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Eun-Sun Kim 1 Article
Human Leukocyte Antigen Class I and Programmed Death-Ligand 1 Coexpression Is an Independent Poor Prognostic Factor in Adenocarcinoma of the Lung
Yeon Bi Han, Hyun Jung Kwon, Soo Young Park, Eun-Sun Kim, Hyojin Kim, Jin-Haeng Chung
J Pathol Transl Med. 2019;53(2):86-93.   Published online January 14, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Both human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) molecules are known to play important roles in cancer immunity. In this study, we evaluated HLA class I expression in resected adenocarcinoma of the lung, and investigated its prognostic impact in correlation with PD-L1 expression.
HLA class I and PD-L1 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in a total of 403 resected lung adenocarcinomas using tissue microarray. Correlations between the expression of HLA class I/PD-L1 and clinicopathologic features and prognostic significance were analyzed.
HLA class I expression was reduced in 91.6% of adenocarcinoma, and more frequently reduced in patients with younger age, absence of vascular invasion, and low pathologic stage (p = .033, p = .007, and p = .012, respectively). Positive PD-L1 expression in tumor cells was 16.1% (1% cut-off), and associated with poor differentiation, presence of vascular invasion and nodal metastasis (p < .001, p = .002, and p = .032, respectively). On survival analysis, HLA class I or PD-L1 expression alone did not show any statistical significance. On the integrated analysis, HLA class I (+)/PD-L1 (+) subgroup showed a significantly shorter overall survival than other groups (p = .001). Multivariate analysis revealed that coexpression of HLA class I and PD-L1 was an independent poor prognostic factor of lung adenocarcinoma. (p < .001; hazard ratio, 6.106; 95% confidence interval, 2.260 to 16.501).
Lung adenocarcinoma with coexpression of HLA class I and PD-L1 was associated with poor prognosis. This subgroup may evade immune attack by expressing PD-L1 protein despite HLA expression.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Loss of HLA-class-I expression in non-small-cell lung cancer: Association with prognosis and anaerobic metabolism
    Ioannis M. Koukourakis, Alexandra Giatromanolaki, Achilleas Mitrakas, Michael I. Koukourakis
    Cellular Immunology.2022; 373: 104495.     CrossRef

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine