Annals of Diagnostic Pathology.2017; 29: 28.     CrossRef
The Usefulness of p16INK4a Immunocytochemical Staining in ASC-H Patients.
Kwang Il Yim, Yeo Ju Kang, Tae Eun Kim, Gyeongsin Park, Eun Sun Jung, Yeong Jin Choi, Kyo Young Lee, Chang Seok Kang, Ahwon Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(3):290-295.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The grey zone of cervical cytology, and in particular atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude HSIL (ASC-H) causes diagnostic difficulties and increases medical expenses. We analyzed p16INK4a expression in ASC-H liquid-based cytology specimens (LBCS) to develop more effective methods for the management of ASC-H patients.
We carried out p16INK4a immunostaining with 57 LBCS of ASC-H diagnostic categories, all of which were histologically cofirmed and 43 cases of which were compared with the results of a human papillomavirus (HPV) chip test.
p16INK4a immunostaining with ASC-H LBCS was positive in 20% (3/15) of cervicitis, 25.0% (3/12) of tissue-low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 75.0% (18/24) of tissue-high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), and 100% (6/6) of invasive cancer cases. The positivity of p16INK4a in LBCS was correlated with higher grade of histologic diagnosis (r=0.578, p=0.000). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of p16INK4a immunostaining for the prediction of tissue-HSIL+ were 80.0%, 77.8%, 80.0%, and 77.8%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of p16INK4a immunostaining plus HPV chip test for predicting tissue-HSIL+ were 71.2%, 86.4%, 84.2%, and 79.2%.
p16INK4a immunostaining as well as HPV chip testing with remaining LBCS with ASC-H are useful objective markers for the prediction of tissue-HSIL+.
Apocrine Carcinoma of the Axilla with Predominant Signet Ring Cell Features A Case Report.
Jeana Kim, Tae Eun Kim, Ah Won Lee, Yeong Jin Choi, Kyo Young Lee, Eun Sun Jung
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(3):326-328.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Apocrine carcinoma arising from the apocrine sweat glands is a rare cutaneous malignant tumor which occurs predominantly in the axilla of elderly individuals. The typical histologic features of apocrine carcinoma is within a well developed glandular lumina with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and evidence of decapitation secretion. In rare instances, predominant signet ring cell features in apocrine carcinoma has been reported. We experienced a case that occured in the right axilla of a 59-year-old. Histopathologic examination showed a solid tumor that extended from the upper dermis into the subcutis, with a delicate infiltrate of epithelial cells. The cells had granular amphophilic cytoplasm, predominantly showed distinct signet ring cell morphology, and were strongly positive for epithelial mucin. Both lysozyme and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 were identified in the tumor cells. We diagnosed this to be a case of primary signet ring cell apocrine carcinoma of the axilla after several immunohistochemical and clinical evaluations.
Alteration of Bile Acid Transporter Expression in Patients with Early Cholestasis Following Living Donor Liver Transplantation.
Eun Sun Jung, Byung Kee Kim, So Youn Kim, Youn Soo Lee, Si Hyun Bae, Seung Kew Yoon, Jong Young Choi, Young Min Park, Dong Goo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(1):48-55.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Intrahepatic cholestasis can occur early after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We investigated the changes in the expressions of the bile acid transporters and the liver histology in the patients who suffered with early cholestasis (EC) following LDLT.
The histological differences between 15 graft livers with EC after LDLT and 5 graft livers with biliary stricture following LDLT were evaluated. The hepatic mRNA levels of the bile canaliculi transporters (BSEP, MRP2, MRP3, MDR1, MDR3, NTCP) in 40 (20 graft livers, 20 matched donor livers) liver biopsy tissues were analyzed by performing real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
Microscopic examination revealed hepatocellular and/or bile canalicular cholestasis around acinar zone 3 in the livers of the patients with EC. In the livers with biliary stricture, the cholestasis was dominantly observed in the hepatocytic cytoplasm and in the bile ductules around the portal area rather than around acinar zone 3. The BSEP and MRP2 mRNA levels in the EC livers were significantly reduced by 44% and 23%, respectively (p=0.000), compared to the matched donor livers. The levels of MDR3 and NTCP mRNA in the EC livers increased by 738% (p=0.000) and 281% (p<0.01), respectively. The change of the expressions of the bile acid transporters in the patients with biliary stricture was less significant than that in the EC group.
These results suggest that the altered expressions of the bile acid transporters may play a role in the pathogenesis of EC following LDLT.
Comparison of Clinical Efficacy between an HPV DNA Chip and a Hybrid-Capture II Assay in a Patient with Abnormal Colposcopic Findings.
