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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2001;35(4): 330-337.
Loss of Heterozygosity on Chromosome 9p21, 17p13 and 3p in Human Astrocytic Tumor.
Youn Soo Lee, Chang Suk Kang, Seung Myung Dong, Jung Yong Lee, Sang In Shim, Byung Kee Kim
Departments of Clinical Pathology and Pathology, The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul 137-040, Korea. lys9908@cmc.cuk.ac.kr
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic abnormalities of chromosomes 9p21, 17p13.1, 3p25 and 3p14.2 in the development and progression of astrocytic tumors. METHODS: We performed loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis in 41 astrocytic tumors, including 20 astrocytomas, 11 anaplastic astrocytomas and 10 glioblastomas, and correlated the results of LOH at different histopathologic grades. LOH was determined by multiplex polymerase chain reaction analysis of the DNA, which was extracted by microdissection. RESULTS: LOH of 9p21 was found in 55.6% of astrocytomas, 54.6% of anaplastic astrocytomas and 100.0% of glioblastomas. LOH of 17p13.1 was found in 21.4% of astrocytomas, 28.6% of anaplastic astrocytomas, and 66.7% of glioblastomas. LOH of 3p25 was found in 37.5% of astrocytomas, 16.7% of anaplastic astrocytomas, and 14.3% of glioblastomas. LOH of 3p14.2 was found in 16.7% of astrocytomas, 40.0% of anaplastic astrocytomas, and 42.9% of glioblastomas. LOH on chromosome 9p21 and 17p13.1 was closely related with the histopathologic grades. CONCLUSIONS: These results may suggest that LOH of 9p21, 17p13.1, 3p25 and 3p14.2 involves an early event of astrocytoma development and accumulates during progression. LOH of 3p25 may be involved in the tumorigenesis of astrocytoma. Identification of these LOH may illuminate the stepwise pathogenesis of astrocytic tumors and predict the possibility of malignant transformation.
Key Words: Astrocytoma; Loss of heterozygosity; 9p21; 17p13; 3p