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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1999;33(2): 80-87.
Expression of E-cadherin and p53 Proteins in Gastric Adenocarcinoma.
Sook Hee Hong, Mee Sook Roh
Department of Pathology, Dong-A University Medical School, Pusan 604-714, Korea.
The gastric carcinoma shows various molecular and genetic alterations in its development and progression. There are evidences that the changes of the expression of cell adhesion molecules affect the morphogenesis of the tumor as well as the tumor progression and metastasis. The purpose of this study is the evaluation of the expression pattern of a cell adhesion molecule, E-cadherin, and a tumor suppression gene, p53, by immunohistochemical stain and the relationship of their expressions with clinicopathologic findings in gastric adenocarcinoma tissue. The E-cadherin expression was absent or reduced in 93 cases (73.2%) and p53 was positive in 98 cases (77.2%) of 127 gastric adenocarcinomas. The frequency of reduced E-cadherin expression was significantly higher in poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas (p=0.04) and in diffuse type (p=0.01), but that of p53 positivity was not significantly correlated with tumor differentiation. Both proteins showed no correlation with depth of invasion, lymph node and distant metastasis, and tumor stage. There was no correlation between E-cadherin and p53 expression. This study indicates that the altered expressions of E-cadherin and p53 are associated with the development of intestinal and diffuse types of gastric adenocarcinoma and the differentiation of the gastric adenocarcinoma is affected by cell adhesion mediated by E-cadherin, but the modes of tumor progression and metastasis are not affected by E-cadherin and p53.
Key Words: Gastric cancer; E-cadherin; p53; Immunohistochemistry; Cancer invasion