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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1978;12(2): 149-157.
Endodermal Sinus Tumor의 형태학적 연구
A Morphological Study of Endodermal Sinus Tumor
Endodermal sinus tumor or yolk sac carcinoma occurs with great frequency in both male and fema1e gonads, but has been described sporadically in extragonadal locations as well. The histologic features of 15 cases of endodermal sinus tumor arising from testis (8 cases), ovary (5 cases) and presacrum (2 cases) were presented, and in an effort to delineate the histogenesis, the light and electron microscopic findings were compared to that of yolk sac obtained from five normal pregnant rats. The two Patients with presacral endodermal sinus tumor were female. The mean age of the patients with endodermal sinus tumor was 13.1 years, 8 being under the age of 5 and only one over 30. The histologic appearances of the 15 tumors were essentially similar showing loose mucinous stroma mimicking the magma reticularis and PAS-positive, diastase-resistant hyaline globules. The pseudo-papillary pattern, in which Schiller-Duval bodies were abundant, and which was considered as the clue for histological diagnosis in the present series, was predominant in 5 cases (33.3%). The reticular pattern was predominant in 6 cases (40.0%), whereas no one showed the polyvesicular vitelline structure or solid pattern as prominent picture. 4 cases (26.7%) of the endodermal sinus tumor showed mixture of the pseudopapillary and reticular patterns. The light microscopical features of normal rat yolk sac were similar to that of human endodermal sinus tumor, except the lack of polyvesicular vitelline structure. The most prominent ultrastructural feature of the tumors was the presence of volum inous basement membrane like material in both intra- and extra-cellular location, corresponding to the PAS-positive hyaline globules seen in these tumors by light microscopy, and the appearance of skein-like nucleolema. Other ultrastructural findings were also similar in human endodermal sinus tumor and normal rat yolk sac. These findings suggest that yolk sac tumor is a peculiar germ cell origin having a property to differentiate to yolk sac.
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