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Min Cheol Lee 25 Articles
Analysis of HPV-other Samples by Performing HPV DNA Sequencing.
Yoo Duk Choi, Chang Woo Han, Woon Jae Chung, Woon Won Jung, Ji Shin Lee, Jong Hee Nam, Min Cheol Lee, Sang Woo Juhng, Ho Sun Choi, Chang Soo Park
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(3):250-253.
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  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
HPV-other samples are designated as being positive on HPV-PCR, but negative when using specific HPV hybridization probes. We wanted to determine the types on the HPV-other samples by performing sequencing, and to know the pathologic status of the uterine cervix according to the HPV type detected on sequencing.
For HPV genotying, we used the commercially available HPV DNA Chip test, which contains 15 types of high-risk HPV and 9 types of low-risk HPV. The HPV DNA sequencing was performed for the HPV-other samples of 209 patients who subsequently underwent cervical biopsy.
For 204 of the 209 samples, the HPV types detected by sequencing were absent types at used HPV DNA chip. For the remaining 5 samples, sequencing was impossible due to mixed peaks. HPV-81 (19.6%), HPV-61 (18.6%), HPV-62 (16.7%) and HPV-84 (13.9%) were frequently detected. For the HPV-81, -62, -71, and -72 samples, most of the samples displayed normal or LSIL. However, HPV-84 and -61 were more associated with HSIL or worse, as compared to the other types.
HPV-81, -61, -62 and -84 were frequently found on sequencing analysis of the HPV-other samples. The pathologic status was diverse, according to the HPV type detected on sequencing.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Cervical Dysplasia, Infection, and Phylogeny of Human Papillomavirus in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Women at a Reproductive Health Clinic in Nairobi, Kenya
    Agnes Omire, Nancy L. M. Budambula, Leah Kirumbi, Hillary Langat, Danvas Kerosi, Washingtone Ochieng, Raphael Lwembe
    BioMed Research International.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • Molecular characterisation of genital human papillomavirus among women in Southwestern, Nigeria
    Yewande T. Nejo, David O. Olaleye, Georgina N. Odaibo, Jason Blackard
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(11): e0224748.     CrossRef
  • Sequencing analysis of HPV-other type on an HPV DNA chip
    Min-Jeong Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Sunmie Kim
    Obstetrics & Gynecology Science.2018; 61(2): 235.     CrossRef
  • Molecular epidemiology and genotype distribution of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) among Arab women in the state of Qatar
    Devendra Bansal, Asha A Elmi, Sini Skariah, Pascale Haddad, Laith J Abu-Raddad, Aysha H Al Hamadi, Nady Mohamed-Nady, Nahla M Affifi, Randa Ghedira, Elham Hassen, Asma AJ Al-Thani, Afaf AHM Al-Ansari, Ali A Sultan
    Journal of Translational Medicine.2014;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • HPV Prevalence and Detection of Rare HPV Genotypes in Hong Kong Women from Southern China with Cytological Abnormalities
    Ngai Na Chloe Co, Lai-On Chu, Joseph K. F. Chow, Joseph W. O. Tam, Enders K. O. Ng
    ISRN Virology.2013; 2013: 1.     CrossRef
  • Type-specific prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus by cervical cytology and age: Data from the health check-ups of 7,014 Korean women
    Min-Jeong Kim, Jin Ju Kim, Sunmie Kim
    Obstetrics & Gynecology Science.2013; 56(2): 110.     CrossRef
The Diagnostic Accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology and the Diagnostic Usefulness of Galectin-3 Immunostaining for the Follicular Variant of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.
Chan Choi, Min Cheol Lee, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Cytopathol. 2008;19(2):160-163.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The cytologic diagnosis of the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) has become one of the common causes of false negative diagnoses when performing fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the thyroid gland. We retrospectively reviewed all the aspirates for which a diagnosis of FVPTC had been made based on the surgically excised specimens, regardless of the cytologic diagnosis. 145 FNACs was performed in 135 patients. The cytologic diagnoses were categorized as 2 unsatisfactory specimens (1.4%), 16 benign (11.0%), 49 atypical (33.8%) and 78 malignant lesions (53.8%). The tumor cells consistently showed significant nuclear overlapping, irregular nuclei and fine chromatin in all cases; however, nuclear grooves and inclusions were scarce. Galectin-3 immunostaining was performed on the cell blocks of 65 cases and this was positive for 45 cases (69.2%). The results of our study demonstrate that the determination of minimal cytologic criteria is needed to raise the sensitivity of detecting FVPTC by FNAC, and galectin-3 immunostaining is useful to make decisions on the surgical treatment of cytologically atypical thyroid nodules.
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy in the Immunocompromised Patients - 3 Cases Report.
Min Keun Shim, Jo Heon Kim, Chang Soo Park, Hyung Seok Kim, Yoo Duk Choi, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2007;41(5):358-361.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a demyelinating disease resulting from infection of oligodendrocytes with JC virus. PML was a rare disease, but nowadays not uncommon as AIDS prevailed. Histopathologic features of the affected lesion shows infiltrations of foamy macrophages and hyperchromatic, pleomorphic, reactive astrocytes that may raise the suspicion of a brain tumor. We recently met with 3 cases of PML. Two of the patients had AIDS and the other had been treated for lymphoma. All cases were diagnosed by histopathologic examination in stereotactic brain biopsies.
Neurofilament Protein Subtype Expression in Neuronal Migration Disorders.
Hyun Sik Oh, Yoo Duk Choi, Hyun Joong Kim, Kyung Hwa Lee, Myoung Kyu Kim, Young Jong Woo, Jae Hyu Kim, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2003;37(6):413-420.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Neuronal migration disorder (NMD) is one of the causes of medically intractable epilepsy. As neurosurgical treatments for medically intractable epilepsy have expanded recently, precise histopathologic diagnosis is required. Histopathologic grading of NMD is important due to its association with neocortical development and expectation of prognosis. Many studies revealed abnormalities of neuronal cytoskeletal protein in abnormal neuronal cells of NMD.
We performed immunohistochemical staining for neurofilament protein (NF) subtypes, one of the neuronal cytoskeletal proteins, and investigated the staining pattern of specific cells in each grade of NMD.
NF-L was more intensely labeled in perikarya, dendrites, and axons of normal or small sized dysplastic neurons, cytomegalic neurons, and balloon cells than of normal-looking neurons. Furthermore, positive reaction was more intense in high-grade lesion. NF-H and NF-M were mainly positive in the axons of gray and white matter and weakly positive in a few cytomegalic neurons and some balloon cells.
NF-L is a better marker than NF-H and NF-M for the detection of normal or small sized dysplastic neurons, cytomegalic neurons, and balloon cells and for grading of NMD.
Expression of Major Gangliosides in Normal and Alzheimer Disease Brain.
Min Cheol Lee, Young Jong Woo, Seung U Kim, Tadashi Tai
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(6):400-405.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
GM1 ganglioside-bound amyloid beta-protein (GM1/A) has been reported to be involved with senile plaque formation in Alzheimer disease.
To investigate the binding of major gangliosides on senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles of Alzheimer disease-specific pathology, we developed four monoclonal antibodies -- GM1, GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b -- employing the hydridoma technique, and applied them for immunohistochemical staining at the frontotemporal neocortex and hippocampus of Alzheimer disease brains and age-matched control brains.
Moderate immunopositivity for GM1 and GD1a was noted on the senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Mild immunopositivity for GD1b and GT1b on neurofibrillary tangles was noted. Strong GD1b immunopositivity was observed on a few neurons and neurites. Strong immunopositivity for GT1b, and moderate immunopositivity for GM1 and GD1a were noted on reactive astrocytes.
These observations suggest that GM1 and GD1a may be involved in the formation of senile plaques as well as neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer disease brains.
Chordoid Glioma: A Report of Two Cases.
Eun Jung Park, Hyun Sik O, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(5):357-361.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Chordoid glioma mainly occurs in the third ventricle, pineal gland, hypothalamus, and suprasella. We report two cases of chordoid gliomas of the third ventricles in adult males. Histologically, the tumors consisted of cords and clusters of oval to polygonal epitheliod cells with abundant cytoplasm. The backgrounds of the tumor show mucinous and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein and negative for epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin and neurofilament protein. Histopathologic diagnosis of chordoid glioma should be made judiciously by differentiating them from other chordoid or epithelial tumors of the central nervous system.
Clonality Study in Carcinosarcomas and Malignant Mixed Epithelial Tumors.
Eun Jung Park, Yoo Duk Choi, Jong Hee Nam, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng, In Seon Choi, Kyung Hee Kim, Chan Choi
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(4):205-211.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Tumors are usually considered to be clonal progeny of single transformed cells. Carcinosarcomas and malignant mixed epithelial tumors are examples where controversies exist regarding the singularity or multiplicity of their cell of origin.
The authors examined the clonality of carcinosarcomas (7 cases) and malignant mixed epithelial tumor (5 cases) in female patients by X-chromosome inactivation as a marker. Each component of the tumors were picked up by the laser capture microscope. The polymorphic exon 1 CAG trinucleotide repeat in the X-linked human androgen receptor (HUMARA) gene was amplified by a polymerase chain reaction before and after treatment of the methylation-sensitive endonuclease HpaII.
Eleven cases were informative for clonality determination. Six out of seven carcinosarcomas and three out of four malignant mixed epithelial tumors revealed the same patterns of X-chromosome inactivation, which suggests that they are monoclonal. In contrast, the patterns of X-chromosome inactivation were different between the two tumor components in each cases of carcinosarcoma and malignant mixed epithelial tumor, indicating that they are of polyclonal origin.
These observations show that although most of carcinosarcomas and malignant mixed epithelial tumors are of monoclonal origin, some of them are of polyclonal origin. This finding suggests that these tumors are genuinely polyclonal, and that they originated in the neoplastic transformation of more than one somatic cells
Mesoblastic Nephroma of Adulthood.
Jae Woo Park, Jae Hun Chung, Jae Hyuk Lee, Jong Hee Nam, Chan Choi, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(6):551-554.
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Mesoblastic nephroma is a benign neoplasm of the kidney, which is usually diagnosed during the first six months of life. Incidence in adults is exceedingly rare. We report herein a case of mesoblastic nephroma that occurred in the upper pole of the right kidney of a 39-year-old woman. It was a round mass measuring 3X3X2 cm in dimension. Microscopically, it consisted of uniform spindle cells with foci of hyalinization and dystrophic calcification. Tubular structures were entrapped in the tumor. Upon immunohistochemical staining, the spindle cells were found to be positive for smooth muscle actin, desmin, and vimentin. The epithelial cells of the entrapped tubules were positive for cytokeratin. On electron microscopic examination, the spindle cells demonstrated smooth muscle differentiation identified by indented nuclei, microfilaments beneath the cell membrane, dense bodies, and basal lamina-like materials.
Expression of Neuron Specific Enolase, Chromogranin, and Synaptophysin in Peripheral Neuroblastic Tumors.
Hyung Seok Kim, Jae Ha Hwang, Jong Jae Jung, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(8):588-596.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The presence and distribution of pan-neuroendocrine markers such as neuron-specific enolase (NSE), chromogranin (CG), and synaptophysin (SYP) were investigated by immunohistochemistry in 15 cases of neuroblastic tumors, including four cases of neuroblastomas, six cases of ganglioneuroblastomas, and five cases of ganglioneuromas. Three cases of normal sympathetic ganglion were used for the normal control group. NSE was observed in all cases and both in ganglion cells and in neuropils. NSE was detected not only in the majority of the neuroblasts showing signs of differentiation, but also in some poorly differentiated neuroblasts. All cases of neuroblastic tumors were positive for CG, however, some variability of staining intensity and distribution patterns were noted. CG was found mainly in differentiated neuroblasts with enlarged cytoplasm and nuclei along the periphery of the perikaria, and was also found in the perinuclear regions of some undifferentiated cells. SYP was positive in 9 of 11 cases. In all of the 9 cases, SYP was detected in some differentiating neuroblasts and differentiated neuroblasts, as well as the mature ganglion cells. However, it has scarcely stained in dot or granular pattern. Two CG-negative tumors were also negative for SYP. Our data indicate that antibodies against NSE and CG are helpful as a diagnostic aid for neuroblastic tumors.
Malignant Granular Cell Tumor of the Shoulder: A case report.
Jae Hun Chung, Jae Hyuk Lee, Jong Hee Nam, Chan Choi, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(6):475-479.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
A malignant granular cell tumor (MGCT) occurred in the left shoulder of a 62-year-old man. The patient underwent wide marginal excision followed by chemotherapy and radiotherapy. A metastatic tumor was identified in the axillary lymph node 22 months after the excision of the shoulder mass. The primary tumor was a poorly circumscribed mass measuring 5 5 4 cm. On cut section, it was a solid mass with yellowish tan color. Histologically, both primary and metastatic tumor consisted of polygonal cells with abundant granular cytoplasm and a vesicular nucleus with a prominent nucleolus. Two to three mitotic figures per ten high power fields at 200 were counted. Tumor cells were weakly stained with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) preparation both before and after diastase digestion, and were positive for S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and vimentin. By electron microscopy, the cytoplasm was filled with numerous autophagolysosomes containing myelin figures, mitochondria, and fragmented rough endoplasmic reticula. Basal laminae and angulated bodies were also noted. These findings suggest schwannian differentiation of this tumor.
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Expression and Cell Proliferation in Renal Cell Carcinoma.
Ji Shin Lee, Jong Jae Jung, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(4):273-279.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein whose expression is a possible cause of increased tumor cell proliferation and has recently been proposed as a prognostic parameter in some tumors. Expression of EGFR was studied immunohistochemically in 62 cases of human renal cell carcinomas to evaluate their possible prognostic roles. We also examined the correlation between EGFR expression and cell proliferation by immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Fifty-six cases (90.3%) expressed EGFR, with staining largely confined to the cell membrane and cytoplasm. Staining intensity of EGFR was directly correlated with nuclear grade (p=0.000) and TNM stage (p=0.015). PCNA index was significantly higher in EGFR-positive tumors than in EGFR- negative tumors. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between PCNA index and increasing staining intensity of EGFR (p=0.000). In univariate survival analysis, EGFR expression was significantly associated with shortened survival. However, EGFR expression was not an independent prognostic factor by multivariate analysis. These findings suggest that EGFR expression may be an important cause of tumor cell proliferation in renal cell carcinoma and further studies are needed to evaluate whether EGFR expression analysis provides independent prognostic information.
Cytoskeletal Changes in Cortical Dysplasia.
Min Young Lee, Jae Hun Chung, Young Jong Woo, Hyoung Ihl Kim, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2000;34(4):300-309.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Cortical dysplasia is a cause of intractable epilepsy and a candidate for surgical resection to control epileptic attacks. The neuronal cytomegaly and balloon cell change are the diagnostic hallmarks of cortical dysplasia. Little research has been performed about the normal-sized dysplastic neuron which has complex arborizing dendrites and lacks in its polarity. The aim of this study was to define the histopathologic characteristics of the neurons in cortical dysplasia. Twelve cases of cortical dysplasia who underwent partial lobectomy for intractable seizures were selected and immunohistochemical staining for NF-M/H, MAP2, tau, and ubiquitin was performed. The perikarya and dendrite of dysplastic neurons were more intensely labeled with antibodies for the high and medium molecular weight neurofilament proteins (NF-M/H) than normal neurons. Immunoreactivity with the MAP2 antibody expressed mainly within the somatodendritic regions was present in the dysplastic or normal neurons without any significant difference in intensity. The complex arborizing dendrites of dysplastic neurons were easily identified due to pronounced immunoreactivity within the somatodendritic regions. Immunoreactivity with the primary antibody against tau and ubiquitin was present in the normal-looking neurons as well as the dysplastic neurons. This study suggests that the dysplastic neurons in cortical dysplasia are accompanied by changes of cytoskeletal neurofilaments, and the immunohistochemical stains for NF-M/H, MAP2, tau, and ubiquigin are useful to detect them.
A Comparative Study of Immunohistochemistry and PCR-SSCP for Detection of p53 Mutation In Gastric Carcinoma.
Jong Soon Kim, Jae Hyuk Lee, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhung
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(1):21-28.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Mutation of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene in exons 4 through 9 was examined in 34 cases of primary advanced gastric cancer using PCR-SSCP (polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism) and the results were compared with p53 protein expression as determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using a monoclonal antibody(DO-1). p53 protein detected by IHC was observed in 14 cases (41.2%) and genotypic mutation detected by PCR-SSCP in exons 4-9 was observed in 13 cases (38.2%) One case showed an aberrant band on PCR-SSCP both in Exon 7 and Exon 8/9. p53 alteration detected by either IHC or PCR-SSCP was observed in 19 cases (55.9%), but only 8 cases (23.5%) showed both p53 mutation and protein expression. We also tried to obtain the correlation between relative intensity of the shifted bands on PCR-SSCP and percentage of positive cells by IHC, but a significant correlation was not seen between relative intensity of shifted bands on PCR-SSCP and positve cell ratio. A discrepancy between p53 protein expression and p53 mutation is observed in primary gastric carcinomas. The reason for this discrepancy are not apparent. However, examination of gastric carcinomas for mutations in other exons may identify a better correlation with protein overexpression. The results obtained in this study suggest that the negative reaction for p53 immunohistochemistry may not necessarily mean no genetic alteration of the p53 locus.
The Study of Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen in Colorectal Carcinoma.
Ho Soo Choi, Bok Soog Yang, Ji Shin Lee, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(3):311-320.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The determination of proliferative activity in the colorectal mucosa has been used for different purposes as the estimation of cancer risk and the assessment of disease activity in ulcerative colitis. But the prognostic significance of proliferative activity in colorectal carcinomas remains controversial. To investigate the prognostic significance of proliferative activity in colorectal carcinomas, the author estimated the proliferative activity immunohisto chemically using the monoclonal antibody PCNA and compared with clinicopathological data in 62 colorectal carcinomas. The results were as follows: 1) The reactivity of PCNA was more pronounced at the infiltrative margins of the tumors and tumor cells within the vascular or lymphatic channels. 2) The mean PCNA index of colorectal carcinomas was 40.5?0.4%. PCNA indices had positive correlations with lymph node invasion(p<0.05), liver, metastasis(p<0.05), Dukes' stage(p<0.01) and TNM classification(p<0.01), and didn't correlated with location of tumor, size of tumor, histological type and lymphtic or vascular invasion. 3) The patients with high PCNA index(more than 45%) represented higher recurrence or metastasis rate(37.5%) than those with low PCNA index (less than 45%)(19.3%) in Dukes B or C colorectal carcinomas during the follow-up periods, but not significant statistically. These results suggested that the reactivity of PCNA may be a useful prognostic factors in colorectal carcinomas.
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma in a 58-year-old Woman: A case report.
Joo Heon Kim, Myoung Jae Kang, Dong Geun Lee, Ho Yeul Choi, Sang Ho Kim, Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):122-125.
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A case of left parietal pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma that occurred in a 58-year-old woman is reported clinicopathologically. Histopathologic diagnosis of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma was made because of the unique pleomorphic histologic features, positive glial fibrillary acidic protein in immunohistochemical staining. The flow cytometric analysis reveals DNA aneuploidy and relatively high S-phase fraction. The pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is considered as a special subgroup of glioma on the basis of superficial cortical location, GFAP expression, marked cellular atypia, xanthomatous cells, and relatively favorable prognosis.
DNA Ploidy in Anaplastic Carcinoma of the Thyroid Gland by Image Analysis.
Ji Shin Lee, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(1):10-17.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid gland is one of the most malignant tumors. Recently, DNA ploidy measured by flow cytometry and image analysis has been suggested as an additional useful indicator of tumor behavior. Studies on the occurrence and clinical significance of DNA aneuploidy in anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid are rare. In this study, the pattern of DNA ploidy was measured by image analysis on Papanicolaou stained slides in four cases of anaplastic carcinoma and also measured by flow cytometry using paraffin blocks in two cases. In all cases of anaplastic carcinoma. DNA aneuploidy was found by image analaysis. By flow cytometry, one case had a diploid peak and the other case had an arieuploid peak. According to the above results, we conclude that anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid glands have a high incidence of DNA aneuploidy and image analysis using Papanicolaou stained slides is a useful method in detecting DNA aneuploidy.
Cytopathologic Features of Primary Bronchial Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: A Case Report.
Ji Shin Lee, Jong Soon Kim, Bok Sook Yang, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(1):67-70.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Adenoid cystic carcinoma arising from the submucosal glands of the trachea and bronchial tree is rare. The histopathology and natural history of bronchial adenoid cystic carcinoma have been well documented, but detailed descriptions of its cytomor- phology are few. We report a case of primary bronchial adenoid cystic carcinoma in a 20-year-old female, diagnosed by bronchial brushing cytology. The cytologic specimens showed large clusters of small cells arranged around cystlike spaces containing globular basophilic material.
An Ultrastructural Morphometric study of Follicular Center Lymphocytes of the palatine Tonsil: Reinvestigation of the Lukes-Collins' Classification of Malignant lymphoma.
Min Cheol Lee, Jong Han Shin
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(5):493-505.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The model of lymphocyte differentiation described for Lukes-Collins' classification of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is related particularly to morphological alterations of nuclei of follicular center lymphocytes by antigenic stimulation. The authors carried out ultrastructural and morphometric studies to investigate morphological alterations during lymphocyte transformation on the nuclear profiles of follicular center, parafollicular and mantle zone lymphocytes in ten tonsillectomy cases of chronic hypertrophic tonsillitis. The nuclear parameters measured included nuclear area, contour index, frequency invagination and cleft, depth of invagination and nuclear diameters. Follicular centers contained a mixed population of lymphocytes consisting of untransformed (type 1), partially transformed (type 2) and fully transformed (type 3) lymphocytes. During lymphocyte transformation in both follicular, and parafollicular and mantle zones, the nuclei had a gradual and progressive increase in size. The nuclear contour index of type 2 nuclei of both follicular and parafollicular and mantle zones tended to be higher than those of type 1 and 3, indicating a greater degree of irregularity and variability of nuclear profiles. Invaginated and cleaved lymphocytes were not confined to me transformed lymphocytes. A considerable portion of lymphocytes had invaginations and clefts in parafollicular and mantle zone as well as follicular center. No difference on the depth of invagination was noted in type 1, type 2 and type 3 lymphocytes. The results indicate that some promise of the Lukes-Collins conepts of follicular center cells and the process of lymphocyte transformation in follicular centers may be necessary to revise
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Anaplastic Carcinoma with Osteoclastlike Giant Cells of the Thyroid.
Ji Shin Lee, Hyang Mi Ko, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Cytopathol. 1994;5(2):172-175.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Anaplastic carcinoma of the thyroid is one of the most malignant tumors and survival for longer than three years after diagnosis is exceptional. Multinucleated giant cells of osteoclastlike appearances are seen in some of the anaplastic carcinoma, but only three cases in which the diagnosis was made by fine needle aspiration(FNA) cytology are reported in the international literature. We experienced a case of anaplastic carcinoma with osteoclastlike giant cells in a 66-yr-old female, diagnosed by FNA cytology. The smears revealed two cell populations; multinucleated giant cells and large polygonal or spindle shaped malignant cells. The FNA cytodiagnosis of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma containing osteoclastilke giant cells was substantiated by subsequent biopsy.
A Case of Orbital Meningioma Diagnosed by Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy.
Ji Shin Lee, Kyung Soo Kim, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Cytopathol. 1994;5(2):176-179.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Orbital meningioma is a rare neoplasm that, even when suspected by CT or echographic examination, requires careful histologic study for precise identification. Fine needle aspiration(FNA) biopsy has become the diagnostic technique of choice in recent years for investigating orbital masses. There have been a few previous reports on FNA biopsy of orbital menigioma. We experienced a case of orbital meningioma in a 11-yr-old boy, diagnosed by FNA biopsy. The cytohistologic features of aspirated material(intranuclear inclusions. psammoma bodies, and cells arranged in whorls) made it easy to diagnose a meningioma.
Discriminant Analysis of Tumor Cell Subpopulation Based on Morphometric and Photometric Features: Observations on tumor cells of the uterine cervix carcinoma.
Chang Soo Park, Dae Yong Choi, Min Cheol Lee, Sang Woo Juhng
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(2):108-114.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
DNA aneuploid cells are poorly characterized in both biochemical and morphological terms. This study was performed to see the relationship between DNA ploidy and morphometric and photometric nuclear features. DNA contents of tumor cells were measured by image cytometry in 46 cases of micro- or early invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Also measured were nuclear area, perimeter, maximum diameter, chromatin pattern index, and staining intensity. Among the 46 cases, 20 cases which had both DNA diploid and aneuploid cell subpopulations were selected, and the two subpopulations were discriminated statistically. Multivariate discriminant analysis seperated clearly the two subpopulations, whereas univariate analysis failed. For canonical discriminant function, nuclear area was selected first, followed by staining intensity in each case. Other variables selected afterwards were nuclear perimeter, maximum diameter, and/or chromatin pattern index in random fashion. Correlation coefficient between the canoncial discriminant function and the variables were 0.20~0.40 for nuclear area and 0.25 or less for the others. The above results suggest that DNA ploidy is a parameter more or less independent on individual morphometric and photometric parameters.
Immunohistochemical and Ultrastructural Cellular Differentiation in Papillary and Solid Epithelial Neoplasm of the Pancreas.
Jae Hyuck Lee, Min Cheol Lee, Chang Soo Park, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(1):40-52.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Papillary and solid epithelial neoplasm of the pancreas from five patients were studied using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy to define the cellular origin of this type of tumor. The tumors ranged in diameter form 5.5 to 15 cm Grossly, these were well circumscribed by a firm, gray-white, fibrous capsule and their cut-surface showed mainly area containing mucinous substance with necrotic and hemorrhagic material, with some solid portion. Microscopically, there was a solid and papillary pattern, with uniform cells typically having round to ovoid nuclei containing indistinct nucleoli and eosinophilic, granular cytoplasm. Within the cytoplasm of the tumor cells, numerous PAS-positive granules were found. Immunostaining was positive for neuron-specific enolase(three of five cases), alpha1-antitrypsin and alpha1-antichymotrypsin(three of five cases) in the solid and papillary portion of the tumor. But no polypeptide hormone immunoreactive cells were present in all cases except for gastrin which showed focally weak positivity in the papillary area. Ultrastructurally, the papillary and solid epithelial neopasm of the pancreas showed evidence of acinar cell differentiation, because in the cell of one observed some zymogen-like granules and presence of annulate lamellae. But also, abundant typical neurosecretory granules were detected in the tumor cells ultrastructurally. Both facts suggested acinar and islet cell differentiation of the tumor. From the these findings, it concluded that papillary and solid epithelial neoplasm of the pancreas may be originated from a primordial cell which will be able to render both endocrine and exocine component.
Cytopathologic Observation of Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Lung: A case report.
Yun Mee Kim, Jong Hee Nam, Min Cheol Lee, Joo Yong Yoo, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(4):367-375.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The pulmonary cytology has reached a high level of accuracy. By the examination of the sputum and/or bronchial brushings, it is now possible to make a diagnosis in 70% to 90% of patients with cancer. Primary melanoma of the lung is very rare and there have been reported about 20 cases in the world literature. We present a case of primary malignant melanoma of the lung in a 61-year-old male diagnosed by cytologic examination of sputum, bronchial brushing and aspirated pleural fluid. Histologic examination of bronchoscopic biopsy and examination of the skin and other primary sites confirmed the diagnosis.
Morphologic Changes of the Parenchymal-Stromal Junction in Infiltrating Duct Carcinoma of the Breast: Immunohistochemical and Ultrastructural Features of Myoepithelial Cell, Basement Membrane.
Min Cheol Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):42-56.
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The morphologic study of noninfiltrating and infiltrating duct carcinoma of the breast disclosed profound alterations along the parenchymal-stromal junction. But fate of myoepithelial cell, changes of basement membrane and the relationship of fibroblast to myofibroblast remain uncertain. To study the morphologic changes of myoepithelial cell, basement membane and stromal fibroblast, a series of 32 not otherwise specified (NOS) type of infiltrating duct carcinoma of the breast with regional lymph node metastases was examined light microscopically after S-100 protein immunoperoxidase staining by biotinavidin system (BAS) and ultrastructurally. The results were as follows. 1) In 18 out of 32 cases, S-100 protein positive myoepithelial cells were observed individually in the parenchyma at the periphery of some carcinomatous duct-like structures or cancer cell nests. The cells were noted in 7 cases of metastatic regional lymph nodes. In 5 cases contained with 2 cases of infiltrating duct carcinoma with focal sarcomatous metaplasia, S-100 protein positive cells were seen in fibroblast-like spindle cells in stroma adjacent to cancer nests. 2) Ultrastructural features of myoepithelial cells showed significant loss of fine microfilament and hemides-mosomes and relative imcrease of coarse large filaments. Morphologic transformation of myoepithelial cells to neoplastic epithelial cells or stromal fibroblast-like spindle cells were suggested in 3 NOR type and 2 metaplastic type carcinomas. 3) The ultrastructural changes of basement membrane disclosed some variations from case to case and even within a single tumor if large number of blocks were studied. Focal destruction, splitting, segmentation and extensive loss of basement membrane arround cancer nests were noted. On the other hand, basement membrane material surrounded cancer nests or individual cancer cells irregularly. 4) Most stromal fibroblasts in infiltrating duct carcinoma had abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum with enlarged plump cytoplasm. Some of them were transformed to myofibroblasts which had perinuclear rough endoplasmic reticulum and peripheral microfilaments with dense bodies in their cytoplasm.
Morphologic Study on the Mesothelial Hyperplasia in the Rat.
Chan Choi, Min Cheol Lee, Kyu Hyuk Cho
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(2):160-167.
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Reactive mesothelial cells are frequently found in the smear, of body fludid dffusion when associated with liver cirrhosis, pulmonary tuberculosis, congestive heart failure or pulmonary infarction. But it is not easy to differentiate these reactive mesothelial cells from macrophages or various types of malignant cells. In order to investigate the morphology of hyperplastic mesothelial cells, in comparison with the various types of malignant cells in the effusion, this experiment was designed. The tissue reaction was evoked by intraperitoneal injection of 2.5 ml of 2% Talcum suspension. The results obtained were as follows: 1) On light microscopic observation of the tissure, until 5 days, cytoplasm and nucleus of mesothelial cells became larger and nucleoi became prominent. After then, cytoplasm and nucleus became smaller and at 28 days after injection of Talcum suspension, cellular features became similar to those of normal ones. 2) On cytologic observation of touch print specimens, hyperplastic mesothelial cells became round to oval, and their cytoplasm became conspicuous. Nuclei were vesicular, and nucleoi were prominent. N/C ratio was decreased than normal. 3) On electron microscopic observation, hyperplastic mesothelial cells did not have microvilli, but had a few cytoplasmic globular projections, loosely approximated cellular junctions, larger and more abundant intracytoplaomic vesicles when compared with normal one. Chromatin clumping, irregular thickening of nuclear membrane and prominent nucleoi were also noted.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine