Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Articles and issues > Author index
In Sun Kim 36 Articles
Prevalence and Genotype Distribution of Cervical Human Papillomavirus DNA in Korean Women: A Multicenter Study.
Sung Ran Hong, In Sun Kim, Dong Won Kim, Mi Jin Kim, Ae Ree Kim, Young Ok Kim, Hye Sun Kim, Seo Hee Rha, Gyeong Sin Park, Yong Koo Park, Yong Wook Park, Ho Sung Park, Kwang Sun Suh, Jin Hee Sohn, Mi Kyung Shin, Hoon Kyu Oh, Ki Jung Yun, Hye Kyoung Yoon, Shi Nae Lee, Ah Won Lee, Hyo Jin Lee, Hyun Yee Cho, Chan Choi, Woon Won Jung
Korean J Pathol. 2009;43(4):342-350.
  • 4,239 View
  • 56 Download
  • 16 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
DNA prevalence and type distribution of human papillomavirus (HPV) varies geographically. We investigated HPV prevalence and type distribution in Korean women using the MyHPV DNA chip testing. Methods: A total of 2,368 women from five regions of the country underwent Pap smear examination and MyHPV chip testing. Results: Overall HPV positivity was 15.8% and 78.4% in women with normal and abnormal cytology, respectively. High-risk HPV infection was strongly correlated with cytological atypia. In women with abnormal cytology, the five most common HPV types were 16, 58, 18, 52, and 56/53, and HPV16 was significantly the most common type in most geographical regions. After HPV16, HPV58, and 52 were the next most frequently detected types. Women with normal cytology, in contrast, showed heterogeneity in HPV type distribution. High-grade intraepithelial lesions infected with HPV16, 18, 31 or 45 are more likely to progress to carcinoma. Conclusions: The HPV chip test can provide useful data regarding HPV positivity and type. The most common HPV type in Korean women with abnormal cytology is HPV16, with HPV58 and 52 being frequently present. Our data may have important implications for vaccination programs and the development of cervical screening.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • HPV genotyping by L1 amplicon sequencing of archived invasive cervical cancer samples: a pilot study
    Charles D. Warden, Preetam Cholli, Hanjun Qin, Chao Guo, Yafan Wang, Chetan Kancharla, Angelique M. Russell, Sylvana Salvatierra, Lorraine Z. Mutsvunguma, Kerin K. Higa, Xiwei Wu, Sharon Wilczynski, Raju Pillai, Javier Gordon Ogembo
    Infectious Agents and Cancer.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Enhanced disease progression due to persistent HPV-16/58 infections in Korean women: a systematic review and the Korea HPV cohort study
    Jaehyun Seong, Sangmi Ryou, JeongGyu Lee, Myeongsu Yoo, Sooyoung Hur, Byeong-Sun Choi
    Virology Journal.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Comparison of FFPE histological versus LBP cytological samples for HPV detection and typing in cervical cancer
    Geehyuk Kim, Hyemi Cho, Dongsup Lee, Sunyoung Park, Jiyoung Lee, Hye-young Wang, Sunghyun Kim, Kwang Hwa Park, Hyeyoung Lee
    Experimental and Molecular Pathology.2017; 102(2): 321.     CrossRef
  • Distribution of Oncogenic Human Papillomavirus Genotypes at High Grade Cervical Lesions above CIN 2 Grade with Histological Diagnosis
    Geehyuk Kim, Sungyoung Park, Hye-young Wang, Sunghyun Kim, Sangjung Park, Kwangmin Yu, Boohyung Lee, Seung-Ju Ahn, Eun-Joong Kim, Dongsup Lee
    Biomedical Science Letters.2016; 22(2): 37.     CrossRef
  • Human Papillomavirus Prevalence and Genotype Distribution in Normal and ASCUS Specimens: Comparison of a Reverse Blot Hybridization Assay with a DNA Chip Test
    Sunghyun Kim, In-soo Lee, Dongsup Lee
    Biomedical Science Letters.2015; 21(1): 32.     CrossRef
  • Genotype Analysis of Human Papilloma Virus Infection in Accordance with Cytological Diagnoses
    Mi-Suk Park, Hyun-Wook Cho, Jin-Gak Kim, Nan-Young Bae, Dong-Sun Oh, Ho-Hyun Park
    Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science.2015; 47(1): 39.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of the Cobas 4800 HPV and HPV 9G DNA Chip Tests for Detection of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus in Cervical Specimens of Women with Consecutive Positive HPV Tests But Negative Pap Smears
    Sun-Young Jun, Eun Su Park, Jiyoung Kim, Jun Kang, Jae Jun Lee, Yoonjin Bae, Sang-Il Kim, Lee-So Maeng, Magdalena Grce
    PLOS ONE.2015; 10(10): e0140336.     CrossRef
  • Uncommon and Rare Human Papillomavirus Genotypes Relating to Cervical Carcinomas
    Na Rae Kim, Myunghee Kang, Soon Pyo Lee, Hyunchul Kim, Jungsuk An, Dong Hae Chung, Seung Yeon Ha, Hyun Yee Cho
    Korean Journal of Pathology.2014; 48(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of Human Papillomavirus Genotyping from Formalin-fixed Paraffin-embedded Specimens in Cervical Cancers
    Hyunwoo Jin
    Journal of Life Science.2014; 24(9): 1025.     CrossRef
  • Comparative Evaluation of the HPV28 Detection and HPV DNA Chip Test for Detecting and Genotyping Human Papillomaviruses
    Eunsim Shin, Heojin Bae, Wan-Keun Song, Sun-Kyung Jung, Yoo-Sung Hwang
    Laboratory Medicine Online.2013; 3(4): 234.     CrossRef
  • Significance of HPV-58 Infection in Women Who Are HPV-Positive, Cytology-Negative and Living in a Country with a High Prevalence of HPV-58 Infection
    Joon Seon Song, Eun Ju Kim, Jene Choi, Gyungyub Gong, Chang Ohk Sung, Robert D. Burk
    PLoS ONE.2013; 8(3): e58678.     CrossRef
  • REBA HPV-ID® for efficient genotyping of human papillomavirus in clinical samples from Korean patients
    Sunghyun Kim, Dongsup Lee, Sangjung Park, Tae Ue Kim, Bo-Young Jeon, Kwang Hwa Park, Hyeyoung Lee
    Journal of Medical Virology.2012; 84(8): 1248.     CrossRef
  • Dynamin 2 expression as a biomarker in grading of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
    Yoo-Young Lee, Sang Yong Song, In-Gu Do, Tae-Joong Kim, Byoung-Gie Kim, Jeong-Won Lee, Duk-Soo Bae
    European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology.2012; 164(2): 180.     CrossRef
  • Cytomorphologic Features According to HPV DNA Type in Histologically Proven Cases of the Uterine Cervix
    In Ho Choi, So-Young Jin, Dong Wha Lee, Dong Won Kim, Yoon Mi Jeen
    The Korean Journal of Pathology.2011; 45(6): 612.     CrossRef
  • Human Papillomavirus Prevalence in Gangwon Province Using Reverse Blot Hybridization Assay
    Dongsup Lee, Sunghyun Kim, Sangjung Park, Hyunwoo Jin, Tae Ue Kim, Kwang Hwa Park, Hyeyoung Lee
    The Korean Journal of Pathology.2011; 45(4): 348.     CrossRef
  • Pediatric vulvar squamous cell carcinoma in a liver transplantation recipient: a case report
    Na-Rae Kim, Soyi Lim, Hyun Yee Cho
    Journal of Gynecologic Oncology.2011; 22(3): 207.     CrossRef
Follicular Lymphoma with Monoclonal Plasma Cell Differentiation: A Case Report.
Hyun chul Kim, Young Seok Lee, Jung woo Choi, Ae ree Kim, Bom Woo Yeom, Han kyeom Kim, In sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2006;40(2):151-155.
  • 1,483 View
  • 16 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We present a case of recurrent follicular lymphoma with an extensive plasma cell component involving infra-auricular lymph nodes in a 64 year-old woman. Immunohistochemical staining showed a strongly positive reaction of the follicles with CD20, bcl-2, bcl-6, CD10 and CD21 on the first biopsy specimen. The intrafollicular and interfollicular plasma cells showed monoclonality for IgG heavy chain and lambda light chain. The histological and immunohistochemical findings in the recurrent tumor were identical with those of the original. Discussion is focused on the importance of the differential diagnosis between reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and other lymphomas having plasmacytic differentiation.
Quantitative Nuclear Characteristics of Lung Cancer Cells Using Image Analysis.
Moon Kyoung Kim, Chung Yeul Kim, Woon Yong Jeong, Ji Hye Lee, Eung Seok Lee, Seung Yeon Ha, Young Sik Kim, Han Kyeom Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2003;37(2):115-120.
  • 1,519 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The usefulness of quantitative nuclear image analysis in the classification of lung carcinoma is widely investigated and published. In this study, we tried to measure the nuclear characteristics of primary lung carcinomas by image analysis and to find the possibility of differential diagnoses.
Seventeen cases of adenocarcinomas (not including bronchioloalveolar carcinoma), seven of bronchioloalveolar carcinomas, eight of large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, five of small cell carcinamas, and 26 of squamous cell carcinomas were analysed. Three different images of each case were captured by digital camera, and we analyzed the nuclear area, perimeter, circularity, and density using the Optimas 6.5 Image Analyser software package. Statistical analyses were done using the statistical program STATISTICA kernel release 5.5.
The mean nuclear area was 0.52+/-0.25micrometer2 in the adenocarcinomas, 0.50+/-1.82micrometer2 in the squamous cell carcinomas, 0.45+/-0.20micrometer2 in the large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, 0.42+/-0.16micrometer2 in the bronchioloalveolar carcinomas, and 0.31+/-0.12micrometer2 in the small cell carcinamas. The nuclear area was significantly different between the small cell carcinomas and the non-small cell carcinomas (p<0.01) and between the adenocarcinomas and the bronchioloalveolar carcinomas (p=0.02). The mean nuclear perimeter was 3.36+/-0.92micrometer2 in the adenocarcinomas, 3.24+/-0.67micrometer2 in the squamous cell carcinomas, 3.16+/-0.82micrometer2 in the large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, 3.05+/-0.80micrometer2 in the bronchioloalveolar carcinomas, and 2.54+/-0.62micrometer2 in the small cell carcinamas. The nuclear perimeter was significantly different between the small cell carcinomas and the non-small cell carcinomas (p<0.04). The nuclear circularity showed no statistical difference. Nuclear density was the highest in the squamous cell carcinomas, and the lowest in the small cell carcinomas. The large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas showed the lowest standard deviation in nuclear density.
The analysis of nuclear characteristics using an image analyser can be used as an objective method in the classification of lung carcinoma.
Inactivation Pattern of p16 Gene in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas.
Hyun Deuk Cho, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 2002;36(6):365-373.
  • 1,387 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and mutation of the p16 tumor suppressor gene have been detected in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs). Recently, hypermethylation of the p16 gene has been reported. The role of p16 gene alterations in the genesis of NHLs and their high-grade transformations require explanation.
LOH of D9S171 and IFNA microsatellite markers, DNA hypermethylation, and mutation of exon 1 and 2A were assessed in 43 cases of NHLs. The genetic abnormalities were compared with the protein expression by immunohistochemistry, and they were evaluated according to the histologic subtypes, grades and immunophenotypes.
DNA hypermethylation was the most common p16 gene abnormality and was found in 30 of 39 cases (76.9%). Eight cases (18.6%) showed LOH in one or both microsatellite markers, and five cases (11.6%) showed mutations in exon 1 or 2A. Loss of protein expression was seen in 17 cases (39.5%) and was associated with mutation and LOH. Loss of protein was more frequent in high-grade lymphomas than in low-grade lymphomas.
These results suggest that the functional loss of the p16 gene contributes to the development of NHLs, especially to the development of high-grade lymphomas.
Expression of Cancer-Related Genes in Epstein Barr Virus-Infected Burkitt's Lymphoma Cell Line Treated with Mitomycin C.
Woo Bom Yeom, Seol Hee Park, Min Kyung Kim, Chul Hwan Kim, In Sun Kim, Dale Lee
Korean J Pathol. 2001;35(4):271-277.
  • 1,401 View
  • 12 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Infection of Epstein Barr virus (EBV) into B cells drives the infected cells into the cell cycle and frequently results in lymphoblastoid cells. Mitomycin C inhibits DNA synthesis of epithelial cells as well as lymphoid cells by cross-linking with DNA. Many of the cancer cells have various pathways for escaping the responsiveness to the negative growth-regulatory effects of mitomycin C and gaining the immortalized property. The auther performed a cell culture of an EBV infected Jijoye lymphoma cell line, and compared the cell cycle and cancer related genes between the mitomycin treated- and non-treated group.
DNA and RNA were extracted from the Jijoye cells; and EBV nuclear antigen (EBNA)-1, 2 and latent membrane protein (LMP) of EBV and p53 and p21 mRNA analyse was performed.
Mitomycin C blocked G2/M phase, however, mitomycin did not affect the expression of EBNA-1, 2 and LMP. Mitomycin C also increased the p21 mRNA expression without p53 mRNA increase.
Mitomycin C induces B cell apoptosis by blocking the G2/M phase and by increasing p21 mRNA independent to p53, which reveals the presence of an alternative pathway of p21 induction by mitomycin C in EBV positive lymphoma cells
Detection of Epstein-Barr virus in the inflammatory and neoplastic uterine cervical lesions.
Hye Jin Jeong, Eung Seok Lee, Zhen Hua Lin, Seol Hee Park, In Sun Kim, Jae Sung Kang
Korean J Cytopathol. 2001;12(2):73-80.
  • 1,353 View
  • 13 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The prevalence of Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) in the uterine cervix was investigated to define the possible etiologic role in cervical carcinogenesis. The viral genotyping and LMP-1 30bp deletion were also studied. The materials included 169 uterine cervical swabs(152 within normal limits, 12 atypical squamous cells of uncertain significance, 3 low grade intraepithelial lesions, and 2 high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) and 104 uterine cervical tissues obtained from hysterectomy specimens(32 carcinoma in situ, 9 microinvasive squamous cell carcinomas, 37 invasive squamous cell carcinomas, 7 adenocarcinomas, 7 adenosquamous carcinomas, and 12 cervicitis). EBV detected by PCR for EBNA-1 was positive in 52(56.5%) of 92 invasive and noninvasive cervical carcinomas, and 80(48.8%) of 164 inflammatory or normal cervices. The viruses detected in carcinomas were all type A, and LMP-1 30bp deletion form was more frequent in premalignant and malignant cervical lesions than in nonneoplastic cervices. From the above results, it may be concluded that EBV is one of common viruses detected in uterine cervix of Korean women, and type A virus and LMP-1 30bp deletion form may have a role in cervical carcinogenesis.
Fine Needle Aspiration Cytologic Findings of Gastric Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor: A case report.
Ji Hye Lee, Bong Kyung Shin, Chung Yeul Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Han Kyeom Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 2001;12(2):117-120.
  • 1,325 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, histologically characterized by the presence of bland-looking spindle cells and infiltration of chronic inflammatory cells, is extremely rare in the gastric wall. We report a case of gastric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor in a 27-month-old boy. The fine needle aspiration biopsy from the mass showed loose clusters or scattered spindle cells and inflammatory cells, predominantly of lymphocytes and plasma cells. The spindle cells resembled fibroblasts or myofibroblasts. Differential diagnosis from benign and malignant diseases involving abdominal cavity was discussed.
A Study of Correlation between Stage and Angiogenesis f Uterine Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Eung Seok Lee, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(4):283-289.
  • 1,472 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A variety of malignant neoplasms have been shown to induce neovascularization, and in some cases the degree of vascularization appears to correlate with an aggressive behavior and risk of metastasis. We compared the degree of vascularization in 11 benign and 33 cancerous lesions of the cervix. The microvessels were identified by immunohistochemistry using antibody to Factor VIII-related antigen in 44 hystrectomy specimens. Three highly vascularized microscopic fields were selected and counted the number of microvessels in 400 magnification. The proportion of the endothelial cell area was also quantified by using the CAS 200 image analysis system. All 33 cases of carcinomas demonstrated a significantly higher microvessel count and an endothelial cell area than those of the benign lesions (p<0.01). There were no significant difference in microvessel count and endothelial cell area among carcinoma in situ, microinvasive carcinoma and invasive carcinoma (p>0.05). Microvessel count and an endothelial cell area in invasive cancers were not correlated with tumor size, depth of invasion, or histologic type (p>0.05).This study showed cervical cancer induces neovascularization in an early stage but it is difficult to predict prognosis and metastasis with microvessel count and an endothelial cell area.
The Usefulness of Cytokeratin 7 and Colon Ovarian Tumor Antigen in the Differential Diagnosis of Primary and Metastatic Ovarian Tumors.
Eung Seok Lee, Hyun Deuk Cho, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(3):201-207.
  • 1,439 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cytokeratin 7 has been known to be present in various types of human epithelial cells including the ovarian neoplasms, but not in colon cancers. The antibody to colon ovarian tumor antigen (COTA) has been introduced as a marker of colon and ovarian tumors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of cytokeratin 7 and COTA in the differential diagnosis between ovarian primary and metastatic tumors. Nineteen primary ovarian epithelial tumors, seven metastatic carcinomas of the ovary from the stomach, three metastatic carcinomas of the ovary from the colon, one mucinous tumor of the ovary associated with a mucinous tumor of the appendix and pseudomyxoma peritonei, and nineteen colonic and twenty gastric adenocarcinomas were stained with monoclonal antibodies to cytokeratin 7 and COTA. The results are summerized as follows; In the primary ovarian tumors, 94.4% were positive for cytokeratin 7 and 50% were positive for COTA. In the primary colonic adenocarcinomas, 94.7% were negative for cytokeratin 7 and 68% were positive for COTA. In the metastatic ovarian tumor from the colonic adenocarcinomas, 100% were negative for cytokeratin 7 and positive for COTA. In the primary gastric adenocarcinomas, 40% were negative for cytokeratin 7 and 85% were negative for COTA. In the metastatic ovarian tumor from the gastric adenocarcinomas, 43% were negative for cytokeratin 7 and 14% were negative for COTA. From the results of this study, it could be concluded that in the differential diagnosis of primary ovarian tumors from metastatic colonic carcinomas, positive reaction for cytokeratin 7 suggests a primary ovarian tumor but a negative reaction for cytokeratin 7 and positive reaction for COTA suggest metastatic colonic carcinomas. The results of this study also reveal that cytokeratin 7 and COTA are not useful in the differential diagnosis of primary ovarian tumors from metastatic gastric carcinomas.
Mucinous Tumors of the Appendix Associated with Mucinous Tumors of the Ovary and Pseudomyxoma Peritonei: A Clinicopathologic Analysis of 5 Cases Supporting an Appendiceal Origin.
Eung Seok Lee, Han Kyeom Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(2):131-137.
  • 1,744 View
  • 33 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pseudomyxoma peritonei often have synchronous appendiceal and ovarian mucinous tumors. There has been considerable debate as to whether the ovarian tumors are secondary to the appendiceal tumor or they are independent primary ovarian tumors. It is important to reveal the primary site for treatment and prognosis of a patient. Five cases of synchronous mucinous tumors of the ovary and appendix were studied. Four cases had pseudomyxoma peritonei and pseudomyxoma ovarii. The ovarian tumors were bilateral in two cases, right in two, and left in one. The ovarian tumors were four mucinous cystadenoma of borderine malignancy and one mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, and the appendiceal tumors consisted of four mucinous tumors of borderline malignancy and one mucinous adenocarcinoma. The histology of the ovarian and appendiceal tumors was similar. Rupture of the tumor was seen in all appendiceal tumors and two ovarian tumors. It has been reported that cytokeratin 7 is a useful marker for distinguishing primary ovarian neoplasms from metastases of intestinal origin. All ovarian and appendiceal tumors showed positive reaction for broad-spectrum cytokeratin, but negative for cytokeratin 7. Based on the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features, it should be considered that the appendiceal tumors are primary and ovarian tumors are secondary in the synchronous presentation of the ovarian and appendiceal mucinous tumors.
Epstein-Barr Virus Associated Lymphoepithelial Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland: A case report.
Kwang Il Kim, Young Sik Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1998;32(2):150-152.
  • 1,607 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Lymphoepithelial carcinoma is a rare subtype of undifferentiated carcinoma in the salivary gland. The incidence of lymphoepithelial carcinoma is about 0.4% among the patients with major salivary gland tumors. It has a racial preference; about 75% of the patients are of Mongolian ancestry. We report a case of lymphoepithelial carcinoma arising in the left parotid gland of a 52-year-old man. Grossly, the tumor was relatively well demarcated, gray-white, and solid. Microscopically, the irregular shaped syncytial tumor cell islands were evident within lymphoplasma cell-rich and desmoplastic stroma. The carcinoma cells had large vesicular nuclei and prominent nucleoli. The tumor invaded the surrounding salivary gland tissue. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was demonstrated by in situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA-1 (EBER-1) and polymerase chain reaction for EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1).
Detection and Subtyping of Epstein-Barr Virus in Gastrointestinal Adenocarcinomas and Malignant Lymphomas.
Young Sik Kim, Seol Hee Park, In sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1997;31(9):847-861.
  • 1,535 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been linked to a spectrum of neoplastic conditions, including Burkitt's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Hodgkin's disease, lymphoepithelioma-like carcinomas and malignant lymphomas in immunocompromised state. To determine the prevalence and the subtype of EBV in gatrointestinal malignancies, fifty cases of adenocarcinomas and seventeen cases of malignant lymphomas were analyzed by EBERs in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction using primers for EBNA-1, EBNA-2A and EBNA-2B, on the paraffin sections. In addition, immunohistochemical stain for p53 protein was performed to investigate the potential role of EBV infection on tumor suppressor gene, p53, during tumorigenesis. EBER was detected in 6 of 26 gastric adenocarcinomas, 2 of 24 colon adenocarcinomas, and 8 of 17 malignant lymphomas. EBER was more prevalent in malignant lymphoma arising in the intestine (6/6) than in the stomach (2/11), and was detected in both B and T cell phenotypes. EBNA-1 was positive in 11 of 16 EBER positive cases and the subtyping was possible in 8; both type 1 and 2 were detected in gastric cancers, whereas only type 2 was found in intestinal neoplasms. In adenocarcinomas the high rate of p53 protein overexpression was found in both EBER positive (8/8) and negative cases (32/42), whereas the positive rate was higher in EBER positive cases (7/8) than in EBER negative cases (4/9) of malignant lymphomas. From the results, it can be concluded that EBV infection and the p53 tumor suppressor gene are independently associated in a significant portion of the gastrointestinal malignancies, but the mechanism of action remains to be elucidated.
A Study of the Correlation between Cellular Proliferating Activities and Prognosis in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors .
Hee Jin Chang, Duck Hwan Kim, Sung Sook Pang, Jin Hee Sohn, Jung Il Suh, In Sun Kim, Jong Sang Choi
Korean J Pathol. 1995;29(2):152-169.
  • 1,334 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are notorious for their unpredictable clinical behavior. To assess the cellular proliferating activities, four different methods were used: mitotic count, nucleolar organizer region(AgNOR) staining, immunostaining of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and DNA ploidy were used on 39 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Additionally, we analysed cellularity, cellular atypism and necrosis. Among 39 cases of gastrointestinal stromal tumors, 11 cases were diagnosed as benign lesions according to clinicopathologic findings. Malignant lesions were arbitrarily classified into low grade(n=ll) and high grade(n=17) on the basis of absence or presence of recurrence, metastasis or tumor-related death during the follow-up period. Numbers of mitosis, AgNORs, PCNA index and DNA ploidy were correlated with grades of tumor and prognosis. Among them, AgNORs counting appeared to be the most useful in predicting prognosis. Numbers of mitosis, PCNA index and DNA ploidy showed varying degrees of overlap among the 3 groups. Among the histological parameters, cellular atypia showed some relationship with the prognosis that others did not reveal.
Cytologic Diagnosis of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma in Pleural Fluid: A Case Report.
Hwa Eun Oh, Yoo Hoon Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Young Sik Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Cytopathol. 1995;6(1):80-83.
  • 1,274 View
  • 13 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the most common soft tissue sarcoma of late adult life, but it is rare in the pleura. We recently experienced a case of cytology of malignant fibrous histiocytoma in pleural fluid. The smear revealed histiocytic malignant cells, spindle malignant cells and inflammatory cells. The histiocytic cells showed abundant, pale cytoplasm and ovoid, irregular, eccentrically placed nuclei. The spindle cells showed elongated nuclei. Intercellular collagen was also present.
Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis accompanied by Osseous Metaplasia: A case report.
Ae Ree Kim, Hyun I Cho, Han Kyeom Kim, Jong Sang Choi, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(5):547-549.
  • 1,237 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The authors experienced a case of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. A 58-year-old woman presented with 6 months duration of cough sputum and multiple patch mottled densities in both lung fields. Major histologic finding was filling of the alveoli by Periodic-Acid-Schiff-positive proteinaceous material with maintenance of normal alveolar architecture. Osseous metaplasia was seen in the alveolar space, focally. Ultrastructural study revealed numerous lamellar bodies in alveolar spaces. The immunohistochemical study using antibody to surfactant apoprotein revealed positive reaction in proteinaceous material.
A Comparative Study of DNA Quantitation by Image Cytometry and Flow Cytometry.
In Sun Kim, Eun Sook Nam
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(4):399-404.
  • 1,280 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
There are substantial evidences suggesting that DNA content of tumors may provide the prognostic information with independent significances. In this study, the results of DNA ploidy analyzed by image cytometry on touch imprint and by flow cytometry on fresh cell suspension of 78 solid tumors were compared. For 68 cases, there was an excellent correlation between two methods. For 6 cases, an aneuploid population was found by image, but not by flow cytometry one case had an aneuploid peak by flow cytometry. Two methods may use in a complementary fashion m identify as many aneuploid cell population as possible.
Interpretation of DNA Histogram in Flow Cytometry: A Comparative Study of DNA Ploidy in Fresh and Paraffin-embedded Tissues of Colorectal Adenocarcinomas.
Eun Sook Nam, Soon Hee Jung, Yeon Lim Suh, Woo Hee Jung, Keung Min Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(4):341-349.
  • 1,497 View
  • 30 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
As flow cytometric analysis using paraffin-embedded tissue was developed by Hedley et al in 1983, retrospective study with large amount of archival material was possible. Many literatures reported that the result of paraffin embedded tissue was compatible with that of fresh tissue. We compared the DNA histograms of 26 cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma in which the analysis was done in both fresh and paraffin-embedded tissues. Aneuploidy in fresh and paraffin-embed-ded tissues was 73.0% and 50.0%, respectively. The concordance rate of fresh and paraffin-em-bedded tissues was 76.8% and six interpreters were agreed in 73.0% of the cases. Because flow cytometric DNA analysis using fresh tissues can detect more aneuploid population than in paraffin-embedded tissue, the former is strongly recommeded in DNA ploidy study. Also careful observation using standard criteria may improve the interpretation of DNA histogram.
Assessment of DNA Ploidy, Estrogen and Progesterone Recetor Status and Her-2/neu Oneoprotein Expression in Breast Carcinoma by Image Analysis.
Ae Ree Kim, In Sun Kim, Kap No Lee
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(3):246-259.
  • 1,400 View
  • 10 Download
In 41 cases of breast cancers, the aneuploidy measured by Image Analyzer was compared with that of flow cytometric analysis, and estrogen and progesterone receptor(ER/PR) and Her-2/neu oncoprotein were immunohistochemically stained and measured by Image Analyzer. In ER/PR, the positive nuclear area(PNA, %) was measured, and in Her-2/neu, the content of oncoprotein was expressed as pg/cell. To assess the usefulness of these parameters as a prognostic factor, the author evaluated the results in relation with tumor size, nuclear grade and lymph node metastasis. The obtained results are summarized as follows: 1) The detection rate (90%) of aneuploidy by image analysis was higher than that (70%) of flow cytometric analysis. The concordance rate of both method was 80%. 2) The positivity of ER was 73% and PR was 34%, and the high PNA of ER and PR was related with high nuclear grade. There was an inverse correlation of the ER PNA with tumor size and PR PNA with negative lymph node. 3) Her-2/neu oncoprotein overexpression was found in only 2 cases and another two showed borderline overexpression. All four cases had DNA tetraploidy. From the above results, it was concluded that the image analyzer could be used in DNA analysis and in quantitation of immunostained ER/PR and Her-2/neu oncoprotein, providing the important information in the management of the breast cancer patients.
Metastatic Adenocarcinoma of Colon in Meningioma: A case report.
Yung Suk Lee, Hyun I Cho, Jong Sang Choi, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1994;28(2):173-178.
  • 1,682 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cases of metastases from extracranial tumor to intracranial tumor are very rare. The world wide review of the literatures until 1992 revealed 44 cases of primary intracranial tumors containing metastatic tumors which are unrelated extracranial primary malignant tumors; the intracranial recipient tumor is a meningioma in 35 cases among them. Carcinomas of the lung and the breast are the most common extracranial donor tumors. Metastases from colon cancer to meningioma are extremely rare. A 74 year-old-female presented with headache for 2 weeks. CT revealed a round mass with high signal intensity, measuring 4 cm in diameter, which is located in the left parietal lobe. The patient had colon cancer 2 years ago and lymphoma I year ago. On operation, the tumor is relatively well delineated and attached to the meninx. Microscopically, the tumor is composed of fascicles of long slender, fibroblast-like spindle cells with indistinct cytoplasmic border, variable amount of collagen deposit and many psammoma bodies. A few scattered glands are present in periphery of the meningioma. The tumor glands are composed of columnar cells with basally located hyperchromatic nuclei and similiar to the glands of the adenocarcinoma of the colon.
Breast Mass as a Manifestation of Ectopic Paragonimiasis: A case report.
Yung Suk Lee, Seung Yeon Ha, Hyun I Cho, Han Kyeom Kim, Jung Won Bae, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(6):656-658.
  • 1,384 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Paragonimus westermani can cause extrapulmonary parasitism in various sites such as abdominal organ, brain, eye, periorbital tissue, heart and pericardium, mediastinum, and subcutaneous tissue. We experienced a case of subcutaneous paragonimiasis involving the breast. The lesion exhibited chronic granuloma with scattered eggs of paragonimus westermani. The adult worm was not found within the lesion which should be disintegrated a year ago by praziquantel treatment. This relatively rare involvement of ectopic paragonimiasis should be differentiated from breast malignancy.
Leiomyoma of the Lung: A case report.
Seung Yeon Ha, Yung Suk Lee, Won Bo Cho, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(6):673-675.
  • 1,453 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We present a 37-year-old male who was found to had mas within the bronchus. This patients was admitted for the evaluation of cough. Chest CT scan showed endobronchial mass in the bifurcation of LUL and LLL bronchus. The left lower lobe was atelectatic. Lobectomy of the left lower lobe was done. On opening of the bronchus, there was a 2x1x1 cm sized endobronchial mass. Histologically, the mass was smooth muscle tumor composed of densely packed eosinophilic spindle cells in interlacing bundles with pale elongated nuclei covered by bronchial epithelium. On immunohistochemical staining, the tumor cells were positive for desmin. Ultrastructurally, the tumor cells exhibited numberous cytoplasmic microfilaments with focal densities, pinocytotic vesicles, and a thick basal lamina.
Malignant Eccrine Acrospiroma: A case report.
Gil Ro Han, In Sun Kim, Kye Yong Song, Ki Duck Kim, Beom Woo Yeom, Jong Sang Choi
Korean J Pathol. 1993;27(5):538-541.
  • 1,560 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
A case of malignant eccrine acrospiroma of the anterior chest wall is reported. This mass had been present for 20 years and during rescent 5 years it showed frequent ulceration and bleeding suggesting malignant transformation. Microscopically, several foci malignant transformation from preexisting benign eccrine acrospiroma are seen and in immunohistochemical staining, the tumor cells both benign and malignant portion, show positive reaction to cytokeratin.
Giant Cell Arteritis of the Spermatic Cord.
Seung Yeon Ha, Han Kyeom Kim, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(6):638-640.
  • 1,596 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Giant cell arteritis is a focal granulomatous inflammation of arteries of medium and small size that affects principally the cranial vessels, especially the temporal arteries, in older individuals. It appears to be a localized process; its significance apparantly depends on the organ affected. A 67-year-old man was admitted to hospital because of the left scrotal mass and pain lasting for 1 month. On physical examination, the hard masses were palpated at the superior part of the left epididymis without tenderness. Histologically, the spermatic cord showed granulomatous arteritis involving the small and medium sized arteries with a transmural inflammatory infiltrates centered on the inner media, and composed of lymphocytes, histiocytes, some eosinophils and multinucleated giant cells. The elastic tissue stain revealed the fragmentation of the internal elastic lamina along with numerous epithelioid histiocytes and giant cells.
Macrophage/dendritic Cell Marker Staining Characteristics of Langerhans cell Granulomatosis(Histiocytosis X).
Sang Ae Yoon, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1992;26(3):310-313.
  • 1,432 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Histiocytosis X is characterized by aggregates of Langerhans cells with other inflammatory cells. These Langerhans cells are antigen-presenting cells to T lymphocytes and identified by characteristic morphology, ultrastructural demonstration of Birbeck granules and immunologic reactivity with OKT-6 and HLA-DR antibodies. In this report, the tumor arising in a 2-years-old baby was examined byimmunostaining with several macrophage/dendritic cell markers. The main tumor cells showed cytoplasmic and nuclear staining with S-100 protein and ring-like surface and paranuclear staining with PNA. However, they were negative for follicular dendritic cell marker CD21, macrophage markers lysozyme, Mac 387, alpha-1 antitrypsin and CD68, and interdigitating reticulum cell marker ID4 and ID5. These observations demonstrate the usefulness of S-100 protein and PNA for the identification of Langerhans cells in paraffin-embedded tissue.
Sinusoidal Involvement of Malinant Lymphoma in Lymph Nodes Simulating Metastatic Carcinoma.
Young Seak Kim, Mi Kyung Shin, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(1):45-49.
  • 1,579 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
We present a case of this distinctive variety of malignant lymphoma, which was diagnosed in the axillary lymph nodes of a 66-year-old woman. The patient was admitted to the GS department due to palpable mass on the right axillary area for two months. A 2 x 1 cm sized mass was also palpated on the cervical area. The laboratory and radiologic findings were unremarkable. Axillary dissection was done under the impression of metastatic carcinoma from breast. Received lymph nodes were multiple and variable in size, ranging from 0.5 cm to 5.0 cm in diameter. Histologically, the lymph nodes were partly effaced and involved by nodular and diffuse infiltrations of large lymphoid cells in the subcapsular and medullary sinuses. In diffuse areas, typical starry-sky pattern was seen. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were negative for broad-spectrum keratin, but positive for leukocyte antigen, ML, and B cell markers, L26, and 4KB5. T cell marker. UCHL1 was negative. On staining with histiocytic marker, Mac387 antibody, the tingible-body macrophages were only positive. Interstitial plasma cells and some of the tumor cells were positive for lambda light chain. Electron microscopic study, which was done on paraffin embedded tissue showed lymphoid-type of nuclei without cellular junction suggestive for carcinoma.
Immunohistochemical Staining of Ovarian Tumors.
Young Seak Kim, Yang Seok Chae, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1991;25(1):11-20.
  • 1,859 View
  • 32 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Forty-four ovairan tumors were immunohistochemically studied for the presence of broad-spectrum keratin, vimentin, desin, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), and alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. 1) Among the common epithelial tumors, all the serous carcinomas (4) expressed keratin and AAT, and one additionally CEA. Six mucinous carcinomas exhibited keratin-positivity in two. One endometrioid carcinoma coexpressed keratin and vimentin as well as AAT, but one clear cell carcinoma expressed only keratin. Keratin-and CEA-positivity in epithelial cell nests and vimentin-positivity in stromal cells were observed in two Brenner tumors. Two undifferentiated carcinomas showed keratin-positivity in one and focal CEA positivity in the other. 2) In sex cord-stromal tumors, four out of six granulsa cell tumors, all four thecomas and three fibromas expressed vimentin, and two granulosa cell tumors and two thecomas showed AAT-positivity. The others were negative. 3) Among germ cell tumors, four dysgerminomas showed focal vimentin-positive cells in two and diffuse staining for AAT. Seven endodermal sinus tumors expressed AAT in all. Additionally, AFP were positive in two and CEA in three out of them. One embryonal carcinoma expressed CEA, AAT and AFP. 4) In four metastatic carcinomas, three exhibited keratin-and CEA-positivity, whereas one exhibited keartin-and vimentin-positivity. All showed AAT-positivity. 5) There was no positive case for desmin among ovarian tumors.
Rhinoscleroma: A case report.
Joung Ho Han, Joon Mee Kim, In Sun Kim, Seung Young Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1990;24(2):166-170.
  • 1,488 View
  • 12 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Rhinoscleroma, or scleroma, is a chronic, slowly progressing granulomatous disease involving the upper respiratory tract, especially the nasal vestibules, choanae, pharynx, and larynx. Almost certainly the causative agent is Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. The disease occurs frequently in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and parts of Latin America, but it is hard to find such case in Korea. We prisent a case of rhinoscleroma involving the nasal vestibule in a 18-year-old male who was admitted due to nasal obstruction for 5 years and epistaxis for 2 months. The resected specimen was an irregular polypoid mass with relatively firm consistency and measured 3 cm in the largest diameter. Microscopically, the lesion was characterized by extensive fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration. The infiltrates consisted of predominantly lumphocytes, plasma cells, foamy or granular histiocytes which were singly scattered or grouped in clusters. In the cytoplasm of the histiocytes, round slightly basophilic bodies were noted. Warthin-Starry satin showed short positive rods within the cytoplasm of the cell (Mikulicz cell). Electron microscopically, the cytoplasm of Mikulicz cells contained large, round or irregular shaped clear vacuoles in which numerous Klebsiella bacilli attached to the boundaries of the vaculoes were noted. With higher magnifications, the bacilli were seen as roung or rod-shaped organisms.
Primary Undifferentiated Carcinoma of the Endometrium with Small Cell and Trophoblastic Differentiation.
Chul Hwan Kim, Seoung Hye Park, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1990;24(1):58-64.
  • 1,487 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
This report describes a very rare case of primary undifferentiated carcinoma of the endometrium with small cell and trophoblastic differentiation. The patient was 54-year-old woman with complaints of vaginal bleeding and palpable lower abdominal mass. The light microscopic findings revealed predominantly small cells with round nuclei, spindle cells, and large cells with hyperchromatic bizarre nuclei. Foci of syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells are scattered, especially in the hemorrhagic areas. Immunohistochemical stainging for neuron specific enolase and beta-hCG showed positive reactions to small cells and syncytiotrophoblastic giant cells, respectively. Argentaffin and argyrophil stains, however, showed negative reactions to small cells. The histogenesis of small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the endometrium remains unclear; however, it may arise from epithelial precursors instead of neuroendocrine cells, and syncytiotrophoblastic cells may be differentiated or dedifferentiated from the undifferentiated carcinoma cells.
Nucleolar Organizer Regions in Normal Tissue and Hyperplastic and Neoplastic Lesions.
Joon Mee Kim, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1989;23(2):208-222.
  • 1,516 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
For the identification of proliferating cells in tissue, the argyrophilic method for the demonstration of nucleolar organizer regions (Ag-NORs) have been described. To evaluate the applicability of Ag-NORs in surgical pathology, the authors have done Ag-NORs staining on 144 cases of routinely processed, formalin-fixed paraffin sections of various tissues; 15 normal tissues, 12 reactive and hyperplastic lesions, 30 benign neoplasms, 4 borderline lesions, and 83 malignant tumors. The results were summerized as follows; 1) In normal tissues, the mean numbers of Ag-NORs were highter in labile cells, especially in actively proliferating cells such as germ cells of testis, crypt epithelial cells in gastrointestinal mucosa, and lymphocytes from germinal center of tonsil and lymph node, than those of stable cells. 2) The mean numbers of Ag-NORs in reactive and hyperplastic lesions, benign neoplasms, and borderline lesions were similar to those of normal labile cells. 3) The mean numbers of Ag-NORs in carcinomas and sarcomas, (usually more than 2) significantly exceeded those of normal and non-malignant conditions. However, certain cases of carcinomas such as papillary carcinomas of thyroid, mucinous carcinoma of stomach, bronchioloalveolar carcinoma of lung, and adenoid cystic carcinoma of lung, and some of the leiomyosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and malignant schwannoma showed relatively lower numbers of Ag-NORs. 4) In non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, the high grade lymphomas showed more Ag-NORs than the low grade ones. From above results, it is suggested that the Ag-NORs technique is helpful in differentiation between malignant and non-malignant lesions. However, further evaluation on the significance of Ag-NORs upon the behavior of the cancer is to be made.
Radiation-Induced Changes in Cervico-vagical Smears of Uterine Cervical Cancer Patients.
Sung Hye Park, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik, Hyo Sook Park, No Won Park
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(3):268-276.
  • 1,730 View
  • 25 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Nowday, ionizing radiation is one of the methods eradicating the uterine cervical malignancy. However radiation alone or in combination with surgery have an effect on normal tissue as well as the malignant cells, and their changes have been well described in other countries. Unfortunately, the history of radiation modality for cancer treatment is relatively short and the reports about radiation induced changes are limited in our country. We evaluated the radiation-induced changes in cervico-vaginal smears of 107 uterine cervical cancer patients obtained from March, 1985 to October, 1987. Most patients had been received 5,400 Rads of external radiation and intracavitary radiation. Patient's age ranged from 30 to 67 years old. Of 107 cases, 24 cases were normal, 72 cases showed benign radiation changes, 7 cases revealed radiation dysplasia, and residual and recurrent carcinomas found in one and 3 cases, respectively. Cytoplasmic and nuclear enlargement were the most common and noted in 57 and 38 cases, respectively. Vacuolization and polychromasia of the cytoplasm were identified in 43 and 30 cases, respectively. The most common histiocytic change was multinucleation, which was found in about one third. The radiation changes of the cytoplasm and nuclear enlargement persisted for a long time after completion of radiation, however, nuclear degeneration and multinucleation gradually disappeared after 6 months. The inflammation in background prolonged for a long time but degeneration disappeared after 6 months. The biologic significance of post-radiation dysplasia could not evaluated because of short follow up period.
Clinicopathologic Analysis of Gastrointestinal Polyps.
Hye Rim Park, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(3):232-243.
  • 1,249 View
  • 15 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Pathologists play an important role in proper evaluation of endoscopically removed polyps of the gastrointestinal tract. This study is purposed to reclassify the polyps and review the clinicopathologic features of each histologic subtypes and their malignant potential. Our material consists of total 345 gastrointestinal polyps obtained from Jan. 1986 to Dec. 1987. The results are as follows: 1) A total of 345 gastrointestinal polyps was removed from stomach is 151 cases, from colon in 180 cases, and from small intestine in 14 cases. 2) Hyperplastic polyps were the most common type of polyps I stomach (53.6%) whereas neoplastic polyps were the most common in colon (56.1%). 3) Hyperplastic polyps of the stomach occur in any age after the 3rd decade of life and neoplastic polyps predominantly developed between the 5th and 8th decades. Juvenile retention polyps were frequently noted before the 3rd decade of age. 4) Approximately 267 cases (77.4%) of patients had a single polyp and the remainders had multiple polyps. The gastric polyps were usually located at the antrum and the colonic polyps were at the sigmoid colon and rectum. 5) Epithelial atypia was exclusively noted in the neoplastic polyps of stomach (72.7%) and colon (72.3%). Malignancy in the polyp was observed in the neoplastic polyps only (13 cases). 6) Different types of polyp may occur in the same organ.
An Application of Immunohistochemical Study of Cytokeratin in Tumor Diagnosis.
Hye Rim Park, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1988;22(1):1-12.
  • 1,733 View
  • 27 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Cytokeratins are a family of polypeptides of intermediate filaments which in diverse epithelia are expressed in diffeent, yet specific combinations. To evaluate the diagnostic value of keratin, immunohistochemical staining was done in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded normal and neoplastic tissues by PAP and StreptABC methods. The antiserum for cytokeratin in monoclonal antibody which gives the specificity for 40, 46, 50, 52, 56, 58, and 65-67 Kd keratin classes. The results are as follows: 1) The staining was positive for cytokeratin in all of the squamous epithelium, ductular epithelial cells of various glands, respiratory and urinary tract epithelium, and mesothelial cells. 2) No staining for cytokeratin was ovserved in respiratory alveolar epithelium, acinar cells of various glands, renal glomeruli, hepatocytes, and many mesoderm-derived tissues such as muscle, hematopoieitc and lymphoid tissues, nerve, bone, cartilage, and fibroblasts. 3) Squamous cell carcinomas, transitional cell carcinomas, mesotheliomas, and some of the adenocarcinomas (stomach, colon, uterine cervix, biliary tract and breast) exhibited positive staining for cytokeratin. Epithelial cells of thymoma, adenomatoid tumor, plemorphic adenoma of salivary gland, papillary carcinoma of thyroid, lymphoepithelioma, and craniopharyngioma were also positive. 4) Some of the adenocarcinomas (prostate and pancreas), renal cell carcinoma, ovarian stromal and germ cell tumors, hepatocellular carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and mesoderm-derived tumors including malignant lymphoma were uniformly negative for staining. 5) From the above results, the immunohistochemical study in paraffin-embedded tissues using monoclonal antibody for cyto keratin may be useful to differentiate various tumors, especially in differential of hepatocellular carcinoma from bile duct adenocarcinoma, lymphoepithelioma and other undifferentiated carcinomas from lymphoma, thymoma from lymphoma, and squamous cell carcinoma from melanoma. It will be helpful in the diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma in which the differentiation from renal cell carcinoma and prostatic adenocarcinoma be difficult.
Undifferentiated Sarcoma of the Liver in an Adult: A case report.
Young Chae Chu, Yong Hwa Moon, In Sun Kim
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):34-39.
  • 1,639 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Undifferentiated sarcoma of the liver is a highly malignant neoplasm that occurs almost exclusively in children. We present a case of adult undifferentiated sarcoma in a 33-year-old man. The neoplasm was typically hypovascular on hepatic angiography and a globular, cystic and mucoid mass separated from the adjacent liver by a psedocapsule was removed from the left lobe of the liver. Necrosis and hemorrhage were found. Microscopically the neoplasm consisted of myxoid and cellular areas and the basic neoplastic cells were stellate cells showing variable degree of anaplasia and pleomorphism. Eosinophilic globules were PAS-positive and immunohistochemically negative for alpha-fetoprotein. Extramedullary hematopoiesis was present and normal-appearing bile ducts and hepatic cell cords were noted.
Granular Cell Tumor of the Esophagus: Three cases of report.
Kye Bem Lee, In Sun Kim, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1987;21(1):20-25.
  • 1,130 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Three cases of granular cell tumor in esophagus removed endoscopically are present. Immunohistochemical and electron microscopic studies confirmed that this tumor is originated from schwann cell.
Pure Epithelioid Malignant Schwanoma: A case report.
Hye Yeon Kim, Kyu Bum Lee, In Sun Kim, Kap No Lee, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Pathol. 1986;20(4):496-502.
  • 1,226 View
  • 10 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
The pure epithelioid malignant schwanoma is a rare form of malignant schwanoma and differs from the ordinary epithelioid malignant schwanoma because of the absence of a spindle cell component. We present a case of purely epithelioid malignant schwanoma arising in the parapharyngeal area from vagus nerve without difinite evidence of von Recklinghausen's disease. The patient was a 28-year-old man with palpable right neck mass and swallowing difficulty during 2 years. The mass was an ovoid encapsulated tumor and measured 5x3x3 cm in dimension. The cut surface showed brownish tan homogeneous nodular appearance with partly myxoid area. Microscopically the tumor showed nodular pattern composed of epitheliod cells which were arranged in both tight clusters and stringy cords. The cells were ovoid in shape and had vesicular nuclei with single prominent eosinophilic nucleolei and sometimes abundant intracytoplasmic mucin. Mitoses were infrequent. Ultrastructural study showed rudimentary cell junction and degenerated cytoplasmic organelles including scattered mitochondriae, short segments of rough endoplasmic reticulum and lipid droplets. There were no definite basement membrane and melanosome. Immunohistochemical study showed the cells being positive for S100 protein, neuron specific enolase and myelin basic protein and negative for cytokeratin.
Gastrointestinal Tumors Associated with von Recklinghausen's Neurofibromatosis: A report of two cases.
Mee Ja Park, Hye Yeon Kim, Nam Hee Won, In Sun Kim, Kap No Lee, Seung Yong Paik
Korean J Cytopathol. 1985;19(3):345-349.
  • 1,366 View
  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Neurofibromatosis, first clearly described by von Recklinghausen in 1882, is a dominantly inherited mesodermal and ectodermal dysplasia with a broad spectrum of clinical findings. Most common is the classical neurofibromatosis, which has three major features: (1) multiple neural tumors dispersed anywhere on or in the body; (2) numerous pigmented skin lesions, some of which are "cafe au lait" spots; and (3) pigmented iris hamartomas also called Lisch nodules. Other lesions sometimes seen in patients with von Recklinghausen's disease include congenital malformations of various types, vascular lesions, neurilemoma meningioma and other intracranial neoplasms, pheochromocytoma, medullary carcinoma of thyroid gland, neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroma and Wilms' tumor. Approximately 10% of the patients with neurofibromatosis have the gastrointestinal tract tumors as neurofibroma, ganglioneuroma and leiomyoma. Some of them show evidence of malignancy. Increased activity of the protein "nerve growth factor" in the sera of the patients with disseminated neurofibromatosis has been reported. We would like to report here two cases of von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis with involvement of the gastrointestinal tract.

JPTM : Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine