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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2002;36(4): 232-237.
Expression of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) of Major Intrahepatic Bile Duct Epithelium in Resected Liver Tissue with Hepatolithiasis and Hepatolithiasis Associated with Cholangiocarcinoma.
Shi Nae Lee, Sun Hee Sung, Woon Sup Han
Department of Pathology, Ewha Womans University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. woonshan@shinbiro.com
BACKGROUND: Histologic progressive changes of bile duct epithelium with hyperplasia, dysplasia and cholangiocarcinoma could be caused by hepatolithiasis. To be clarified as a neoplastic process, this histologic process should be evaluated with various aspects of cell biology. METHODS: Immunohistochemical study of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was performed on 45 cases (10; normal, 15; hyperplasia, 14; low-grade dysplasia:LGD, 6; high-grade dysplasia: HGD) of hepatolithiasis and 10 cases (all HGD) of hepatolithiasis with cholangiocarcinoma. RESULTS: In the hepatolithiasis, mean PCNA labelling indices (LI) of normal, hyperplasia, LGD and HGD of major intrahepatic bile duct epithelium were 24.5+/-4.3, 51.5+/-0.1, 62.0+/-.4 and 84.7+/-.3, respectively and gradually increased. Mean LI of PCNA in HGD of major intrahepatic bile duct epithelium of hepatolithiasis with cholangiocarcinoma was 68.7+/-.7, which was similar to that of LGD in hepatolithiasis without cholangiocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Histologic transformation through hyperplasia, dysplasia and carcinoma in major intrahepatic bile duct epithelium of hepatolithiasis may be a neoplastic process if these histologic changes are evaluated in the cellular proliferation aspect.
Key Words: Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen-Bile Duct Diseases-Cholangiocarcinoma