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The Korean Journal of Pathology 1997;31(12): 1272-1281.
Correlation of the Intestinal Metaplasia Subtypes and Gastric Carcinoma.
Hwa Eun Oh, Mee Ja Park, Jong Sang Choi
1Department of Pathology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul 152-703, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, Eulji Medical College, Taejeon 301-070, Korea.
Helicobacter pylori, loss of basement membrane, atrophy, type III intestinal metaplasia, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene mutations and altered p53 function were believed as a factor to develop the gastric adenocarcinomas. To investigate the incidence and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori, intestinal metaplasia and atrophy, 120 gastrectomy specimens collected from patients with gastric adenocarcinoma (100 cases) and non-neoplastic conditions (20 cases) were studied. Intestinal metaplasia can be classified as type I (complete), type II (incomplete, sulfomucin-negative) and type III (incomplete, sulfomucin-positive) by Filipe and Jass. The incidence of intestinal metaplasia of gastric adenocarcinoma was 96% compared with the incidence of 75% in non-neoplastic conditions. The type I and type II were more common than type III and were present in both non-neoplastic conditions (75%) and adenocarcinoma (74%). In contrast, type III intestinal metaplasia was seen in only 20% of intestinal metaplasia-positive cases, all of which (22 of 22) were from patients with adenocarcinoma. The high specificity of type III intestinal metaplasia might be acceptable for screening purposes, but its sensitivity of 22% for gastric adenocarcinoma is low. Helicobacter pylori were detected in 96% of adenocarcinoma cases and 100% of non-neoplastic cases. Atrophy was detected in 50% of non-neoplastic cases and in 57% of adenocarcinoma cases. The data thus confirms a significant relation between incomplete sulfomucin-secreting intestinal metaplasia (type III) and gastric carcinoma, especially intestinal type (p<0.01). Thus, the type III intestinal metaplasia should be considered a risk factor and its presence in a biopsy specimen should prompt close surveillance.
Key Words: Stomach, Atrophy; Intestinal metaplasia; H. pylori; Adenocarcinoma