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Hee Jae Joo 8 Articles
Comparison of Conventional Smear, Cell Block and Liquid-based Preparation in the Evaluation of Bronchial Washing Specimen in Lung Cancer Patients.
Hyunee Yim, Hee Jae Joo, Young Bae Kim, Soon Won Hong
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(3):296-302.
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  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The preparation of conventional smears (CS) from mucoid samples, despite mucolysis, can pose difficulties for cytotechnologists or cytopathologists. In recent years, liquid-based cytology (LBC) devices have been developed in attempts to improve the cytopreparation process. LBC improves both sample collection and sample preparation. Cell block preparations (CB) can be made from residual tissue fluids, and are a useful adjunct to smears.
We retrospectively reviewed 3 preparations from 209 patients whose diagnosis was later confirmed via bronchoscopic biopsy, fine needle aspiration, gun biopsy or operation. Each case was categorized into one of three groups: "negative," "atypical or suspicious" and "malignant." RESULTS: When conflating the "atypical" and "malignant" categories into a "positive" category, the sensitivity of each preparation was 74.4% in LBC, 72.9% in CS, and 76.5% in CB preparations. Specificity was 98.7%, 94.7% and 98.7%, respectively. By combining LBC and CB, the sensitivity is 78.2%.
Among three different preparation methods, sensitivity is highest in the CB method. LBC has many advantages in evaluating cell morphology and by combining CB method, the sensitivity can be improved slightly. The application of all three methods may prove helpful when one or another method proves diagnostically inconclusive.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of diagnostic accuracy between CellprepPlus┬« and ThinPrep┬« liquid-based preparations in effusion cytology
    Yong-Moon Lee, Ji-Yong Hwang, Seung-Myoung Son, Song-Yi Choi, Ho-Chang Lee, Eun-Joong Kim, Hye-Suk Han, Jin young An, Joung-Ho Han, Ok-Jun Lee
    Diagnostic Cytopathology.2014; 42(5): 384.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Urine Cytology in Urothelial Carcinoma Patients: A Comparison of CellprepPlus┬« Liquid-Based Cytology and Conventional Smear
    Seung-Myoung Son, Ji Hae Koo, Song-Yi Choi, Ho-Chang Lee, Yong-Moon Lee, Hyung Geun Song, Hae-Kyung Hwang, Hye-Suk Han, Seok-Joong Yun, Wun-Jae Kim, Eun-Joong Kim, Ok-Jun Lee
    Korean Journal of Pathology.2012; 46(1): 68.     CrossRef
A Multiinstitutional Consensus Study on the Pathologic Diagnosis of Endometrial Hyperplasia and Carcinoma.
Kwang Sun Suh, Insun Kim, Moon Hyang Park, Geung Hwan Ahn, Jin Hee Sohn, In Ae Park, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Kyu Rae Kim, Hee Jung An, Dong Won Kim, Mi Jin Kim, Hee Jae Joo, Eun Kyung Kim, Young Hee Choi, Chong Woo Yoo, Kyung Un Choi, Sang Yeop Yi, Hye Sun Kim, Sung Ran Hong, Hee Jeong Lee, Sun Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2008;42(2):87-93.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to examine the reproducibility of both the diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia (EH) or adenocarcinoma, and the histologic grading (HG) of endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EC).
Ninety-three cases of EH or adenocarcinomas were reviewed independently by 21 pathologists of the Gynecologic Pathology Study Group. A consensus diagnosis was defined as agreement among more than two thirds of the 21 pathologists.
There was no agreement on the diagnosis in 13 cases (14.0%). According to the consensus review, six of the 11 EH cases (54.5%) were diagnosed as EH, 48 of the 57 EC cases (84.2%) were EC, and 5 of the 6 serous carcinomas (SC) (83.3%) were SC. There was no consensus for the 6 atypical EH (AEH) cases. On the HG of EC, there was no agreement in 2 cases (3.5%). According to the consensus review, 30 of the 33 G1 cases (90.9%) were G1, 11 of the 18 G2 cases (61.1%) were G2, and 4 of the 4 G3 cases (100.0%) were G3.
The consensus study showed high agreement for both EC and SC, but there was no consensus for AEH. The reproducibility for the HG of G2 was poor. We suggest that simplification of the classification of EH and a two-tiered grading system for EC will be necessary.
Evaluation of Self-collected Pad Sampling for the Detection of HPV In Cervicovaginal Secretion.
Seong Rim Kim, Sang Yong Song, Dae Shick Kim, Jung Won Lee, Chang Soo Park, Duk Soo Bae, Hyen Ji Lee, Kyung Tae Kim, Oh Joong Kwon, Eun Seop Song, Hee Jae Joo, Gheungwhan Ahn
Korean J Pathol. 2004;38(4):258-264.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Self-collection of secretion samples for HPV testing is a feasible alternative method for women who would decline to participate in population based cervical cancer programs. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of self-sampling for HPV in determining high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) using the pad, and we also wished to compare the results from samples collected by women themselves and those results from samples collected by physicians.
Fifty patients voluntarily participated in the sensitivity and specificity study at the university hospitals and 290 volunteers participated in the agreement study at local clinics. DNA was extracted and amplified using HPV L1 consensus primers for the direct sequencing of the pad samples.
For the detection of HSIL, self-collected pad sampling showed good sensitivity (75.0%) and excellent specificity (100%). Two hundreds eighty-six samples from the pads and concurrent physicians?samples showed the agreement at 98.6% with the Kappa, 0.9622 (p=0.0000).
A self-sampling method using the pad for the detection of HPV DNA is suggested to be an efficient method to access many women for screening easily, rapidly and conveniently. Testing the pad method? utility for a country- or large area-based mass screening study will be necessary in the future.
Maximal Diagnostic Accuracy in Virtual Telepathology System according to Input Device and Video Signal.
Rae Woong Park, Hee Jae Joo, Hyunee Yim, Yoon Mi Jin, Kyi Beom Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(12):1191-1198.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Varieties of telepathology system had been developed and in use, but their functional capability and diagnostic accuracy are considered to be inferior to those of conventional optical microscope. This study is intended to find out: 1) the diagnostic accuracy and reproducibility rate according to the input devices and the video signals; 2) any potential technical problems of the telepathology system; 3) any possible physical and psychological impacts. We devised a virtual telepathology system using our existing microscope equipped with CCD camera unit that has no restriction of network speed. Total fifty-five surgical pathology cases from 11 different organs were selected. Three pathologists were involved in making diagnoses. The resulting diagnostic accuracies were: 1 CCD camera with composite video signal was 86.2%; 3 CCD camera with composite video signal was 93.1%; 3 CCD camera with component video signal was 95.0%. The 3 CCD camera with component video signal resulted in 95.0% diagnostic accuracy and was superior to 1 CCD camera with composite video signal. Some technical problems noted during this study were: the visual field of the virtual telepathology system was smaller by 43% than that of microscope; the difference of cell sizes between microscope and monitor; low resolution of image. Some physical and psychological symptoms were noted.
Expression of CD44 in Epithelial Ovarian Tumors.
Kye Weon Kwon, Hee Jeong Ahn, Yoon Jeong Choi, Hee Jae Joo, Nam Hoon Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(8):596-602.
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CD44 is a hyaluronic acid receptor that exists as a standard 90-kd form (CD44H) as well as several CD44 variants isoforms are produced through alternative splicing. Alternatively spliced variants of the CD44 molecule have been found to be associated with invasive and metastatic potential of cancer cells and poor prognosis in several types of carcinoma. The purpose of the present study is to define the expression of CD44H and CD44v6 in ovarian tumors and to investigate whether the expression of these molecules is associated with adverse prognosis. We evaluated the expression of CD44 isoforms in 58 ovarian tumors by means of immunohistochemistry, and correlated between CD44 expression and the histologic types, tumor grade, peritoneal implants, pseudomyxoma peritonei and FIGO stage. While the CD44H was commonly expressed in ovarian tumors, the CD44v6 was expressed in a minor proportion of serous tumors in comparison with frequent expression of v6 isoform in mucinous tumors. The CD44H expression was significantly higher in stage I/II than in stage III. However, there was no correlation between the expression of CD44 and the presence of peritoneal implants or pseudomyxoma peritonei. These results suggest that CD44H could play an important role in the adhesive function in the lower stage of the ovarian tumor and reduced expression in the higher stage might be related to the metastasis and widespread invasion of ovarian carcinoma cells.
Hepatic Anthracosis: A case report.
Hee Jae Joo, Eun Kyung Han, Ho Guen Kim, Chan Il Park
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(2):172-173.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The authors report a case of hepatic anthracosis, which was found incidentally during cholecystectomy in a 73 year-old woman with acute cholecystitis. Hepatic anthracosis is a very rare condition among pigmentary lesions of the liver. Light microscopic examination revealed black granular pigments within Kupffer cells, particularly adjacent to the terminal hepatic venules, and macrophages at the portal tracts. The pigments did not show birefringence under the polarizing microscope and did fade out following pretreatment with alcoholic picric acid, confirming themselves anthracotic pigments.
Cytologic Findings of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Ancient Schwannoma.
Hee Jae Joo, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 1990;1(2):158-163.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Ancient (degenerated) schwannomas are benign tumors that display pronounced degenerative changes including cyst formation, calcification, hemorrhage, and hyalinization. The tumors are usually infiltrated by large numbers of inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, lymphocytes, siderophages, and histiocytes. They are located in deep locations such as the retroperitoneum and must be differentiated from malignant soft tissue tumors because spindle cells with nuclear atypia may be present in the fine needle aspiration biopsy. The cytologic findings of two cases of ancient schwannoma occurring in posterior mediastinum and retroperitoneum, respectively, are described. Computerized tomographic findings of both cases showed changes of cystic degeneration or necrosis. A case occurred in retroperitoneum revealed features of destruction of vertebral body to suggest a malignant soft tussue tumor radiologically. The cytologic findings of aspiration biopsy of both tumors revealed that the tumor cells were spindle in shape with elongated nuclei. Some of tumor cells were arranged in a palisading fashion. Cell structures that resemble the Verocay bodies were observed. Some of the tumor cells showed pleomorphic bizarre nuclei, but no mitotic activity or chromatin clumping was seen. Inflammatory cells, siderophages and histiocytes were scattered in fibrillar material. These cytologic findings are important in the diagnosis of ancient schwannoma and in the differentiation of this tumor from the malignant spindle cell tumor.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Myxoid Liposarcoma of the Mediastinum.
Hee Jae Joo, Soon Hee Jung, Hogeun Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1990;1(2):185-190.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The cytologic findings in fine needle aspiration of a case of myxoid liposarcoma of the mediastinum are described. The smear and cell block of the aspirate revealed solid clusters with background of amorphous material and scattered single tumor cells. The clusters were moderately cellular and consisted of atypical lipoblasts in varying stages of differentiation and delicate plexiform capillaries. Good correlation was found between the histologic and cytologic findings in the fine needle aspirates. The differential diagnosis between myxoid liposarcoma and other myxoid soft tissue tumors is discussed.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine