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Volume 21(1); March 1987
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Original Articles
Histopathologic Study of the Regional Lymph Nodes Reactivity in Gastric Carcinomas.
Hae Joo Nam, Won Hee Choi, Tae Sook Lee, Suk Jae Hong
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):1-11.
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This study represents the immune reaction pattern of gastric carcinoma, based on the morphologic characteristics of regional lymph nodes in the cases of stomach carcinomas. The materials were obtained from the resected specimens from 100 carcinoma patients. We chose Tsakraklides' method in classification of the structure of lymph node, which are as follows: lymphocyte predominance, germinal center predominance, unstimulated and lymphocyte depletion. The incidence was as follows: lymphocyte predominance 45, germinal center predominance 32, unstimulated 21 and lymphocyte depletion 2. In the lymph nodes of peptic ulcer, lymphocyte predominance pattern was most common. The reactivity of lymph nodes is suppressed proportionally to the severity of cancers, thus the advanced case of cancer exhibited lymphocyte depletion pattern which suggests exhaustion of immune reaction. The lymphocyte predominance pattern was frequent in superficial type and expanding type of gastric carcinoma. The cancer metastasis of lymph node in lymphocyte predominance was smaller than the other type of lymph nodes, while metastasis increased progressively higher with the orders as following: lymphocyte predominance, germinal center predominance, unstimulated and lymphocyte depletion.
An Evaluation of Results of Cytological Diagnosis for the Uterine Cervical Lesions.
Chan Choi, Sung Hee Cho, Sang Woo Juhng, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):12-19.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
It awakens interest that the frequency of carcinoma of the uterine cervix is the highest among the carcinomas among the Korean women, althouth it is not so high among Westerns. It is admitted that the exfolicative cytologic technique is useful not only as a screening test for early detection of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions but also as a tool for follow-up, because it is accurate, economical, and easy to perform. But it remains to be solved that the false negativity of the cytologic diagnosis is relatively high. Five hundred and sevently two cases of cytology specimens, confirmed by either colposcopic biopsy or cone biopsy, were studied among 15,844 cases which were submitted to the Department of Pathology, Chonnam University Hospital between October of 1982 and August of 1986. The results obtained were as follows. 1) The accuracy of the cytologic diagnosis was 69.9%, the false nagativity, 19.4% and the false positivity, 6.6%. 2) Among the causes of discrepancies between cytologic diagnosis and histologic diagnosis, error in cytology reading was the most frequent (57%), error in cell collection was the second frequent (43.7%), and error in biopsy location was the least frequent (5.3%). 3) Among the 38 cases of false positive diagnosis, the percentage of error in cytology reading was 82.3%, and that of error in biopsy location was 20.7%. Among the 105 cases of false negative diagnosis, the percentage of error in cytology reading was 50.5%, and the percentage of error in cell collection was 56.6%.
Case Reports
Granular Cell Tumor of the Esophagus: Three cases of report.
Kye Bem Lee, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):20-25.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Three cases of granular cell tumor in esophagus removed endoscopically are present. Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies confirmed that this tumor is originated from schwann cell.
Pseudosarcoma of the Esophagus: A case report with mapping, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies.
Soon Hee Jung, Young Bae Kim, Tai Seung Kim, Sang Ok Kwon, Soo Yong Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):26-33.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
So called pseudosarcoma of the esophagus is an extremely rare polypoid malignant tumor and a number of cases, totaling 19 cases have been reported in world literatures until 1985. The presenting case is an unique one of pseudosarcoma of the esophagus and we illustrated all microscopic features with mapping, immunoperoxidase stain for cytokeratin and electron microscopic findings to clarify the histogenesis of spindle cells. It is postulated that the spindle cells of pseudosarcoma are transformed from squamous carcinoma cells based on (1) morphological similarity between squamous epithelial cells and spindle cells, (2) positive reaction of immunoperoxidase staining for cytokeratin in the adjacent normal esophageal mucosa, squamous cell carcinoma, spindle cells and giant cells and (3) presence of transformation zone.
Undifferentiated Sarcoma of the Liver in an Adult: A case report.
Young Chae Chu, Yong Hwa Moon, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):34-39.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Undifferentiated sarcoma of the liver is a highly malignant neoplasm that occurs almost exclusively in children. We present a case of adult undifferentiated sarcoma in a 33-year-old man. The neoplasm was typically hypovascular on hepatic angiography and a globular, cystic and mucoid mass separated from the adjacent liver by a psedocapsule was removed from the left lobe of the liver. Necrosis and hemorrhage were found. Microscopically the neoplasm consisted of myxoid and cellular areas and the basic neoplastic cells were stellate cells showing variable degree of anaplasia and pleomorphism. Eosinophilic globules were PAS-positive and immunohistochemically negative for alpha-fetoprotein. Extramedullary hematopoiesis was present and normal-appearing bile ducts and hepatic cell cords were noted.
Renal Cell Carcinoma Associated with Rhabdomyosarcomatous Component: Report of a case.
Mee Soo Chang, Mi Kyung Jee, Kyo Young Lee, Sang In Shim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):40-44.
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Renal cell carcinoma, intimately associated with a sarcomatous component, is a rare malignant renal tumor. There is disagreement whether these represent true sarcomas or are sarcomatoid metaplasia. Therefore, this sarcomatous component is at times still a troublesome problem for pathologists. In March, 1986, we experienced a case of renal cell carcinoma associated with rhabdomyosarcomatous component in 47 year-old woman who had a rapidly enlarged, palpable abdominal mass. Grossly, a spherical renal cell carcinoma, 17x14x10 cm, in upper and middle portions of the right kidney showed extension through the renal capsule into the perirenal fat. Area of myxoid change was evident in the reanl cell carcinoma, with extensive hemorrhagic necrosis. Microscopically, in the myxoid area, there was malignant spindle cell proliferation in which many rhabdomyoblasts showing distinct cross striation could be demonstrated. This rhabdomyosarcomatous component intermixed with renal cell carcinoma of clear cell type could be also identified in the focal area.
Female Adnexal Tumor Probable Wolffian Origin: Report of a case.
Soo Kyong Chung, Seok Jin Gang, Byoung Kee Kim, Sun Moo Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):45-48.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The clinical and pathological features of a distinctive female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) are presented. As fat as our knowledge is concerned, no report on the FATWO has been published in Korea. In April, 1986, we experienced a case of FATWO that arose within the leaf of the right broad ligament in a 68 years old female. Clinical data and histopathological findings of the case were discussed and a brief review of the literature on this entity was made.
Original Articles
Leiomyosarcoma of the Breast.
In Sook Lim, Dong Soo Suk
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):49-53.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Leiomyosarcoma of the breast is extremely rare. The natural history of leiomyosarcoma of the breast remains largely unknown because of the low incidence and lack of long-term follow up. But leiomyosarcoma of the breast appears to be less aggressive biologically than other sarcomas of the breast such as rhabdomyosarcoma. In an attempt to define diagnostic criteria of smooth muscle tumors of the breast, the reported cases of leiomyoma of the breast and nipple were also reviewed and compared with leiomyosarcomas by Chen et al(1981). Based on the result of this review, tumors with three or more mitoses per 10 HPF are leiomyosarcoma and those with no mitosis, necrosis, and significant atypia are leiomyomas. We have experienced a case of leiomyosarcoma of the breast. The patient was a 39 year-old female and was admitted due to a rapid growing right breast mass. The breast mass was noted 4 years ago and then this year the mass growed rapidly. Simple mastectomy was performed. Grossly the mass measured 11.0x8.0x8.0 cm in dimensions and was well circumscribed, pinkish, multinodular, and it was protruded from the cut surface. Microscopically the mass is composed of interlacing bundles of spindle shaped cells and multifocal large areas of hyalinized collagenous tissue. The individual spindle cells are slightly pleomorphic and occasionally show mitotic figures, 6~7 per 10 HPF in the most cellular area.
Ragocytes in Synovial Fluid.
Sang Yoon Kim, Je Geun Chi
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):54-56.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Exfoliative cytology of synovial fluid is less stressed in medical practice, but it can be a very useful tool for the differential diagnosis of various joint diseases. This report describes a case of juvenile rheumatoid arthritls in a 7 year old girl, who showed characteristic ragocytes in joint fluid. Synovial biopsy specimen confirmed the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis.
Case Reports
Lipoblastomatosis: A case with evidence of maturation.
Je G Chi, Hyung Geun Song, Ill Hyang Ko, Hye Che Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):57-61.
  • 1,148 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A case of lipoblastomatosis occuring in a 1 year and 10 month old boy is described. The tumor was first presented in the left foot at his age of 4 month, and was surgically removed. The tumor was grossly infiltrating skeletal muscle tissue, and was microscopically composed of lobulated fat tissue with prominent myxoid stroma and many immature mesenchymal cells and scattered multivacuolated lipoblasts. The tumor recurred 11/2 years later and was again removed. The tumor was equally lobulated and located inbetween skeletal muscle. However, this time lobulated tumor consisted almost entirely of mature fat tissue with scattered lipoblasts.
A Case of Ocular Neurofibromatosis.
Je G Chi, In Ae Park
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):62-65.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Neurofibromatosis is one of the neurocristopathies that involve many system or tissues forming various types of lesion. Almost every tissue or organ can be involved by this disease. However, the eyeball itself is very rarely affected by this process. The findings seen in our case indicate the diversity of lesions in neurofibromatosis, and also suggest hamartomatous nature. Heterotopic ganglion cells and glial cells in uveal tract are not easily understood. We reported here a case of intra-occular neurofibromatosis with its characteristic involvement of the uveal tract, in a 21 year old female. Her ocular symptoms began at her age of 11 as poor vision and were slowly progressive together with multiple facial neurofibromas. The involved left eyeball showed many ganglioneuroglial cell nests in iris, ciliary body and retina. Minute plexiform neurofibromas were also seen in small nerve twigs around the eyeball.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine