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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1988;22(2): 169-179.
Malignant Mixed Mesodermal Tumors of Ovary: 3 cases report.
Dong Won Kim, Tae Jung Kwon, Dong Wha Lee
Department of Anatomical Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
ABSTRACT
Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMT) of the ovary is endometrioid tumor containing epithelial and mesenchymal components. The mesenchymal component may be homologous, in which case the term carcinosarcoma is often used, or heterologous, containing cartilage, striated muscle, osteoid, bone, or fat, or combination of these elements. MMMT usually afflicts the postmenopausal woman and occurs more often in the nulliparous female. The disease is usually advanced (stage III) when diagnosed. Cliniopathologic data were presented for 3 cases of MMMT of the ovary with review of literatures. Clinical history substantiated previous reports in postmenopausal women wit this tumor. Symptoms were the same as for ovarian malignancy in general. All the patients presented wit stage II disease, according to the International Federation fo Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) classification. Two patients died of tumor 4 and 10 months after operation, respectively. One patient had been alive at 2 months after operation. None of 3 cases demonstrate evidence of endometriosis in the remaining ovaries. Microscopically, periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, diastase-resistant hyaline droplets were found frequently in undifferentiated mesenchymal stroma and epithelial structures. The clinical significance and origin of the hyaline droplets in MMMT should be further explored.
Key Words: Malignant mixed mesodermal tumor; carcinosarcoma; hyaline droplet; periodic acid-Schiff (PAS); Alpha-1-antitrypsin