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Soon Won Hong 25 Articles
Comparison of Conventional Smear, Cell Block and Liquid-based Preparation in the Evaluation of Bronchial Washing Specimen in Lung Cancer Patients.
Hyunee Yim, Hee Jae Joo, Young Bae Kim, Soon Won Hong
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(3):296-302.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2011.45.3.296
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
The preparation of conventional smears (CS) from mucoid samples, despite mucolysis, can pose difficulties for cytotechnologists or cytopathologists. In recent years, liquid-based cytology (LBC) devices have been developed in attempts to improve the cytopreparation process. LBC improves both sample collection and sample preparation. Cell block preparations (CB) can be made from residual tissue fluids, and are a useful adjunct to smears.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed 3 preparations from 209 patients whose diagnosis was later confirmed via bronchoscopic biopsy, fine needle aspiration, gun biopsy or operation. Each case was categorized into one of three groups: "negative," "atypical or suspicious" and "malignant." RESULTS: When conflating the "atypical" and "malignant" categories into a "positive" category, the sensitivity of each preparation was 74.4% in LBC, 72.9% in CS, and 76.5% in CB preparations. Specificity was 98.7%, 94.7% and 98.7%, respectively. By combining LBC and CB, the sensitivity is 78.2%.
CONCLUSIONS
Among three different preparation methods, sensitivity is highest in the CB method. LBC has many advantages in evaluating cell morphology and by combining CB method, the sensitivity can be improved slightly. The application of all three methods may prove helpful when one or another method proves diagnostically inconclusive.

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  • Comparison of diagnostic accuracy between CellprepPlus┬« and ThinPrep┬« liquid-based preparations in effusion cytology
    Yong-Moon Lee, Ji-Yong Hwang, Seung-Myoung Son, Song-Yi Choi, Ho-Chang Lee, Eun-Joong Kim, Hye-Suk Han, Jin young An, Joung-Ho Han, Ok-Jun Lee
    Diagnostic Cytopathology.2014; 42(5): 384.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Urine Cytology in Urothelial Carcinoma Patients: A Comparison of CellprepPlus┬« Liquid-Based Cytology and Conventional Smear
    Seung-Myoung Son, Ji Hae Koo, Song-Yi Choi, Ho-Chang Lee, Yong-Moon Lee, Hyung Geun Song, Hae-Kyung Hwang, Hye-Suk Han, Seok-Joong Yun, Wun-Jae Kim, Eun-Joong Kim, Ok-Jun Lee
    Korean Journal of Pathology.2012; 46(1): 68.     CrossRef
Practical Standardization in Renal Biopsy Reporting.
So Young Jin, Hyeon Joo Jeong, Sun Hee Sung, Beom Jin Lim, Jee Young Han, Soon Won Hong, Hyun Ee Yim, Yeong Jin Choi, Yong Mee Cho, Myoung Jae Kang, Kyung Chul Moon, Hee Jeong Cha, Seung Yeon Ha, Mi Seon Kang, Mee Young So, Kwang Sun Suh, Jong Eun Joo, Yong Jin Kim, Nam Hee Won, Moon Hyang Park
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(6):613-622.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.6.613
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  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
To standardize renal biopsy reporting and diagnosis, The Renal Pathology Study Group of the Korean Society of Pathologists (RPSKSP) has developed a renal pathology reporting format for the native and allograft kidney.
METHODS
A consensus checklist of a provisional renal biopsy format was sent to all members of the RPSKSP. Feed back opinions regarding the practical application of the checklist to the diagnostic work were received.
RESULTS
Kidney biopsies require three essential examinations: by light microscopy, immunofluorescence (IF), and electron microscopy (EM). A final report of a renal biopsy should include information on specimen adequacy and a description of the morphologic change using a systematic semiquantitative method for each of the compartments, with optional separate IF and EM reports.
CONCLUSIONS
A standard renal biopsy report format is important in establishing clinicopathologic correlations, making reliable prognostic considerations, comparing the findings in sequential biopsies and evaluating the effects of therapy.

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  • Additional antihypertensive effect of magnesium supplementation with an angiotensin II receptor blocker in hypomagnesemic rats
    Kyubok Jin, Tae Hee Kim, Yeong Hoon Kim, Yang Wook Kim
    The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine.2013; 28(2): 197.     CrossRef
  • Clinicopathologic Features of IgA-Dominant Postinfectious Glomerulonephritis
    Tai Yeon Koo, Gheun-Ho Kim, Hyang Park
    Korean Journal of Pathology.2012; 46(2): 105.     CrossRef
PAX2 Expression in Renal Dysplasia.
Yoon Hee Lee, Woo Hee Jung, Soon Won Hong, Hyeon Joo Jeong
Korean J Pathol. 2007;41(2):69-78.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Renal dysplasia is the abnormal development of the kidney. The condition is usually detected in childhood along with other urinary tract anomalies, but can remain unnoticed until adulthood. It was recently reported that a PAX2 gene mutation plays a major role in the development of renal dysplasia. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of PAX2 in dysplastic kidneys of children and adults.
METHODS
A total of 30 cases diagnosed with renal dysplasia after a nephrectomy were examined. PAX2 expression was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. Apoptosis was detected using an Apop Tag detection kit.
RESULTS
In the dysplastic kidneys, there was strong PAX2 expression in the epithelia of the primitive ducts in both children and adults, but the degree was significantly lower in adults (p=0.007). However, the mesenchyme surrounding the primitive ducts of children showed stronger staining for the smooth muscle actin antibody and trichrome than the adults. The apoptosis index was significantly higher in the primitive duct epithelia than in the surrounding normal collecting duct epithelia (p=0.000).
CONCLUSIONS
PAX2 is overexpressed in the primitive ducts of renal dysplasia, which is sustained until adulthood and is associated with increased apoptosis. However, a decrease in PAX2 expression in the dysplastic epithelia and mesenchymal cuff of adults suggest a gradual regression of the dysplastic elements with time.
Comparision of Effectiveness between the ThinPrep(R) and the Cytospin Preparations of the Repeated Urine Cytology.
Soon Won Hong, Hyun Kyung Kim, Ju Yeon Pyo, Yoonhee Lee, Woo Hee Jung, Se Hoon Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 2007;18(1):55-61.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Once diagnosed as "cell paucity" or "atypia" by the cytospin (CS) preparation, this CS preparation does not secure a precise diagnosis by repeated testing alone. Although the ThinPrep(R) (TP) preparation is acknowledged to show increased cellularity, performing the screening tests for the cases that have enough cellularity, according to CS, raises issues for the cost-effectiveness. To obtain a more precise diagnosis through increasing the cellularity by performing TP, we selected the cases that were diagnosed as "cell paucity" or "atypia" by CS, but they required a more precise diagnosis, and the samples were processed via both CS and TP to compare the results. 11 patients diagnosed as "cell paucity" and 22 patients diagnosed as "atypia" by CS participated in this study. When the detection rate of atypical cells in both preparations with repeated urine cytology was compared, the overall detection rate of TP (16cases, 48.5%) was superior than that of CS (11cases, 33.3%), with statistical significance. The cellularity of both preparations was compared on repeated urine cytology; the general cellularity of TP (29cases, 87.9%) was higher than that of CS (20cases, 60.6%), but there was no statistical significance. Particularly, we repeated the TP for the 1 case that was diagnosed as "atypia" and we performed polyoma virus immunohistochemical staining, which confirmed polyoma virus. In conclusion, we can avoid obtaining negative diagnosis from cases with uncertain "atypia" or "cell paucity" by performing repeated TP testing.
Salivary Duct Carcinoma with Mucin Containing Cells: Report of a Case Misdiagnosed as Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma on Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology.
Haeryoung Kim, Hyunki Kim, Hoguen Kim, Jin Kim, Soon Won Hong, Se Hoon Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 2006;17(1):56-62.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a rare primary salivary gland malignancy characterized by histological features similar to those of ductal carcinomas of the breast. It is regarded as a high-grade malignancy associated with frequent local recurrences and early distant metastases that require aggressive treatment. The typical fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) findings in SDC include cellular smears showing tumor cells with eccentric pleomorphic nuclei and a granular cytoplasm arranged in flat sheets or cribriform patterns against a necrotic background. However, the presence of mucin-containing cells in SDC has been rarely described. We report the FNAC findings in a patient with histologically confirmed SDC that demonstrated numerous mucin-containing cells and was subsequently misdiagnosed as a high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Here we discuss the problems involved in distinguishing SDC from high-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma on the basis of cytologic findings alone.
Clinicopathologic Features of Granulomatous Mastitis.
Yee Jeong Kim, Yoon Jung Choi, Ji Young Kim, Hee Jung Kim, Yang Soon Park, Soon Won Hong, Chanil Park, Doyil Kim, Hyde Lee, Woo Hee Jung
Korean J Pathol. 2005;39(3):181-186.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
BACKGROUND
Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare chronic inflammatory condition that clinically mimics a carcinoma. The diagnosis of idiopathic GM depends on the exclusion of other granulomatous inflammations. The purpose of this study is to correlate the clinicopathological features of GM with etiologies.
METHODS
We reviewed the clinical records of 58 cases that were histologically diagnosed as GM. We performed special stains for microorganisms such as Ziehl-Neelsen, periodic acid Schiff and gram stains, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB PCR).
RESULTS
The mean age of patients was 35.3 years. Most patients were parous except three. Seven patients (12.1%) were related with pregnancy or lactation. TB PCR was positive in nine patients (15.5%). Five patients (8.6%) had gram positive bacilli that were recognizable as coryneform bacteria. Culture study demonstrated Staphylococcus aureus in only one case. Infectious GM had a greater tendency to form abscesses. Fat necrosis was more likely to be present in idiopathic GM, but other histological features were similar to each other. Twenty-two cases (37.9%) showed recurrence.
CONCLUSIONS
We suggest that TB PCR and gram stain are essential tests for the differential diagnosis of GM, because the histologic features considerably overlap irrespective of the various etiologies.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Chronic Sclerosing Sialadenitis with Mucinous Metaplasia in Parotid Gland: A Case Report.
Jae Yeon Seok, Woo Hee Jung, Xu Xiang Fan, Jin Kim, Soon Won Hong
Korean J Cytopathol. 2005;16(2):102-105.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis, also known as Kuttner tumor, is a benign chronic inflammatory lesion of the salivary gland. Here, we describe a case of chronic sclerosing sialadenitis with mucinous ductal metaplasia in a parotid gland, which was confused with low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma on aspiration cytology.
Diagnostic Guideline of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Thyroid Gland and Cytopathologic Features of Papillary Carcinoma.
Soon Won Hong
Korean J Cytopathol. 2005;16(1):1-9.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Kimura's Disease of Parotid Gland: Report of A Case Cytologically Failed to Diagnose as Kimura's Disease.
Se Hoon Kim, Haeryoung Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Woo Ick Yang, Soon Won Hong, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 2003;14(2):86-90.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Kimura's disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause and is most prevalent among Asians. The cytologic findings of Kimura's disease are significant numbers of eosinophils in a background of lymphoid cells, occasional fragments of collagenous tissue, proliferation of vessels, and Warthin-Finkeldey polykaryocytes. Among these features, the most important cytologic feature of Kimura's disease is a significant numbers of eosinophils. We experienced a case of Kimura's disease in the parotid gland which we failed to recognize on cytology due to the apparent paucity of eosinophils. On careful retrograde reviewing of the cytologic findings, a few scattered leukocytes, previously interpreted as polymorphous leukocytes, had bilobed nuclei and coarse green but granular cytoplasm on Papanicolaou preparation. These leukocytes showed obvious orange-red intracytoplasmic granules as in eosionophils on Giemsa stain. The paucity of eosinophils may be due to the thick fibrosis around lymphoid follicles or any technical error during aspiration. Whereas the Warthin-Finkeldey type giant cell is not a sensitive cytologic marker of Kimura's disease, it may be a helpful cytologic feature. To reach a correct cytologic diagnosis of Kimura's disease, it is important to keep in mind that searching for Warthin-Finkeldey type giant cells and evaluation of Giemsa stain for detection of eosinophils would be helpful.
Calcitonin Producing Middle Ear Carcinoid with Amyloid Deposition: A Case Report.
Beom Jin Lim, Woo Ick Yang, Soon Won Hong, Chanil Park
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(2):115-118.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Carcinoid tumor of the middle ear cavity is a rare neoplasm of low malignant potential. It grows slowly and rarely metastasizes. We recently experienced a case of carcinoid tumor of the middle ear cavity occurring in a 51-year-old female who was presented with hearing loss and tinnitus of the right ear. A 1 cm sized pinkish soft mass was noted in the promontory of the middle ear. Histologically, the mass was composed of nests and cords of tumor cells with slightly pleomorphic nuclei and eosinophilic cytoplasm. The extracellular matrix was glassy pink, homogeneous and exhibited apple green birefringence under a polarized light microscope after Congo red staining. The tumor cells showed immunoreactivity for cytokeratin, chromogranin A, synaptophysin, neuron-specific enolase and calcitonin. Electron microscopic examination confirmed the presence of neurosecretory granules. The production of calcitonin and amyloid by the tumor cells suggests the possible relationship of this tumor to the thyroid C cells.
Emphysematous Pyelonephritis in Diabetic Nephropathy A report of two cases.
Jae Ho Han, Lucia Kim, Sung Eun Kim, Soon Won Hong, Hyeon Joo Jeong
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(5):367-370.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by one or a combination of the following lesions: (1) glomerular involvement with three distinctive patterns: diffuse glomerulosclerosis, nodular glomerulosclerosis, and exudative lesions; (2) arteriolo sclerosis; (3) urinary tract bacterial infection with pyelonephritis and sometimes emphysematous pyelonephritis. Emphysematous pyelonephritis is an uncommon life-threatening and acute suppurative infection of the kidney, and usually occurs in diabetic female patients. It is characterized by the production of intraparenchymal gas. Glucose fermentation has been considered the main cause of the gas formation. We presented two illustrative nephrectomy cases of emphysematous pyelonephritis in addition to the typical pathologic features of diabetic nephropathy.
Small Cell Osteosarcoma Similar to Ewing's Sarcoma in Histologic Findings and MIC2 Expression: A case report.
Yoon Mee Kim, Suk Woo Yang, Mee Yon Cho, Soon Won Hong, Byung Ho Choi
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(3):204-209.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Small cell osteosarcoma is a rare form of osteosarcoma and the histological differential diagnosis from other small round cell tumors (SRCTs) is difficult. The immunohistochemical stain for MIC2 has been considered an useful diagnostic marker for Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumors but recently, other SRCTs such as malignant lymphoma and embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma also showed positive reaction. Therefore, the usefulness of MIC2 must still be proven. We experienced a case of small cell osteosarcoma of the mandible in a 25-year-old man. Histologically, the tumor consisted of small round cells that resembled those of Ewing's sarcoma. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed diffuse strong positive reaction for MIC2 gene products. However, the scanty foci of lacy osteoid material between the tumor cells seemed to be diagnostic of osteosarcoma. The histologic and immunohistochemical findings of this case suggest close relationship between small cell osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma.
Choriocarcinoma of the Colon.
Youn Mee Kim, Mee Youn Cho, Soon Won Hong, Soon Hee Jung
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(8):794-797.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Choriocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract is rare. Among them, that of the stomach is the most common. Six cases of choriocarcinoma of the colon were found in the review of the literature. All of these previously reported cases had multiple metastatic foci in the liver, lung, lymph nodes and the prognosis seemed to be very poor. Therefore we think that choriocarcinoma of the colon should be distinguished from conventional adenocarcinoma. A 66-year old female patient, described in this case, was operated on under the impression she was suffering from acute appendicitis. The resected ascending colon revealed extensive hemorrhagic necrosis and perforation with fibrous adhesion in the cecum. On the cut section, the mural tumorous thickening was not definite. Histologically, the tumor showed a focus of typical adenocarcinoma arising from glandular epithelial cells, which were transformed into highly anaplastic tumor cells. There were frequent vascular invasions of tumor cells, similar to syncytiotrophoblasts. In the immunohistochemical stains, both glandular and highly anaplastic tumor cells reacted with cytokeratin. The glandular cells were also reactive for carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and anaplastic tumor cells for human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). This is the first report of choriocarcinoma of the colon in Korea. We describe this case with a review of the literature.
Flow Cytometric DNA Analysis of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors .
Mee Yon Cho, Soon Won Hong, Soon Hee Jung, Hogeun Kim, Chanil Park
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(7):608-616.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the correlation between the histologic grade and DNA ploidy or proliferation index/S phase fraction (SPF) of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, we performed the DNA analysis using the flow cytometry. Paraffin embedded tissue samples of 57 gastrointestinal stromal tumors were used. The sites of the tumors were: stomach (28), small intestine (23), and large intestine(6). DNA index, proliferative index, and SPF by the flow cytomery were compared with histologic grade. The histologic grade of the gastric tumors were benign (12), borderline (10), and malignant (6). Those of the small intestinal timors were benign (2), borderline (13), and malignant(8). The large intestine were borderline (2), and malignant (4). In stomach, aneuploidy was found in 25.0% of benign, 40.0% of borderline, and 100% of malignant. And there was statistically significant correlation between the histologic grade and ploidy (p < 0.05). By contrast, small and large intestinal tumors showed more frequent aneuploidy in benign than in malignant. The proliferative index was correlated with the histologic grade in gastric tumors (p<0.05), but the SPF was not. In conclusion, the ploidy and proliferative index of gastric tumors are closely correlated to the histologic grade. However, aneuploidy in tumors of the small and large intestine were difficult to predict the malignancy.
Histopathologic Re-evaluation of Thymoma with Immunonhistochemical Study for bcl-2 and MIC-2 Protein.
Kyung Moo Yang, Mee Yon Cho, Soon Won Hong, Tae Seung Kim, Chan Il Park, Woo Ick Yang
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(5):446-461.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We reviewed 86 thymic epithelial tumors and reclassified them according to the Kirchner and Muller- Hermelink classification. They were subtyped as medullary, mixed, predominantly cortical (organoid), cortical, well differentiated thymic carcinoma, and poorly differentiated thymic carcinoma. The frequency of each subtype was determined and histologic findings were related to stage and myasthenia gravis. Immunohistochemical stains for bcl-2 protein as a marker for medullary thymocytes and MIC-2 protein as a marker for cortical thymocytes were performed in each case. The stages and association of myasthenia gravis was significantly different in each subtypes. The results of this study demonstrate that this histogenetic classification is clinically applicable. The bcl-2 protein was specifically demonstrated in lymphocytes within areas of medullary differentiation and MIC-2 protein in cortical differentiation. The expression of bcl-2 and MIC-2 proteins lend histogenetic support for this new classification of thymoma. Bcl-2 protein is strongly expressed in tumor epithelial cells of every case of poorly differentiated thymic carcinoma whereas the other types of thymic epithelial tumors do not show epithelial expression of this protein. The strong expression of bcl-2 protein in tumor epithelium may be considered as a predictor of aggressive behavior in thymic epithelial tumors.
Nature of Stromal Cells in Cerebellar Capillary Hemangioblastoma: Immunohistochemical analysis.
Soon Won Hong, Tai Seung Kim, Ji Young Han
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(5):584-589.
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AbstractAbstract
The origin of the stromal cell of cerebellar hemangioblastoma has long been studied electron microscopically and immunohistochemically. The results and theories about the stromal cell origin are variable and plentiful. However, the exact origin of the stromal cell remains controversial. The present study is aimed to elucidate the nature of the stromal cell of cerebellar hemangioblastoma. Ten cases of hemangioblastoma in Severance Hospital were used for immunohistochemical analysis of the stromal cell. The immunohistochemical staining of GFAP, S-100 protein, NSE, alpha-l-antichymottypsin, cytokeratin, CD 68, factor VIII related antigen, and synaptophysin were performed. The results were as follows; GFAP and S-100 protein were stained mainly but weakly in bellar capillary spindle cell and cellular process. NSE was stained mainly in foam cells, and 6 cases among them revealed strong reaction. ct-l-antichymotrypsin was stained in a few foam cells of 5 cases. Cytokeratin, CD 68, factor VIII related antigen, and synaptophysin showed negative reaction. Based on these results, it is considered that the origin of the stromal cell is histiocytic or neurogenic rather than glial. The weak positivity of GFAP and S-100 protein may support the neurogeriic origin but ct-l-antichymotrypsin positivity does not support the possibility. The positivity of GAP and S-100 protein supports the phagocytic action of histiocytic cell and suggests histiocytic origin rather than neurogenic.
Histological and Immunohistochemical Findings of the Endometrium in Ectopic and Intrauterine Pregnancy.
Yee Jeong Kim, Soon Won Hong, Kyu Rae Kim, Chanil Park
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):33-39.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We reviewed histological and immunohistochemical findings of the endometrium in 28 cases of ectopic pregnancy and 11 cases of intrauterine pregnancy without chorionic villi or syncytiotrophoblast. 1) Twenty cases(71.41/o) of ectopic pregnancy revealed gestational patterns and 8 cases(28.6%) showed non-gestational patterns, which were menstrual phase in 3 cases, proliferative phase in I case, early secretary phase in 3 cases and mid secretary phase in 3 cases, respectively. Implantation sites were present in 36.40/o of intrauterine pregnancy. 2) Endometrial spiral arterioles tend to be more prominent with frequent intimal proliferation and thickening of the wall in intrauterine pregnancy than in ectopic pregnancy although it was not statistically significant(p=0.271). 3) Deposition of fibrinoid material in the endometrium was present in 72.7% of intrauterine pregnancy and 25% of ectopic pregnancy. Thrombosis was present in 72.7% of intrauterine pregnancy and 5% of ectopic pregnancy. Hyalinized vessels were also present in 90.9% of intrauterine pregnancy and 200/o of ectopic pregnancy. These were statistically significant(p=0.0002, 0.0209 and 0.0004), but not diagnostic. 4) On immunohistochemical study for intrauterine pregnancy, the rates of positive reaction to human placental lactogen, cytokeratin and human chorionic gonadotropin were 45.5%, 45.5% and 9%, respectively. We concluded that HFIL and cytokeratin are reliable and sensitive markers for implantation site.
Eosinophilic Liver Abscess in Patients with Gastric Carcinoma.
Soon Won Hong, Ho Guen Kim, Chan Il Park, Sang In Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(1):27-33.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Sixteen cases of heavy eosinophil infiltration or eosinophilic abscess of the liver in patients with gastric carcinoma were analyzed to draw attention to this interesting combination and to persue the pathogenetic mechanism. Peripheral blood eosinophilia and hepatic granuloma were found in only 5 and 4 cases, respectively. Neither the patients' stool nor the hepatic tissues disclosed any parasitic worms or eggs, although the skin tests for Clonorchis sinensis and Paragonimus westermani were positive in 2 cases. Among stomach carcinomas, early gastric cancer tended to have more eosinophils than advanced carcinoma, but was less frequently associated with the infiltration of mast cells. In the regional lymph nodes, there was no infiltration of eosinophils even in the presence of tumor metastasis. In the liver, none of the 16 cases had metastatic gastric carcinoma and mast cells were found in only 2 cases. The results suggest that heavy hepatic infiltration of eosinophils in gastric carcinoma patients is not of the parasitic or allergic cause, but of certain eosinophil chemotactic factor which may gain access to accumulate in the liver following released from the gastric carcinoma and transfered through the portal vein.
Mullerian Adenosarcoma of the Ovary with Sex Cord-Stromal Differentiation: A case report.
Sun Hee Sung, Soon Won Hong, Kyu Rae Kim, Woo Ick Yang
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(2):164-170.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Mullerian adenosarcoma is a tumor composed of a mixture of glandular and stromal elements in which the glandular component appear to be neoplastic but, histologically, benign with the stromal component showing varying degrees of malingancy. We report a case of ovarian m llerian adenosarcoma with sex cord stroma differentiation in the stromal components. A 57 year-old female who presented with palpable mass in the right lower abdomen had undergone through salingo-oophorectomy. Grossly, the ovary was multicystic, and partly showed a solid appearance with multiple polypoid projections into the dilated cystic spaces. On microscopic examination, the tumor consisted of benign to borderline epithelial glands that were lined by variety of mullerian epithelia and sarcomatous component with sex cord-stromal elements, which include sertoliform tubules, Leydig cell like clusters, and granulosa cells.
Fine needle aspiration cytology of tumors metastatic to the liver: a study on 110 cases-.
Young Nyun Park, Soon Won Hong, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 1991;2(2):79-89.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
A Cytopathologic Study of Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Lung Cancer.
Soon Won Hong, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1990;24(4):465-475.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Available conventional pathologic diagnostic tools for lung cancer include sputum cytology, lung biopsy using bronchoscopy, and washing and brushing cytology. In addition, fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology is now available and has become popular. In this study, an attempt was made to compare the relative sensitivity between conventional cytopathologic methods and FNA cytology, to study the clinical characteristics of lung cancer in which the diagnosis was established by FNA cytology, and to study the cellular findings and diagnostic criteria of lung cencers. Cases included in this study were selected from 105 patients who had been diagnosed an lung cancer at Yonsei University Medical Center during the 5-year period from January 1984 to December 1988. These 105 cases were reviewed with respect to medical records and pathologic slides and then the following conclusions were made. The mean age of cases was 58.5 years, and the sex ratio of males to females was 3.5:1. Tumors were mostly solitary in number and were mainly located at the periphery of the lung. The sensitivity of FNA cytology, sputum, and bronchial washing was as follows: FNA cytology was 0.93, sputum, 0.2, and bronchial washing, 0.14. The coincidence rate of cytopathologic diagnosis with histologic diagnosis was as follows: epidermoid carcinoma was 92%, adenocarcinoma 83%, undifferentiated large cell carcinoma 66%, and undifferentiated small cell carcinoma 100%. The false negativity of FNA cytology was 7%, which was mainly due to material insufficiency. For the differential diagnosis of histologic type, some brief criteria could be summarized. Differential diagnostic points of each histologic type were as follows: epidermoid carcinoma showed a large cellular group with keratinized cytoplasms and hyperchromatic and pyknotic nuclei, adenocarcinoma showed a glandular or ball-like arrangement by monotonous round cells, undifferentiated large cell carcinoma was mainly composed of irregular large cells and showed emperipolesis, and undifferentiated small cell carcinoma showed an Indian file appearance with molding by small, round hyperchromatic cells. In conclusion, FNA cytology is a more efficient, definite, and sensitive method for diagnosing lung cancer than other cytopathologic studies, so that careful selection of patients and experienced technique will improve the diagnostic accuracy of FNA cytology in diagnosing lung cancer.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of the Lung: A Case Report.
Soon Won Hong, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Cytopathol. 1990;1(2):170-174.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare tumor in the lung. A case of bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology is presented. The smear showed many intermediate cells with occasional mucus-secreting cells. Malignant squamous cells were not present. The cellular arrangement of intermediate cells was overlapping and grouped in ball-like fashion. These cytologic features are unique for diagnosis of this tumor.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Pulmonary Carcinosarcoma.
Tae Jung Jang, Kwang Gil Lee, Soon Won Hong
Korean J Cytopathol. 1990;1(2):164-169.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Carcinosarcoma is an uncommon pulmonary malignancy characterized by carcinomatous parenchyma and sarcomatous stroma. The cytologic, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of a case of pulmonary carcinosarcoma suspected by fine needle aspiration cytology is presented. Only bizarre spindle cells arranged in loose groups, in microtissue fragments and in a dissociate fashion were present in the aspiration smears. They were markedly positive for vimentin. The epithelial component was not found, which was probably due to marked paucity of carcinomatous component that was proved by histologic examination of the resected tumor. The diagnosis of pulmonary carcinosarcoma should be considered whenever poorly differentiated epithelial cell groups with a malignant mesenchymal component set in a myxoid background are seen in a pulmonary cytology specimen.
Hyperinfection Syndrome with Strongyloides Stercoralis: Report of a case.
Soo Im Choi, Soon Won Hong, Kwang Gil Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(3):359-364.
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Strongyloides stercoralis is a nematodes and is prevalent in the tropical regions. In Korea, 6 cases have been reported in which the parasites were identified in feces. We report a case of hyperinfection syndrome with Strongyloides stercoralis confirmed in the tissue sections. A 52-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital because of generalized edema and weakness. She received steroid therapy for 30 years because of rheumatoid arthritis. One year ago, generalized edema and dyspnea were developed and she was diagnosed as minimal change nephrotic syndrome for which she received cyclosporin. On admission, she complained of generalized weakness and edema, multiple arthralgia and abdominal discomfort with nausea. The white-cell count was 14,600 without eosinophilia. A stool specimen was negative for occult blood, ova or parasites. Right lower quadrant abdominal pain and tenderness were developed, and the exploratory laparotomy was done under the impression of the acute appendicitis. An appendectomy with a biopsy of mesenteric lymph nodes was performed. From the 5th day after operation, the patient began to complain of the abdominal pain and constipation. Under the impression of adhesion bad formation, the laparotomy was done and disclosed that the proximal ileum was markedly dilated. On jejunotomy, a great amount of formed stool and barium was noticed in the proximal portion of small bowel. The jejunal tissue was biopsied. Grossly, the appendix was unremarkable. Microscopically, the inflammatory reaction was nearly absent, but in serosa, minute granulomas were found which contain a part of the parasite. Same feature was noted in the mesenteric lymph node. The biopsied jejunum contains numerous adult female, filariform and rhabdidiform larvae and eggs in the mucosa, submucosa and muscle wall. Their morphology was compatible with Strongyloides stercoralis. The patient died 5 days later in the state of multiple organ failure.
Simple Cyst Occurred in an Accessory Ovary.
Soon Won Hong, Kyu Rae Kim, Chan Il Park
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(4):467-470.
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The accessory ovary can be defined as an extraovarian tissue that is located near the normal ovaries and is connected to the broad ligament, infundibulopelvic ligament or utero-ovarian ligament. It has very rarely been reported. The majority was found during abdominopelvic surgeries for any other purposes, because they were usually small and less than 1 cm in diameter adn gave no particular symptoms related simply to their presence. We reported a case of accessory ovary in which developed a simple cyst of a largest diameter of 12 cm, and discussed the significance of the accessory ovary in clinical and pathological aspects.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine