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Dong Wook Kang 16 Articles
The Stromal Overexpression of Decay Accelerating Factor (DAF/CD55) Correlates with Poor Clinical Outcome in Colorectal Cancer Patients.
Tae Hwa Baek, Joo Heon Kim, Mee Ja Park, Hye Kyung Lee, Hyun Jin Son, Hyun Ki Soon, Chang Nam Kim, Che Myong Ko, Dong Wook Kang
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(5):445-454.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Decay accelerating factor (DAF/CD55), regulates the complement system by accelerating decay of the C3 convertase, has been described in several malignancies, however, the clinicopathologic significance of CD55 and its receptor CD97 has not been fully investigated. We examined the expression patterns of both CD55 and CD97 and their association with clinicopathologic parameters in colorectal cancers (CRCs).
Expression patterns of CD55 and CD97 in the stroma and tumor cells at tumor center and invasive front were examined in 130 CRCs, and their significance was statistically evaluated.
CD55-high stroma was correlated with tumor border (p=0.006) and invasion depth (p=0.013). CD55-high tumor cells at tumor center and invasive front were correlated with histologic grade, and CD55-high tumor cells at invasive front with tumor, node and metastasis (TNM) stage (p<0.05). CD97-high stroma was correlated with lymph node metastasis (p=0.016) and TNM stage (p=0.030). CD97-high tumor cells at tumor center and invasive front were correlated with tumor size and CD97-high tumor cells at tumor center with tumor border (p<0.05). Patients with CD55-high stroma showed poor overall and recurrence-free survival (p<0.05) in univariate analysis, and were independently associated with short recurrence-free survival (p=0.025) in multivariate analysis.
Stromal CD55 overexpression would be an indicator of adverse clinical outcome and a useful prognostic factor.
Langerhans Cell Sarcoma Arising in a Lymph Node: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Dong Wook Kang, Hyun Jin Son, Tae Hwa Baek, Hye Kyung Lee, Joo Ryung Huh, Joo Heon Kim, Mee Ja Park
Korean J Pathol. 2011;45(1):101-105.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report a case of Langerhans cell sarcoma presented as a solitary mass in the left supraclavicular area in a 31-year-old woman. Computed tomography revealed a relatively well-defined and lightly enhancing mass in the left supraclavicular area, measuring 5.5x4.5x3.2 cm. Excision was subsequently performed. Microscopically, the specimen consisted of an enlarged and partially effaced lymph node. Nests of different size composed of atypical tumor cells were located in the paracortex and the medulla of the lymph node. The tumor cells exhibited abundant eosinophilic or clear cytoplasm and displayed marked nuclear atypia and increased mitotic figures. Infiltration of many eosinophils was identified in the periphery and between the tumor cells. The tumor cells were reactive for CD1a and S100 protein. Ultrastructually, they were found to have Birbeck granules in the cytoplasm.
Pathologic Characteristics of Ovarian Hemorrhagic Polycyst in Estrogen Receptor-alpha (ERalpha) Knockout Mice and Roles of ERalpha in Hemorrhagic Polycyst.
Hyun Jin Son, Joo Heon Kim, Hye Kyung Lee, Mee Ja Park, Dong Wook Kang, Che Myong Ko
Korean J Pathol. 2010;44(4):376-383.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy causing anovulation in women of childbearing age. It has been well established that estrogen receptor-alpha knockout (ERalphaKO) mice display several pathologic ovarian phenotypes of PCOS. The aims of this study were to determine ovarian pathology in new ERalphaKO mice using a CreloxP approach and intra-ovarian ERalpha function as regulating key aspects of PCOS.
ERalphaKO mice, which were deficient in exon 3 of the ERalpha gene, were used. Immunohistochemical studies were done on ovaries of control and ERalphaKO mice using antibodies specific to ERalpha, ERbeta, inhibin-alpha, and alpha-smooth muscle actin (SMA), as well as histochemical staining using Sudan black-B.
All ovaries of ERalphaKO mice were larger than control mouse ovaries and displayed a disrupted theca-interstitial tissue organization, multiple atretic follicles and multiple hemorrhagic cysts. None of the ERalphaKO mouse ovaries showed a corpus luteum. In addition, heavy deposition of Sudan black-B positive foamy cells was seen. The theca externa of preantral immature follicles and hemorrhagic cysts showed strong expression of alpha-SMA.
ERalphaKO mice show hemorrhagic polycystic ovaries and hyperplasia of the theca externa. This study demonstrates that the ERalpha is the functional key to the pathogenesis of PCOS.
Primary Synovial Sarcoma of the Kidney: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Mee Ja Park, Tae Hwa Baek, Joo Heon Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Hye Kyung Lee, Hyun Jin Son
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(3):274-278.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Synovial sarcoma is a rare renal neoplasm that is not easy to diagnose unless SYT-SSX fusion transcripts are identified. We report here on a case of primary renal synovial sarcoma in a 35-year-old woman. A mass was discovered by accident in the lower part of the right kidney when ultrasonography was performed, and it was removed via radical nephrectomy. Grossly, the tumor was a homogeneously tan-brown soft mass that measured 4.5x3.2x3.0 cm, and it was encircled by a well-defined cystic space. The lesion exhibited hypercellularity of the oval or short spindle cells that were arranged in various solid sheets or intersecting fascicles. Immunohistochemically, the tumor showed diffuse positivity for vimentin, bcl-2 and CD99, and it showed focal positivity for epithelial membrane antigen. The SYT-SSX fusion transcripts were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Synovial sarcoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis when a spindle cell neoplasm is encountered in the kidney.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Primary Renal Synovial Sarcoma and Clinical and Pathological Findings: a Systematic Review
    Leandro Blas, Javier Roberti
    Current Urology Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Primary Renal Synovial Sarcoma - A rare histology
    Premkumar Krishnappa, Mohan keshavamurthy, Shakir Tabrez, Sreeharsha Harinatha, Mohan Balaiah Aswathaiya
    Urology Case Reports.2020; 33: 101402.     CrossRef
Expression of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase-Associated Protein Phosphatase in Colorectal Carcinomas.
Chang Nam Kim, Soo Young Kim, Jae Wha Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Hyun Jin Son, Hye Kyung Lee, Mee Ja Park, Joo Heon Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2007;41(6):367-372.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Cyclin-dependent kinase-associated phosphatase (KAP) is a human dual-specificity protein phosphatase that dephosphorylates Cdk2 on threonine160 in a cyclin-dependent manner and that is known as an up-regulated molecule in some malignant tumors. We investigated the expression and clinicopathologic significance of KAP protein in relation to tumorigenesis of colorectal carcinoma.
The expression patterns of KAP protein in tumor tissue were examined by reverse transcription-PCR and immunohistochemical staining.
An enhanced transcriptional level of KAP mRNA was observed in 11 out of 12 colorectal carcinoma specimens. Immunohistochemical examination showed that KAP protein was more highly expressed in the tumors than that in the adjacent non-neoplastic mucosal tissues for 52 of 102 colorectal cancer tissues. The statistical analysis showed that an increased level of KAP protein in the colorectal cancer tissues was inversely correlated with the histologic grade, tumor size and Duke's stage.
The present study suggests that alteration of KAP might play a role, at least in part, in the tumorigenicity of colorectal carcinoma through the mechanism of cell cycle regulation.
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors associated with Neurofibromatosis Type I: A Report of Two Cases.
Joo Heon Kim, Ock Seong In, Seong Kyu Lee, Haing Woon Baik, Seong Ho Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Kyung Hee Kim, Mee Ja Park, Yong Il Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2006;40(2):137-141.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common non-epithelial neoplasm arising in the gastrointestinal tract, but this tumor is rarely seen in association with type 1 neurofibromatosis (NF-1). We report here on two cases of multiple GISTs of the small intestine that occurred in NF-1 patients. We also analyzed the mutations of c-kit exons 9, 11, 13 and 17 and the plateletderived growth factor receptor-alpha (PDGFRA) exons 12 and 18 in two GIST patients. Histologically, the NF-1-associated GISTs were similar to those of non-the NF-1 GISTs, but they characteristically revealed hyperplastic interstitial cells of Cajal around the GISTs. Immunohistochemically, these tumors showed strong co-expressions of CD117 and CD34. The molecular genetic analysis of the GISTs showed that all of the c-kit and PDGFRA exons that were analyzed in the GISTs of the two patients were the wild-type, suggesting a limited role for the c-kit and PDGFRA mutations in the tumorigenesis of NF-1-associated GISTs.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Arising in Mature Cystic Teratoma of the Ovary: a Report of Six Cases and Immunohistochemistry of the p53 Protein and p21WAF1/CIP1.
Kyung Hee Kim, Kwang Sun Suh, Joo Heon Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Dong Hoon Kim, Seong Ho Kim, Jong Ho Back, Mee Ja Park
Korean J Pathol. 2003;37(5):316-319.
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Mature cystic teratoma is a common type of ovarian tumor. Although squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common carcinoma in malignant transformations of ovarian mature cystic teratomas, SCC arising in a mature teratoma is rare.
This paper reports four cases of invasive SCC, a case of an adenosquamous cell carcinoma and a case of a pure in situ SCC arising in a mature cystic teratoma including a clinicopathological evaluation and an immunohistochemical study of the p53 protein and p21WAF1/CIP1.
The mean age of the patients was 60 years. The sizes of the mature cystic teratomas in all cases were greater than 7.5 cm in the largest diameter. Five cases showed the nuclear accumulation of the p53 protein with no p21WAF1/CIP1 immunoreactivity. The other case showed the nuclear accumulation of p21WAF1/CIP1 without p53 expression. There was a significant inverse relationship between the p53 protein level and p21WAF1/CIP1 expression.
A clinicopathological evaluation showed that a SCC arising from a mature cystic teratoma must be included in a differential diagnosis when the patient is over 42 years of age and the size of a mature cystic teratoma is greater than 75 mm in the largest diameter. It is suggested that p53 overexpression is implicated in the malignant transformation, and the p21WAF1/CIP1 expression level is dependent on alterations in the level of the p53 protein in these tumors.
High-grade Transformation of Primary Nodal Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report.
Joo Heon Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Mee Ja Park, Jin Man Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2003;37(4):282-286.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Primary nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZBCL) is recognized as a rare and distinct entity. The rate of histologic transformation into diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) seems lower than the rate of transformation in follicular lymphoma. We herein report a rare case ofnodal MZBCL showing transformation into DLBCL. The patient was a 73-year-old female withcervical lymphadenopathy. On the initial biopsy, the lymph node architecture was diffuselyeffaced with an extensive interfollicular and parafollicular infiltrate of monocytoid B-cells. Therewere scattered large blastic B-cells without formations of compact sheets. The diagnosis ofnodal MZBCL was made. The patient did not receive chemotherapy and was treated with aconservatively supportive regimen. Forty two months later, the patient developed a new cervicallymphadenopathy and a biopsy was performed. Histologically, the lymph node revealeddiffuse sheets of transformed large B-cells showing prominent nucleoli. The diagnosis ofDLBCL transformed from nodal MZBCL was made. The patient was treated with 3 cycles ofcombined CHOP chemotherapy and she showed clinical improvement. These observationssuggest that an untreated primary nodal MZBCL may undergo high-grade transformation.
c-kitMutation and Immunohistochemical Expression in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.
Dong Wook Kang, Joo Heon Kim, Dong Hun Kim, Kung Hee Kim, Mee Ja Park, Dae Young Kang
Korean J Pathol. 2003;37(4):246-254.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common non-epithelial neoplasm arising in the gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation among the clinicopathologic features, presence of c-kit mutation, and immunohistochemical expression of c-kit in 61 cases of GISTs.
We divided the GISTs into three groups as benign, boderline and malignant, according to histologic grade. Exon 11 of the c-kit was amplified by PCR and sequenced. We performed immunohistochemical study for CD117, CD34, vimentin, SMA, desmin, and S-100 protein.
Twenty-one cases were diagnosed as benign GISTs, 14 cases as borderline GISTs, and 26 cases as malignant GISTs. The shape, atypia, cellularity, and necrosis showed good correlations with the histologic grades of the GISTs.Mutations of exon 11 of the c-kit were detected in 3 benign GISTs, 4 borderline GISTs, and 13(%) malignant GISTs. Sequence analysis confirmed the deletion mutation (n=16) and the singlebase pair mutation (n=4). The immunohistochemical stainings showed myogenic differentiation(n=20), neurogenic differentiation (n=15), and neither myogenic or neurogenic differentiation(n=34).
The GIST is the primitive mesenchymal tumor capable of divergent differentiation, and the mutation of the c-kit is a good parameter for the malignant GIST.
Urinary Cytologic Findings of Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: A Case Report.
Dong Hoon Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Kyung Hee Kim, Ju Heon Kim, Mee Ja Park
Korean J Cytopathol. 2002;13(2):78-83.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
We report the cytologic features of a case of primary small cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder with high grade transitional cell and signet ring cell carcinomatous components. A 64-year-old male presented with gross hematuria for one week. Computed tomography revealed an ill-defined mass in the left lateral wall of the urinary bladder. Urinary cytology showed hypercellularity with predominantly isolated single cells and clustered cells. They have scanty cytoplasm and naked hyperchromatic nuclei with finely granular nuclear chromatin and rare nucleoli. The tumor cells occurred predominantly singe cells, but a few in clusters. Nuclear molding was prominent. No glandular formation or nesting was noted. The second tumor cells had high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio, irregular nuclear membrane, and coarse granular chromatin. The background was inflamed and necrotic. The histologic findings of transurethral resection were mainly composed of small cell carcinoma, and partly transitional cell and signet ring cell carcinomatous components. Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma have distinctive cytologic features to make a proper diagnosis.
Polymerase Chain Reaction Detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology for the Diagnosis of Tuberculous Lymphadenitis .
Joo Heon Kim, Nam Hoon Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Mee Ja Park, Sang Kyoung Moon, Tae Cho Yu, Eun Ju Jang
Korean J Cytopathol. 2001;12(1):25-30.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Tuberculous lymphadenitis is not uncommon in Korea. Therefore, an inexpensive, safe and rapid method is needed to diagnose the tuberculous lymphadenitis. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a good method for this purpose, but has several limitations in the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis, especially when the presence of acid-fast bacilli is not proved. To evaluate the usefulness of the polymerase chain reaction with enzyme immunoassay technique in the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) in the cervical lymph node aspirates, the authors performed fine needle aspiration cytology and M. tuberculosis PCR with enzyme immunoassay for mycobacterial DNA sequences from 15 cases of the fine needle aspirates. Cytomorphologically, the cases were categorized into three types: predominantly necrotic materials; typical epithelioid cell granulomas with or without giant cells and caseous necrosis; and non-tuberculous lesions, such as reactive lymphadenitis, abscess, metastatic carcinoma and malignant lymphoma. M. tuberculosis DNA was found in 8 of 15 cases by PCR with enzyme immunoassay. Negative findings on PCR were achieved in 7 cases, which revealed non-tuberculous lymphadenopathy. In conclusion, we suggest that M. tuberculosis PCR with enzyme immunoassay using the fine needle aspirates is a very useful tool for the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis.
Solitary Fibrous Tumor A clinicopathologic review of five cases.
Bum Kyung Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Kyeong Hee Kim, Seong Ki Min, Jin Man Kim, Kyu Sang Song, Dae Yung Kang, Si Whan Choi
Korean J Pathol. 1999;33(2):115-120.
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We experienced five cases of solitary fibrous tumor; two in the pleura, two in the orbital soft tissue, and one in the lung parenchyma. Three patients were male, and the age of the patients ranged from 38 to 71 years (mean age: 53.6). Grossly, the masses were well circumscribed and had varying sizes from 2.5 to 30.0 cm. The cut surfaces were grayish-yellow firm with focal variegated hemorrhage, necrosis, cystic change, and myxoid area. Microscopically, these were characterized by a haphazard proliferation of spindle cells or polygonal cells separated by variable amounts of hyalinized collagen and showed a prominent vascular channels reminiscent of hemangiopericytoma in foci. Immunoperoxidase stains showed a strong reactivity for CD34, and were weakly positive for vimentin. Electron microscopical examination revealed features of fibroblast; spindle to round tumor cells were arranged in groups and surrounded by collagen. Nucleoli were seldom prominent. The cytoplasm contained many microfilaments and a moderate number of cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum.
Malignant Mixed Germ Cell Tumor and Contralateral Gonadoblastoma in Turner's Syndrome, 45, X0/46, XY Karyotype: A case report.
Dong Wook Kang, Jin Man Kim, Kwang Sun Suh, Kyu Sang Song, Dae Yung Kang
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(1):85-90.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Turner's syndrome results from complete or partial monosomy of the X chromosome and is characterized by hypogonadism or related other congenital anomalies in phenotypic females. In these patients, there are failure to develop normal secondary sex characteristics, amenorrhea, or short stature at puberty and the ovaries are reduced to atrophic fibrous strands devoid of ova and follicles(streak gonads). Individuals with this condition are particularly prone to the development of gonadoblastoma. For this reason, the gonads should be early removed and supplemental estrogen therapy given. We experienced a case of Turner's syndrome, 45, XO/46, XY karyotype in a 20-year-old phenotypic female complained an amenorrhea. On the exploratory laparotomy, the right gonadal mass is sevearly adhered to the adjacent organs and measures 8 x 5 x 5 cm in dimension and 75gm in weight and shows multiple foci of hemorrhage with necrosis. The left streak gonad measures 3.5 x 2 x 1.5 cm in dimension and shows multiple foci of calcification. Microscopically, the right gonadal mass reveals malignant mixed germ cell tumor, composed of endodermal sinus tumor, composed of endodermal sinus tumor with dysgerminoma and gonadoblastoma. The left streak gonad consists of mainly dense fibrous connective tissue and shows some foci of calcification associated with gonadoblastoma. On immunohistochemical and special stainings, the cytoplasm and hyalin droplets of the endodermal sinus tumor component reveal strong positivity to the a-fetoprotein and PAS. After removal of both gonads, the serum level of the a-fetoprotein is markedly down from 1742ng/ml to 2.6 ng/ml.
Pleomorphic Xanthoastrocytoma: A Case Report.
Seong Ki Min, Dong Wook Kang, Kyu Sang Song, Dae Young Kang, Seong Ho Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(6):666-669.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma is histologically characterized by marked cellular pleomorphism of lipid-laden neoplastic astrocytes and bizarre giant cells showing mitotic figures and high cellularity. Inspite of its ominous-looking microscopic features, howerver, the prognosis is usually favorable. This tumor develops mainly in the supratentorial area of young people and frequently involves the leptomeninges. We experienced a case of pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma in 18 year-old-male. In addition to the cellular pleomophism, the prominent reticulin fibers surround the individual tumor cells or the tumor cells nests. Immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopy revealed glial fibrillary acidic protein(GFAP) expression and pericytoplasmic basal lamina in the tumor cells.
Fine needle aspiration cytolgy of metastatic synovial sarcoma to the lung-a case report-.
Dong Wook Kang, Sung Kyi Min, Gil Hyeun Kang, Dae Yung Kang
Korean J Cytopathol. 1993;4(2):171-175.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Atypical Mesoblastic Nephroma: Report of a case.
Jin Man Kim, Dong Wook Kang, Seung Ki Min, Kwang Sun Suh, Dae Young Kang
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(6):601-606.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Congenital mesoblastic nephroma(CMN) is an important differential diagnosis of a renal mass occurring in the newborn or in early childhood. It was first described by Bolande as a separate disease entity distinct form Wilms' tumor. In 1974, Beckwith has predicted that this tumor has a pathologic spectrum with classic congenital mesoblastic nephroma at one extreme, unequivocally mallignant spindle cell sarcomas at the other, and intermediate "gray zone" lesions of indeterminate biologic significanse. In 1986, Joshi has described "atypical mesoblastic nephroma" as a potentially aggressive variant of CMN, which shows atypical gross and microscopic features such as hemorrhage, necrosis, high cellularity, and mitotic index. We report of a case of atypical mesoblastic nephroma presenting in a 38 days-old male infant. Grossly, the tumor involved the upper and midportion of the left kidney. On section, the cut surface was fleshy, grayish-white, and homogeneous. Microscopically, the tumorshowed high degree of cellularity and arrangement of fusiform cells in sheets and vague interlacing bundles. The individual tumor cells showed fusiform to oval nuclei, indistinct scanty pale-eosinophilic cytoplasm and many mitotic figures.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine