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Paula S. Ginter 1 Article
A Review of Inflammatory Processes of the Breast with a Focus on Diagnosis in Core Biopsy Samples
Timothy M. D’Alfonso, Paula S. Ginter, Sandra J. Shin
J Pathol Transl Med. 2015;49(4):279-287.   Published online June 22, 2015
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  • 28 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Inflammatory and reactive lesions of the breast are relatively uncommon among benign breast lesions and can be the source of an abnormality on imaging. Such lesions can simulate a malignant process, based on both clinical and radiographic findings, and core biopsy is often performed to rule out malignancy. Furthermore, some inflammatory processes can mimic carcinoma or other malignancy microscopically, and vice versa. Diagnostic difficulty may arise due to the small and fragmented sample of a core biopsy. This review will focus on the pertinent clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic features of the more commonly encountered inflammatory lesions of the breast that can be characterized in a core biopsy sample. These include fat necrosis, mammary duct ectasia, granulomatous lobular mastitis, diabetic mastopathy, and abscess. The microscopic differential diagnoses for these lesions when seen in a core biopsy sample will be discussed.


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JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine