| Home | E-Submission | Sitemap | Contact Us |  

The Korean Journal of Pathology 1997;31(8): 765-772.
An Anion Site Change of the Glomerular Basement Membrane on Various Glomerular Diseases.
Yu Na Kang, Kwan Kyu Park, Seung Pil Kim, Sung Bae Park, Hyun Chul Kim, Eun Sook Chang, In Soo Suh
1Department of Pathology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taeku 700-310, Korea.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taeku 700-310, Korea.
3Department of Pathology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Taeku 700-422, Korea.
We studied the ultrastructural alteration of glomerular anionic sites in 6 patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome, 5 patients with membranous glomerulonephritis, 4 patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and 4 patients with IgA nephropathy by staining with polyethyleneimine (PEI) as a cationic probe. The control study was examined by using a nephrectomy specimen of non-glomerular disease which had no proteinuria. This method seems to selectively stain heparan sulphate in the basement membranes and has been widely used to evaluate changes in basement membrane charge in various human diseases as well as in experimental studies. The anionic sites in the lamina rara interna and lamina densa of normal glomerular basement membrane were always less numerous and less regularly distributed than those in the lamina rara externa. Characteristic common findings in these glomeruli showed a marked decrease of glomerular anionic sites in the regions with immune-complex deposits and normal distribution in the regions with focally those being absorbed and newly forming glomerular basement membrane. They were not detected in the gap of the basement membrane and on the area of the detached overlying epithelium using the PEI method. But the foot process fusion of epithelial cells seems not to influence the loss of anionic sites on the glomerular basement membrane.
Key Words: Anionic site; Polyethyleneimine (PEI); Glomerular disease; Ultrastructure; Basement membrane