Tae Jung Kim, Chan Kwon Jung, Ahwon Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Young Jin Choi, Kyo Young Lee, Jong Sup Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2008;19(2):119-125.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was performed to compare the efficacy between a DNA chip method and a Hybrid-Capture II assay (HC-II) for detecting human papillomavirus in patients with intraepithelial lesions of the uterine cervix. From May, 2005, to June, 2006, 192 patients with abnormal colposcopic findings received cervical cytology, HC-II and HPV DNA chip tests, and colposcopic biopsy or conization. We compared the results of HC-II and HPV DNA chip in conjunction with liquid based cervical cytology (LBCC) and confirmed the results of biopsy or conization. The sensitivity of the HPV DNA chip test was higher than HC-II or LBCC. The HPV DNA chip in conjunction with LBCC showed higher sensitivity than any single method and higher sensitivity than HC-II with LBCC. We confirmed that the HPV DNA chip test was more sensitive for detecting HPV in cervical lesions than HC-II, and that it would provide more useful clinical information about HPV type and its multiple infections.
A Comparision of Surepath(TM) Liquid-Based Smear with a Conventional Smear for Cervicovaginal Cytology-with Reference to a Histological Diagnosis.
Kyung Chul Lee, Chan Kwon Jung, Ahwon Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Yeong Jin Choi, Jong Sup Park, Kyo Young Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 2007;18(1):20-28.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was performed to compare Surepath(TM) liquid-based smear and a conventional cervicovaginal smear with reference to a histological diagnosis. A hybrid capture test (HCII) was also performed and analyzed. We collected matched cases for cervicovaginal cytology- histology: 207 cases for conventional cytology (CC) and 199 cases for liquid-based cytology (LBC). HCII was performed in 254 patients. When a cytological diagnosis of ASCUS or above (ASCUS+) is classified as positive and a histological diagnosis of LSIL+ is classified as positive, the sensitivity and specificity for LBC was 91.7% and 75.9%, respectively and the sensitivity and specificity for CC was 62.6% and 96.1%, respectively. When a cytological and histological diagnosis of LSIL+ is classified as positive, the sensitivity and specificity for LBC was 77.5 and 96.6%, respectively and the sensitivity and specificity for CC was 49.7% and 100%, respectively. When a histological diagnosis of LSIL+ is classified as positive, the sensitivity and specificity for HCII was 78.9% and 78.1%, respectively. The concordance ratio between the cytological and histological diagnosis was 80.4% (kappa=76.0) for LBC and 56.5% (kappa=55.1) for CC. LBC is more sensitive and less specific then CC, as a cytological cutoff level of ASCUS, but more sensitive and equally specific, as a cytological cutoff level LSIL or HSIL. LBC is more reliable with a high concordance ratio between the cytological and histological diagnosis.
The Apoptotic Molecular Changes of Cellular Injury in Mouse Testis Induced by Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals.
Eun Hui Wang, Kweon Heang Lee, Ki Hwa Yang, Jinsuk Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Chang Suk Kang, Yeong Jin Choi
Korean J Pathol. 2004;38(4):228-237.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Spermatogenesis is regulated by various cellular reactions, and especially cell proliferation and apoptosis.
We investigated the morphological changes and the apoptotic molecular changes in mouse testis induced by the endocrine disrupting chemicals. ICR mice were treated with bisphenol A (BPA), 2-bromopropane (2-BP) and diethylstilbesterol (DES). Histological examination and immunohistochemical staining, TUNNEL staining and RNAse protection assay were conducted.
Testes treated with BPA showed normal spermatogenesis and the proliferation activity, and the density of the cells was similar with those in the control. 2-BP and DES groups, which showed a decrease of germ cells near the basal layer and degenerative changes. The proliferative activity identified by PCNA staining was significantly decreased in the 2-BP and DES groups (p<0.05). The apoptosis was significantly increased in the 2-BP group however, a significant decrease was noted in the BPA group (p<0.05). Among apoptosis-related molecules, the expression of Fas, Fas ligand, TRAIL, TNFp55 and caspase 1, 3, 6 and 8 were changed according to the change of the degree of apoptosis in all groups.
Endocrine disrupting chemicals induced cellular injury in mouse testis through the changes of proliferative activity and apoptosis which was regulated by a number of apoptosis-related molecules. This probably results in the abnormality of spermatogenesis in mouse testis.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Ameloblastoma: A Case Report.
Hee Jeong Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Byung Kee Kim, Chang Suk Kang
Korean J Cytopathol. 2002;13(2):70-73.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Utilization of fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC) in the diagnosis of odontogenic tumors seems to have little attention. Ameloblastoma is the most common epithelial odontogenic tumor. However, the cytologic findings of ameloblastoma are described recently. We report a case of ameloblastoma diagnosed by FNAC. The aspirated blood-tinged mucoid fluid from maxillary mass showed a few clusters of tumor cells with distinct two-cell population: basaloid cells with palisading arrangement and squamous cells with more abundant and eosinophilic cytoplasm. Nuclear atypism, pleomorphism or mitosis were absent. A few keratinized bodies in the tumor cell clusters and the third component, stellate cells were also characteristic.
Primary Extramedullary Plasmacytoma of the Colon: A Case Report.
Ok Ran Shin, Gyeong Shin Park, Youn Soo Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(1):80-82.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Extramedullary plasmacytoma is a relatively rare tumor, occuring in a wide variety of organs and tissues, and is most frequently seen in the oral cavity and upper respiratory tract. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma located in the gastrointestinal tract is rare, especially the in colon. We report a case of solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in the cecum of a 58-year-old man which simulated a carcinoma both endoscopically and radiologically. But histopathologic evaluation demonstrated a sheet-like proliferation of pure plasma cells with monoclonality for IgM and lamda chain which confirmed the diagnosis of plasmacytoma.
Hemimegalencephaly: A case report.
Youn Soo Lee, Eun Sun Jung, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(3):243-247.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Hemimegalencephaly is an uncommon sporadic congenital malformation of the central nervous system characterized by enlargement of one cerebral hemisphere with cranial asymmetry, hemiparesis, epilepsy, and mental retardation. This report deals with a 12-month-old girl with intractable seizure and developmental delay, who revealed hemispheric asymmetry and enlarged right cerebral hemisphere. MRI scan revealed asymmetric enlargement of right cerebral hemisphere with lissencephaly and multifocal calcification. She underwent right frontal lobectomy and parietal cortical resection, but died of complication of surgery. Histological features included loss of cortical lamination, large atypical neurons, neuronal heterotopia, and astrocytosis with dystrophic calcification. The heterotopic neurons in the white matter were suggestive of aberrant neuronal migration.
Multiple Kaposi's Sarcoma in the Renal Transplant Patient: A case report .
Jae Kyung Koh, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(11):1097-1101.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The Kaposi's sarcoma, which was found in an immunosuppressed patient of renal transplantation, may have been developed by long term use of immunosuppressant agent after the renal transplantation. The case was a 29-year-old woman who was diagnosed as chronic renal failure in 1988, and since then, she had been on CAPD until May, 1997. After the renal transplantation in May 1997, the patient has been prescribed cyclosporin and prednisone as immunosuppressant agent. In June 1997, she showed clinical symptom of Kaposi's sarcoma with multiple papules and nodules in the skin and viscera, such as ureter, urinary bladder, stomach, duodenum and subcutaneous tissue of the chest. Multiple excisional biopsies were carried out in the skin, ureter, urinary bladder, stomach and duodenum. All of excisional biopses indicated nodular stages with extensive proliferation of spindle shaped, somewhat pleomorphic cells which have slit-like vascular spaces, proliferation of small vessels, and extravasation of erythrocytes. These lesions nearly diminished after sytemic chemotherpy, excision and discontinuity of immunosuppressive agents.
Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Ovary: A case report .
Chan Kwon Jung, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(8):631-635.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) of the ovary are rare tumors with an exclusive or almost exclusive malignant neuroectodermal composition, and are generally regarded as a monodermal expression of an ovarian teratoma. The tumors are basically identical with the lesions of the same name occuring typically in the central nervous system of children. These tumors consist chiefly of undifferentiated small cells resembling neuroblasts. There are also mature, well- differentiated neuroectodermal cells, such as astrocytes and ependymal cells. We report a case of ovarian PNET with glial and neuroblastic differentiation and focal teratomatous foci of non-neural tissue in a 17-year-old female.
Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinase-1,2,3 and Type IV Collagen in Gastric Adenocarcinoma: Influence on Lymph Node Metastasis and Prognosis.
Eun Sun Jung, Byung Gee Kim, Jo Hyun Park, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(4):251-258.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Matrix metalloproteinases are believed to play an important role in tumor invasion and metastasis. But little is known about the role of them in the gastric adenocarcinoma. We investigated the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1,2,3 in eighty paraffin blocks of the primary gastric adenocarcinoma tissues with immunohistochemistry and analysed their correlation with lymph node metastasis and survival. MMP-1,2,3 were expressed most intensely in the fibroblasts around the tumor stroma. In our study the increased immunoreactivity of MMP-2 only showed statistically significant correlation with lymph node metastasis (P=0.0517, Odd's ratio=2.274). But MMP-1,2,3 all were correlated with survival. Type IV collagen was observed in the vascular basement membranes and tumor basement membranes and showed statistically significant correlation with lymph node metastasis (P=0.0002, Odd's ratio=0.194) and prognosis (P=0.0001). The immunoreactivity of MMP-2 and type IV collagen was inversely correlated (Kendall's Tau-b correlation = 0.37482, P=0.0001). Our results suggest that in human gastric adenocarcinoma the increased immunoreactivity of MMP-2 and the decreased immunoreactivity of type IV collagen has an important role in lymph node metastasis and prognosis. MMP-1,3 are not correlated with lymph node metastasis but correlated with survival. The mechanism responsible for the production of MMP by the host fibroblasts remains obscure and requires further investigation.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Peripheral T Cell Lymphoma of the Lung: A Case Report .
Ok Ran Shin, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Chang Suk Kang, Byung Kee Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1999;10(2):157-162.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the lung is rare among extranodal lymphomas. The most common form is low grade B-cell type originated from the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) of the lung and primary peripheral T cell lymphoma of the lung is extremely rare. We recently experienced a case of fine needle aspiration cytology of primary peripheral T cell lymphoma of the lung in a 39-year-old male patient. The cytologic smears revealed some sheets of reactive epithelial cells, epithelioid histiocytes, and numerous polymorphous population of lymphoid cells composed of small and intermediate sized lymphoid cells and mature lymphocytes. Lymphoid cells were slightly larger than normal mature lymphocytes and showed significant irregularity of nuclear membrane. The internal nuclear structure was marked by chromatin clumping, clear parachromatin areas, and inconspicuous nucleoli. Histopathologically, atypical small lymphocytes infiltrated in the interstitium and alveolar sac. By the immunohistochemical study and molecular biologic study of gene rearrangement, the T cell clonality of atypical lymphoid cells was confirmed.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Small Cell Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland: A Case Report .
Chan Kwon Jung, Eun Sun Jung, Youn Soo Lee, Sun Moo Kim, Byung Kee Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1999;10(2):163-167.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary small cell carcinoma of the salivary gland is a rare neoplasm that accounts for approximately 1.8% of all primary major salivary gland malignancies. Because of its rarity, it is difficult to diagnose small cell carcinoma of the parotid gland by fine needle aspiration cytology(FNAC). We experienced a case of primary small cell carcinoma of the parotid gland in a 72-year-old woman who presented with two palpable masses of the left infraauricular and ocular regions of two to three month's duration, respectively. Aspirate smears from the left infraauricular area were highly cellular on necrotic and lymphocytic background and showed individually dispersed cells or three-dimensional clusters of small cells. The tumor cells were round to oval with a very high nucleocytoplasmic ratio. Nuclei were about two times the size of lymphocytes and had uniformly dispersed but hyperchromatic to pyknotic chromatin. Nucleoli were occasionally visible but were generally inconspicuous. Numerous mitotic figures were detected. The clusters of these small tumor cells exhibited angular nuclear molding, irregular nuclear outlines, and occasionally rosette like arrangement. The tumor was confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry.
Sarcomatoid Carcinoma with Heterologous Osteosarcomatous Component of the Prostate: A case report.
Eun Sun Jung, Young Jin Choi, Seok Jin Kang, Byung Gee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(12):1144-1149.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Sarcomatoid carcinoma of prostate has been rarely reported and occasionally difficult to distinguish from a true sarcoma or carcinosarcoma. A case of sarcomatoid carcinoma of the prostate, which has been occured in 61-year-old male patient is presented. The tumor consists of carcinomatous areas with epithelioid cells, sarcomatoid areas with spindle cells and foci of heterologous osteosarcoma component. The phenotypic nature of the tumor was confirmed immunohistochemically by positive reaction for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, vimentin and prostate specific acid phosphatase in both sarcomatous and carcinomatous components.
Malignant Melanoma of the Anus: Report of a case.
Eun Sun Jung, Byung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim, Sang In Shim
Korean J Pathol. 1996;30(3):276-278.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This report describes a primary malignant melanoma which developed in the anus, as documented by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. A 53-year-old woman had a 4 month history of a protruding mass in the anal canal. The mass was located in the squamo-columnar junction of the anal canal, measuring 5.0x4.5 cm. Its cut surface was dark brown and poorly circumscribed. The histologic appearance was characterized by epithelioid or spindle cells with prominant nucleoli and frequent atypical mitosis. Melanin pigments were strongly seen in Fontana-Masson stain. Immunoreactivity revealed that the cytoplasm of tumor cells was strongly positive with antibody directed against S-100 protein, vimentin and it was focally positive with neuron specific enolase.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine