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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1996;30(6): 544-547.
Cardiac Fibroma: A surgically excised case.
Ho Jung Lee, Gyung Ub Gong, Jay Won Lee, Jae Gon Go, In Chul Lee
1Department of Pathology Ulsan, University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Cardiac Surgery, Ulsan University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Pediatrics, Ulsan University Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
Primary cardiac tumors in infancy and childhood are rare, with fibromas being the second most common tumor after rhabdomyomas. Although cardiac fibromas are characteristically benign intramural tumors, they may exhibit exhibit expansile growth resulting in obstruction, valvular dysfunction, as well as other problems so early diagnosis and successful surgical excision are important. We report a case of cardiac fibroma in a 2 month-old male infant. He presented with generalized cyanosis from birth. Echocardiography showed oval round large mass filing the right atrium and ventricle which infiltrated into the lateral wall of the ventricle. Partial excision of the tumor was done after another echocardiogram showed a pericardial effusion and restriction of blood flow to the right ventricle due to the tumor. The resected tumor was ovoid, gray-tan, slightly firm and measuring 5x3x2.5 cm. Histologically, the tumor was composed of spindle-shaped fibroblasts and hyalinized fibrous tissue interdigitating with the surrounding myocardium.
Key Words: Cardiac fibroma
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