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Aanchal Kakkar 1 Article
Endobronchial Smooth Muscle Tumors: A Series of Five Cases Highlighting Pitfalls in Diagnosis
Tripti Nakra, Aanchal Kakkar, Shipra Agarwal, Karan Madan, Suresh C Sharma, Deepali Jain
J Pathol Transl Med. 2018;52(4):219-225.   Published online July 11, 2018
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary endobronchial smooth muscle tumors (SMTs), which are extremely rare, include endobronchial leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas. Clinically, SMTs present with signs and symptoms of bronchial obstruction, and lack specific radiological findings. Thus, histopathological examination is required for accurate diagnosis as well as for tumor grading. We examined the histomorphological and immunohistochemical features of endobronchial SMTs and highlighted pitfalls in diagnosis, particularly when using small biopsies.
Cases of primary endobronchial SMTs diagnosed at our Institute over the last 6 years (2012–2017) were retrieved from the departmental archives. Histopathological features and immunohistochemistry performed for establishing the diagnosis were reviewed.
Five cases of SMTs occurring in endobronchial locations were identified. These included three cases of leiomyoma, and two cases of leiomyosarcoma. The age distribution of patients ranged from 13 to 65 years. Leiomyomas showed more consistent staining with smooth muscle markers (smooth muscle actin, desmin, and smooth muscle myosin heavy chain), while tumors of higher grade showed variable, focal staining, leading to erroneous diagnosis, especially on small biopsies.
The diagnosis of endobronchial SMTs relies on histopathological examination, for both confirmation of smooth muscle lineage and determination of the malignant potential of the lesion. Appropriate immunohistochemical panels including more than one marker of smooth muscle differentiation are extremely valuable for differential diagnosis from morphological mimics, which is necessary for instituting appropriate management.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
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    Journal of Thoracic Imaging.2021; 36(5): 263.     CrossRef
  • A Well-Defined Endobronchial Tumor in a 26-Year-Old Man
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    Chest.2021; 159(5): e313.     CrossRef
  • Primary Pulmonary Leiomyoma
    Mohammad Abu-Hishmeh, Gowthami Kobbari, Fouzia Shakil, Oleg Epelbaum
    Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology.2020; 27(4): e54.     CrossRef

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine