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The Korean Journal of Pathology 2011;45(1): 21-29.
doi: https://doi.org/10.4132/KoreanJPathol.2011.45.1.21
A Consideration of MGMT Gene Promotor Methylation Analysis for Glioblastoma Using Methylation-Specific Polymerase Chain Reaction and Pyrosequencing.
Sang Hwa Lee, Tae Sook Hwang, Young Cho Koh, Wook Youn Kim, Hye Seung Han, Wan Seop Kim, Young Sin Ko, So Dug Lim
1Department of Pathology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. sdlim@kuh.ac.kr
2Department of Neurosurgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
BACKGROUND: O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene promoter methylation is currently the most promising predictive marker for the outcome and benefit from temozolomide treatment in patients with glioblastoma, but there is no consensus on the analysis method for assessing the methylation status in the molecular diagnostic field. The objective of this study was to evaluate methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) and pyrosequencing methods for assessing MGMT gene promotor methylation of glioblastoma as well as assessing the MGMT protein expression by immunohistochemistry. METHODS: Twenty-seven cases of glioblastoma from the archives at the Department of Pathology Konkuk University Hospital were selected. MGMT promoter methylation was evaluated by MSP and the pyrosequencing methods. The MGMT expression was also measured at the protein level by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Overall, MGMT hypermethylation was observed in 44.4% (12/27 cases) of the case of glioblastoma using either MSP or pyrosequencing. The concordant rate was 70.3% (19/27 cases) between MSP and pyrosequencing for MGMT methylation. There was no correlation between MGMT methylation and the protein expression. No significant differences in progression free survival and overall survival were seen between the methylated group and the unmethylated group by using either MSP or pyrosequencing. The status of the MGMT protein expression was correlated with progression free survival (p=0.026). CONCLUSIONS: In this study the concordance rate between MSP and the pyrosequencing methods for assessing MGMT gene promotor methylation was relatively low for the cases of glioblastoma. This suggests that more reliable techniques for routine MGMT methylation study of glioblastoma remain to be developed because of quality control and assurance issues.
Key Words: Glioblastoma; MGMT protein, human; Pyrosequencing; Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction; Temozolomide
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