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The Korean Journal of Cytopathology 1998;9(1): 99-104.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma: A case mimicking malignant fibrous histiocytoma.
Jung Won Lee, Young Lyun Oh, Young Hyeh Ko
Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Samsung Seoul Hospital, College of Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University.
ABSTRACT
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma(ALCL) is an uncommon type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL) populated with anaplastic, often bizarre cells that express CD30 (Ki-1) antigen. The unusual histologic and cytologic features may cause confusion with other neoplasms, such as poorly differentiated carcinoma, melanoma, Hodgkin's disease, or true histiocytic lymphoma. Although the cytologic features of ALCL have been well described, there are few reports about cytologic findings of the sarcomatoid variant of ALCL. We experienced a case of fine needle aspiration(FNA) cytologic findings of ALCL which mimicks malignant fibrous histiocytoma. FNA cytology of chest wall mass in a 62-year-old female with a history of peripheral T-cell lymphoma(Lennert lymphoma) revealed a heterogeneous population of single cells and poorly cohesive cells with large, pleomorphic nuclei and spindle cells gathering around vascular structures within an inflammatory background. Additional features of the neoplastic cells were eccentric, multilobated nuclei with occasional "wreath-like" configuration; abundant cytoplasm with vacuolization; and prominent nucleoli. The cytologic features suggested sarcoma, especially malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The diagnosis was made retrospectively with an aid of immunocytochemical staining.
Key Words: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma mimicking sarcoma; Fine needle aspiration cytology