Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
Soohyun Hwang 1 Article
Size of Non-lepidic Invasive Pattern Predicts Recurrence in Pulmonary Mucinous Adenocarcinoma: Morphologic Analysis of 188 Resected Cases with Reappraisal of Invasion Criteria
Soohyun Hwang, Joungho Han, Misun Choi, Myung-Ju Ahn, Yong Soo Choi
J Pathol Transl Med. 2017;51(1):56-68.   Published online October 16, 2016
  • 8,301 View
  • 205 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
We reviewed a series of 188 resected pulmonary mucinous adenocarcinomas (MAs) to clarify the prognostic significance of lepidic and non-lepidic patterns.
Non-lepidic patterns were divided into bland, non-distorted acini with uncertain invasiveness (pattern 1), unequivocal invasion into stroma (pattern 2), or invasion into alveolar spaces (pattern 3).
The mean proportion of invasive patterns (patterns 2 and 3) was lowest in small (≤ 3 cm) tumors, and gradually increased in intermediate (> 3 cm and ≤ 7 cm) and large (> 7 cm) tumors (8.4%, 34.3%, and 50.1%, respectively). Adjusted T (aT) stage, as determined by the size of invasive patterns, was positively correlated with adverse histologic and clinical features including older age, male sex, and ever smokers. aTis tumors, which were exclusively composed of lepidic pattern (n = 9), or a mixture of lepidic and pattern 1 (n = 40) without any invasive patterns, showed 100% disease- free survival (DFS). The aT1mi tumors, with minimal (≤ 5 mm) invasive patterns (n = 63), showed a 95.2% 5-year DFS, with recurrences (n = 2) limited to tumors greater than 3 cm in total size (n = 23). Both T and aT stage were significantly associated with DFS; however, survival within the separate T-stage subgroups was stratified according to the aT stage, most notably in the intermediatestage subgroups. In multivariate analysis, the size of invasive patterns (p = .020), pleural invasion (p < .001), and vascular invasion (p = .048) were independent predictors of recurrence, whereas total size failed to achieve statistical significance (p = .121).
This study provides a rationale for histologic risk stratification in pulmonary MA based on the extent of invasive growth patterns with refined criteria for invasion.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Radiological and clinical features of screening-detected pulmonary invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma
    Dae Hyeon Kim, So Young Bae, Kwon Joong Na, Samina Park, In Kyu Park, Chang Hyun Kang, Young Tae Kim
    Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery.2022; 34(2): 229.     CrossRef
  • Optimal method for measuring invasive size that predicts survival in invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma of the lung
    Tomonari Oki, Keiju Aokage, Shogo Nomura, Kenta Tane, Tomohiro Miyoshi, Norihiko Shiiya, Kazuhito Funai, Masahiro Tsuboi, Genichiro Ishii
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.2020; 146(5): 1291.     CrossRef
  • Prognostic Impact of Histopathologic Features in Pulmonary Invasive Mucinous Adenocarcinomas
    Wei-Chin Chang, Yu Zhi Zhang, Eric Lim, Andrew G Nicholson
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology.2020; 154(1): 88.     CrossRef

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine