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HOME > J Pathol Transl Med > Volume 44(3); 2010 > Article
Original Article Validation of Gene Expression Changes of Osteopontin and MMP-1 in Primary and Metastatic Colorectal Carcinomas.
Junjeong Choi, Sangkyum Kim, Jeon Han Park, Nam Kyu Kim, Hoguen Kim
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine 2010;44(3):225-233
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2010.44.3.225
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1Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. hkyonsei@yuhs.ac
2Department of Microbiology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND
Metastasis is one of the most important characteristics of cancer in terms of its impact on patient survival. Unfortunately, identification of altered genes during tumor metastasis is limited.
METHODS
Using high-throughput microarrays containing 19K spotted human oligonucleotides, gene expression of primary and matched metastatic colon cancer were compared in previous study. Although DNA microarray analysis did not demonstrate complete classification of primary and metastatic carcinoma, 80 differentially expressed genes were identified. Among these, expression of osteopontin, matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) and serpin A1 was assessed using immunohistochemistry in a validation set containing 43 pairs from tissue microarrays.
RESULTS
The expression of osteopontin was significantly higher in metastatic carcinoma than in primary carcinoma, as indicated by mRNA expression. The expression of MMP-1 was significantly lower in metastatic carcinoma. Expression of serpin A1 was not correlated with the microarray results.
CONCLUSIONS
Osteopontin and MMP-1 expression successfully classified primary and metastatic colorectal carcinomas and further studies on their clinical application is encouraged.


JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine