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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1995;29(2): 268-271.
A Case of Intestinal Anthrax with Recovery after Surgical Intervention .
Jong Im Lee, Jung Ran Kim, Dong Hoon Kim, Byoung Ook Jeoung
1Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Kyongju, Korea.
2Department of General Surgery, College of Medicine, Dongguk University, Kyongju, Korea.
Anthrax in man is usually cutaneous, resulting from contact with materials derived from infected livestock. Internal organs are infrequently involved,. This report concerns a case of primary anthrax of intestine. The first case of primary anthrax of intestine is to our knowledge in Korea. The patient was a 14-year-old male who has complained of nausea, vomiting and acute abdominal pain. History was otherwise noncontributory except for ingestion raw meat of the dead cattle, one day before the onset of the disease. The cattle presumably died due to Bacillus anthracis in a village Bae-Ban Dong in the city of Kyung ju, Kyung Pook. Among 15 sufferers, 2 cases died 3 days later. Bacillus anthracis isolated from the raw beef, blood samples of two patients and throat culture of one patient. At laparotomy, the peritoneal cavity was full of serosanginous fluid. Right hemicolectomy including partial resection of ileum was done. The bowel was segmentally dilated, hemorrhagic and necrotic, especially at terminal ileum. The mucosa was edematous and largely ulcerated covered with greenish yellow exudate. The intense vascular congestion with hemorrhage and numerous colonization of bacteria were present through the entire wall. The organisms were large, gram-positive and PAS-negative bacilli in long chain. Bacterial emboli were scattered in lymphatics. The other feature was band like lymphoid cell infiltration in ulcer base and submucosal layer. Payer's patches were prominent and the germinal centers were necrotic. Interfollicular spaces exhibited aggregates of numerous atypical lymphoid cells. The cells were five times larger than resting lymphocytes and had several prominent nucleoli and abundant amphophilic cytoplasm. On immunohistochemical staining, most of atypical cells were positive for T-cell marker and Ki-I Ag. The mesenteric lymph nodes were enlarged, showing reactive feature, and the atypical cells were also demonstrated. The patient recovered completely.
Key Words: Anthrax Intestinal type; T-cell; Ki-1 Ag; Survival
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